The great depression- What year did it end?!?
I need a website that shows information on the date that tyhe great depression ended. A timeline would help too!
Thx a bundle!
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
America's Great Depression is regarded as having begun in 1929 with the Stock Market crash, and ended in 1941 with America's entry into World War II. However, to fully understand the Great Depression, one must look at it in context of events that happened before and after those dates. For that reason, the timeline below includes events many decades before and after the Great Depression itself.
Several types of events are covered in the timeline below. The first is the passage of legislation that effects either the money supply, international trade, or price and wage controls. The second is important publications about economics. The third is business cycle peaks and troughs. The last is significant political and social events.
1873 Lombard Street, by Walter Bagehot, published. The book goes on to become the bible for central bankers.
1882 May 6th, Chinese Exclusion Act passed, suspending the immigration of Chinese Laborers for 10 years
1887 Interstate Commerce Act passed, creating the Interstate Commerce Commission
1890 Sherman Antitrust Act passed
1892 Chinese Exclusion Act extended for an additional ten years
1894 August 18th, Bureau of Immigration established
1897 Countervailing Duty Law passed
1903 Elkins Act passed, prohibiting the railroads from granting secret rebates and from establishing discriminatory rates
1904 April 27th, Chinese Exclusion Act extended indefinitely
1906 June 30, Meat Inspection Act passed
June 30, Pure Food and Drug Act passed
Hepburn Act passed, extending the jurisdiction of the federal government over interstate commerce to include express companies, companies operating pipelines transporting petroleum products, and companies operating sleeping cars on the railroads
The Jungle, by Upton Sinclair, published
1907 May, a business contraction begins, starting one of the most severe depressions on record
1908 January 27th, in Adair v. the United States, U.S. Supreme court rules that yellow dog contracts are legal
June, depression ends
???, Federal Employers' Liability Act passed
1911 Farm Loan Act passed, providing for the establishment of federal land banks under Treasury Department supervision.
1912 The Theory of Money and Credit, by Ludwig von Mises, published
First minimum wage law (for women only) enacted by Massachusetts
Lloyd-LaFollette Act passed, allowing unionization of postal workers
July 31, Milton Friedman born
Woodrow Wilson elected President
1913 February 3rd, 16th Amendment ratified (income tax)
April 8, 17th Amendment ratified (direct election of Senators)
July 15th, Newlands Act passed, creates the U.S. Board of Mediation and Conciliation to adjust disputes between railroads and their operating employees.
December 23rd, Federal Reserve Act passed
Underwood Tariff Act passed, the first reduction in duties since the Civil War, also established a modest income tax
1914 June 28, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and wife are murdered by a Serb terrorist in Sarajevo, Bosnia
August, World War I begins
August 15, Panama Canal opened to traffic
September 26th, Federal Trade Commission established
Clayton Act passed, restricting mergers between companies
December 17, Harrison Narcotics Act passed
1915 May 7, nearly 1,200 people died when a German torpedo sank the British liner Lusitania off the Irish coast.
May 23rd, Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary.
1916 Child Labor Act passed, setting a national minimum age of 14 in industries producing nonagricultural goods for interstate commerce or for export
Keating-Owen Act passed, forbiding the transportation among states of products of factories, shops or canneries employing children under 14 years of age, of mines employing children under 16 years of age, and the products of any of these employing children under 16 who worked at night or more than eight hours a day.
Antidumping Act passed
Federal Farm Loan Act passed, providing low interest credit to farmers
September, Adamson Act passed
Limits railroad workers to an eight-hour day
Mandates time and a half pay for overtime for railroad workers
November, Woodrow Wilson defeats Republican Charles Evans Hughes to win a second term as President
1917 April 6, Congress declares war against Germany
May 18, Selective Service Act passed
December 7, Congress declares war against Austria-Hungary
1918 Pittman Act passed, permitting the government to sell silver to Britain as a wartime measure
November, World War I ends
1919 January 16th, 18th Amendment ratified (prohibition)
June 28th, Treaty of Versailles signed
July, Blockade of German ports ends
The Economic Consequences of the Peace, by John Maynard Keynes, published
1920 January, economic expansion peaks; a severe recession begins
February 28th, Transportation Act passed
ICC empowered to prescribe intrastate rates when necessary to eliminate discrimination against carriers in interstate commerce
Railroad Labor Board created
April 15, Frederick A. Parmenter, paymaster for the Slater and Morrill Shoe Factories, and his guard, Alessandro Beradelli are murdered during a robbery
May, Treasury begins to buy silver at one dollar an ounce, as required by the Pittman Act of 1918
August 18th, 19th Amendment ratified (women's vote)
Jones Act passed, prohibits shipping merchandise between U.S. ports "in any other vessel than a vessel built in and documented under the laws of the United States and owned by persons who are citizens of the United States.''
Warren G. Harding defeats Governor James M. Cox of Ohio to become the 29th President. Voter turnout is 49.2 percent, an all time low up to then.
1921 April, Allied Reparations Commission establishes 132 billion gold marks ($33 billion) as the amount of reparations that Germany must pay
May 19th, Emergency Quota Act passed, establishing national quotas for immigrants
July, economic contraction ends; recovery begins
July 14th, immigrant anarchists, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, convicted of murder
1922 September, Fordney-McCumber Tariff Act passed
Capper-Volstead Act passed
Hyperinflation begins in Germany
Socialism: An Economic and Sociological Analysis, by Ludwig von Mises, published
1923 January, Rosewood massacre
April 9th, Supreme Court decides Adkins v. Children's Hospital , finding that a Congressionally-mandated minimum wage for the District of Columbia is unconstitutional
May, economic expansion peaks, recession begins
mid-year, silver purchase policy effectively ends
August 2, Warren G. Harding dies in San Francisco, apparently from a heart attack
Tract on Monetary Reform, by John Maynard Keynes, published
Hyperinflation ends in Germany
1924 February 3rd, Woodrow Wilson dies
July, economic contraction ends, recovery begins
July, Olympics held in Paris
Congress passes an amendment to the constitution, empowering Congress to limit, regulate, and prohibit the labor of persons under 18 years of age. (The number of state legislatures that ratified the proposed amendment was 28, or 8 less than the 36 then required.)
Keiss Act passed, allowing unionization of the Government Printing Office.
Congress bans heroin completely
Johnson-Reed Act passed, severely limiting immigration
November, Calvin Coolidge elected president
German Hyperinflation ends
The French army evacuates the Ruhr region of Germany, allowing a major increase in coal production
Coal operators in Britain engage in a lock out for seven months, in an effort to force down wages
1925 April 28th, Britain announces return to a gold standard for its currency, setting the value of the pound back to its pre-World War I value of $4.86/pound
July 10-25, Scopes Monkey Trial
The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald, published
1926 May 3rd, a nine day nationwide general strike begins in Britain
May 20th, Railway Labor Act passed
October, economic expansion peaks, recession begins
Revenue Act of 1926 passed, cutting taxes of those earning $1M or more by two-thirds
1927 May 20, Charles Lindbergh takes off from Roosevelt Field in Long Island, N.Y., aboard the Spirit of St. Louis on his historic solo flight to France.
August 23rd, immigrant anarchists, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, were executed
November, economic contraction ends, recovery begins
December, the Ford Motor Company introduces the Model A
Federal Reserve reduces the discount rate by half a point and purchases $230 million of government securities
1928 June, France returns to a gold standard, establishing exchange rates of 124 francs per pound and 25.51 francs per dollar
August 27th, Kellogg-Briand Pact signed, "outlawing" war
October, Benjamin Strong, Governor of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, dies.
November, Herbert Hoover elected president
1929 February 2nd, Federal Reserve announces a ban on bank loans for margin trades
March 4th, Herbert Hoover is inaugurated as President
June 15th, Agricultural Marketing Act passed
August, economic expansion peaks
September 3rd, stock market prices peak, with New York Times index of industrial stocks at 452
October 24th, "Black Thursday," recorded sales of shares hits 12,895,000
October 25th, market rallies, briefly
October 29th, "Black Tuesday," recorded sales of shares hits 16,410,000. New York Times index of industrial stocks drops nearly forty points, the worst drop in Wall Street history to that point.
November 13th, stock market prices reach low for the year, with New York Times index of industrial stocks at 224
1930 June 17th, Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act is signed into law
October, Committee for Unemployment Relief formed
Treatise on Money, by John Maynard Keynes, published
By year's end, 1350 banks have suspended operations during 1930
1931 January 7th, the Committee for Unemployment Relief releases a report on unemployment showing that 4 to 5 million Americans were out of work.
January 19th, Hoover's Wickersham Commission reports that enforcement of Prohibition has become almost impossible.
March 31st, Davis-Bacon Act becomes law, requiring "prevailing" (union) wages to be paid on federal construction contracts
May, KreditAnstalt, Austria's largest bank, collapses
May 1st, New York's 102-story Empire State Building dedicated
June 5th, Chancellor Bruning announces that Germany was no longer going to pay reparations under the Young Plan
July 23rd, Macmillan report on Britain's international finances released, pointing out that Britain's short-term liabilities to foreigners is several times the size of Britain's gold reserves.
September 21st, Britain goes off the gold standard, the first major power to do so.
September, Japan invades Manchuria
October 16th, New York Federal Reserve Bank's discount rate raised from 1.5 percent to 2.5 percent.
October 17th, mobster Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion and sentenced to 11 years in prison. (He was released in 1939.)
October 23rd, New York Federal Reserve Bank's discount rate raised from 2.5 percent to 3.5 percent.
December, Japan leaves the gold standard
December 11th, New York Bank of the United States collapses
By year's end, 2,293 banks have suspended operations during 1931
1932 January 22nd, Reconstruction Finance Corporation created
March 1st, Charles Lindbergh's 20-month-old son, Charles Augustus, Jr., is kidnapped from the family home in New Jersey.
April, Federal Reserve officials initiate an open market program to buy $500 million worth of securities
May, Federal Reserve officials undertake another open market program, purchasing an additional $500 million worth of securities
May 20th, Amelia Earhart took off from Newfoundland for Ireland to become the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic.
June 6th, Revenue Act of 1932 passed, the largest peacetime tax increase in the nation's history to that date
raised top tax rates from 25% to 63%
reduced personal exemptions from $1,500 to $1,000 for single persons
reduced personal exemptions from $3,500 to $2,500 for married couples
July, Federal law updated to require that the names of banks borrowing from the Reconstruction Finance Corporation be made public.
July 21st, Emergency Relief and Construction Act passed
July 28th, Bonus Army Riot begins in Washington, D.C.
August 24th, Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly nonstop across the United States, traveling from Los Angeles to Newark, N.J., in just over 19 hours
Norris-La Guardia Act passed, outlawing yellow-dog contracts and protecting unions from anti-trust actions, private damage suits and court injunctions
Glass-Steagall Act passed (liberalized the terms under which member banks could borrow from the Federal Reserve)
Tuskegee Syphilis Study begins
November 8th, Franklin D. Roosevelt defeats Herbert Hoover to become the 32nd President (electoral vote count of 472 to 59)
By year's end, 1,493 banks have suspended operatins during 1932
1933 January 5th, Construction begins on San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge
January 23rd, 20th Amendment ratified
January 31st, Adolf Hitler named Chancellor of Germany
February 15th, Chicago mayor Anton Cermak is killed during an assassination attempt in Miami, Florida on President-elect Roosevelt.
March, economic contraction ends; economy starts to recover
March 4th, FDR is inaugurated as president
March 6th, FDR declares a bank holiday
March 9th, bank holiday ends
March 9th, Emergency Banking Relief Act passed, providing for federal bank inspections
March 12th, FDR's first Fireside Chat is broadcast over the radio.
March 20th, FDR signs Economy Act.
March 20th, Credit Act passed, indentifying those veterans and dependents of veterans who were entitled to a pension
March 31st, Reforestation Relief Act passed, creating the Civilian Conservation Corps
April, New York becomes the first to pass a state law regulating minimum producer, wholesale, and retail milk prices (25 other states will take similar action by the end of the 1930s)
April 19th, America goes off the gold standard
May 12th, Agricultural Adjustment Act passed, authorizing paying farmers not to grow crops
May 12th, Federal Emergency Relief Adminstration created
May 12th, Farm Relief Act passed, creating the Farm Credit Administration and the Agricultural Adjustment Adminstiration
May 18th, Tennessee Valley Authority created
May 27th, Federal Securities Act passed
June 6th, National Cooperative Employment Service Act passed
June 13th, Home Owners' Loan Act passed
June 16th, Farm Credit Act passed
June 16th, Glass-Steagall Act passed
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation established
Federal Reserve empowered to set maximum allowable interest rates on savings and time deposits accounts
Payment of interest on demand deposits (checking accounts) outlawed
Commercial banks were no longer allowed to engage in investment banking (underwriting securities)
Federal Open Market Committee established
June 16th, National Industrial Recovery Act passed
June 16th, Emergency Railroad Transportation Act passed
October 17th, Albert Einstein arrived in the United States as a refugee from Nazi Germany.
November 8th, Civil Works Administration (CWA ) created by executive order
December 5th, 21st Amendment ratified (repeals 18th amendment, ending alcohol prohibition)
By year's end, approximately 4,000 banks have suspended operations in 1933
1934 January 30th, Gold Reserve Act passed
Establishes Exchange Stabilization Fund
Allows the U. S. Treasury to seize all gold held by Federal Reserve banks
Private possession of gold made illegal except for "legitimate" purposes (jewelry, artwork, and industrial and scientific uses)
January 31st, FDR issues an executive decree, changing the price of gold from $20.67 an ounce to $35 an ounce
January 31st, Congress creates Federal Farm Mortgage Corporation.
February 2nd, Export-Import Bank of Washington created, established under DC charter by Executive Order 6581, to assist in financing U.S. trade with the Soviet Union.
February 23rd, Crop Loan Act passed
February 15th, Civil Works Emergency Relief Act passed.
April 7th, Jones-Connally Farm Relief Act passed, bill effectively placing an expanded roster of farm products under the control of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA).
May 23rd, bank robbers Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow were shot to death in a police ambush in Bienville Parish, Louisiana
June 6th, Securities Exchange Commission established
June 19th, Federal Communications Commission created
June 19th, Silver Purchase Act passed, empowering FDR to increase the Treasury's silver holdings to 1/3 the value of gold, nationalizing silver stocks and purchases (victory for Free Silverites)
June, Taylor Grazing Act passed
July 22nd, John Dillinger, Public Enemy Number One, shot by the FBI near a Chicago Theatre
August 2nd, German President Paul von Hindenburg dies, paving the way for Adolf Hitler's complete takeover.
August 13th, the satirical comic strip "Li'l Abner," created by Al Capp, makes its debut
November 6th, Democrats gain 9 seats in the House of Representatives
Anti-Rackateering Act passed
Commodity Credit Corporation created
Federal Farm Bankruptcy Act passed
Federal Surplus Relief Corporation created
National Firearms Act passed
Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act passed
Bankhead Cotton Control Act passed
1935 January 11th, Amelia Earhart becomes the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to California.
January 16th, Fred and "Ma" Barker killed outside Ocklawaha, Florida.
April 8th, Emergency Appropriations Relief Act passed, creating the Works Progress Administration
May 27th, Supreme Court unanimously declares Section 3 of the National Recovery Act to be unconstitutional, in Schecter Poultry Corporation v. United States. Section 3 empowered the President to implement industrial codes to regulate weekly employment hours, wages, and minimum ages of employees.
June, National Youth Adminstration created by executive order
June 3, Farm Credit Act passed
July 5th, National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) passed
August 14th, Social Security Act passed
August 23rd, Banking Act passed
August 28th, Public Utility Holding Company Act passed
August 30th, Bituminous Coal Conservation Act passed
August 30th, Revenue Act (Wealth Tax Act ) passed.
Increased the surtax rate on individual incomes over $50,000, the estate tax on individual estates over $40,000 and graduated steeply taxes on individual incomes over $1 million until the rate was 75% in excess of $5 million.
Decreased the small corporation tax rate to 12% while increasing the corporate tax, on incomes above $15,000 to 15%.
Some excess profits over 10% were taxed at a 6% rate and in excess of 15% at a 12% rate.
August, Neutrality Act passed
September 2nd, a Category 5 hurricane, the most intense ever recorded in U.S. History, hits the Florida Keys, killing over 400 people.
September 8th, Huey Long assassinated
November 5th, Parker Brothers releases board game, "Monopoly".
Davis-Bacon Act amended, lowering contract threshold to $2,000
Federal Power Act passed
Motor Carrier Act passed, extending federal regulatory authority to motor carriers engaged in interstate commerce
Rural Electrification Administration established
Soil Conservation Act passed
1936 January 23rd, Adjusted Compensation Act passes, over Roosevelt's veto. The Act provides for the immediate payment of veterans' bonuses.
February 17th Supreme Court upholds constitutionality of TVA in Ashwander v. Tennessee Valley Authority
February 29th, Soil Conservation and Allotment Act is passed
May 18th, Supreme Court declares (6 to 3) the Bituminous Coal Conservation Act (1935) to be unconstitutional in Carter vs. Carter Coal Co.
August 1st, Olympics open in Berlin
General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money, by John Maynard Keynes, published
Robinson-Patman Act passed, effectively outlawing price cutting by permitting price discrimination (charging different prices in different markets) only if it can be justified by differential costs of serving different markets, or if a price reduction is made "in good faith'' to meet the price reduction of a competitor.
Rural Electrification Act passed, authorizing loans to qualified borrowers, with preference given to nonprofit and cooperative associations and public bodies, to construct and operate electric systems and generating plants
Domestic Allotment Act passed
November 3rd, FDR defeats Alfred M. Landon, Governor of Kansas, to win second term as President (electoral count 523 to 8)
1937 January 20th, FDR delivers his second inaugural address: "I see one-third of a nation ill-housed, ill-clad, ill-nourished."
February 5th, FDR introduces the Judiciary Reorganization Bill (FDR's infamous court packing scheme):
It proposed to add judges at all levels of the federal courts, assign judges to the more congested courts and adopt procedures to expedite the appeals process by sending lower court cases on constitutional matters directly to the Supreme Court
Justices of the Supreme Court who reached age 70 could retire
When a Supreme Court justice, age 70, did not retire, FDR could add an additional judge up to 6, potentially increasing the court to 15 members.
March 1st, Supreme Court Retirement Act passed, permitting Supreme Court Justices to retire at age 70 with full pay, after 10 years of service
March 29th, in West Coast Hotel v. Parrish, Supreme Court upholds (5 to 4) a state minimum wage law for women.
April 12th, Supreme Court declares (5 to 4) provisions of NLRA (1935) that guaranteed worker rights to unionize to be constitutional in National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation
May, economic recovery stops; economy enters a second depression
May 6th, Hindenburg disaster
May 24th, Supreme Court declares (5 to 4) that the unemployment compensation provision of the SSA is constitutional in Steward Machine Co vs Davis
May 24th, Supreme Court declares (7 to 2) that the old age benefits provisions of the SSA are constitutional in Helvering vs Davis
July 22nd, Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant Act passed, creating the Farm Security Agency (FSA). The FSA established camps for migrant farm workers, provided medical care for those workers and their families, and helped in finding jobs.
September 1st, United States Housing (Wagner-Steagall) Act passed, creating the US Housing Authority (USHA) to administer low-interest 60-year loans to small communities for slum clearance and construction projects and to grant subsidies for setting rent geared to low-income levels in areas where local agencies provided 25% of the federal grant.
1938 January 2nd, President Roosevelt establishes the March of Dimes.
February 16th, 2nd Agricultural Adjustment Act passed
June, economic contraction ends, economy begins to recover
June 23rd, Civil Aeronautics Authority established
June 25th, Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act signed into law
June 25th, Fair Labor Standards Act passed, enacting first national minimum wage law
September 30th, British and French prime ministers Neville Chamberlain and Édouard Daladier sign the Munich Pact with Nazi leader Adolf Hitler
October 30th, Orson Welles' broadcast of "War of the Worlds" persuades thousands of Americans that the United States is being invaded by Martians
November 1st, with 40 million radio listeners tuned in across the country, a long-anticipated match race between two champion race horses, Seabiscuit and War Admiral is run. Seabiscuit beats War Admiral by four lengths in just over a minute fifty-six for the mile and three-sixteenths, a new track record.
Supreme Court decides NLRB v. Mackay Radio & Telegraph, finding that employers have an undisputed right to hire permanent replacement workers for striking workers in an economic strike.
Democrats lose 71 Congressional seats during November elections
1939 January 7th, Labor leader Tom Mooney freed by California Governor Olson after 22 years imprisonment.
February 27th, in NLRB v. Fansteel Metallurgical Corp, Supreme Court rules sit-down strikes illegal.
April 30th, New York Worlds Fair opens in Flushing Meadows
August 2nd, Albert Einstein signed a letter to President Franklin Roosevelt urging creation of an atomic weapons research program.
September 1st, Germany invades Poland
The Grapes of Wrath, by John Steinbeck, published
(??? Act), an all-risk crop insurance program was initiated for interested farmers to prevent economic distress in case of crop failure for hail, floods, and other natural disasters.
1940 September 16th, Selective Training and Service Act passed, requiring men between the ages of 21 and 35 to register for military training
November 7th, FDR defeats Wendell Willkie (449 to 82 Electoral College vote totals) to win third term as President
How to Pay for the War, by John Maynard Keynes, published
Investment Advisers Act passed, allowing SEC to supervise the activities of investment advisors
Investment Company Act passed, allowing SEC to supervises the activities of mutual funds and other investment companies
Transportation Act passed, giving ICC authority to regulate common carriers operating in interstate commerce in the coastal, intercoastal, and inland waters of the U.S.
1941 January 6th, President Roosevelt delivers his State of the Union address, saying "we look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms."
January 7th, Office of Price Administration is created.
Davis-Bacon Act amended to include military construction
March, Lend-Lease Act passed, giving the president the authority to aid any nation whose defense he believed vital to the United States and to accept repayment "in kind or property, or any other direct or indirect benefit which the President deems satisfactory."
May 1st, the Orson Welles motion picture "Citizen Kane" premiered in New York
December 7th, Japanese attack Pearl Harbor
December 8th, U.S. declares war on Japan
December 11th, Germany and Italy declare war on U.S.
1942 February 19th, FDR signs executive Order 9066, calling for the internment of over 100,000 Japanese-Americans.
November 9th, Supreme Court decides Wickard v. Filburn, finding that the interstate commerce clause allows Congress to regulate wheat production, even if the wheat is never sold and used only by the grower
Emergency Rubber Production Act passed
1943 January 15th, construction of the Pentagon completed.
April 19th, Warsaw Ghetto uprising begins.
December 17th, Chinese Exclusion Repeal Act passed
1944 January 22nd, Allied troops begin assault on Rome.
June 6th, D-Day
July 1st-22nd, Bretton Woods Conference held, establishing the basis of the postwar international monetary system and creating the International Monetary Fund
November 7th, FDR defeats Thomas E. Dewey (432 to 99 Electoral College Votes) to win fourth term as President
Individual Income Tax Act passed, raises the individual maximum rate to 94 percent.
The Road to Serfdom, by F. A. Hayek, published
1945 January 9th, U.S. forces under Gen. MacArthur invade Philippines.
January 26th, Auschwitz is liberated by Soviet troops.
February, economic expansion ends, economy enters recession
February 13th, British bombers attack Dresden, killing over 100,000.
March 9th, U.S. bombers attack Tokyo, killing over 100,000.
April 12th, FDR dies while at Warm Springs, Georgia
April 28th, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and his mistress, Clara Petacci, are executed by Italian partisans as they attempt to flee the country.
April 30th, Adolph Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide
May 7th, Germany signed an unconditional surrender at Allied headquarters in Rheims, France.
June 26th, United Nations charter signed by 50 countries in San Francisco.
July 16th, the United States exploded its first experimental atomic bomb, in the desert of Alamogordo, New Mexico
July 31st, Export-Import Bank Act passed, making the Export-Import Bank an independent agency
August 2nd, President Truman, Soviet leader Josef Stalin and British Prime Minister Clement Attlee concluded the Potsdam conference.
August 6th, atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima
August 9th, atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki
September 2nd, Japan surrenders
October, economic contraction ends
1946 July 3rd, Hobbs Act passed, eliminating loop holes in 1934 Anti-Rackateering Act
Employment Act passed
October 16th, President Truman lifts price controls on meat
1947 Labor-Management Relations Act (Taft-Hartley Act) passed
1948 November 2nd, Harry S. Truman defeats Thomas E. Dewey (303 to 189 electoral votes) in the presidential election
November, economic expansion ends, economy enters recession
1949 October, recession ends, economy begins to expand
1951 February 21st, 22nd amendment to the constitution ratified (prohibits Presidents from serving more than two terms)
1953 July 30th, RFC Liquidation Act passed, terminating the lending powers of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation
July, economic expansion peaks, recession begins
1956 Agricultural Act passed, otherwise known as the soil-bank program, authorized federal payments to farmers if they reduced production of certain crops
1957 June, Reconstruction Finance Corporation abolished
1959 Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act (Landrum-Griffin Act) passedSource(s): http://www.amatecon.com/gd/gdtimeline.html
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- 1 decade ago
Ignore all of above (with due respect).
Most economists say the Depression ended in 1938, but some Keynsian economists say the economy did not really recover until 1946, after WWII. Here is detail from the wikipedia article:
The administration's other response to the 1937 deepening of the Great Depression had more tangible results. Ignoring the pleas of the Treasury Department, Roosevelt embarked on an antidote to the depression, reluctantly abandoning his efforts to balance the budget and launching a $5 billion spending program in the spring of 1938, an effort to increase mass purchasing power. Business-oriented observers explained the recession and recovery in very different terms from the Keynesians. They argued that the New Deal had been very hostile to business expansion in 1935–37, had encouraged massive strikes which had a negative impact on major industries such as automobiles, and had threatened massive antitrust legal attacks on big corporations. All those threats diminished sharply after 1938. For example, the antitrust efforts fizzled out without major cases. The CIO and AFL unions started battling each other more than battling corporations, and tax policy became more favorable to long-term growth.
On the other hand, according to economist Robert Higgs, when looking only at the supply of consumer goods, significant GDP growth resumed only in 1946 (Higgs does not estimate the value to consumers of collective, intangible goods like victory in war; Higgs 1992). To Keynesians, the war economy showed just how large the fiscal stimulus required to end the downturn of the Depression was, and it led, at the time, to fears that as soon as America demobilized, it would return to Depression conditions and industrial output would fall to its pre-war levels. That is, the Keynesians predicted a new depression would start after the war—a false prediction.Source(s): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Depression#Rece... (section on the Recession of 1937 in the US)
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- 5 years ago
The Great Depression started in 1929 and ended in 1939. I know this because I have studied it very much and worked very hard. Plus the second world was started right after the Depression times finished, because the people were very happy until they heard the war was coming.
- Anne2Lv 71 decade ago
1929 (October) Stock market Crashes
1930 3.2 million people are unemployed
1931 3 thousand unemployed workers marched on the Ford Motor company in Michigan
1932 Congress establishes the Reconstruction finance Corp RFC
November of 1932 Franklin d. Roosevelt elected President in landslide over herbert Hoover
1933 Rosevelt is inaugurated
April of 1933 Roosevelt orders Nation off gold Standard
civilian conservation corps is established known as CCC give jobs to many, they build schools, buildings, homes
Tennessee Valley Authority is created, built damns, planted trees
1934 Large 3 day dust storm blows 350 million tons of soil from West as far as New York and Boston, street lamps are lit in day time.
1935 FDR signs legislation creating Works Progress Admin later know as WPA, this puts artists, writers, painters to work.
1936 Harvest workers plight in California becomes known
1940 ww2 jump starts US industry.Source(s): I was born in 1935, I remember my mother always made extra food, threw extra potatoes in pot to cook. We always had men coming to porch begging for food. Mom would make each a plate. I remember one man was blind. My parents did not live right in town, but on a country road and I wonder how he found our house.
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- 1 decade ago
Well hope this helps. the Depression was a time of economic down fall therefore there was no official end date. It lasted throughout much of the 1930's and was a terrible time. Please when you are researching this think of it in terms of the fact that real people went through this.
- dutchfam7Lv 41 decade ago
I don't have a website for you but it ended with the onset of wwII. Countries needed supplies and that brought Americans back to work. And that would be around 1940's.