what do u guys think about this?
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The Supreme Court confronts whether race can be used in deciding where students to go to school on Monday, testing the willingness of President George W. Bush's two newest court appointees to overturn programs to foster racial diversity.
In a pair of cases that could affect millions of students nationwide, the high court will consider whether the U.S. Constitution's guarantee of equality allows public elementary, middle and high schools to use race as a factor in admissions.
A sharply divided Supreme Court voted 5-4 in 2003 when it last addressed similar issues and ruled that racial preferences can be used in university admission decisions.
Oral arguments on Monday should offer insights into the views on this hot-button social issue from the court's newest members, Chief Justice John Roberts and Justice Samuel Alito, conservatives who joined the nine-member court last term.
Alito replaced the more moderate Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, author of the 2003 ruling that left unresolved whether race also can be used as a factor in deciding admissions to elementary and high schools.
As U.S. Justice Department lawyers in the early 1980s during Ronald Reagan's presidency, both Roberts and Alito strongly opposed quotas and some affirmative action programs designed to benefit minorities.
In one case before the high court, Seattle used race as a tie-breaking factor in deciding who gets into which of the city's public high schools when too many students seek admission to the same school.
School officials there aim for each school to have about 40 percent white students and 60 percent racial minorities, reflecting the city's overall racial composition.
In the other case, the Louisville, Kentucky-area school district used racial guidelines to keep black student enrollment at most elementary, middle and high schools at between 15 percent and 50 percent to maintain diversity.
A group of parents in Seattle and the parent of a white student in Louisville who had been denied entry into his neighborhood school challenged the use of race.
Their lawyers said the Supreme Court has yet to decide a case involving a school district's voluntary use of race-based pupil assignments for a purpose other than to remedy the effects of past segregation.
Both supporters and opponents of the programs cited the Supreme Court's historic Brown v. Board of Education ruling in 1954 that outlawed racial segregation in the nation's public schools.
'PRESERVE DESEGREGATED EDUCATION'
Theodore Shaw of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund Inc., a civil rights group in New York, urged the court to "preserve and pursue the soul of desegregated education enshrined in Brown and its progeny."
"The Orwellian arguments that voluntary integration efforts constitute racial discrimination in violation of the ... (Constitution), if validated by this court, would be an unwarranted and tragic reversal of historic proportions," he said in written arguments.
The Bush administration's top courtroom lawyer, Solicitor General Paul Clement, also invoked the 1954 ruling in urging the court to strike down both programs.
Clement argued the two race-based student assignment plans are just as unconstitutional as the school segregation policy struck down in 1954.
"The promise of this court's landmark decision in Brown and its progeny was to effectuate a transition to a racially nondiscriminatory school system and thus achieve a system of determining admission to the public schools on a nonracial basis," he said.
Clement and lawyers for the parents will argue against the plans. Attorneys for the two school districts will defend the programs as constitutional
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
Well for starters, your question is FAR too long. Without having read the whole thing(your fault, not mine lol), desegregation and forced intergration are 2 different things. I always side with the constitution, which as far as I am concerned, feel it is strictly a parent's right to decide where their child goes to school. Not the gonvernment's. Never the gov't.
This is why public school needs to end altogether and private schools be allowed to blossom and get into what's important. Teaching kids real maths and sciences. Not screwing around with this politically correct crap.
- dakota29575Lv 41 decade ago
Not sure I got your point, but busing kids into another part of town or to a different town, so they can learn with another race seems harsh to me. Won't the kid be treated like an outsider for going to a school not in his/her neighborhood? I do think introducing city dwellers to country living is a great idea, it may give the city dweller better life skills.
- DanielLv 61 decade ago
I think the kids should go to school in their districts. It should be about where u live, not what color u r. Use the Keep It Simple Stupid method. But common sense is always too simple.
- 1 decade ago
number 1, ionly read the first few lines.
this speeh i mean question is easy, absolutly not.
we will not allow amerika to do this afta what happned b4 the 50's
if it happnes, make no mistake riots and fueds will ocur we will take action.
bush is a jok, my bush is a better presidnt.