tell me about South Carolina.?
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
South Carolina is a state in the Southeastern region of the United States. The Province of South Carolina was one of the 13 colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution. It was the first state to secede from the Union to found the Confederate States of America. The state is named after King Charles II of England, as Carolus is Latin for Charles. According to 2005 estimates by the U.S. Census Bureau, the state's population stands at 4,321,249.
South Carolina is bounded to the north by North Carolina; to the south and west by Georgia, located across the Savannah River; and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean.
South Carolina is composed of four geographic areas, whose boundaries roughly parallel the northeast/southwest Atlantic coastline. The lower part of the state is the Coastal Plain, also known as the Lowcountry, which is nearly flat and composed entirely of recent sediments such as sand, silt, and clay. Areas with better drainage make excellent farmland, though some land is swampy. The coastline contains many salt marshes and estuaries, as well as natural ports such as Georgetown and Charleston. An unusual feature of the coastal plain is a large number of Carolina bays, the origins of which are uncertain, though one prominent theory suggests that they were created by a meteor shower. The bays tend to be oval, lining up in a northwest to southeast orientation.
Just west of the coastal plain is the Sand Hills region, which is thought to contain remnants of old coastal dunes from a time when the land was sunken or the oceans were higher.
The Piedmont (Upstate) region contains the roots of an ancient, eroded mountain chain. It tends to be hilly, with thin, stony clay soils, and contains few areas suitable for farming. Much of the Piedmont was once farmed, with little success, and is now reforested. At the edge of the Piedmont is the fall line, where rivers drop to the coastal plain. The fall line was an important early source of water power, and mills built to harness this resource encouraged the growth of several cities, including the capital, Columbia. The larger rivers are navigable up to the fall line, providing a trade route for mill towns.
The upper part of the Piedmont is also known as the Foothills. The Cherokee Parkway is a scenic driving route through this area.This is where Table Rock State Park is located.
Highest in elevation is the Upstate, containing an escarpment of the Blue Ridge Mountains, which continue into North Carolina and Georgia, as part of the southern Appalachian chain. Sassafras Mountain, South Carolina's highest point at 3,560 feet (1,085 m) is located in this area. Also located in the Upcountry is Table Rock State Park and Caesar's Head State Park. The Chattooga River, located on the border between South Carolina and Georgia, is a favorite whitewater rafting destination.
Areas under the management of the National Park Service include:
Charles Pinckney National Historic Site at Mt. Pleasant
Congaree National Park in Hopkins
Cowpens National Battlefield near Chesnee,
Fort Moultrie National Monument at Sullivan’s Island
Fort Sumter National Monument in Charleston Harbor
Kings Mountain National Military Park at Blacksburg
Ninety Six National Historic Site in Ninety Six
Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail
See: List of South Carolina counties.
South Carolina has a humid subtropical climate, although high elevation areas in the "Upstate" area have less subtropical characteristics than areas on the Atlantic coastline. In the summer, South Carolina is hot and humid with daytime temperatures averaging around 90 °F in most of the state and overnight lows over 70 °F on the coast and close to 70 °F further inland. Winter temperatures are much less uniform in South Carolina. Coastal areas of the state have very mild winters with high temperatures approaching an average of 60 °F and an overnight low of over 40 °F. Further inland in the higher country, the average January overnight low can be below freezing. While precipitation is abundant the entire year in almost the entire state, near the coast tends to have a slightly wetter summer, while inland March tends to be the wettest month.
Snowfall in South Carolina is not very excessive with coastal areas receiving less than an inch on average. It isn't entirely uncommon for the coast to receive no recordable snowfall in a given year, although it usually receives at least a small dusting of snow annually. Although the coastal area known as the Low Country has not had any snow stick on the ground since 1989 as of Jan 07'. The interior receives a little more snow, although nowhere in the state averages more than 6 inches a year.
The state is prone to tropical cyclones and it is a yearly concern during hurricane season which is from June-November, although the peak time of vulnerability for the southeast Atlantic coast is from late August to October when the Cape Verde hurricane season lasts. South Carolina averages around 50 days of thunderstorm activity a year, which is less than some of the states further south and is slightly less vulnerable to tornadoes than the states which border on the Gulf of Mexico. Still, some notable tornadoes have struck South Carolina and the state averages around 14 tornadoes annually.
Main article: History of South Carolina
The colony of Carolina was settled by English settlers, mostly from Barbados, sent by the Lords Proprietors in 1670, followed by French Huguenots. The Carolina upcountry was settled largely by Scots-Irish migrants from Pennsylvania and Virginia, following the Great Wagon Road. The formal colony of "The Carolinas" split into two in 1712. South Carolina became a royal colony in 1729. The state declared its independence from Great Britain and set up its own government on March 15, 1776. On February 5, 1778, South Carolina became the first state to ratify the first constitution of the United States, the Articles of Confederation. South Carolina became the 8th state on May 23, 1788.
South Carolina was the first state to secede from the United States on December 20, 1860 towards forming the Confederate States of America. President James Buchanan took little action, preferring to let the newly elected President Abraham Lincoln decide the matter. On April 12, 1861, Confederate batteries began shelling Fort Sumter, which stands on an island in Charleston harbor, thus precipitating the Civil War. Students from The Citadel were among those firing the first shots of the war, though Edmund Ruffin is usually credited with firing the first shot from Battery Park (Charleston). The interior of the state was devastated in the later stages of the war due to Sherman's march north to North Carolina and Virginia. Columbia was especially hard hit and parts of it burned in a fire after Sherman's troops left the city.
After the American Civil War, South Carolina was reincorporated into the United States during Reconstruction. The state became a hotbed of racial and economic controversy during the Populist and Agrarian movements of the late 1800s.
In the 20th century, South Carolina developed a thriving textile industry. The state also converted its agricultural base from cotton to more profitable crops, attracted large military bases and, most recently, attracted European manufacturers.
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South Carolina Vacation Beaches and Resort Islands
Crystal white sand, world class golf, unique shops, fantastic dining - after that, no two are alike. Enjoy family attractions on Myrtle Beach and the Grand Strand; mix sophistication, romance, and European high culture with beach time in historic must-see Charleston and her resort islands; soak in the magic and relaxed energy of Caribbean influences in Hilton Head and the resort islands of the Lowcountry. From world class beach resorts to pet friendly motels, you’ll find outstanding places to stay in South Carolina wherever you go.
Historic Sites, Cultural Treasures, Natural Wonders
Discover cherished American historic sites, cultural and artistic treasures, award-winning museums, and fantastic shopping and dining on fun city site seeing tours of South Carolinas beautiful historic cities and on scenic back road trips that lead to charming small towns. Outdoors South Carolina features fantastic and fun State Parks, championship golf courses, clear and salt water fishing, hiking, white water rafting, boating, kayaking and scuba diving with alligators - and that’s just a start.
- 1 decade ago
South Carolina is a state in the Southeastern region of the United States. The Province of South Carolina was one of the 13 colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution. It was the first state to secede from the Union to found the Confederate States of America. The state is named after King Charles II of England, as Carolus is Latin for Charles. According to 2005 estimates by the U.S. Census Bureau, the state's population stands at 4,321,249.Source(s): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Carolina
- 1 decade ago
you have to go to charleston, south carolina is one of the most beautiful states, its culturally rich, and a historical jem. the beaches are wonderful, the people are friendly. for a visit its great.Source(s): born and raised in charleston SC
- 1 decade ago
What do you want to know? I lived there for the past 8 yrs.
I hated every minute of it. I live in Florida now, I love the weather.
Email if you want to know more or have specific questions.