? asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請幫我翻譯成中文....急!!!非常急..謝謝你們....二

What about in the longer term?

Non-smokers who are exposed to passive smoking in the home, have a 25% increased risk of heart disease and lung cancer.

Researchers from London's St George's Medical School and the Royal Free hospital have recently found when you include exposure to passive smoking in the workplace and public places the risk of coronary heart disease is increased by 50-60%.

A major review in 1998 by the Government-appointed Scientific Committee on Tobacco and Health (SCOTH) concluded that passive smoking is a cause of lung cancer and ischaemic heart disease in adult non-smokers, and a cause of respiratory disease, cot death, middle ear disease and asthmatic attacks in children.

There is also some evidence to suggest that passive smoking may affect children's mental development.

SCOTH has looked at the data since 1998 and concluded secondhand smoke is damaging.

However, it is true that the health risks of breathing in other people's tobacco smoke are much smaller than those posed by actually smoking.

And the pro-smoking lobby, including the campaigning group FOREST, argue that the case against passive smoking has never been properly proved.

They point to a study by the University of California published in the British Medical Journal which found that the link between environmental tobacco smoke and coronary heart disease and lung cancer may be considerably weaker than generally believed.

This in turn, is disputed by the anti-smoking lobby, which points out that after considering the BMJ study, the UK Government's Committee on Carcinogens and SCOTH still concluded that environmental tobacco smoke is carcinogenic, and responsible for several hundred deaths a year in the UK.

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    長期之後怎樣呢

    不吸菸者暴露在家中吸二手菸的環境.增加25%機率罹患心臟疾病和肺癌

    London's St George's Medical School and the Royal Free hospital的研究者最近發現.你在工作或公共場所吸二手菸.罹患冠狀動脈疾病上升56-60%

    1998年的the Government-appointed Scientific Committee on Tobacco and Health (SCOTH)的評論報告下了一個結論. 吸二手菸是導致成年非吸煙者罹患肺癌.缺血性心臟病的一個因子; 在孩童則導致呼吸疾病.嬰兒猝死.中耳疾病及氣喘的一個因子

    也有一些證據認為二手菸會影響兒童的心理發展

    SCOTH自從1998看了資料並做結論.二手菸是有害的

    但吸二手菸的對健康的損害是比直接吸菸者來的小

    支持吸煙的團體包括FOREST爭論說反對二手菸這事從來未被證實

    他們指出university of calfornia 在british medical journal發表的研究說二手菸和冠狀疾病.肺癌之間的關聯比一般人所相信的還低

    接著.反吸煙團體辯論說the BMJ study, the UK Government's Committee on Carcinogens and SCOTH 做結論.二手菸是致癌的.並要對英國一年幾百人的死亡負責

    Source(s): me
  • 小恩
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    在長期怎么樣?

    在家裡吸煙,有25%的暴露于被動的非吸煙者增加心臟病和肺癌的危險。

    聖喬治的醫學學校和王室的免費醫院最近已經找到了的來自倫敦的研究人員, 當你在工作場所和公共場所對被動的冒煙包括暴露時,冠心病的危險被增加50-60%。

    一主要回顧在1998 以政府任命科學委員會在煙草上健康(SCOTH)斷定被動的吸煙是 一個肺癌和ischaemic 成年人的非吸煙者的心臟病的原因, 以及在孩子裡的一個呼吸道疾病,小床死,中間耳朵疾病和氣喘的發作的原因。

    還有一些證據建議被動的吸煙可以影響孩子的精神發展。

    SCOTH從1998年起已經看數據了,達成的被動吸入的煙正損壞。

    不過,可以確信健康仔細聽的其他人的煙草的危險吸煙比那些在實際上吸煙以前造成的小得多。

    以及支持冒煙的大堂,包括參加競選的組森林,辯論對被動的吸煙的案件從未被正確地證明。

    他們指向一項透過加利福尼亞大學在英國醫學雜誌裡出版的研究, 發現下環境煙草之間的連接吸煙並且冠心病和肺癌可能比一般相信弱得多。

    依次的這, 被抗冒煙的大堂爭論,這在認為BMJ 研究之后,指出那個, 英國政府委員會在致癌物和仍然斷定環境煙草吸煙的SCOTH上致癌,和對負責幾百死一年在英國內

    Source(s): 自己..
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