a personal question?
hello my name is brandie have a thryoid problem and it seem to have effect of everything in my daily life. having a social anxiety disorder, and TBI. are these some of the symptoms that occur when you have a thyroid problem. how can i treat this problem.
- Brite TigerLv 61 decade agoFavorite Answer
Your thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of your neck, just below your Adam's apple. Although it weighs less than an ounce, the thyroid gland has an enormous impact on your health. Every aspect of your metabolism, from your heart rate to how quickly you burn calories, is regulated by thyroid hormones. You cannot live without your thyroid gland or the thyroid hormone, thyroxine.
As long as your thyroid produces the right amount of these hormones, your metabolism functions normally. But sometimes your thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine — a condition known as hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid disease). Hyperthyroidism can significantly accelerate your body's metabolism, causing sudden weight loss, a rapid or irregular heartbeat, sweating, and nervousness or irritability.
Several treatment options are available if you have hyperthyroidism. Doctors use anti-thyroid medications and radioactive iodine to slow the production of thyroid hormones. Sometimes, treatment of hyperthyroidism means surgical removal of part of the thyroid gland. Although hyperthyroidism can be fatal if it's ignored, most people respond well once hyperthyroidism is diagnosed and treated.
Hyperthyroidism can mimic other health problems, which may make it difficult for your doctor to diagnose. It can also cause a wide variety of signs and symptoms, including:
Sudden weight loss, even when your appetite and food intake remain normal or increase
Rapid heartbeat (tachycardia) — commonly more than 100 beats a minute — irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia) or pounding of your heart (palpitations)
Nervousness, anxiety or anxiety attacks, irritability
Tremor — usually a fine trembling in your hands and fingers
Changes in menstrual patterns
Increased sensitivity to heat
Changes in bowel patterns, especially more frequent bowel movements
An enlarged thyroid gland (goiter), which may appear as a swelling at the base of your neck
Fatigue, muscle weakness
Older adults are more likely to have either no symptoms or subtle ones, such as an increased heart rate, heat intolerance and a tendency to become tired during ordinary activities. Medications called beta blockers, which are used to treat high blood pressure and other conditions, can mask many of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism.
Sometimes an uncommon problem called Graves' ophthalmopathy may affect your eyes. In this disorder, your eyeballs protrude beyond their normal protective orbit when tissues and muscles behind your eyes swell, pushing the eyeballs forward so far that they actually bulge out of your orbits. This can cause the front surface of your eyeballs to become very dry. Other signs and symptoms of Graves' ophthalmopathy include:
Red or swollen eyes
Excessive tearing or discomfort in one or both eyes
Light sensitivity, blurry or double vision, inflammation, or reduced eye movement
xine or triiodothyronine in your blood, your TSH blood level will be above normal; if you have too much, your TSH level will fall below normal. Finally, your thyroid gland regulates its production of hormones based on the amount of TSH it receives.
Reasons for too much thyroxine
Normally, your thyroid releases the right amount of hormones, but sometimes it produces too much thyroxine. This may occur for a number of reasons, including:
Graves' disease. The cause of most hyperthyroidism is Graves' disease, an autoimmune disorder in which antibodies produced by your immune system stimulate your thyroid to produce too much thyroxine. Normally, your immune system uses antibodies to help protect against viruses, bacteria and other foreign substances that invade your body. In Graves' disease, antibodies mistakenly attack your thyroid gland and occasionally the tissue behind your eyes and the skin of your lower legs over the shins. Scientists aren't sure exactly what causes Graves' disease, although several factors — including a genetic predisposition — are likely involved.
Hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules (toxic adenoma, toxic multinodular goiter, Plummer's disease). This form of hyperthyroidism occurs when one or more adenomas of your thyroid produce too much thyroxine. An adenoma is a part of the gland that has walled itself off from the rest of the gland, forming noncancerous (benign) lumps that may cause an enlargement of the thyroid. Not all adenomas produce excess thyroxine, and doctors aren't sure what causes some to begin producing too much hormone.
Thyroiditis. Sometimes your thyroid gland can become inflamed for unknown reasons. The inflammation can cause excess thyroid hormone stored in the gland to leak into your bloodstream. One rare type of thyroiditis, known as subacute thyroiditis, causes pain in the thyroid gland. Other types are painless and may sometimes occur after pregnancy (postpartum thyroiditis). this clears up the problem permanently, but other people may experience a relapse.
Beta blockers. These drugs are commonly used to treat high blood pressure. They won't reduce your thyroid levels, but they can reduce a rapid heart rate and help prevent palpitations. For that reason, your doctor may prescribe them until your thyroid levels are closer to normal.
Surgery (thyroidectomy). If you can't tolerate anti-thyroid drugs and don't want to have radioactive iodine therapy, you may be a candidate for thyroid surgery, although this is an option in only a few cases.
In a thyroidectomy, your doctor removes most of your thyroid gland. Risks of this surgery include damage to your vocal cords and parathyroid glands — four tiny glands located on the back of your thyroid gland that help control the level of calcium in your blood. In addition, you'll need lifelong treatment with levothyroxine to supply your body with normal amounts of thyroid hormone. If your parathyroid glands also are removed, you'll need medication to keep your blood-calcium levels normal.
If Graves' disease affects your eyes, you can manage mild symptoms by avoiding wind and bright lights and using artificial tears and lubricating gels. If your symptoms are more severe, your doctor may recommend treatment with corticosteroids, such as prednisone, to reduce swelling behind your eyeballs. In some cases, a surgical procedure may be an option:
Orbital decompression surgery. In this surgery, your doctor removes the bone between your eye socket and your sinuses — the air spaces next to the eye socket. When the procedure is successful, it improves vision and provides room for your eyes to return to their normal position. But there is a risk of complications, including double vision that persists or appears after surgery.
Eye muscle surgery. Sometimes scar tissue from Graves' ophthalmopathy can cause one or more eye muscles to be too short. This pulls your eyes out of alignment, leading to double vision. Eye muscle surgery may help correct double vision by cutting the affected muscle from the eyeball and reattaching it farther back. The goal is to achieve single vision when you read and look straight ahead. In some cases, you may need more than one operation to attain these results.Once you begin treatment, symptoms of hyperthyroidism should subside and you should start feeling much better. The following suggestions also may help:
Ask your doctor about supplementing your diet. If you've lost a great deal of weight or experienced muscle wasting, you may benefit from adding extra calories and protein to your diet. Your doctor or a nutritionist can help you with meal planning. In most cases, you won't need to continue supplementing your diet once your hyperthyroidism is under control.
Maintain an adequate intake of calcium. Because hyperthyroidism may contribute to thinning bones, it's important to get enough calcium every day to help prevent osteoporosis. Adults younger than 50 should aim for a total of 1,000 milligrams daily, either from food you eat or from supplements or both. Adults older than 50 should get 1,200 milligrams of calcium every day. Ask your doctor about taking vitamin D supplements along with the calcium.
If you have Graves' ophthalmopathy, the following suggestions may help soothe your eyes or skin:
Apply cool compresses to your eyes. The extra moisture may provide relief.
Wear sunglasses. When your eyes protrude, they're more vulnerable to ultraviolet rays and more sensitive to sunlight. Wearing sunglasses helps protect them from both sun and wind.
Use lubricating eyedrops. Eyedrops may help relieve dryness and scratchiness. Be sure to use eyedrops that don't contain redness removers.
Elevate the head of your bed. Keeping your head higher than the rest of your body reduces blood flow to your head and may help relieve the pressure on your eyes.
Try over-the-counter creams for swollen skin. Over-the-counter creams containing hydrocortisone or triamcinolone may help relieve red, swollen skin on your shins and feet. For help finding these creams, talk to your pharmacist.Source(s): Mayo Clinic
- Anonymous1 decade ago
You don't state whether you have hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid, such as mine) or hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)
I was born with the former, which affects such things as metabolism, for which I take thyroxin 0.1 mg x 3 daily.
Check out the links for more and see your doctor regularly.
- 1 decade ago
These links should be start for you. Please see a specialist and get a second opinion if you are not comfortable with your physician. Always get copies of test results and scans and keep them in a safe place. Perhaps a journal of your symptoms can help you identify a pattern which can be investigated by your doctor.Source(s): http://thyroid.about.com/cs/doctors/ht/findtopdoc.... http://thyroid.about.com/cs/doctors/a/10mistakes.h... http://www.thyroid.org/patients/index.html http://www.thyroid-fed.org/intro/patients.html
- Anonymous4 years ago
Personal Trainer :)
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- Anonymous1 decade ago
Suggestion: Talk with your doctor as well before doing anything.
- Anonymous1 decade ago