What are the tourist attractions in Sudan and Egypt like?

I need to know the tourist attractions in Sudan and Egypt for a geography project in school. I appreciate all answers. Thanks.

2 Answers

  • 1 decade ago
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    1 - Al-Nag'a Site:

    This site lies 170 kms north-east of Khartoum and includes a number of temples which are built of the Nubian sandstone and decorated with the religious paintings, in addition to the remains of a town and a cemetry which has not been excavated yet. The site dates back to the Meroitic period and much of its existing buildings date back to the first century B.C. and first century A.D.

    2 - Al-Musawarat Al-Sufra:

    It lies 20 kms north of the previous site and includes a group of temples from the same Meroitic period.

    3 - Old Meroe:

    It Lies in Kaboshiya area, and it is the capital of Meroitic Kingdom (4 century B.C. - 4 century A.D.) and includes the remains of old Meroe town with its temples, mansions, baths and three groups of pyramids in which the kings and nobles of Meroitic Kingdom were buried.

    4 - Jabal Al-Barkal:

    It lies near the 4th cataract. It is the capital of Napata Kingdom (9th century B.C. - 4th century A.D.). It includes remains of temples, mansions and pyramids.

    5 - Al-Kuru:

    It lies 24 kms from jabal Al-Barkal and includes graves that are dug inside the stones and coloured with fascinating paintings, where the first kings of Napata, some of whom ruled Egypt in what was known as the 25th Dynasty, where buried.

    6 - Nuri:

    It lies at the other bank of the Nile and opposite to Jabel Al-Barkal, and includes a number of Napata Kings' pyramids.

    7 - New Merawe:

    It lies on the same bank of the Nile, 15 kms away from Nuri, and includes temples from Napata period, besides remains of a town and cemetary of the same era.

    8 - Al-Ghazali:

    It is an oasis in the desert near New Merawe and includes remains of an abbey and a church which date back to the Christian era.

    9 - Al-Zuma:

    It is near Al-Kuru with graves from the era that followed Meroitic period.

    10 - Kajabi and Aldati:

    Near Al-Kuru with remains of fortifications from the Islamic period.

    11 - Old Dongola:

    It is the capital of the Christian Maghura Kingdom (7th - 14th century A.D.) and includes remains of churches, houses, abbeys, cemetry and an old mosque which was originally a Christian building.

    12 - Al-Kawa:

    It lies on the other bank of the Nile, to the east of new Dongola and includes remains of temples form the periods of the modern Egyptian Kingdom, Napata and Meroe.

    13 - Tabu:

    It lies on Argo Island and has temples and buildings from Napata and Meroe periods.

    14 - Karma:

    It is located 30 kms south of the 3rd cataract and capital of the Sudanese Karma Kingdom (2500 - 1500 B.C.). It includes high rising buildings of unbaked bricks and the remains of one of the oldest African towns known by the name Duffufa..

    15 - Tumbuss:

    It is at the 3rd cataract with pharohnic texts writen on the cataract stones, besides a statue which is still laying on its natural place at the quarry.

    16 - Sisbi:

    It has a temple and remains of a Pharohnic town from the modern Egyptian Kingdom.

    17 - Soleb:

    It contains a temple and the remains of buildings from the modern Egyptian Kingdom.

    18 - Sadeenga:

    It contains a pharohnic temple and graves from Napata and Meroe periods.

    19 - Sai Island:

    It lies to the south of the 2nd cataract and includes antiquities from all the periods of Sudan's history since the stone age till the Ottomanic era.

    20 - Sawakin:

    Sawakin town is on the Red Seas coast and it is Sudan's oldest harbour which is including fascinating models of rare Islamic architecture.

    * * * * *


    1- Sudan National Museum in Khartoum, an antiquities museum which shows the history of Sudan from the Stone Ages to the Islamic period.

    2- Sudan National Ethnography Museum in Khartoum, which reflects the cultural and ethnographic diversity of Sudan's various tribes.

    3- Al-Khalifa House Museum in Omdurman. It was the house of Imam Al-Mahdi's Khalifa and reflects the antiquities of the Mahdist Revolution's period in Sudan (1882 - 1898).

    4- Sultan Ali Dinar's Museum in Al-Fashir, North Darfur State, It is a palace of one of the Mahdist leaders who survived Karari Battle in 1898 and who founded an Islamic State in Western Sudan that remained till 1916.

    5- Sheikan Museum in El-Obied, capital of North Kordofan State.

    Sudan enjoys various tourist resources due to the availability of enormous natural capabilities. It is regarded as one of the richest African countries in wildlife, birds and Nile natural scenery which encourages tourism investment. The climate in Sudan is characterized by varied climatic conditions which are moderate all the year round in the Red Sea area especially in the highlands such as Erkwiet Summer Resort.

    The special concern being attached to the promotion of tourism in Sudan is necessitated by many factors represented in the necessity of activating domestic internal tourism, notably among the youths to familiarize with their country. Tourism activity also makes youths realize the power of Almighty Allah, thus deepening their faith in Him. It as well inculcates them with love for their country and is further considered an important economic resource as it brings foreign currency to the country. Tourism also promotes acquaintance and friendly relations with other people who are attracted to our country by its vast tourist resources.

    In this way, tourism plays two key roles. First it boosts Sudan's good image to the outside world, reflecting the good nature of its people, its civilization, its popular heritage and its arts. Secondly, it contributes to the boosting of popular diplomacy of the country.

    Sudan witnessed many successive civilizations such as those of Meroe and Kouh. The antiquities of those civilizations are still seen in many areas of the Northern State, Shendi area, Al-Bejrawia, Al-Naqa', Al-Musawarat, Merawie, karima, Al-Berkal Mountain and others.

    These tourist resources can generate a great revenue of foreign currency for the country if they are utilized and promoted in the best way in the international tourism markets.

    Such being the case, the promotion of these resources gives Sudanese citizens the opportunity to spend their vacations inside the country, a matter which reduces the negative effects resulting from traveling abroad for tourist purposes.

    Tourism activity started in Sudan since the dawn of independence with the country's meager resources being carefully and honestly directed to reflect Sudan's splendid tourist image to the outside world.

    The state, represented in the General Administration of Wildlife, embarked on the establishment of many game parks and reserves so that wild animals are well protected, bearing in mind that they are a national wealth to be treasured and passed on to the coming generations (game reserves of Nemolie, Booma, Al-Zaraf in the Southern States).

    Antiquities Sites and Natural Areas:

    Sudan is considered one of the few countries which enjoy a variety of tourism resources.

    These resources are represented in the Red Sea Coast which extends for more than 700 kilometers and is characterized by many tourist attractions, including diving and under-water photography, besides boat-rowing and water skiing.

    The Red Sea Coast enjoys many gulfs and coral reefs as the area is free from contamination which plagues many seas and tourist areas in the world.

    Sudan also enjoys an ancient heritage in the field of civilizations and antiquities representing a great attraction for tourists both from within and outside the country.

    This heritage is centred in the Northern areas including Al-Nag'a Al-Musawarat, Karima, Al-Berkal, Merowie, Dongola and others.

    These areas and others saw ancient civilizations proved by the remains of the pyramids and temples, with a great part of them still lying unearthed.

    These areas attract many experts and researchers in this field.

    In addition, they are considered archaeological sites not experiencing any tourist leap before despite the availability of huge resources in them.

    Central areas in Sudan including Sennar and Sinja contain antiquities of Al-Funj Kingdom (The Black Sultanate). The antiquities of this area bears testimony to the long and authentic history of the kingdom. There are many antiquities of the Mahdi State in east and west of Sudan and in the National Capital.

    These antiquities which reflect the glory and history of the Sudanese people, beside the existence of many other antiquities in other areas deserve concern to attract tourists from abroad to get acquainted with the history of the country .

    In East Sudan, at Sawakin area, on the Red Sea, there are great antiquities indicating the existence of a historically great period of Sudan's history. Sawakin island, for example, is considered one of the areas which witnessed urban development and unique styles of architecture. It is now regarded as one of the world's few areas in this field. There are many tourists interested in this aspect of history and who can be attracted to these sites.

    The state also set up Al-Dinder National Tourist Park for wildlife in the central state in 1935. This park is considered one of the greatest game reserves in Africa. It occupies a unique position north of the equator on an area of 2,470 square miles.

    In 1990, the Government announced the establishment of Sanganieb national marine reserve on an area of about 12 square kilometers as a first Sudanese sea reserve at the Red Sea area. The government also set up Arous Tourist Village at the Red Sea area and villages of Jemieza in the Equatorial State. Areas of games are represented in the Red Sea Hills and birds hunting at Kindy Lake in Darfur state after it had been protected against poaching.

    There are also game areas in South Sudan, Al-Dari Mountain, Al-Fuweir area, Al-Rugia Al-Zargha area, Talha Al-Misairi and Foanghar Mountain in Kordofan State



    - Abu Simbel

    - Aswan Dam

    - Cephren's pyramid

    - Cheops

    - Edfu

    - Egyptian museum

    - Esna

    - Karnak

    - King Mycernius

    - Luxor temple

    - Philae

    - Ramesseum

    - Saqqara

    - Sphinx

    - Valley of the Kings

    - Valley of the Queens


    - Karnak

    The Karnak site is situated about 3.5km from the Luxor temple and is the largest of its kind in the world. The circumference of this temple measures about 4km within the Karnak site. Perhaps the largest temple within the Karnak is that of Amun, a great Pharaonic God. A processional path of ram sphinxes representing Amun leads into the temple. Between the forelegs of these rams is a small statue of Ramses II, Amun's servant. Though the temple was originally founded during the Middle Kingdom, the various dynasties that came afterwards continued to add onto it, hence the size of this massive temple. From the highest wall of the temple, we see the great frontyard which was built by Ethiopians, and the Shashank gate and hall of columns which was established by King Ramsis II. Just behind these great buildings lies the obelisk built by Queen Hatshepsut, then the granite temple and the feasts hall established by King Thotmos III. On the far horizon appears the holy lake, the remains of Osiris' tomb, the series of the southern walls, the temple of the infant god Khonso and Obet Temple.

    -Abu Simbel temple

    Some 320 km outside of Aswan in Nubia lies Abu Simbel temple carved directly out of the sandstone cliffs along the Nile. The fascinating temple that lies here was built by Ramses II. Although it was really built for his own glorification, theoretically the temple was dedicated to the Gods Amon Ra, Harmakis and Ptah. The face of the temple consists of four huge statues of King Ramsis seated on his throne, each statue being 20 meters high, 4 meters from ear to ear and 1 meter across the mouth. The statues of the three to whom the temple was dedicated, once stood at the heart of the mountain out of which this temple was carved. Interestingly, twice a year the sun would penetrate the entrance of the temple into the mountain and shine on Amon Ra and a statue of Ramses II. It would then move to shine on Harmakis about 20 minutes later but fail to shine on Ptah who was, in fact, the God of Darkness. In the Temple's yard, there is a group of monuments, the most important of which is the famous marital monument on which is registered the story of the marriage of the Pharaoh and the daughter of the Hethean King; after signing the first peace treaty in the world between Egypt and Khita. In the hall of columns, there are eight huge pillars on which is sculptured the statue of the king taking the figure Osiris, the God of the Dead. This hall is also known for its northern wall on which is represented Kadesh battle, which was difficultly won by the king. As for the southern wall, it also has a dazzling scene representing the king with his sons attacking the Syrian citadel, and at the bottom of the picture we find a shepherd trying to escape the victorious king. Just beside this scene, the king is pictured again holding one enemy in one hand and stabbing him with the other. This specific scene is remarkable because the enemy appears to be of the same size as the king while in other scenes enemies were always humiliated by being smaller than the king. The temple of Abu Simbel contains other scenes of no less importance than the former, such as the scene of the king with his lion and others featuring the priests.


    Esna is located on the left bank of the River Nile, about 55km south of Luxor. This temple was built by the Greek and Roman rulers and it was dedicated to the ram-headed god Khnum. The text tells us that the Eighteenth Family kings built this temple in the city and that another part was added by the kings of 'Sais' and the temple was finally finished by King Ptolomy. Moreover, during the reign of the Roman emperors , a hall with 24 columns was built to be the temple facade. This great Roman hall is the only trace left from the old temple. The other parts of the temple were destroyed or are buried underneath the modern city. It is also considered one of the most beautiful halls in Egypt because of its accurate dimensions, beautiful columns, the religious texts inscribed on its columns and exterior and interior walls, justifying the theories of the creation of the world and the origins of life. All these texts were inscribed during the reign of the two emperors 'Tragan' and 'Hadrain' during the second century A.D. The last of these inscriptions were added in the reign of 'Dikius' in 250 A.D.

    - Egyptian museum

    The Egyptian museum was established in 1900. It is by far the most valuable museum of Egyptian antiquities in the world. Located at the heart of Cairo, it is within walking distance from most of the leading hotels in the city. The museum is divided into galleries exhibiting items from various periods in more or less chronological order, moving clockwise along the ground floor. They start with the Fourth Dynasty (about 2700 B.C.), and move into the Middle State and the Modern State which includes the Eighteenth, Nineteenth and Twentieth Dynasties. Perhaps the most impressive sight on the ground floor is a room devoted to Akhnaton and all that was buried with him. The first floor holds the famous mummy room where the body of King Tutankhamoun can be seen. This floor also contains mummies of the following kings: Saknan Raa, (founder of the Eighteenth Dynasty), Amenhotep I, Merit Amon, Thotmos II, Thotmos the fourth, Seti I, Ramsis II, Merenbetah and Ramsis the fifth. The upper floor also contains an area where the treasures of Tutankhamoun are exhibited. All the items exhibited here came from his tomb found at the Valley of Kings at Thebes in what is now Luxor. Tutankhamoun's gold coffin is made of 450 pounds of solid gold and is considered one of the most beautiful possessions of humanity.

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  • 1 decade ago

    Egypt is unbelievable

    National Museum on Cairo (Tut is on the road right now, but the place is PACKED), Sphinx, Go inside the Great pyramid of Giza , Ride a Camel, Have Tea in the Sahara, Go to a Belly Dancing show, Sail down the Nile, go to Tut's Tomb in the Valley of the Kings, see the tomb of Hotshepsut (the great Queen), Temple of Luxor, read 2000 year old graffiti on the walls of Temple of Karnak. Buy a cartuche

    So much more. Nothing like it anywhere.

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