what year was the suez canal built?
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Suez Canal (Arabic: قناة السويس, translit: Qanā al-Suways), is a large artificial maritime canal in Egypt west of the Sinai Peninsula. It is 163 km (101 miles) long and 300 m (984 ft) wide at its narrowest point, and runs between Port Said (Būr Sa'īd) on the Mediterranean Sea, and Suez (al-Suways) on the Red Sea.
The 12th Dynasty Pharaoh Senusret III (1878 BC - 1839 BC) may have had a west-east canal dug through the Wadi Tumilat, joining the Nile with the Red Sea, for direct trade with Punt, and thus allowing trade indirectly between the Red Sea and Mediterranean. Evidence indicates its existence by the 13th century BC during the time of Ramesses II.
In 1854 and 1856 Ferdinand de Lesseps obtained a concession from Said Pasha, the viceroy of Egypt, to create a company to construct a maritime canal open to ships of all nations, according to plans created by Austrian engineer Alois Negrelli. The company was to operate the canal by leasing the relevant land, for 99 years from its opening for navigation. De Lesseps had used his friendly relationship with Said, which he had developed while he was a French diplomat during the 1830s. The Suez Canal Company (Compagnie Universelle du Canal Maritime de Suez) came into being on December 15, 1858.
The excavation took nearly 11 years, mostly through the forced labor of Egyptian workers — a form of labor which was not unique to the French, nor the British before them. Some sources estimate that over 30,000 people were forced to work on the canal. But others estimate that 120,000 people died from the work.
So the modern Suez Canal was completed in 1869.Source(s): http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/world/A0847110.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suez_Canal
- 1 decade ago
13th century BCE: A canal is constructed between the Nile Delta and the Red Sea. For the following centuries, the canal was only partially maintained.
8th century CE: The maintenance of the canal is no longer funded by the rulers, and canal soon becomes unnavigable.
1854: By a French initiative, the viceroy of Egypt, Said Pasha, decides for a project to build a canal from the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea.
1858: La Compagnie Universelle du Canal Maritime de Suez is formed to construct the canal. The company, which was owned by both French and Egyptian interests, should both build the canal, and administer it for the following 99 years. After this time, the ownership would pass over to the Egyptian government.
1859 April 25: Constructions begin.
1869 November 17: With great splendour, the canal is opened for navigation. Dimensions were 22 metre in bottom width, 58 metre in surface width, and a depth of 8 metres.
1875: The British government buys the Egyptian stocks.
1888: By an international convention, the canal is opened for ships of all nations.
1936: Through a treaty the British receives rights to keep military forces in the canal zone.
1948: Egyptian authorities introduce regulations against vessels calling on Israeli ports to pass through the canal.
1954: An agreement between Egypt and Britain that provides for British withdrawal within the following 7 years.
1956 June: The last British troops leave the canal zone, and the Egyptian military annexes British installations.
July 26: Egypt nationalizes the Suez Canal.
October 31: France and Britain attack Egypt, under the pretext that they want to open up the canal for vessels of all countries. The Egyptian answer is to sink the 40 ships that are inside the canal at the moment.
1957 March: The canal reopens, after the UN has carried through a scheme of removing the sunken ships.
1962: Egypt pays off all original shareholders.
1967 June 5: In conjunction with the Six-Day War, Egypt closes the canal. The canal would remain closed for years after the end of the war.
1975 June 5: The canal reopens.
— Vessels carrying non-military goods to and from Israel are allowed to pass through the canal.
1979: Unrestricted use for Israel is secured with the peace agreement between the two countries.Source(s): http://i-cias.com/e.o/suez_can.htm
- tasLv 41 decade ago
In 1858 La Compagnie Universelle du Canal Maritime de Suez (Universal Company of the Maritime Suez Canal) was formed with authority to cut a canal and to operate it for 99 years, after which ownership would revert to the Egyptian government. The company was originally a private Egyptian concern, its stock owned chiefly by French and Egyptian interests. In 1875 the British government purchased Egypt's shares.
Excavation of the canal was begun on April 25, 1859, and the canal was opened to navigation on November 17, 1869. The cost totalled about £65 million in modern values. About three times that sum was spent on later repairs and improvements. The original dimensions were a bottom width of 22 m (72 ft), a surface width of 58 m (190 ft), and a depth of 8 m (26 ft).Source(s): Microsoft ® Encarta ® Premium Suite 2005. © 1993-2004 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
- Anonymous4 years ago
the general Suez Canal become formally opened in 1869, yet an historical canal existed earlier that and could have been equipped as early via fact the thirteenth Century B.C. this style of canal does no longer have been appropriate for present day navigation. Napoleon had seen rebuilding it an prolonged time earlier De Lesseps undertook the general canal. (i did no longer understand this earlier I researched it.)
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- 1 decade ago
- KalookaLv 71 decade ago
it took 11 years of hard work of Egyptian labour. started 1858, the opening was legendary in 1869.