Who wrote and compiled the books of the Old Testament?
Pardon my ignorance.Thank you.
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
There are numerous original authors of the Old Testament. It was carefully copied and compiled by the Jews over the centuries.
Here are the books and their authors:
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy = Moses - 1400 B.C.
Joshua = Joshua - 1350 B.C.
Judges, Ruth, 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel = Samuel / Nathan / Gad - 1000 - 900 B.C.
1 Kings, 2 Kings = Jeremiah - 600 B.C.
1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah = Ezra - 450 B.C.
Esther = Mordecai - 400 B.C.
Job = Moses - 1400 B.C.
Psalms = several different authors, mostly David - 1000 - 400 B.C.
Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon = Solomon - 900 B.C.
Isaiah = Isaiah - 700 B.C.
Jeremiah, Lamentations = Jeremiah - 600 B.C.
Ezekiel = Ezekiel - 550 B.C.
Daniel = Daniel - 550 B.C.
Hosea = Hosea - 750 B.C.
Joel = Joel - 850 B.C.
Amos = Amos - 750 B.C.
Obadiah = Obadiah - 600 B.C.
Jonah = Jonah - 700 B.C.
Micah = Micah - 700 B.C.
Nahum = Nahum - 650 B.C.
Habakkuk = Habakkuk - 600 B.C.
Zephaniah = Zephaniah - 650 B.C.
Haggai = Haggai - 520 B.C.
Zechariah = Zechariah - 500 B.C.
Malachi = Malachi - 430 B.C.
- skepsisLv 71 decade ago
According to scholars, there were four principle sources for the Hebrew Bible. One group they call the Elhoists were from the Northern kingdom of Israel. They referred to God as "Elohim", and trusted prophets over kings. Another, the Yahwists, were of the kingdom of Judah, called God "YHWH", and promoted the monarchy and priesthood in Jerusalem. They wrote down their ancient oral traditions in slightly different fashions. After the fall of the Northern kingdom, refugees brought their scriptures with them, and expected to hear them as they were remembered. Thus began the incorporation of two traditions into one. That's why some stories are repeated, such as Abraham & Sarah's tricking of foreign rulers by pretending to be brother and sister, and Moses striking the rock to bring forth water. Occasionaly the repetition shows differences, such as the counting of Noah's animals (2 of each or 14 of the "clean" animals?).
The Temple Priests presented another viewpoint, one that liked order and linkages and not too much bad news. They provided Genesis 1 and all the genealogies. They also rewrote Samuel and Kings as Chronicles, eliminating embarrassing episodes such as the Bathsheba and Absalom incidents.
One more viewpoint was named "Deuteronomist" after the fifth book of the Pentateuch. This expressed the idea that the good are always rewarded before they die, and the evil are punished. It is speculated that the "lost" book of Torah found by Josiah's priest Hilkiah in 2 Kings was actually Deuteronomy.
All of these accounts were gradually drawn together into a single narrative during the Babylonian Exile. In the book Ezra-Nehemiah, there is a moment after the Temple is rebuilt when the scriptures are read aloud in front of all the people and they weep because "it was as if they had never heard it before". And perhaps they hadn't, like that. There is some understanding that Ezra may have put the Hebrew scriptures into their final arrangement. In fact, the Jewish canon was closed based on the determination that anything written after Ezra was not inspired, although a few may have been included by claiming to have been written earlier.
There were likely other authors of particular books, such as Job, Ruth and the prophetic books too, but the four have the strongest voices.
- jeniLv 71 decade ago
OLD TESTAMENT BIBLE BOOKS
Years after the flood.
857 Exo.7:7 [ Moses age 80 ]; 12:40,41 [ 430 years after Promised Land covenant ];
000 Gen.12:4 [ Abraham gets Promised Land covenant Gen.15:13,16 is Generation 4 ];
000 Exo.6:16-23,26; Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Levi, Kohath, Amram to Moses & Aaron.
040 Num.33:38,39 Aaron dies, Deut.34:7 Moses dies. Josh.5:6,10,12 40 years ends.
000 Moses and Genesis, Job, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy~~06 books.
000 Moses at Promised Land after Egypt Empire #1 Exit. 1513 before Christ
301 Joshua, Judges 11:26 [301?]; Judge Jair dies. 29 Years Samuel born~~02 books.
129 Ruth 4:18-22 David's Family. 1Samuel 25:1; Nathan & Gad = 2Samuel~~03 books.
006 Saul is king to death 1333 after flood. Acts 13:20,21; 857 + 450 1307 +.
040 1Kings 2:10,11; David 1373 after Flood. Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes~04 Books.
000 David 1037 before Christ. Matt.1:1-17; 1Chr.3:9-17 king line.
040 1Kings 6:1; 11:42; Song of Solomon. 2Kings. 1 & 2 Chronicles 36:20-23~04 Books.
000 Solomon died 997 before Christ. Isaiah, Hosea, Amos, Joel, Obadiah ~~~05 Books.
391 Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah 1804 after flood~~~~~~~~~ 05 Books.
000 Daniel's Prophecy [ kings end ], 606 before Christ in Rome #6.
000 Jeremiah & Lamentations, Ezekiel and Daniel ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 04 books.
000 Babylon captivity Matt.1:1-17; 606 years before Christ.
070 Jer.25:12; Dan.9:2; Ezra, Nehemiah, Ester, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi~~06 books.
000 = 1874 after flood and 3530 after Adam, 536 before Christ, at 443 BCE= 39 books.
200 years to Greece Empire #5.
336 before Christ in Roman Empire #6. N. T. Books 50 to 100 After Jesus.
000 Christ ascended [ at Acts 2:27-35 to Satan & unholy angels cast down ].Source(s): Bible.
- 1 decade ago
moises, david, solomon, daniel, joshua, samuel, ezdra, nehemiah, job, isaiah, jeremiah, ezekiel, hosea, joel, amos, obadiah, jonah, micah, nahum, habakkuk, zephaniah, haggai, zechariah, & malachi wrote the bible.
& im not sure how they put all these scripts as a whole, pardon me but im just 14.
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- 1 decade ago
Not sure who compiled them. But it was written by different authors, Moses is one.
- the_buccaruLv 51 decade ago
Many authors over hundreds of years
- 1 decade ago
Those who were there.Source(s): me
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Chuck Palahniuk, has to be. Nobody writes better fiction.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
A bunch of Jewish Pharises.