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介紹Manila

用英文介紹Manila

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    The City of Manila (Filipino: Lungsod ng Maynila), or simply Manila, is the capital of the Philippines. The city is located on the eastern shore of Manila Bay on Luzon, the country's largest island.

    Manila is the hub of a thriving metropolitan area home to over 10 million people. The Metro Manila area also known as the National Capital Region (NCR), of which the City of Manila is a part, is a much bigger metropolis consisting of 17 cities and municipalities. This article discusses the city itself; see Metro Manila for the article on the metropolis.

    Manila is the second most populous city proper in the Philippines, with more than 1.5 million inhabitants. Only nearby Quezon City, the country's former capital, is more populous. It is currently included in the roster of global cities of the world.

    Manila got its name from may nilad, Tagalog for "there is nilad," in reference to the flowering mangrove plant that grew on the marshy shores of the bay. In the 16th century, Manila (then Maynilad) grew from a Muslim settlement on the banks of the Pasig River into the seat of the colonial government of Spain when it controlled the Philippine Islands for over three centuries from 1565 to 1898. Beginning in 1898, the United States occupied and controlled the city and the Philippine archipelago until 1946. During World War II, much of the city was destroyed. The Metropolitan Manila region was enacted as an independent entity in 1975. Today, the city and the metropolis thrive as an important cultural and economic center. However, overpopulation, traffic congestion, pollution, and crime challenge the city.

    Manila has been classified as a "Gamma" global city by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network. [1]

    City of Manila

    圖片參考:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thum...

    Location

    圖片參考:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/e/e...

    Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Manila

    Government

    Region

    National Capital Region

    Province

    District

    1st to 6th districts of Manila

    Barangays

    897

    Income class:

    1st class city; highly urbanized

    Mayor

    Jose L. Atienza, Jr. (LP)

    Founded

    June 24, 1571

    Cityhood

    June 10, 1574

    Official Website

    www.manila.gov.ph

    Physical characteristics

    Area

    38.55 km²

    Population

    Total (2000) Density

    1,581,082

    41,014/km²

    Coordinates

    14°35' N 121° E

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