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One universal laws of thermodynamics says that the way of nature is atrophy. How can complex beings exist?

Atrophy is a fact of live (everything breaks down to it's simplest element if not maintained). Why, then, would simpler elements like billions of nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen and carbon molecules combine to form living cells? Yes, one living cell exists of billions of molecules.

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  • Sketch
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    The second law of thermodynamics states that the total disorder of the system must increase for all work processes. It does not say that the disorder of any molecule involved in a thermodynamic reaction must increase.

    If the latter was true, not only would evolution not work but so would many everyday phenomena, for instance, the condensation of Hydrogen and Oxygen gas into water is, by itself a reaction that decreases entropy, (primarily) because it takes three molecules (2 H2 + O2) and yields 2 molecules (2 H2O) (and also because it is converting from gaseous to liquid phase, and for some other reasons). However, this reaction is exothermic, meaning it gives off heat, that heat, on average, increases the entropy of the surrounding system (the rest of the H2 and O2 gas, the container the reaction is held in, etc.) and increases entropy more than the reaction decreases entropy for the original reactants, thus overall, entropy increases, and the reaction is allowable by the second law of thermodynamics.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    All you're doing here is demonstrating your ignorance.

    First of all, it's called ENTROPY. Atrophy is what your brain has done (look it up).

    Secondly, the second theory of thermodynamics only applies to closed systems.

    This is not a closed system. Look outside in the daytime. See that big shiny yellow ball in the sky? That thing is the sun. That sun makes this an OPEN system. We get all kinds of free energy from the sun.

    So your argument is like so much fart gas, stinks for a second and then is forgotten.

    Do you have any more retarded questions?

    Edit;

    Laptop, you slay me man. How can you be so patient in the face of so much fundamental ignorance. My hat is off to you bud...

  • 1 decade ago

    It's a good question. Not to mention the DNA of the cell and who programmed it.

    And dont think twice about Laptop idiots response. It's obvious that his molecules didn't come together quite so good.

    And Yoda Green teeth is obviously a real rocket scientist as well.

    Gotta love people like them. They are just so smart that they dismiss all others as idiots. Talk about 'closed minded'!

    And of course, did you notice? neither one of them actually answered your specific question.

  • 1 decade ago

    Why the answer is obvious - if you blow something up and wait long enough, it's bound to come together into an ordered universe after a while.

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  • 1 decade ago

    So Sparky...based upon this interpretation, snowflakes can't form. No crystals can ever form.

    Take my hand. I'll be gentle. We're going to Amazon.com to look at something new. It's called a "Science book"

  • 1 decade ago

    I have never believed that it could be.

    I am aware that everything degenerates, rather than regenerates.

    As some people say, my Saturn will never become a Cadillac.

    grace2u

  • 1 decade ago

    To answer this question, you have to consider one thing: Are you sure they aren't being maintained? Humans aren't the only things who can do stuff.

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