Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Politics & GovernmentOther - Politics & Government · 1 decade ago

What was United Nations Security Council Resolution 242 and what does it say?

1. UN Security Council Resolution 242 calls on all parties to the conflict to negotiate a solution

2. It anticipates that Israel will withdraw to secure borders (not specified in the resolution) in exchange for peace guarantees from the Arab parties

The Resolution was carefully worded to require that Israel withdraw from "territories" rather than "the territories." This construction, leaving out "the," was intentional, because it was not envisioned that Israel would withdraw from all the territories, thereby returning to the vulnerable pre-war borders. And any withdrawal would be such as to create "secure and recognized boundaries."

It was widely recognized that the balancing of the ideas of a territorial return with "secure and recognized boundaries" for Israel would mean that Israel would not be forced to withdraw from 100% of the land captured in the June 1967 war. There is a dispute between the British-American understanding of the wording of the resolution and the French

Update:

The United States' UN Ambassador at the time has stated that:

* The notable omissions - which were not accidental - in regard to withdrawal are the words "the" or "all" and the "June 5, 1967 lines" ... the resolution speaks of withdrawal from occupied territories without defining the extent of withdrawal. [This would encompass] less than a complete withdrawal of Israeli forces from occupied territory, inasmuch as Israel's prior frontiers had proved to be notably Insecure.

No one realistically expects Israel to withdraw before its security is assured. UNSCR 242 emphatically does not put any preconditions on Israel (or the Palestinian Arabs for that matter). Israel is perfectly within its rights to remain in place until there is a negotiated peace agreement acceptable to Israel as well as to the Palestinian Arabs. Israel moved into the West Bank and Gaza Strip areas as part of a defensive war started by the Arab enemies of Israel. Israel does not have to move out of those areas.

Update 2:

Max M. Kampelman, former counselor of the US State Department, said in a letter to The New York Times on April 8, 2002, referring to "territories recaptured from Jordan in 1967, territories that Jordan captured in its war against Israel in 1948-49":

* The United States voted in favor of Resolution 242 only after insisting that "all" had no place in it. The United Nations instead referred to the need to arrive at "secure and recognized" boundaries.

Israel does not have to move out of those areas unless true peace is achieved.

Considering the attitude of the Arabs, that does not accept the presence of a Jewish state in the area, the only hope for peace is an overwhelming defeat of the Arabs by Israel.

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  • 1 decade ago
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    Didn't you answer your own question? Or are you asking for it to be simplified?

  • 1 decade ago

    UN Resolution 242 was passed after the Six Day War. It's about two points:

    1. UNSCR 242 calls on all parties to the conflict to negotiate a solution

    2. It anticipates that Israel will withdraw to secure borders (not specified in the resolution) in exchange for peace guarantees from the Arab parties

  • 1 decade ago

    The arabs have got time. They will win eventually. Some wars last a hundred years.

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