GMAT math question - please help!?
If x and y are positive integers, what is the value of xy?
(1) Greatest common factor of x and y is 10.
(2) The least common multiple of x and y is 180.
You need both statements to come up with answer. I just can't come up with it. Thanks for your help.
- icehoundxxLv 61 decade agoFavorite Answer
I have three sets of solutions:
xy = 1800
- James ChanLv 41 decade ago
GCF = 10 = 2 * 5
=> x,y have 2,5 as their common factors(1)
LCM = 180 = 2 * 3^2 * 5
=> either x or y is a multiple of 3(2)
since(1) and (2), only x or only y is a multiple of 3, otherwise they must have 3 as their common factor
thus x = 2 * 5 ; y = 2 * 5 * 3^2 , x * y = 1800 ( or x = 2 * 5 * 3^2 and y = 2 * 5)
- Tim P.Lv 51 decade ago
Use prime factorizations.
The GCF of 10 means that the list of factors for each number will include a 2 and a 5, but no other common factors.
The LCM of 180 means that the total list of factors (excluding duplicates) will be 2, 2, 3, 3, 5
Since you know that you've excluded a 2 and a 5 (because they are the only duplicates), the factors for the product of x and y are 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 5, 5; which multiply to 1800.
- MathTutorLv 61 decade ago
If you multiply the less common multiple and the greatest common factor, you will have xy.
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- 1 decade ago
gcf(x,y) . lcm(x,y) = 10 . 180 = 1800
we have a theorem that says that x.y = 1800 too.
The we don't have a unique solution for x and y. Any numbers x and y integer positive that x.y = 1800.
For example: (90,20), (18,100), (30,60) ...
- IlusionLv 41 decade ago
Remember that you will have 2 min but you can think more of a due question if you think less of another one.
ab = mD
- DaveLv 61 decade ago
x = 10
y = 180
xy = 1800
- NorthstarLv 71 decade ago
xy = 1800
There is not a unique solution for x and y, but their product is unique.
Possile values for x and y are