asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

order後面接的句子為什麼是用原形動詞?

我在書上看到一個句子,如下

When Valentine's actions were discovered, the emperor ordered that he be put to death.

為什麼名詞子句裡用 be 呢?

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    當"order"作"命令"解釋時,

    要使用以下的句型

    S + order + that S (should) +原型V

    所以該句可寫成

    When Valentine's actions were discovered, the emperor ordered that he (should) be put to death.

    因為should後面要加原型動詞,而且該句的should可省略

    因此子句裡用be(原型動詞)

    should可被省略的句型如下:

    Should省略的句型

    A. S+ suggest +that S+ (Should) +原形V

    B. It is necessary + that S+ (should) +原形V

    例:1.我堅持他馬上付這筆錢。

       I insisted that he pay the money at once.

    2.他們建議他單獨做這件事。

    They suggested that he do it alone.

    3.我們建議這會議延到下星期一。

    We moved that the meeting be put off till next Monday.

    4.這種能源被控制也是需要的。

    It was also necessary that this energy be controlled.

    開竅要訣

    1. S+ suggest + that S+(should)+原形V/be+ p.p.此類動詞如下:

    (1)要求:ask, demand, request…

    (2)命令:order, command…

    (3)建議:suggest, propose, recommend, move…

    (4)堅持:insist, urge, maintain…

    2. It is necessary+ that S+ (should) +原形V/be+ p.p.此類形容詞如下:

    (1)重要的:important,vital

    (2)必要的:necessary,essential

    (3)緊急的:urgent

  • 王大
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    我在書上看到一個句子,如下When Valentine's actions were discovered, the emperor ordered that he be put to death.為什麼名詞子句裡用 be 呢? 這句話可還原為:  When Valentine's actions were discovered, the emperor ordered that he (should) be put to death.  這類的動詞還有: insist, suggest, move, advise, dicide, demand, propose, recommend, request...等, that 子句中的 should 通常都不用, 而用動詞原形

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