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Anonymous asked in Science & MathematicsBotany · 1 decade ago

Kigelia Tree: Please update me with the correct information of Kigelia tree?

I have studied at Carmichael College, Rangpur. At our college campus there are two Kigelia trees. Teachers & students of Botany Department say that these Kigelia do have great medicative values for human beings. But we can not use these tree for our treatment due to lack of knowledge. Could you please inform us how will we use this three for our recovery from abject diseases like weekness, fever, stomach upset, cancer & so on? Also inform us which medicine we will make with these threes & its large fruits. Please treat our asking as top most urgent.

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  • 1 decade ago
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    Kigelia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae. The genus comprises only one species, Kigelia africana, which occurs throughout tropical Africa from Eritrea and Chad south to northern South Africa, and west to Senegal and Namibia.

    The genus name comes from the Mozambican Bantu name, kigeli-keia, while the common name Sausage Tree refers to the long, sausage-like fruit. Its name in Afrikaans Worsboom also reflects this distinctive feature.

    It is a tree growing up to 20 m tall. The bark is grey and smooth at first, peeling on older trees. It is evergreen where rainfall occurs throughout the year, but deciduous where there is a long dry season. The leaves are opposite or in whorls of three, 30–50 cm long, pinnate, with six to ten oval leaflets up to 20 cm long and 6 cm broad; the terminal leaflet can be either present or absent. The flowers are produced in panicles; they are bell-shaped, orange to reddish or purplish green, and about 10 cm wide. They have a strong smell, and open only at night, being pollinated by bats, which visit them for pollen and nectar.

    The fruit is a woody berry from 30–100 cm long and up to 18 cm broad; it weighs between 5–10 kg, and hang down on long, rope-like peduncles. The fruit pulp is fibrous and pulpy, and contains numerous seeds. It is eaten by several species of mammals, including Baboons, Bushpigs, Savannah Elephants, Giraffes, Hippopotami, monkeys, and porcupines. The seeds are dispersed in their dung. The seeds are also eaten by Brown Parrots and Brown-headed Parrots, and the foliage by elephants and Greater Kudu (Joffe 2003; del Hoyo et al. 1997).

    [edit] Cultivation and uses

    In African herbal medicine, the fruit is believed to be a cure for a wide range of ailments, from rheumatism, snakebites, evil spirits, syphilis, and even tornadoes (Watkins 1975). An alcoholic beverage similar to beer is also made from it. The fresh fruit is poisonous and strongly purgative; fruit are prepared for consumption by drying, roasting or fermentation (Joffe 2003; McBurney 2004).

    It is also widely grown as an ornamental tree in tropical regions for its decorative flowers and unusual fruit. Planting sites should be selected carefully, as the falling fruit can cause serious injury to people, and damage vehicles parked under the tre

    The sausage tree boasts long, open sprays of large, wrinkled, maroon or dark red trumpet-shaped flowers that are velvety on the inside and that virtually overflow with nectar. The unique fruits look like giant sausages!

    Description

    The short, squat trunk has light brown, sometimes flaky bark and supports a dense rounded to spreading crown (18 m high, 20 m wide) of leathery, slightly glossy foliage (deciduous). The huge, grey-brown fruits, 800 x 120 mm. hang from long stalks, from December (summer) to June (winter) and weigh anything up to 9 kg!

    Natural distribution

    The tree is found on riverbanks, where it may reach 20 m, along streams and on floodplains, also in open woodland, from KwaZulu-Natal to Tanzania.

    Name derivation

    Kigelia is based on an African name and africana means from Africa. The genus Kigelia has one species and occurs only in Africa.

    Ecology

    It is one of the first trees to flower in the Kruger Park in early spring (August to October) - on a recent visit, after a prolonged, dry winter, the tree was 'alive' with insects and birds. We saw, in a short space of time, Black, Scarletchested and Whitebellied Sunbirds, Blackheaded Oriole, Sombre and Blackeyed Bulbuls, Masked Weaver, Brownheaded Parrot and Grey Lourie (which eats flowerbuds). Young monkeys sank their small faces deep into the flowers to get at the nectar, and duiker, kudu and impala were eating the fallen flowers. Elephant and kudu occasionally browse the leaves, and baboons, monkeys, bushpigs and porcupines eat the fruit. Epauletted fruit bats are thought to pollinate the flowers and Charaxes butterflies also visit the tree.

    Uses and cultural aspects

    In Malawi, roasted fruits are used to flavour beer and aid fermentation. The tough wood is used for shelving and fruit boxes, and dugout canoes are made from the tree in Botswana and Zimbabwe. Roots are said to yield a bright yellow dye. Traditional remedies prepared from crushed, dried or fresh fruits are used to deal with ulcers, sores and syphilis - the fruit has antibacterial activity. Today, beauty products and skin ointments are prepared from fruit extracts. Fresh fruit cannot be eaten - it is said to be a strong purgative, and causes blisters in the mouth and on the skin. Green fruits are said to be poisonous. In time of scarcity, seeds are roasted and eaten.

    Growing Kigelia africana

    The tree is easily propagated from fresh seed sown in river sand in September, or from truncheons. Protect young plants from frost. Plant in full sun, add lots of compost and mulch well. Water moderately. It is relatively pest-free.

    Fast-growing and frost-tender, this tree has a rather invasive root system, so keep it clear of buildings, paving, pools, etc. Position it with care - a falling fruit can severely damage a parked vehicle! Despite this, it is said to be a popular shade and street tree in tropical Africa and Australia. Plant alongside rivers and dams on farms and game farms. It is also suitable for large estates and municipal parks. It tolerates temperatures ranging from about 4°C to 40°C.Our formulas contain Kigelia africana, a little known African plant extract renown for it’s extraordinary curative properties. They offer active ingredients that provide a long sought after solution for problem skin.

    All products are GMO free, contains no petro-chemicals, parabens, mineral oils, artificial colours or fragrances.

    We use safe reliable preservatives, such as grapeseed, rosemary and vitamin E.

    How is Kegelia Extract made?

    Communities throughout Southern Africa have recently organised small enterprises that produce this valuable, sustainable product.

    Our suppliers work closely with these communities and traditional healers, promoting the concept that their knowledge offers a viable option for health care.

    The tree grows prolifically throughout Southern Africa and is harvested from the wild, on a sustainable basis.

    The tree’s fruit, bark, roots and leaves are all used for their curative properties. The extract we use is composed of solvent extracts from the Kigelia africana fruit pulp.

    bioBotanica and its suppliers activities are structured to be beneficial to the conservation of biodiversity and the communities of people involved in accessing these natural resources. Our suppliers are members of IFAT (International Fair Trade Association) and work closely with the ICUN (World Conservation Union) and People and Plants International (PPI).

    bioBotanica is 100% Australian owned and operated. Our Kigelia formulas are manufactured in Byron Bay, Australia, using only locally sourced base ingredients. Our range is crafted by hand in low volume batches ensuring high quality and guaranteed freshness.

    How does Kigelia work?

    - It slows the over production of skin cells, a common cause of many skin irritations.

    - Reduces the damage caused by prolonged exposure to the sun.

    - Provides an anti-bacterial/anti-fungal effect against micro-organisms.

    - Strong antioxidants reduce lines and leave skin toned and vibrant.

    - Assists in the promotion of the skin's elasticity, creating a firmer, smoother complexion.

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  • 4 years ago

    Pink Floyd. Rick Wright put out 2 solo albums and is working on a third. Syd Barrett put out 5. Gilmour did 3 and is working on another. Waters has 6 and even Nick Mason has 2 and wrote a book. While they all didn't leave, they did go on to have separate solo careers. edit: hey sarah

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  • 1 decade ago

    Kigeia tree....u need to email me....I got alot of info.

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