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The great depression- What year did it end?!?

I need a website that shows information on the date that tyhe great depression ended. A timeline would help too!

Thx a bundle!

-Jazzeh

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  • 1 decade ago
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    Timeline

    America's Great Depression is regarded as having begun in 1929 with the Stock Market crash, and ended in 1941 with America's entry into World War II. However, to fully understand the Great Depression, one must look at it in context of events that happened before and after those dates. For that reason, the timeline below includes events many decades before and after the Great Depression itself.

    Several types of events are covered in the timeline below. The first is the passage of legislation that effects either the money supply, international trade, or price and wage controls. The second is important publications about economics. The third is business cycle peaks and troughs. The last is significant political and social events.

    Year Events

    1873 Lombard Street, by Walter Bagehot, published. The book goes on to become the bible for central bankers.

    1882 May 6th, Chinese Exclusion Act passed, suspending the immigration of Chinese Laborers for 10 years

    1887 Interstate Commerce Act passed, creating the Interstate Commerce Commission

    1890 Sherman Antitrust Act passed

    1892 Chinese Exclusion Act extended for an additional ten years

    1894 August 18th, Bureau of Immigration established

    1897 Countervailing Duty Law passed

    1903 Elkins Act passed, prohibiting the railroads from granting secret rebates and from establishing discriminatory rates

    1904 April 27th, Chinese Exclusion Act extended indefinitely

    1906 June 30, Meat Inspection Act passed

    June 30, Pure Food and Drug Act passed

    Hepburn Act passed, extending the jurisdiction of the federal government over interstate commerce to include express companies, companies operating pipelines transporting petroleum products, and companies operating sleeping cars on the railroads

    The Jungle, by Upton Sinclair, published

    1907 May, a business contraction begins, starting one of the most severe depressions on record

    1908 January 27th, in Adair v. the United States, U.S. Supreme court rules that yellow dog contracts are legal

    June, depression ends

    ???, Federal Employers' Liability Act passed

    1911 Farm Loan Act passed, providing for the establishment of federal land banks under Treasury Department supervision.

    1912 The Theory of Money and Credit, by Ludwig von Mises, published

    First minimum wage law (for women only) enacted by Massachusetts

    Lloyd-LaFollette Act passed, allowing unionization of postal workers

    July 31, Milton Friedman born

    Woodrow Wilson elected President

    1913 February 3rd, 16th Amendment ratified (income tax)

    April 8, 17th Amendment ratified (direct election of Senators)

    July 15th, Newlands Act passed, creates the U.S. Board of Mediation and Conciliation to adjust disputes between railroads and their operating employees.

    December 23rd, Federal Reserve Act passed

    Underwood Tariff Act passed, the first reduction in duties since the Civil War, also established a modest income tax

    1914 June 28, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and wife are murdered by a Serb terrorist in Sarajevo, Bosnia

    August, World War I begins

    August 15, Panama Canal opened to traffic

    September 26th, Federal Trade Commission established

    Clayton Act passed, restricting mergers between companies

    December 17, Harrison Narcotics Act passed

    1915 May 7, nearly 1,200 people died when a German torpedo sank the British liner Lusitania off the Irish coast.

    May 23rd, Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary.

    1916 Child Labor Act passed, setting a national minimum age of 14 in industries producing nonagricultural goods for interstate commerce or for export

    Keating-Owen Act passed, forbiding the transportation among states of products of factories, shops or canneries employing children under 14 years of age, of mines employing children under 16 years of age, and the products of any of these employing children under 16 who worked at night or more than eight hours a day.

    Antidumping Act passed

    Federal Farm Loan Act passed, providing low interest credit to farmers

    September, Adamson Act passed

    Limits railroad workers to an eight-hour day

    Mandates time and a half pay for overtime for railroad workers

    November, Woodrow Wilson defeats Republican Charles Evans Hughes to win a second term as President

    1917 April 6, Congress declares war against Germany

    May 18, Selective Service Act passed

    December 7, Congress declares war against Austria-Hungary

    1918 Pittman Act passed, permitting the government to sell silver to Britain as a wartime measure

    November, World War I ends

    1919 January 16th, 18th Amendment ratified (prohibition)

    June 28th, Treaty of Versailles signed

    July, Blockade of German ports ends

    The Economic Consequences of the Peace, by John Maynard Keynes, published

    1920 January, economic expansion peaks; a severe recession begins

    February 28th, Transportation Act passed

    ICC empowered to prescribe intrastate rates when necessary to eliminate discrimination against carriers in interstate commerce

    Railroad Labor Board created

    April 15, Frederick A. Parmenter, paymaster for the Slater and Morrill Shoe Factories, and his guard, Alessandro Beradelli are murdered during a robbery

    May, Treasury begins to buy silver at one dollar an ounce, as required by the Pittman Act of 1918

    August 18th, 19th Amendment ratified (women's vote)

    Jones Act passed, prohibits shipping merchandise between U.S. ports "in any other vessel than a vessel built in and documented under the laws of the United States and owned by persons who are citizens of the United States.''

    Warren G. Harding defeats Governor James M. Cox of Ohio to become the 29th President. Voter turnout is 49.2 percent, an all time low up to then.

    1921 April, Allied Reparations Commission establishes 132 billion gold marks ($33 billion) as the amount of reparations that Germany must pay

    May 19th, Emergency Quota Act passed, establishing national quotas for immigrants

    July, economic contraction ends; recovery begins

    July 14th, immigrant anarchists, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, convicted of murder

    1922 September, Fordney-McCumber Tariff Act passed

    Capper-Volstead Act passed

    Hyperinflation begins in Germany

    Socialism: An Economic and Sociological Analysis, by Ludwig von Mises, published

    1923 January, Rosewood massacre

    April 9th, Supreme Court decides Adkins v. Children's Hospital , finding that a Congressionally-mandated minimum wage for the District of Columbia is unconstitutional

    May, economic expansion peaks, recession begins

    mid-year, silver purchase policy effectively ends

    August 2, Warren G. Harding dies in San Francisco, apparently from a heart attack

    Tract on Monetary Reform, by John Maynard Keynes, published

    Hyperinflation ends in Germany

    1924 February 3rd, Woodrow Wilson dies

    July, economic contraction ends, recovery begins

    July, Olympics held in Paris

    Congress passes an amendment to the constitution, empowering Congress to limit, regulate, and prohibit the labor of persons under 18 years of age. (The number of state legislatures that ratified the proposed amendment was 28, or 8 less than the 36 then required.)

    Keiss Act passed, allowing unionization of the Government Printing Office.

    Congress bans heroin completely

    Johnson-Reed Act passed, severely limiting immigration

    November, Calvin Coolidge elected president

    German Hyperinflation ends

    The French army evacuates the Ruhr region of Germany, allowing a major increase in coal production

    Coal operators in Britain engage in a lock out for seven months, in an effort to force down wages

    1925 April 28th, Britain announces return to a gold standard for its currency, setting the value of the pound back to its pre-World War I value of $4.86/pound

    July 10-25, Scopes Monkey Trial

    The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald, published

    1926 May 3rd, a nine day nationwide general strike begins in Britain

    May 20th, Railway Labor Act passed

    October, economic expansion peaks, recession begins

    Revenue Act of 1926 passed, cutting taxes of those earning $1M or more by two-thirds

    1927 May 20, Charles Lindbergh takes off from Roosevelt Field in Long Island, N.Y., aboard the Spirit of St. Louis on his historic solo flight to France.

    August 23rd, immigrant anarchists, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, were executed

    November, economic contraction ends, recovery begins

    December, the Ford Motor Company introduces the Model A

    Federal Reserve reduces the discount rate by half a point and purchases $230 million of government securities

    1928 June, France returns to a gold standard, establishing exchange rates of 124 francs per pound and 25.51 francs per dollar

    August 27th, Kellogg-Briand Pact signed, "outlawing" war

    October, Benjamin Strong, Governor of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, dies.

    November, Herbert Hoover elected president

    1929 February 2nd, Federal Reserve announces a ban on bank loans for margin trades

    March 4th, Herbert Hoover is inaugurated as President

    June 15th, Agricultural Marketing Act passed

    August, economic expansion peaks

    September 3rd, stock market prices peak, with New York Times index of industrial stocks at 452

    October 24th, "Black Thursday," recorded sales of shares hits 12,895,000

    October 25th, market rallies, briefly

    October 29th, "Black Tuesday," recorded sales of shares hits 16,410,000. New York Times index of industrial stocks drops nearly forty points, the worst drop in Wall Street history to that point.

    November 13th, stock market prices reach low for the year, with New York Times index of industrial stocks at 224

    1930 June 17th, Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act is signed into law

    October, Committee for Unemployment Relief formed

    Treatise on Money, by John Maynard Keynes, published

    By year's end, 1350 banks have suspended operations during 1930

    1931 January 7th, the Committee for Unemployment Relief releases a report on unemployment showing that 4 to 5 million Americans were out of work.

    January 19th, Hoover's Wickersham Commission reports that enforcement of Prohibition has become almost impossible.

    March 31st, Davis-Bacon Act becomes law, requiring "prevailing" (union) wages to be paid on federal construction contracts

    May, KreditAnstalt, Austria's largest bank, collapses

    May 1st, New York's 102-story Empire State Building dedicated

    June 5th, Chancellor Bruning announces that Germany was no longer going to pay reparations under the Young Plan

    July 23rd, Macmillan report on Britain's international finances released, pointing out that Britain's short-term liabilities to foreigners is several times the size of Britain's gold reserves.

    September 21st, Britain goes off the gold standard, the first major power to do so.

    September, Japan invades Manchuria

    October 16th, New York Federal Reserve Bank's discount rate raised from 1.5 percent to 2.5 percent.

    October 17th, mobster Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion and sentenced to 11 years in prison. (He was released in 1939.)

    October 23rd, New York Federal Reserve Bank's discount rate raised from 2.5 percent to 3.5 percent.

    December, Japan leaves the gold standard

    December 11th, New York Bank of the United States collapses

    By year's end, 2,293 banks have suspended operations during 1931

    1932 January 22nd, Reconstruction Finance Corporation created

    March 1st, Charles Lindbergh's 20-month-old son, Charles Augustus, Jr., is kidnapped from the family home in New Jersey.

    April, Federal Reserve officials initiate an open market program to buy $500 million worth of securities

    May, Federal Reserve officials undertake another open market program, purchasing an additional $500 million worth of securities

    May 20th, Amelia Earhart took off from Newfoundland for Ireland to become the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic.

    June 6th, Revenue Act of 1932 passed, the largest peacetime tax increase in the nation's history to that date

    raised top tax rates from 25% to 63%

    reduced personal exemptions from $1,500 to $1,000 for single persons

    reduced personal exemptions from $3,500 to $2,500 for married couples

    July, Federal law updated to require that the names of banks borrowing from the Reconstruction Finance Corporation be made public.

    July 21st, Emergency Relief and Construction Act passed

    July 28th, Bonus Army Riot begins in Washington, D.C.

    August 24th, Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly nonstop across the United States, traveling from Los Angeles to Newark, N.J., in just over 19 hours

    Norris-La Guardia Act passed, outlawing yellow-dog contracts and protecting unions from anti-trust actions, private damage suits and court injunctions

    Glass-Steagall Act passed (liberalized the terms under which member banks could borrow from the Federal Reserve)

    Tuskegee Syphilis Study begins

    November 8th, Franklin D. Roosevelt defeats Herbert Hoover to become the 32nd President (electoral vote count of 472 to 59)

    By year's end, 1,493 banks have suspended operatins during 1932

    1933 January 5th, Construction begins on San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge

    January 23rd, 20th Amendment ratified

    January 31st, Adolf Hitler named Chancellor of Germany

    February 15th, Chicago mayor Anton Cermak is killed during an assassination attempt in Miami, Florida on President-elect Roosevelt.

    March, economic contraction ends; economy starts to recover

    March 4th, FDR is inaugurated as president

    March 6th, FDR declares a bank holiday

    March 9th, bank holiday ends

    March 9th, Emergency Banking Relief Act passed, providing for federal bank inspections

    March 12th, FDR's first Fireside Chat is broadcast over the radio.

    March 20th, FDR signs Economy Act.

    March 20th, Credit Act passed, indentifying those veterans and dependents of veterans who were entitled to a pension

    March 31st, Reforestation Relief Act passed, creating the Civilian Conservation Corps

    April, New York becomes the first to pass a state law regulating minimum producer, wholesale, and retail milk prices (25 other states will take similar action by the end of the 1930s)

    April 19th, America goes off the gold standard

    May 12th, Agricultural Adjustment Act passed, authorizing paying farmers not to grow crops

    May 12th, Federal Emergency Relief Adminstration created

    May 12th, Farm Relief Act passed, creating the Farm Credit Administration and the Agricultural Adjustment Adminstiration

    May 18th, Tennessee Valley Authority created

    May 27th, Federal Securities Act passed

    June 6th, National Cooperative Employment Service Act passed

    June 13th, Home Owners' Loan Act passed

    June 16th, Farm Credit Act passed

    June 16th, Glass-Steagall Act passed

    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation established

    Federal Reserve empowered to set maximum allowable interest rates on savings and time deposits accounts

    Payment of interest on demand deposits (checking accounts) outlawed

    Commercial banks were no longer allowed to engage in investment banking (underwriting securities)

    Federal Open Market Committee established

    June 16th, National Industrial Recovery Act passed

    June 16th, Emergency Railroad Transportation Act passed

    October 17th, Albert Einstein arrived in the United States as a refugee from Nazi Germany.

    November 8th, Civil Works Administration (CWA ) created by executive order

    December 5th, 21st Amendment ratified (repeals 18th amendment, ending alcohol prohibition)

    By year's end, approximately 4,000 banks have suspended operations in 1933

    1934 January 30th, Gold Reserve Act passed

    Establishes Exchange Stabilization Fund

    Allows the U. S. Treasury to seize all gold held by Federal Reserve banks

    Private possession of gold made illegal except for "legitimate" purposes (jewelry, artwork, and industrial and scientific uses)

    January 31st, FDR issues an executive decree, changing the price of gold from $20.67 an ounce to $35 an ounce

    January 31st, Congress creates Federal Farm Mortgage Corporation.

    February 2nd, Export-Import Bank of Washington created, established under DC charter by Executive Order 6581, to assist in financing U.S. trade with the Soviet Union.

    February 23rd, Crop Loan Act passed

    February 15th, Civil Works Emergency Relief Act passed.

    April 7th, Jones-Connally Farm Relief Act passed, bill effectively placing an expanded roster of farm products under the control of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA).

    May 23rd, bank robbers Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow were shot to death in a police ambush in Bienville Parish, Louisiana

    June 6th, Securities Exchange Commission established

    June 19th, Federal Communications Commission created

    June 19th, Silver Purchase Act passed, empowering FDR to increase the Treasury's silver holdings to 1/3 the value of gold, nationalizing silver stocks and purchases (victory for Free Silverites)

    June, Taylor Grazing Act passed

    July 22nd, John Dillinger, Public Enemy Number One, shot by the FBI near a Chicago Theatre

    August 2nd, German President Paul von Hindenburg dies, paving the way for Adolf Hitler's complete takeover.

    August 13th, the satirical comic strip "Li'l Abner," created by Al Capp, makes its debut

    November 6th, Democrats gain 9 seats in the House of Representatives

    Anti-Rackateering Act passed

    Commodity Credit Corporation created

    Federal Farm Bankruptcy Act passed

    Federal Surplus Relief Corporation created

    National Firearms Act passed

    Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act passed

    Bankhead Cotton Control Act passed

    1935 January 11th, Amelia Earhart becomes the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to California.

    January 16th, Fred and "Ma" Barker killed outside Ocklawaha, Florida.

    April 8th, Emergency Appropriations Relief Act passed, creating the Works Progress Administration

    May 27th, Supreme Court unanimously declares Section 3 of the National Recovery Act to be unconstitutional, in Schecter Poultry Corporation v. United States. Section 3 empowered the President to implement industrial codes to regulate weekly employment hours, wages, and minimum ages of employees.

    June, National Youth Adminstration created by executive order

    June 3, Farm Credit Act passed

    July 5th, National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) passed

    August 14th, Social Security Act passed

    August 23rd, Banking Act passed

    August 28th, Public Utility Holding Company Act passed

    August 30th, Bituminous Coal Conservation Act passed

    August 30th, Revenue Act (Wealth Tax Act ) passed.

    Increased the surtax rate on individual incomes over $50,000, the estate tax on individual estates over $40,000 and graduated steeply taxes on individual incomes over $1 million until the rate was 75% in excess of $5 million.

    Decreased the small corporation tax rate to 12% while increasing the corporate tax, on incomes above $15,000 to 15%.

    Some excess profits over 10% were taxed at a 6% rate and in excess of 15% at a 12% rate.

    August, Neutrality Act passed

    September 2nd, a Category 5 hurricane, the most intense ever recorded in U.S. History, hits the Florida Keys, killing over 400 people.

    September 8th, Huey Long assassinated

    November 5th, Parker Brothers releases board game, "Monopoly".

    Davis-Bacon Act amended, lowering contract threshold to $2,000

    Federal Power Act passed

    Motor Carrier Act passed, extending federal regulatory authority to motor carriers engaged in interstate commerce

    Rural Electrification Administration established

    Soil Conservation Act passed

    1936 January 23rd, Adjusted Compensation Act passes, over Roosevelt's veto. The Act provides for the immediate payment of veterans' bonuses.

    February 17th Supreme Court upholds constitutionality of TVA in Ashwander v. Tennessee Valley Authority

    February 29th, Soil Conservation and Allotment Act is passed

    May 18th, Supreme Court declares (6 to 3) the Bituminous Coal Conservation Act (1935) to be unconstitutional in Carter vs. Carter Coal Co.

    August 1st, Olympics open in Berlin

    General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money, by John Maynard Keynes, published

    Robinson-Patman Act passed, effectively outlawing price cutting by permitting price discrimination (charging different prices in different markets) only if it can be justified by differential costs of serving different markets, or if a price reduction is made "in good faith'' to meet the price reduction of a competitor.

    Rural Electrification Act passed, authorizing loans to qualified borrowers, with preference given to nonprofit and cooperative associations and public bodies, to construct and operate electric systems and generating plants

    Domestic Allotment Act passed

    November 3rd, FDR defeats Alfred M. Landon, Governor of Kansas, to win second term as President (electoral count 523 to 8)

    1937 January 20th, FDR delivers his second inaugural address: "I see one-third of a nation ill-housed, ill-clad, ill-nourished."

    February 5th, FDR introduces the Judiciary Reorganization Bill (FDR's infamous court packing scheme):

    It proposed to add judges at all levels of the federal courts, assign judges to the more congested courts and adopt procedures to expedite the appeals process by sending lower court cases on constitutional matters directly to the Supreme Court

    Justices of the Supreme Court who reached age 70 could retire

    When a Supreme Court justice, age 70, did not retire, FDR could add an additional judge up to 6, potentially increasing the court to 15 members.

    March 1st, Supreme Court Retirement Act passed, permitting Supreme Court Justices to retire at age 70 with full pay, after 10 years of service

    March 29th, in West Coast Hotel v. Parrish, Supreme Court upholds (5 to 4) a state minimum wage law for women.

    April 12th, Supreme Court declares (5 to 4) provisions of NLRA (1935) that guaranteed worker rights to unionize to be constitutional in National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation

    May, economic recovery stops; economy enters a second depression

    May 6th, Hindenburg disaster

    May 24th, Supreme Court declares (5 to 4) that the unemployment compensation provision of the SSA is constitutional in Steward Machine Co vs Davis

    May 24th, Supreme Court declares (7 to 2) that the old age benefits provisions of the SSA are constitutional in Helvering vs Davis

    July 22nd, Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant Act passed, creating the Farm Security Agency (FSA). The FSA established camps for migrant farm workers, provided medical care for those workers and their families, and helped in finding jobs.

    September 1st, United States Housing (Wagner-Steagall) Act passed, creating the US Housing Authority (USHA) to administer low-interest 60-year loans to small communities for slum clearance and construction projects and to grant subsidies for setting rent geared to low-income levels in areas where local agencies provided 25% of the federal grant.

    1938 January 2nd, President Roosevelt establishes the March of Dimes.

    February 16th, 2nd Agricultural Adjustment Act passed

    June, economic contraction ends, economy begins to recover

    June 23rd, Civil Aeronautics Authority established

    June 25th, Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act signed into law

    June 25th, Fair Labor Standards Act passed, enacting first national minimum wage law

    September 30th, British and French prime ministers Neville Chamberlain and Édouard Daladier sign the Munich Pact with Nazi leader Adolf Hitler

    October 30th, Orson Welles' broadcast of "War of the Worlds" persuades thousands of Americans that the United States is being invaded by Martians

    November 1st, with 40 million radio listeners tuned in across the country, a long-anticipated match race between two champion race horses, Seabiscuit and War Admiral is run. Seabiscuit beats War Admiral by four lengths in just over a minute fifty-six for the mile and three-sixteenths, a new track record.

    Supreme Court decides NLRB v. Mackay Radio & Telegraph, finding that employers have an undisputed right to hire permanent replacement workers for striking workers in an economic strike.

    Democrats lose 71 Congressional seats during November elections

    1939 January 7th, Labor leader Tom Mooney freed by California Governor Olson after 22 years imprisonment.

    February 27th, in NLRB v. Fansteel Metallurgical Corp, Supreme Court rules sit-down strikes illegal.

    April 30th, New York Worlds Fair opens in Flushing Meadows

    August 2nd, Albert Einstein signed a letter to President Franklin Roosevelt urging creation of an atomic weapons research program.

    September 1st, Germany invades Poland

    The Grapes of Wrath, by John Steinbeck, published

    (??? Act), an all-risk crop insurance program was initiated for interested farmers to prevent economic distress in case of crop failure for hail, floods, and other natural disasters.

    1940 September 16th, Selective Training and Service Act passed, requiring men between the ages of 21 and 35 to register for military training

    November 7th, FDR defeats Wendell Willkie (449 to 82 Electoral College vote totals) to win third term as President

    How to Pay for the War, by John Maynard Keynes, published

    Investment Advisers Act passed, allowing SEC to supervise the activities of investment advisors

    Investment Company Act passed, allowing SEC to supervises the activities of mutual funds and other investment companies

    Transportation Act passed, giving ICC authority to regulate common carriers operating in interstate commerce in the coastal, intercoastal, and inland waters of the U.S.

    1941 January 6th, President Roosevelt delivers his State of the Union address, saying "we look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms."

    January 7th, Office of Price Administration is created.

    Davis-Bacon Act amended to include military construction

    March, Lend-Lease Act passed, giving the president the authority to aid any nation whose defense he believed vital to the United States and to accept repayment "in kind or property, or any other direct or indirect benefit which the President deems satisfactory."

    May 1st, the Orson Welles motion picture "Citizen Kane" premiered in New York

    December 7th, Japanese attack Pearl Harbor

    December 8th, U.S. declares war on Japan

    December 11th, Germany and Italy declare war on U.S.

    1942 February 19th, FDR signs executive Order 9066, calling for the internment of over 100,000 Japanese-Americans.

    November 9th, Supreme Court decides Wickard v. Filburn, finding that the interstate commerce clause allows Congress to regulate wheat production, even if the wheat is never sold and used only by the grower

    Emergency Rubber Production Act passed

    1943 January 15th, construction of the Pentagon completed.

    April 19th, Warsaw Ghetto uprising begins.

    December 17th, Chinese Exclusion Repeal Act passed

    1944 January 22nd, Allied troops begin assault on Rome.

    June 6th, D-Day

    July 1st-22nd, Bretton Woods Conference held, establishing the basis of the postwar international monetary system and creating the International Monetary Fund

    November 7th, FDR defeats Thomas E. Dewey (432 to 99 Electoral College Votes) to win fourth term as President

    Individual Income Tax Act passed, raises the individual maximum rate to 94 percent.

    The Road to Serfdom, by F. A. Hayek, published

    1945 January 9th, U.S. forces under Gen. MacArthur invade Philippines.

    January 26th, Auschwitz is liberated by Soviet troops.

    February, economic expansion ends, economy enters recession

    February 13th, British bombers attack Dresden, killing over 100,000.

    March 9th, U.S. bombers attack Tokyo, killing over 100,000.

    April 12th, FDR dies while at Warm Springs, Georgia

    April 28th, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and his mistress, Clara Petacci, are executed by Italian partisans as they attempt to flee the country.

    April 30th, Adolph Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide

    May 7th, Germany signed an unconditional surrender at Allied headquarters in Rheims, France.

    June 26th, United Nations charter signed by 50 countries in San Francisco.

    July 16th, the United States exploded its first experimental atomic bomb, in the desert of Alamogordo, New Mexico

    July 31st, Export-Import Bank Act passed, making the Export-Import Bank an independent agency

    August 2nd, President Truman, Soviet leader Josef Stalin and British Prime Minister Clement Attlee concluded the Potsdam conference.

    August 6th, atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima

    August 9th, atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki

    September 2nd, Japan surrenders

    October, economic contraction ends

    1946 July 3rd, Hobbs Act passed, eliminating loop holes in 1934 Anti-Rackateering Act

    Employment Act passed

    October 16th, President Truman lifts price controls on meat

    1947 Labor-Management Relations Act (Taft-Hartley Act) passed

    1948 November 2nd, Harry S. Truman defeats Thomas E. Dewey (303 to 189 electoral votes) in the presidential election

    November, economic expansion ends, economy enters recession

    1949 October, recession ends, economy begins to expand

    1951 February 21st, 22nd amendment to the constitution ratified (prohibits Presidents from serving more than two terms)

    1953 July 30th, RFC Liquidation Act passed, terminating the lending powers of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation

    July, economic expansion peaks, recession begins

    1956 Agricultural Act passed, otherwise known as the soil-bank program, authorized federal payments to farmers if they reduced production of certain crops

    1957 June, Reconstruction Finance Corporation abolished

    1959 Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act (Landrum-Griffin Act) passed

    • Marko6 years agoReport

      the Serb who murdered the archduke was not a terrorist, he did it so Yugoslavia could be formed.

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    3 years ago

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  • 4 years ago

    Great Depression Dates

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  • 1 decade ago

    Ignore all of above (with due respect).

    Most economists say the Depression ended in 1938, but some Keynsian economists say the economy did not really recover until 1946, after WWII. Here is detail from the wikipedia article:

    The administration's other response to the 1937 deepening of the Great Depression had more tangible results. Ignoring the pleas of the Treasury Department, Roosevelt embarked on an antidote to the depression, reluctantly abandoning his efforts to balance the budget and launching a $5 billion spending program in the spring of 1938, an effort to increase mass purchasing power. Business-oriented observers explained the recession and recovery in very different terms from the Keynesians. They argued that the New Deal had been very hostile to business expansion in 1935–37, had encouraged massive strikes which had a negative impact on major industries such as automobiles, and had threatened massive antitrust legal attacks on big corporations. All those threats diminished sharply after 1938. For example, the antitrust efforts fizzled out without major cases. The CIO and AFL unions started battling each other more than battling corporations, and tax policy became more favorable to long-term growth.

    On the other hand, according to economist Robert Higgs, when looking only at the supply of consumer goods, significant GDP growth resumed only in 1946 (Higgs does not estimate the value to consumers of collective, intangible goods like victory in war; Higgs 1992). To Keynesians, the war economy showed just how large the fiscal stimulus required to end the downturn of the Depression was, and it led, at the time, to fears that as soon as America demobilized, it would return to Depression conditions and industrial output would fall to its pre-war levels. That is, the Keynesians predicted a new depression would start after the war—a false prediction.

    Source(s): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Depression#Rece... (section on the Recession of 1937 in the US)
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  • Anonymous
    4 years ago

    I have been suffering from post partum depression for the past one year when I gave birth to a baby boy. I couldn't stop thinking about how my husband loves him more than me and how things might be better if he wasn't born at all. Thus, I stayed away from him because I knew that I might do something I will regret for the rest of my life.

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  • 5 years ago

    The Great Depression started in 1929 and ended in 1939. I know this because I have studied it very much and worked very hard. Plus the second world was started right after the Depression times finished, because the people were very happy until they heard the war was coming.

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  • Anne2
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    Timeline

    1929 (October) Stock market Crashes

    1930 3.2 million people are unemployed

    1931 3 thousand unemployed workers marched on the Ford Motor company in Michigan

    1932 Congress establishes the Reconstruction finance Corp RFC

    November of 1932 Franklin d. Roosevelt elected President in landslide over herbert Hoover

    1933 Rosevelt is inaugurated

    April of 1933 Roosevelt orders Nation off gold Standard

    civilian conservation corps is established known as CCC give jobs to many, they build schools, buildings, homes

    Tennessee Valley Authority is created, built damns, planted trees

    1934 Large 3 day dust storm blows 350 million tons of soil from West as far as New York and Boston, street lamps are lit in day time.

    1935 FDR signs legislation creating Works Progress Admin later know as WPA, this puts artists, writers, painters to work.

    1936 Harvest workers plight in California becomes known

    1940 ww2 jump starts US industry.

    Source(s): I was born in 1935, I remember my mother always made extra food, threw extra potatoes in pot to cook. We always had men coming to porch begging for food. Mom would make each a plate. I remember one man was blind. My parents did not live right in town, but on a country road and I wonder how he found our house.
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  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

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  • Well hope this helps. the Depression was a time of economic down fall therefore there was no official end date. It lasted throughout much of the 1930's and was a terrible time. Please when you are researching this think of it in terms of the fact that real people went through this.

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  • 1 decade ago

    I don't have a website for you but it ended with the onset of wwII. Countries needed supplies and that brought Americans back to work. And that would be around 1940's.

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