What's the difference between a policemen, sheriff, and constable?

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    In the USA, police officers are given law enforcement authority in a specific jurisdiction, usually within a city or town.

    A sheriff (or a deputy sheriff) works for the ultimate law enforcement organization in a county, which includes cities and towns within the county.

    Policemen do not usually have law enforcement authority in unincorporated county areas...but, deputy sheriffs have law enforcement authority in all areas of the county, including within cities and towns -- unless there are specific laws restricting that authority.

    Constables are titles given to law enforcement officers for different reasons...in some areas, reserve law enforcement officers are given that title. But, also, some policemen are called constables based on historical references within that jurisdiction and there is no difference between them and "police officers." Further, in some areas constables are merely "process servers" who have no police powers of arrest, etc.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    A sheriff is the chief law enforcement officer of a county. A police chief is head of a law enforcement agency within a city. A constable is a British Policeman.

  • echo
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago

    All policemen/women start of as constables then go for promotion if they want to. Don't know about sheriffs they may be the equivalent of a Sergeant in UK

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    In Tx a policeman serves the city, and the Sheriff serves the county, but can also serve the city. Constables are with the county under the Sheriffs department, and usually are process servers, but do have police authority in the city and county, but mainly police their districts they are assigned to.

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  • 1 decade ago

    It would depend upon where you are from. They are generally defined in your state's laws. In my state, NH, a sheriff is a police officer with statewide authority, who generally serves the court delivering warrants, subpoenas, and other documents. Occasionally they patrol, especially the unincorporated areas outside of your towns and cities. A police officer is usually a local city or town's officer. A constable in my state (there are only a handful) is usually a part-time officer or a "call" officer, paid per diem.

    Source(s): Self
  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Policemen work inside the city limits.

    The sheriff's dept is responsible for everything that is not included inside the city limits.

    Constables- are civilians paid usually to serve summons, here in Tn. But in England they would be the police force.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    The same difference between ham, bacon, and sausage.

  • 1 decade ago

    no clue, nor do i care...they can all arrest me

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