- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
YELLOW REVOLUTION is popularly known as TULIP REVOLUTION -
The Tulip Revolution refers to the overthrow of President Askar Akayev and his government in the Central Asian republic of Kyrgyzstan after the parliamentary elections of February 27 and of March 13 2005. The revolution sought the end of rule by Akayev and by his family and associates, who in popular opinion had become increasingly corrupt and authoritarian. Following the revolution, Akayev fled the country. On April 4 he signed his resignation statement in the presence of a Kyrgyz parliamentary delegation in his country's embassy in Moscow, and on April 11 the Kyrgyz Parliament ratified his resignation.
In the early stages of the revolution, the media variously referred to the unrest as the "Pink," "Lemon", "Silk", "Daffodil", or "Sandpaper" Revolution. But it was "Tulip Revolution," a term that Akayev himself used in a speech warning that no such Color Revolution should happen in Kyrgyzstan, which stuck in the end. Such terms evoked similarities with the non-violent Rose Revolution in Georgia and the Orange Revolution in Ukraine in 2004, whose names owe a debt to the Czech-Slovak Velvet Revolution
Givi Targamadze, a former member of Liberty Institute and the chair of Georgian Parliamentary Committee on Defense and Security, consulted Ukrainian opposition leaders on the technique of nonviolent struggle, and later he advised leaders of Kyrgyz opposition during the Tulip Revolution.
The Tulip Revolution, however, saw some violence in its initial days, most notably in the southern city of Jalal-Abad, where the first major signs of violence were noted, and at least three people died during widespread looting in the capital in the first 24 hours after the fall of the Kyrgyz government.-Source(s): -http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tulip_revolution
- 1 decade ago
According to political analysts, President Askar Akayev's government was initially devoted to liberalization and democratization but gradually deteriorated into an ineffective regime. Corruption severely undermined economic development by corroding the administrative structures. The state became unable to support the rule of law and could not provide a positive environment for private enterprise and economical development. In 2004, Transparency International, the leading global nongovernmental organization devoted to combating corruption, ranked Kyrgyzstan 122nd out of 145 countries in its Corruption Perception Index (CPI).
As in Georgia and Ukraine, opposition groups challenged the incumbent regime, accusing it of corruption and ineffectiveness. However, the president's administration attempted to falsify the results of the parliamentary elections in February 2005. In response, many groups and private individuals demanded justice and fair elections. Despite being deeply divided into numerous competing fractions, the opposition managed to bring people out into the streets of the cities and towns and later onto the streets of the capital, forcing the president and his close associates to flee the presidential palace.Source(s): columbia edu.net