Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Science & MathematicsChemistry · 1 decade ago

Calculate the pH?

Consider the titration of 30.0 mL of 0.030 M NH3 with 0.025 M HCl. Calculate the pH after the following volumes of titrant have been added.

(a) 0 mL

(b) 10.0 mL

(c) 20.0 mL

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
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    NH3 + HCl => NH4Cl

    the moles of NH3 : 0.03 * 0.003 = 9*10^-5 < 0.025

    thus, NH3 will react completely

    the moles of HCl left : 0.025 - 9*10^-5 = 0.02491 moles

    the moles of H+ = the moles of HCl left

    (a) the molar concentration of H+ : 0.002491 / 0.03 = 0.83

    pH = -log[H+] = 0.08

    (b) the molar concentration of H+ : 0.002491 / 0.04 = 0.62275

    pH = -log[H+] = 0.206

    (c) the molar concentration of H+ : 0.002491 / 0.05 = 0.4982

    pH = -log[H+] = 0.303

  • 1 decade ago

    titrant is HCL and you have to find out its volume in every variable in a,b and c.

    the known formula of titration is: C1xV1=C2xV2 (C1= concentration of concentrated, V1=volume of concentrated)(C2=concentration of dilute, V2= volume of dilute)

    calculating the pH:

    pH= -log [H+]

    calculating the H+ concentration:

    H+= 10^ -pH

    hope u benefit

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