1) Twelve 12 American astronauts have walked on the moon. Apollo 11: Neil Armstrong & Buzz Aldrin Apollo 12: Pete Conrad & Alan Bean Apollo 13: << failed to land on the moon >> Apollo 14: Alan Shepard & Edgar (Ed) Mitchell Apollo 15: David Scott & James Irwin Apollo 16: John Young & Charles Duke Apollo 17: Eugene (Gene) Cernan & Harrison Schmidt 2) Why haven't we been back? a) American astronauts visited the moon on six occasions. b) The "moon race" was an extension of the cold war. It was mostly about national prestige. We got there first and achieved our primary objective. There was some good science: surveys, measurements, sample collection. But it was mostly about being there first. Once we achieved our primary objective, there was no political will to go back. There still isn't. Perhaps, if we discover He3 or something else valuable, there will be. c) I used to travel to Crested Butte, Colorado every year to ski. Because I don't go anymore, does it mean that I never went? 3) What about the Van Allen radiation belts? Wouldn't it have killed the astronauts? The existence of the Van Allen radiation belts postulated in the 1940s by Nicholas Christofilos. Their existence was confirmed in *1958* by the Explorer I satellite launched by the USA. The radiation in the Van Allen radiation belts is not particularly strong. You would have to hang out there for a week or so in order to get radiation sickness. And, because the radiation is not particularly strong, a few millimeters of metal is all that is required for protection. "An object satellite shielded by 3 mm of aluminum will receive about 2500 rem (25 Sv) per *year*." "In practice, Apollo astronauts who travelled to the moon spent very little time in the belts and received a harmless dose. . Nevertheless NASA deliberately timed Apollo launches, and used lunar transfer orbits that only skirted the edge of the belt over the equator to minimise the radiation." When the astronauts returned to Earth, their dosimeters showed that they had received about as much radiation as a couple of medical X-rays. 4) The U.S. government scammed everyone? In 1972, there was a politically motivated burglary of a hotel room in the Watergate Hotel in Washington, D.C. There were only about six or eight people who knew about it. However, those people, including Richard M. Nixon, the President of the United States, failed to keep that burglary a secret. It exploded into a scandal that drove the President and a number of others from office. If six or eight people couldn't keep a hotel room burglary a secret, then how could literally thousands of people could have kept their mouths shut about six faked moon landings? Not just one moon landing, but six of them! 5) What about the USSR? Even if NASA and other government agencies could have faked the six moon landings well enough to fool the general public, they could NOT have fooled the space agency or military intelligence types in the USSR. The Soviets were just dying to beat us. If the landings were faked, the Soviets would have re-engineered their N-1 booster and landed on the moon just to prove what liars Americans are. Why didn't they? Because the landings were real and the Soviets knew it. 6) Why does the flag shake? Where are the stars? Who took the video of Armstrong on the steps? Take a look at the first two websites listed below. They deal well with all of the technical questions. 7) Finally, please tell us what you would accept as definitive evidence that the six moon landings were real. Is there anything?