Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

急~幫忙翻譯此二段英文,贈20點~

Further complicating the situation after the late 1990s boom was the recession and continuing sluggish economy, which resulted in relatively high unemployment, underemployment, and an inherent drag on health care benefits and affordability. Combined with an increasing shift of costs to employees and other consumers, Medicaid and other social programs have seen their caseload and care level obligations increase. Cutbacks in coverage and beneficiary eligibility have, on the one hand, moderated the fiscal impact for certain programs, but have also increased the demands on the local government safety nets as individuals increasingly fall between the cracks.

The business cycle can be particularly harsh on these types of programs because downturns increase the number of individuals potentially eligible for coverage as a result of economic circumstances, but also lower government receipts as a result of erosion in the tax base and in economic activity overall. The economic and political pressures on politicians and on government, particularly at the local level, are quite intense as a result of these circumstances. Ultimately, only an economic expansion combined with an improvement in local, state, and federal government finances can help to alleviate these burdens. The need to develop more permanent solutions to providing care and coverage for those in greatest need continues regardless of the economic cycle, and these issues must eventually be addressed with an eye toward longer term and more permanent solutions.

2 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    在1990年代後期的繁榮後, 經濟衰退時得情況更加複雜, 且陷入泥淖的經濟狀況使得失業率, 或學非所用的情況相對地高, 醫療福利措施和其承受能力也被拖累. 醫療輔助計劃和其他的社會方案的案例都增多了. 雖然縮減保障項目和被保險人數目減輕了某些方案的財務負擔, 但就另一方面而言, 卻因越來越多的民眾陷入困境而增加了對地方政府安全網的需求.

    商業週期對這些方案而言可能顯得嚴酷異常, 因為經濟衰退導致潛在的被保險人口增加, 且政府收入也因稅基減少和整體商業活動減緩而短少. 這些狀況使得政治人物和政府, 特別是地方政治人物或地方政府, 的經濟和政治壓力沉重異常. 或許, 唯有經濟擴張, 以及地方, 洲, 和聯邦政府的財物都有改善, 方能減輕這些負擔. 不管經濟循環為何, 發展永久性的解決方案, 以提供那些最有需要的人適當的照護和保障等需求是一直存在的. 且這些議題終究還是必須以更長期, 更久遠的方案來解決.

  • 怡廷
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    更進一步使情勢錯綜, 在20世紀90年代后期繁榮是之后 衰退和繼續的蕭條經濟,關於保健好處和價格合理導致比較高的失業,未充分就業和一個固有的阻力。 對雇員和其他消費者與費用的增加的變化相結合,公共醫療補助製和其他社會計畫已經看見他們的工作量,關心水準義務增加。 減少新聞報導和受益人有資格, 一方面, 減少適合肯定計畫的財政影響,但是也關於地方政府增加需求安全網個人越來越在裂縫之間下降。

    商業週期可能關於這些類計畫尤其嚴厲, 因為下降趨勢由於經濟情形增加為新聞報導潛在合格的個人的數量, 但是由於在稅款基礎方面的腐蝕和在經濟活動過程中總起來的也低的政府收入。 經濟和政治對政治家的壓力和在政府上,特別是在那些地方水準,十分強烈由於這幾次情形。 最後,只有一種與在本地,國家的一個改進相結合的經濟擴張,和聯邦政府資金能幫助減輕這些負擔。 發展更永久的提供的解決辦法的需要關心,非常需要的那些的新聞報導繼續,不管經濟週期, 並且這些問題必須最終被到長期和更永久的解決辦法一只眼睛處理。

    請參考看看喔!^_^

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.