History: Question about this one section?

By the 1820s, most African Americans living in America had been born here. Their experiences varied widely, depending on where they lived and whether they were free. Describe the lives of people in each of the following groups of African Americans.

Rural slaves

Urban slaves

Free blacks

2 Answers

  • atwil
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    I.Slavery in the Colonies

    a. South Carolina and Georgia

    aa. low country near the coast ideal for growing rice and indigo

    indigo - type of plant used in making a blue dye for cloth

    ab. blacks made the majority of the population

    ac. had more plantations with 100 slaves or more than any other area

    ad. lack of interaction allowed slaves in GA & SC to preserve some of their culture

    Gullah language – combination of English and African

    ae. many came directly from Africa

    af. many had grown rice in Africa

    b. Virginia and Maryland

    ba. lives of slaves in VA & MD differed from those in GA & SC in 4 ways:

    1. slaves in VA & MD were a minority of the pop.

    2. few slaves came to VA & MD directly from Africa

    3. slaves did different work

    growing tobacco not as labor intensive as rice or indigo

    slaves did other tasks

    4. slaves in VA & MD had more regular contact with European Americans

    bb. high cost of slaves led some planters to encourage their slaves to raise families

    bc. some male slaves in VA worked away from plantations as artisans or laborers

    c. New England and Middle Colonies

    ca. by late 1700s, about 400,000 blacks lived in Southern Colonies

    only about 50,000 in N. Eng. & Middle Colonies combined

    farms were much smaller

    cb. most slaves lived in cities

    II.Free Blacks

    a. free black pop. In Northern & Southern colonies did not grow significantly until after Revolutionary War

    b. some slave laws discourage people from freeing slaves

    ba. owners had to get permission from the legislature

    c. law demanded that freed slaves leave a colony within six months of gaining freedom

    d. free blacks did much of the same kind of work as slaves but were probably worse off materially

    e. endured poor living conditions and more severe discrimination

    III.Laws and Revolts

    a. every colony passed its own slave laws

    b. settlers in Georgia were barred from owning slaves in 1735

    ba. the ban was lifted in 1750

    c. Virginia passed its first major slave code in 1680

    ca. SC in 1690, revised 1696, 1712, & 1740

    d. slaves could not go aboard ships or ferries or leave the town limits without a pass

    e. 1739, several dozen slaves near Charleston killed more than twenty whites in the Stono Rebellion

    ea. burned an armory and started toward Spanish Florida were a small colony of runaway slaves lived

    eb. Were captured and killed by armed planters

    IV.Diverse Colonial Economies

    a. Southern Colonies

    aa. economy based on growing staple crops

    ab. tobacco exports Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware:

    1700, 32 mil. pounds

    1770, 83.8 mil. pounds

    ac. African slaves supplied most of the labor

    1650, only about 500 Africans in Virginia (3% of pop.)

    1700, enslaved Africans totaled 16,000 (28% of Pop.)

    ad. Except for Charleston, SC & Williamsburg, VA the South had few cities

    b. Middle Colonies

    ba. economy a mixture of farming and commerce

    bb. farm crops included grains such as wheat, barley, and rye

    bc. Populations of N.Y. & Pennsylvania ethnically diverse

    c. New England Colonies

    ca. 1700s, N. Eng. Colonies consisted of small self-sufficient farms and towns dependent on long distance trade

    cb. shipping and fishing important industries

    triangular trade -a series of indirect routes used to conduct trade between the colonies and England - the trade ultimately carried raw materials to England and manufactured goods to the colonies

    V.Industrial Innovation in America

    a. Eli Whitney

    aa. developed idea of interchangeable parts

    ab. invented the cotton gin

    b. the invention of the cotton gin had several effects

    1) profit of cotton skyrocketed

    ~ in the early 1800s, cotton was America’s most profitable export

    2) southern planters began to depend solely on cotton

    3) planters looked for new lands to grow crops

    4) increased the demand for slavery

    VI.The Economy of the South

    a. while the northeast urbanized, the South remained rural

    b. less than 8% of white southerners lived in towns larger than 4,000

    c. fertile soil, plentiful rain, and a long growing season made agriculture prosper

    d. those who controlled most of the capital in the South had little desire to industrialize

    da. a minority of people controlled the majority of the wealth

    db. the South became dependant on the North for manufactured goods

    e. many plantations devoted all their resources to growing cotton

    f. many plantations were owned by people whose families had not been wealthy before

    fa. evolved from small farms

    fb. about 15,000 families owned plantations

    g. majority of southerners were small farmers who grew cotton, food crops, livestock, etc. and owned few or no slaves

    VII.The Slavery System

    a. by 1804, northern states had either banned slavery or passed laws to end it gradually

    ab. importation of slaves was banned in 1808

    b. by 1850, 3.7 mil blacks lived in the US, 12 % were free

    c. in 1820, the slave population in the South was 1.5 mil

    ca. by 1850, 3.2 mil

    d. by 1860, slaves made up over 1/2 the pop. of South Carolina & Mississippi and about 40% of the population of Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, and Alabama

    e. on small farms, slaves often worked side by side with their owners

    ea. sometimes lived in the same house

    f. most slaves lived on plantations

    fa. life was more harsh than on small farms

    fb. workers often worked in gangs under the supervision of an overseer

    g. most plantation owners saw slaves only as property

    h. as the demand for cotton rose, so did the price of slaves

    i. 1832, a “prime” field worker between 18 & 25 cost about $500

    ia. by 1837, the price was $1,300

  • Anonymous
    4 years ago

    I like answering questions about history, having spent 38+ years teaching the subject in public schools. I use this section to keep sharp on answers from students and interested individuals. I am not sure that there is that much conversation between history buffs though and I am not sure that it would be near as interesting, since many people who are buffs are simply seeking persons to validate some point of view they have. Sorry, don't mean to be combative, but there is little worse than someone trying to prove their point of view. Hope this provides you with some answer to your inquiry. Yes, I love history, having become a strict buff during the centennial of the American Civil War from 1961-65. I expanded that into a degree in college and nearly 40 years of teaching.

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