help in integration?
j j x dxdy/(sqrt(x^2+y^2)
can you show me how to solve this (by changing the region of j)
- Luiz SLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
You were creative! ! !
You solve first:
∫x / [(x²+y²)^¹/2] dx
u = x²+y²
du = 2x dx
du/2 = x dx
(1/2)*∫1/[u^¹/2] du =(1/2)*∫u^-¹/2 du = (1/2)(2/1)*u^¹/2
∫x / [(x²+y²)^¹/2] dx = (x²+y²)^¹/2 + c
a ................ ............... ............... a
∫x / [(x²+y²)^¹/2] dx = (x²+y²)^¹/2 . |
y ................. .................. ............ y
∫x / [(x²+y²)^¹/2] dx = (a²+y²)^¹/2 - (y²+y²)^¹/2
∫[(a²+y²)^¹/2 - y*2^¹/2] dy
I think you dont need to change the region, only solve the integration as it were indefinied.
Do the rest...
- 1 decade ago
i'm a little rusty in this, had solved this type of question 2 yrs ago. i'll explain the base, but i can't get any further. maybe someone else can understand & take t to the next step..
there's two integrations: first one is of y, from 0 to a.
next one is of x, from y to a.
(we're assuming this, 'coz if y went from y to a, all hell would break lose.)
take a x-y axis, and picture a square of sides a *a
now imagine a diagonal passing thru points (0,0) and (a,a).
our region of integration here is the lower right triangle ,that is, with (x,y) co-ordinate points being (0,0), (a,0) and (a,a) (you better draw this on paper!)
make some arrows inside the triangle, going from left to right. this denotes x being operative variable.
now comes the region-change. in the problem, y is inside fixed limits, & x is operating in variable. we want to make y operate in terma of x, and x should be fixed!
that's easy: our triangle lies within x=0 to x=a.
taking the diagonal for y, y goes from y=0 upto only y=x (make the arrows in the triangle go upwards)
so now, x :: 0 to a
y :: 0 to x
so now our question becomes:
[integral of x from 0 to a] * [integral of y from 0 to x] * x / sqrt(x^2+y^2) dx dy.
do y-integration only first, treating x as constant:
(note: arcsin means sine inverse)
integral of k dy/ sqrt (k^2 + y^2) = k * -arcsin(y/k)
>> -x * arcsin (y/x)
limits: put y, from 0 to x
>>[ -x * arcsin(x/x) ] - [ - x* arcsin(0/x) ] ..... (remember the original x is still treated as constant here)
>> - x* arcsin(1) = -x * pi/2 (or -90 degrees)
Now, put this back, into the next (fixed) integral:
integral ( -x * pi/2 * dx) from x = 0 to a
>> [-pi/2 * 1/2 * x^2 ] 0 to a
>> -a^2 * pi / 4
is that the defintive answer?? - a^2 * pi/4 ?? i dunno... it's been a while since i did this stuff!
best of luck.
- travis RLv 41 decade ago
i'm not getting your equation. try to write it differently. i don't understand the 2 a's or what the 0y is doing there
- 1 decade ago
That is not any maths.What are you mean by the 0y...???