how is job design, job evaluation and job analysis inter-related?

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  • 1 decade ago
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    What is "job design"?

    Job design refers to the way that a set of tasks, or an entire job, is organized. Job design helps to determine:

    what tasks are done,

    how the tasks are done,

    how many tasks are done, and

    in what order the tasks are done.

    It takes into account all factors which affect the work, and organizes the content and tasks so that the whole job is less likely to be a risk to the employee. Job design involves administrative areas such as:

    job rotation,

    job enlargement,

    task/machine pacing,

    work breaks, and

    working hours.

    A well designed job will encourage a variety of 'good' body positions, have reasonable strength requirements, require a reasonable amount of mental activity, and help foster feelings of achievement and self-esteem.

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    What steps should I take when carrying out a job design project?

    Although there are many ways to carry out job design, the following stages are essential:

    Do an assessment of current work practices:

    Is job design needed or feasible? Discuss the process with the employees and supervisors involved and be clear about the process, or any changes or training that will be involved.

    Do a task analysis:

    Examine the job and determine exactly what the tasks are. Consider what equipment and workstation features are important for completing the tasks. Identify problem areas.

    Design the job:

    Identify the methods for doing the work, work/rest schedules, training requirements, equipment needed and workplace changes. Coordinate the different tasks so each one varies mental activities and body position. Be careful not to under or overload the job.

    *Implement the new job design gradually:

    You may want to start on a small scale or with a pilot project. Train employees in the new procedures and use of equipment. Allow for an adjustment period and time to gain experience with the new job design.

    *Re-evaluate job design on a continual basis*:

    Make any necessary adjustments.

    You may also want to establish a committee to represent the various groups involved. Job design should involve employees, unions, the health and safety committee and managers during the entire process. Participation of all parties increases communication and understanding.

    Be clear that purpose of the job design is to strengthen the operations and its workforce, not to eliminate jobs or sets of skills.

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