What is the difference between Insulin Resistance and Diabetes?

And are some people more sensitive to changes in their blood sugar than others? I am told that I am insulin resistant. I can feel bad (extreme fatigue, nausea, sometimes get shakey, etc.) but I'll take my sugar and it's 71...which my mom, who is a nurse, says is ok. Or sometimes the exact opposite will happen and I will take my sugar and it's 135, which I am told is also "normal".

Update:

I am not overweight...I am 5'2" and 115 lbs or maybe less. Also, I am on Glucophage 2000 mg a day. I exercise and eat right etc. I don't know, maybe I still eat too many carbs? I don't eat sugar though. My mom thinks I'm TOO thin. I don't know what to do anymore.l..

Update 2:

I am not overweight...I am 5'2" and 115 lbs or maybe less. Also, I am on Glucophage 2000 mg a day. I exercise and eat right etc. I don't know, maybe I still eat too many carbs? I don't eat sugar though. My mom thinks I'm TOO thin. I don't know what to do anymore...

5 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
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    Sounds like you are pre-diabetic. Exercise and a balanced diet are essential for it not to progress to full blown Type II diabetes that some refer to as Insulin Resistance.

  • 1 decade ago

    Insulin resistance can exist without diabetes. Insulin doesn't act well enough and therefore the pancreas secretes more. This can last a while. If no measures are taken at this point to reduce insulin resistance, the pancreas gets "exhausted" and cannot secrete the amount of insulin needed to control blood glucose, and then diabetes( type 2) is diagnosed.

    Type 1 diabetes is another thing and it's not caused by insulin resistance.

    About the symptoms, yes, some people are more sensitive to glucose variations. If the rise in blood glucose is slow some don't even experience any symptom until BG is very high.

    I don't think that your symptoms are related to changes in blood glucose. Those changes are normal, you can have 71 once and after you eat you can have 135.

    135 is not a normal value if it was measured first thing in the morning after 8 hours of fasting, it's normal if it was measured after you ate. Anyways, this value shouldn't make you feel bad.

  • Anonymous
    4 years ago

    1

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  • 1 decade ago

    Diabetes is a disease in which there is high glucose level in the blood due to lack of insulin like in type 1 or secreted amount of insulin is less than the body needs (type2).

    Insulin resistance is a condition in which there is high glucose level in the blood and there is also insulin in the blood (sometimes in high levels and called hyper insulinemia).This may happen if you are over weight .in another words if there is a high insulin level in the blood the number of insulin receptor will decrease so insulin resistance happen

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  • 1 decade ago

    I think you should talk to your mom, who as you said is a nurse. She is a good source of information for you to tap into. She's absolutely correct in that 71mg/dL is a normal glucose and so is 135. Now, 60 and less is too low and if you were my patient, I'd give you 110mL of apple juice to raise your glucose into the high 80s or into the 90s. As far as the highs, your endocrinologist may want to see your levels below 120. You should be very, very clear on the desired range your doctor wants for you -- the minumum low and the maximum high.

    Some of what's being said here is irrelevant to your situation or just plain wrong. Listen to health care professionals like your mom and your doctor.

    And yes, there's a difference between resistance and full-blown diabetes.

    Source(s): I'm a nurse.
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