櫻桃 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請幫我翻譯財政學的英文意思~~~很急

explanations of inefficiency in the public sector這是大標題

organizational differences

*soft budget constraint(government subsidies, no bankruptcy)

*role of political concerns

*absence of competition

*additional restrictions

on personnel(civil service-hand to fire, pay competitive wages)

on procurement

on budgeting(hard to do long-term budgeting required for large capital investments)

individual differences

*absence of incentive pay, difficulty of firing reduces incentives

(removes carrots and sticks)

*principal-agent problems

pursuit of bureaucratic objectives-maximizing size of organization

excessively high levels of risk aversion-leading to a focus on following procedures(red tape)

至少能翻成通順的中文意思

如果還有解釋那就更好了 

謝謝 

1 Answer

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  • 1 decade ago
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    在國營企業裡的效率低的解釋

    機構化的差別

    *柔軟的預算限制(政府補貼,沒有破產)

    *政治關心的角色

    *缺乏競爭

    *另外的限制

    在人員(燃燒,由具有競爭性工資處理的行政指針)上

    在取得上

    做預算(艱難做長期的做預算的要求的雄濃的資金投資)

    個別差異

    *缺乏獎勵金,燃燒的困難降低獎勵

    (除去胡蘿蔔加大棒政策)

    *主要代理的問題

    官僚政治使目標最大化的組織的大小的追逐

    危險的過分高的水準導致嫌惡的一集中于繼程式(繁文縟節)之後

    Source(s): ME
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