what was the brown v. board of education decision? what kind of reaction did it provoke?
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
The Supreme Court decision Brown v. Board of Education decided that the prevailing custom of "separate but equal" facilities to accommodate racial discrimination was unconstitutional.
The reaction to the decision was more palpable in the South than the North. Movements by the NAACP, The Southern Leadership Conference and others to integrate southern schools were begun. This, of course, this led to the predictable showdowns at Little Rock and The University of Alabama.
In the North, the idea of integration was absorbed until the ideas of busing to achieve racial balance was introduced. Then such cities as Detroit, Boston and New York City registered their displeasure over the children being bussed away from their neighborhood schools in order that school districts find a legally defined standard of racial diversity in the classroom.
While the more combative and abusive responses to integration have been put aside, the idea of integrating the races in a meaningful and color blind way in our schools is a constant challenge and will continue to be into the future.
- 1 decade ago
Prior to Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court had held that blacks and whites could be made to attend separate schools, as long as those schools were equally provided, which of course did not happen (AKA, Separate but Equal). Mr. Brown lived only a few blocks from a "white" school, and his two daughters would have had to walk quite a ways to reach a "black" school. He believed, and the Supreme Court agreed, that the mere fact that the schools were segregated showed that the girls were being discriminated against. They were being forced to attend a school which set them apart.
In the 1950's and 1960's, there were riots because of this decision. George Wallace, who was Governor of Alabama at the time, even called out the police to prevent four young blacks from attending a "white" high school. Johnson had to call out the National Guard to get them past the protestors outside the school, and to force Wallace to allow them to enter.
- 1 decade ago
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), is a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court which explicitly outlawed racial segregation of public education facilities (legal establishment of separate government-run schools for blacks and whites), ruling so on the grounds that the doctrine of "separate but equal" public education could never truly provide black Americans with facilities of the same standards available to white Americans.
Not everyone accepted the Brown v. Board of Education decision. In Virginia, Senator Harry F. Byrd, Sr.(D) organized the Massive Resistance movement that included the closing of schools rather than desegregating them.
In Arkansas, Gov. Orval Faubus(D) called out his state's National Guard to block black students' entry to Little Rock High School. President Dwight Eisenhower(R) responded by deploying elements of the 101st Airborne Division from Fort Campbell, Kentucky to Arkansas and by federalizing Faubus' National Guard.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
It was the decision of Brown vs the Board of Education of Topeka,Kansas it was the first decision to end segregation in schools and was the primary catalyst Supreme Court Descision that ultimately reversed THE PLESSY VS FURGESON decision of the late 19th Century which allowed and justified racial segregation to begin with.
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- Anonymous1 decade ago
I hate doing your homework but here goes.
brown said "seperate but equal" - in other words, you could have an all black school and an all white school as long as they had equal funds, etc.
The problem is that seperate like that is never equal, and the supreme court overrulled brown and the fed govt brought troops into alabama to enforce the decision.