- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
An alkane is an organic compound that has saturated Carbons, meaning each carbon has four substituents and no double or triple bonds. All of the carbons are sp3 hybridized. It follows the basic formula (CnH2n+2), but it can have other things attached to the Carbons besides Hydrogen.
A few examples are:
CH4 - methane
C2H6 - ethane
C3H8 - propane
- 1 decade ago
The name ending for all alkanes is 'ANE'. The first part of the name depends on the # of carbon atoms present.
1 - meth, 2- eth, 3- prop, 4-but, 5-pent, 6-hex, 7-hept, 8-oct, 9-non
10-dec.......and so on.....
So the name for an alkane that conatins 4 carbon atoms with the general formula (CnH2n+2) would be BUTENE (C4H10)
- Anonymous1 decade ago
They belong to the homologous series, they are hydrocarbons.
the functional group is C-C(with H surrounding itSo here there will be 6 H's) Calculated by CnH2n+2 .n stand s for ne number
for eg C2H2*2+2= C2H6 ---this is called ethane.
Hope this helps