does senegal africa have primary industries and if yes then what are they?
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
Senegal has a limited upstream oil industry, although it is becoming increasingly important to the Senegalese economy. Petrosen is actively promoting onshore and offshore acreage where, since 1998, major permits in the form of production sharing contracts have been awarded.
The downstream industry is important, with Senegal being one of the four refining countries in West Africa.
During the period 1996 to 1998, Senegal undertook an aggressive economic reform programme including a privatisation drive which affected the energy sector, in particular the downstream industry.
The oil industry in Senegal is regulated by the Ministry of Energy, Mines and Industries and its national oil company is Petrosen.
Hydrocarbon exploration and production in Senegal is governed by Law N0. 98-05 enacted on January 5, 1998.
Senegal imports crude oil to be refined by the SAR refinery in Dakar. The refinery has a nominal capacity of a 1 million tons of oil per year. There are adequate storage facilities for both crude and finished product located in Dakar.
A single pricing structure exists for all products which determines the maximum price that can be charged. In 1998, liberalization of pricing structure was introduced
Agriculture, forestry & fishing
Of the country's 240,000 hectares of arable land, only 60,000-70,000 hectares can be used, and only 35,000 is presently in use. Because of the erratic climate, output is highly variable, forcing the Senegalese government to increasingly look to irrigation. Most farmers combine cash cropping with the production of grain for domestic consumption, the emphasis shifting according to the weather. The main cash crops are groundnuts, produced primarily in central Senegal, cotton and horticulture. An estimated 40 per cent of farmland is taken up by groundnut cultivation. Production of groundnuts increased by more than 20 per cent in 1999 from 506,000 tonnes in 1998. The revival of the groundnut sector is a key priority for the government. Sorghum and millet are grown in the central and northern regions; rice is grown in the Senegal River valley and the southern region. Cotton is a relatively new cash crop, but its performance in the region has not been good. There has also been a significant expansion of the horticultural sector. Efforts by the government to liberalize the agriculture sector are intended to provide incentives to producers.
The fishing industry is Senegal’s largest source of foreign exchange, constituting 30% of total merchandise exports in 1998, and 2.4% to GDP Most of the fishing is done traditionally, creating employment particularly for the rural population and for women, who are often involved in co-operatives. It is the second most important source of employment, accounting for 15% of the economically active population. Over fishing remains a major threat.
Forestry resources cover 20% of the land, but drought and the use of woodfuel have seriously depleted tree cover.
Mining accounts for less than 2% of GDP, but phosphates and derived products account for an estimated 16% of exports (as at 1998). There are large-scale, good-quality iron ore deposits.
Industry & Manufacturing
The industrial sector contributed around 14.8 per cent to GDP in 1998 and employed 12 per cent of the workforce. Light industries based on the processing of a domestically produced agricultural item predominate. Food processing– primarily groundnut processing - is the most important industrial sub-sector; the textile industry, which produces mainly for domestic consumption, is based on cotton ginning. The only heavy export industries are an oil refinery at Dakar-Mbao, and the fertilizer and chemicals industry that is based on imported sulphur and Senegalese phosphates. State participation in industry is confined to key sectors such as energy and construction, but production is heavily subsidised and protected by tariffs.
Senegal is one of the most industrialized countries in the region, but competitiveness is generally poor, largely because of high production costs, a small domestic market and a cumbersome regulatory environment. Industrial reforms have now been adopted to encourage the viability of public investment projects.
The state tourism agency is involved both in promoting the country in Europe and in encouraging foreign investment in the development of further tourist facilities. The government sees tourism as a key, even if neglected, foreign currency earner.Source(s): www.iss.co.za
- 1 decade ago
Agricultural,fishing and mining. Mainly peanuts and some fruits and veg such as mangoes and beans. Have over fished of course most of the good stuff in Europe. A little known about gold mine also exists. The south of the country, Cassamance is more tropical than the rest so fruits are more prevalent.
- 1 decade ago
Agricultural and fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, construction materials, ship construction and repair.
Agriculture makes up 77% of the workforce.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Yes, tobacco for cigar wrappers.