what are two or three great things thats happened to robert frost's life.?

besides hewon four pulitzer prizes or a great poet.

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  • 1 decade ago
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    Robert Frost (1874-1963) was one of the finest of rural New England's 20th century pastoral poets. Frost published his first books in Great Britain in the 1910s, but he soon became in his own country the most read and constantly anthologized poet. Frost was awarded the Pulitzer Prize four times.

    Robert Frost was born in San Francisco, California on March 26, 1874. His father, a journalist and local politician, died when Frost was eleven years old. His Scottish mother resumed her career as a schoolteacher to support her family. The family lived in Lawrence, Massachusetts, with Frost's paternal grandfather. In 1892 Frost graduated from a high school and attended Dartmouth College for a few months. Over the next ten years he held a number of jobs.

    In 1894 the New York Independent published Frost's poem "My Butterfly" and he had five poems privately printed. In 1895 he married a former schoolmate, Elinor White; they had six children. Frost worked as a teacher and continued to write and publish his poems in magazines. From 1897 to 1899 Frost studied at Harvard, but left without receiving a degree. He moved to Derry, New Hampshire, working there as a cobbler, farmer, and teacher at Pinkerton Academy and at the state normal school in Plymouth.

    In 1912 Frost sold his farm and took his wife and four young children to England. There he published his first collection of poems, A Boy's Will(1913) followed by North Boston (1914), which gained international reputation. The collection contains some of Frost's best-known poems: "Mending Wall," "The Death of the Hired Man," "Home Burial," "After Apple-Picking," and "The Wood-Pile."

    After returning to the US in 1915 with his family, Frost bought a farm near Franconia, New Hampshire. He taught later at Amherst College (1916-38) and Michigan universities. In 1916 Frost was made a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters. In the same year appeared his third collection of verse, Mountain Interval, which contained such poems as "The Road Not Taken," "Birches," and "The Hill Wife." Frost's images - woods, stars, houses, brooks, - are usually taken from everyday life. With his down-to-earth approach to his subjects, readers found it easy to follow the poet into deeper truths, without being burdened with pedantry.

    In 1920 Frost purchased a farm in South Shaftsbury, Vermont, near Middlebury College. His wife died in 1938 and he lost four of his children. Frost also suffered from depression and continual self-doubt. After the death of his wife, Frost became strongly attracted to Kay Morrison, whom he employed as his secretary and adviser. Frost composed for her one of his finest love poems, "A Witness Tree."

    Frost participated in the inauguration of President John Kennedy in 1961 by reciting two of his poems. He travelled in 1962 in the Soviet Union as a member of a goodwill group. Over the years he received a remarkable number of literary and academic honors.

    At the time of his death on January 29, 1963, Frost was regarded as a kind of unofficial poet laureate of the United States.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Biography

    Portrait of Frost c.1910-1920Although he is commonly associated with New England, Frost was born in San Francisco to Isabelle Moodie, of Scottish ancestry, and William Prescott Frost, Jr., a descendant of a Devonshire Frost who had sailed to New Hampshire in 1634[1]. His father was a former teacher turned newspaper man, a hard drinker, a gambler, a harsh disciplinarian; he had a passion for politics, and dabbled in them, for as long as his health allowed.

    Frost lived in California until he was twelve years old. After the death of his father, he moved with his mother and sister to eastern Massachusetts, near his paternal grandparents. His mother joined the Swedenborgian church and had him baptized in it, but he left it as an adult. He grew up as a city boy and published his first poem in Lawrence, Massachusetts. He attended Dartmouth College in 1892, for just less than a semester, and while there he joined the fraternity, Theta Delta Chi. He went back home to teach and work at various jobs including factory work and newspaper delivery.

    In 1894 he sold his first poem, My Butterfly, to The New York Independent for fifteen dollars. Proud of this accomplishment, he asked Elinor Miriam White to marry him. They had graduated co-valedictorians from their high-school and had remained in contact with one another. She refused, wanting to finish school before they married. Frost was sure that there was another man and went on an excursion to the Great Dismal Swamp in Virginia. He came back later that year and asked Elinor again; she accepted, and they were married in December 1895.

    They taught school together until 1897. Frost then entered Harvard University for two years. He did well, but felt he had to return home due to his health and because his wife was expecting a second child. His grandfather purchased a farm in Derry, New Hampshire for the young couple. He stayed there for nine years and wrote many of the poems that would make up his first works. His attempt at poultry farming was not successful, and he was forced to take another job at Pinkerton Academy, a secondary school, from 1906 to 1911. From 1911 to 1912, Robert Frost lived in Plymouth, New Hampshire and taught at the New Hampshire Normal School (now Plymouth State University).

    In 1912, Frost sailed with his family to Glasgow, and later settled in Beaconsfield, outside London.

    His first book of poetry, A Boy's Will, was published the next year. In England he made some crucial contacts including Edward Thomas (a member of the group known as the Dymock poets), T. E. Hulme, and Ezra Pound, who was the first American to write a (favorable) review of Frost's work. Frost wrote some of the best pieces of his work while living in England.

    Frost returned to America in 1915, bought a farm in Franconia, New Hampshire and launched a career of writing, teaching and lecturing. From 1916 to 1938, he was an English professor at Amherst College. He encouraged his writing students to bring the sound of the human voice to their craft. Beginning in 1921, and for the next 42 years (with three exceptions), Frost spent his summers teaching at the Bread Loaf School of English of Middlebury College in Ripton, Vermont. Middlebury College still owns and maintains Robert Frost's Farm as a National Historic Site near the Bread Loaf campus.

    Upon his death in Boston on January 29, 1963, Robert Frost was buried in the Old Bennington Cemetery, in Bennington, Vermont. Harvard's 1965 alumni directory indicates his having received an honorary degree there; Frost also received honorary degrees from Bates College, Oxford and Cambridge universities, and he was the first to receive two honorary degrees from Dartmouth College. During his lifetime, the Robert Frost Middle School in Fairfax, Virginia as well as the main library of Amherst College were named after him.

    [edit] Kennedy inauguration poems

    Though not notably associated with any political party, Frost is widely remembered for reciting a poem, "The Gift Outright", on January 20, 1961 at the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy. Nominally a tribute to the country's early Colonial spirit ("This land was ours before we were the land's"), the poem ends on an optimistic, but characteristically ambivalent, note:

    Such as we were we gave ourselves outright

    (The deed of gift was many deeds of war)

    To the land vaguely realizing westward,

    But still unstoried, artless, unenhanced,

    Such as she was, such as she would become.

    Frost had intended to read another poem, "Dedication", which he had written specifically for Kennedy and for the occasion. But with feeble eyesight, unfamiliarity with the new poem, and difficulty reading his typescript in the bright January light, Frost chose only to deliver the poem he knew from memory (which he did in strong voice, despite his 86 years).

    In April 2006, a handwritten copy of "Dedication" was donated to the John F. Kennedy Library in Boston, Massachusetts; it had come from the estate of one of Kennedy's special assistants (who died the year before). On the manuscript, Frost had added "To John F. Kennedy, At his inauguration to be president of this country. January 20th, 1961. With the Heart of the World," followed by, "Amended copy, now let's mend our ways." After removing the paper backing from the frame, a Kennedy archivist discovered a faintly-legible handwritten note from Jacqueline Kennedy: "For Jack, January 23, 1961. First thing I had framed to put in your office. First thing to be hung there."[2]

    Robert Lee Frost, b. San Francisco, Mar. 26, 1874, d. Boston, Jan. 29, 1963, was one of America's leading 20th-century poets and a four-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize. An essentially pastoral poet often associated with rural New England, Frost wrote poems whose philosophical dimensions transcend any region. Although his verse forms are traditional--he often said, in a dig at archrival Carl Sandburg, that he would as soon play tennis without a net as write free verse--he was a pioneer in the interplay of rhythm and meter and in the poetic use of the vocabulary and inflections of everyday speech. His poetry is thus both traditional and experimental, regional and universal.

    After his father's death in 1885, when young Frost was 11, the family left California and settled in Massachusetts. Frost attended high school in that state, entered Dartmouth College, but remained less than one semester. Returning to Massachusetts, he taughtschool and worked in a mill and as a newspaper reporter. In 1894 he sold "My Butterfly: An Elegy" to The Independent, a New York literary journal. A year later he married Elinor White, with whom he had shared valedictorian honors at Lawrence (Mass.) High School. From 1897 to 1899 he attended Harvard College as a special student but left without a degree. Over the next ten years he wrote (but rarely published) poems, operated a farm in Derry, New Hampshire (purchased for him by his paternal grandfather), and supplemented his income by teaching at Derry's Pinkerton Academy.

    In 1912, at the age of 38, he sold the farm and used the proceeds to take his family to England, where he could devote himself entirely to writing. His efforts to establish himself and his work were almost immediately successful. A Boy's Will was accepted by a London publisher and brought out in 1913, followed a year later by North of Boston. Favorable reviews on both sides of the Atlantic resulted in American publication of the books by Henry Holt and Company, Frost's primary American publisher, and in the establishing of Frost's transatlantic reputation.

    As part of his determined efforts on his own behalf, Frost had called on several prominent literary figures soon after his arrival in England. One of these was Ezra POUND, who wrote the first American review of Frost's verse for Harriet Munroe's Poetry magazine. (Though he disliked Pound, Frost was later instrumental in obtaining Pound's release from long confinement in a Washington, D.C., mental hospital.) Frost was more favorably impressed and more lastingly influenced by the so-called Georgian poets Lascelles Abercrombie, Rupert BROOKE, and T. E. Hulme, whose rural subjects and style were more in keeping with his own. While living near the Georgians in Gloucestershire, Frost became especially close to a brooding Welshman named Edward Thomas, whom he urged to turn from prose to poetry. Thomas did so, dedicating his first and only volume of verse to Frost before his death in World War I.

    The Frosts sailed for the United States in February 1915 and landed in New York City two days after the U.S. publication of North of Boston (the first of his books to be published in America). Sales of that book and of A Boy's Will enabled Frost to buy a farm in Franconia, N.H.; to place new poems in literary periodicals and publish a third book, Mountain Interval (1916); and to embark on a long career of writing, teaching, and lecturing. In 1924 he received a Pulitzer Prize in poetry for New Hampshire (1923). He was lauded again for Collected Poems (1930), A Further Range (1936), and A Witness Tree (1942). Over the years he received an unprecedented number and range of literary, academic, and public honors.

    Frost's importance as a poet derives from the power and memorability of particular poems. "The Death of the Hired Man" (from North of Boston) combines lyric and dramatic poetry in blank verse. "After Apple-Picking" (from the same volume) is a free-verse dream poem with philosophical undertones. "Mending Wall" (also published in North of Boston) demonstrates Frost's simultaneous command of lyrical verse, dramatic conversation, and ironic commentary. "The Road Not Taken" and "Birches" (from Mountain Interval) and the oft-studied "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening" (from New Hampshire) exemplify Frost's ability to join the pastoral and philosophical modes in lyrics of unforgettable beauty.

    Frost's poetic and political conservatism caused him to lose favor with some literary critics, but his reputation as a major poet is secure. He unquestionably succeeded in realizing his life's ambition: to write "a few poems it will be hard to get rid of."

    American poet, one of the finest of rural New England's 20th century pastoral poets. Frost published his first books in Great Britain in the 1910s, but he soon became in his own country the most read and constantly anthologized poet, whose work was made familiar in classrooms and lecture platforms. Frost was awarded the Pulitzer Prize four times. Nature and Frost's rural surroundings were for him a source for insights "from delight to wisdom", or as he also said: "Literature begins with geography."

    FIRE AND ICE

    Some say the world will end in fire,

    Some say in ice.

    From what I've tasted of desire

    I hold with those who favor fire.

    But if it had to perish twice,

    I think I know enough of hate

    To say that for destruction ice

    Is also great

    And would suffice.

    Robert Frost was born in San Francisco, California. His father William Prescott Frost Jr., a journalist and an ardent Democrat, died when Frost was about eleven years old. To support her family, Frost's Scottish mother, the former Isabelle Moody, resumed her career as a schoolteacher. They moved to Lawrence, Massachusetts, where Frost's paternal grandfather, William Prescott Frost, gave his grandson a good schooling.

    After graduating from a high school in 1892, Frost attended Darthmouth College for a few months. Over the next ten years he held a number of jobs. Frost worked among others in a textile mill and taught Latin at his mother's school in Methuen, Massachusetts. In 1894 the New York Independent published Frost's poem 'My Butterfly', earning him $15. He had also five poems privately printed. While working as a teacher Frost continued to write and publish his poems in magazines. In 1895 he married a former schoolmate, Elinor Miriam White; they had six children.

    From 1897 to 1899 Frost studied at Harvard, but left without receiving a degree due family problems and poor health. He moved to Derry, New Hampshire, working there as a cobbler, farmer, and teacher at Pinkerton Academy - he held the post for five years - and at the state normal school in Plymouth. When he sent his poems to The Atlantic Monthly they were returned with this note: "We regret that The Atlantic has no place for your vigorous verse."

    In 1912 Frost sold the Derry farm and took his wife and four young children to England. There he published his first collection of poems, A BOY'S WILL, at the age of 39. It was followed by NORTH BOSTON (1914), which gained international reputation. The collection contains some of Frost's best-known poems: 'Mending Wall,' 'The Death of the Hired Man,' 'Home Burial,' 'A Servant to Servants,' 'After Apple-Picking,' and 'The Wood-Pile.' The poems, written with blank verse or looser free verse of dialogue, were drawn from his own life, recurrent losses, everyday tasks, and his loneliness. "This is one of the most revolutionary books of modern times," wrote the British poet and essayist Edward Thomas (1878-1917), Frost's friend, in his review in the Daily News, "but one of the quietest and least aggressive. It speaks, and it is poetry."

    While in England Frost became acquainted with the F.S. Flint, Edward Thomas, and Ezra Pound, who called Frost's poems "modern georgics", and the Georgian Poets Wilfred Gibson and Lascelles Abercrombie. In 1915 he returned to the US in 1915 with his family and bought a farm near Franconia, New Hampshire. When the editor of The Atlantic Monthly asked for poems, he gave the very ones that had previously been rejected. Frost taught later at Amherst College (1916-38) and Michigan universities. In 1916 he was made a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters. On the same year appeared his third collection of verse, MOUNTAIN INTERVAL, which contained such poems as 'The Road Not Taken,' 'The Oven Bird,' 'Birches,' and 'The Hill Wife.'

    Frost's poems show deep appreciation of natural world and sensibility about the human aspirations. His images - woods, stars, houses, brooks - are usually taken from everyday life. With his down-to-earth approach to his subjects, readers found it is easy to follow the poet into deeper truths, without being burdened with pedantry. Often Frost used the rhythms and vocabulary of ordinary speech or even the looser free verse of dialogue.

    In 1920 Frost purchased a farm in South Shaftsbury, Vermont, near Middlebury College, where he cofounded the Bread Loaf School and Conference of English. His wife died in 1938 and he lost four of his children. Two of his daughters suffered mental breakdowns, and his son Carol, a frustrated poet and farmer, committed suicide in 1940. Frost also suffered from depression and the continual self-doubt led him to cling to the desire to be awarded the Nobel Prize for literature. In A Masque of Reason (1945) and A Masque of Mercy (1947), using the Old Testament characters of Job and Jonah, Frost examined the complex relationship between man and God. After the death of his wife, Frost became strongly attracted to Kathleen (Kay) Morrison, whom he employed from 1938 as his secretary and adviser, but who probably became also his lover. Frost also composed for her one of his finest love poems, 'A Witness Tree.'

    With his future biographer, Lawrance Thompson, Frost travelled in 1957 to England, and to Israel and Greece in 1961. He participated in the inauguration of President John Kennedy in 1961 by reciting two of his poems. When the sun and the wind prevented him from reading his new poem, 'The Preface', Frost recited his old poem, 'The Gift Outright', from memory. In 1962 Frost travelled in the Soviet Union as a member of a goodwill group. He had a long talk with Premier Nikita Khrushchev, whom he described admiringly as "no fathead"; as smart, big and "not a coward." Frost also reported that Khrushchev had said the United States was "too liberal to fight," it caused a considerable stir in Washington. Among the honors and rewards Frost received were tributes from the U.S. Senate (1950), the American Academy of Poets (1953), New York University (1956), the Huntington Hartford Foundation (1958), the Congressional Gold Medal (1962), the Edward MacDowell Medal (1962). In 1930 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters, Amherst College appointed him Saimpson Lecturer for Life (1949), and in 1958 he was made poetry consultant for the Library of Congress.

    At the time of his death on January 29, 1963, Frost was considered a kind of unofficial poet laureate of the US. "I would have written of me on my stone: I had a lover's quarrel with the world," Frost once said. Frost depicted the fields and farms of his surroundings, observing the details of rural life, which hide universal meaning. His independent, elusive, half humorous view of the world produced such remarks as "I never take my side in a quarrel", or "I'm never serious except when I'm fooling." Although Frost's works were generally praised, the lack of seriousness concerning social and economic problems of the 1930s, and his hostility toward the policies of the New Deal annoyed some more socially orientated critics. "Political freedom is nothing to me. I bestow it right and left," Frost stated in 'The Figure a Poem Makes', first published in 1939 as the preface to an edition of his Collected Poems. Later biographers have created a complex and contradictory portrait of the poet. In Lawrance Thompson's three-volume official biography (1966-1976) Frost was presented as a misanthrope, anti-intellectual, cruel, and angry man, but in Jay Parini's work (1999) he was again viewed with sympathy: ''He was a loner who liked company; a poet of isolation who sought a mass audience; a rebel who sought to fit in. Although a family man to the core, he frequently felt alienated from his wife and children and withdrew into reveries. While preferring to stay at home, he traveled more than any poet of his generation to give lectures and readings, even though he remained terrified of public speaking to the end..."

    Robert Frost Biographical Information

    Information is from various Frost biographical references, though relies heavily on "Collected Poems, Prose, & Plays. 10/1995 Library of America. Robert Frost. Edited by Richard Poirier and Mark Richardson. Trade ISBN 1-883011-06-X"

    1874 - Born on March 26 in San Francisco, first child of Isabelle Moodie and William Prescott Frost Jr. Named after Confederate General Robert E. Lee.

    1875 - Father becomes city editor of the San Francisco Daily Evening Post.

    1876 - Travels east with his mother, who is expecting another child, and is upset with father's drinking and gambling. His sister, Jeanie Florence, is born in Lawrence, Mass June 25. Returns back to SF in fall. Father is diagnosed as consumptive.

    1879 - Attends kindergarten, but goes home after one day suffering from nervous stomach pain and does not return.

    1880 - Father is elected as delegate to the Democratic National Convention in Cincinnati. Frost attends first grade, but soon drops out again.

    1881 - Frost enters second grade. Baptized in mother's Sweden-borgian church.

    1882 - Drops out of school and is educated at home.

    1883 - Frost hears voices when left alone and is told by mother that he shares her gift for "second hearing" and "second sight." Father continues to drink as his health deteriorates.

    1885 - Father dies of tuberculosis on May 5, leaving family with only $8 after expenses are paid. Family moves to Lawrence, Mass. to live with grandparents. Robert and Jeanie dislike grandparents' sternness and rigorous discipline. Enters third grade after testing, while younger sister enters fourth grade.

    1886 - Moves to Salem Depot, New Hampshire, where mother begins teaching the fifth to eighth grades. Frost and Jeanie enter the fifth grade.

    1888 - Passes entrance examinations for Lawrence High School in June. Enrolls in "classical" (college prep) program. Mother resigns from the Salem Depot district school.

    1889 - Finishes school year at head of his class.

    1890 - First published poem, "La Noche Triste," based on episode in Prescott's Conquest of Mexico, appears in the Lawrence High School Bulletin in April; a second poem, "The Song of the Wave," appears in the Bulletin in May.

    1891 - Passes preliminary entrance examinations for Harvard College. Elected chief editor of the Bulletin for the 1891-92 school year. Meets and falls in love with fellow student Elinor Miriam White (b. 1872) during fall.

    1892 - Becomes engaged to Elinor. Dependent upon grandparents for financial support, enters Dartmouth College instead of Harvard because it is cheaper, and because grandparents blame Harvard for his father's bad habits. Bored by college life and restless, leaves Dartmouth at the end of December.

    1893 - Briefly teaches unruly eighth-grade class in Methuen for several weeks. Frost tries to convince Elinor to marry him before returning to St. lawrence University in canton, New York, but fails.

    1894 - Returns to teaching grades one through six in Salem. In March, he learns The Independent will publish his poem "My Butterfly: An Elegy" and will pay him $15. Tries to convince Elinor to marry him at once. Gets printer to make him two copies of collection of his poems, called Twilight. Goes to visit Elinor to present her with a copy, but is thrown into despair by her cool reception; destroys his own copy and returns home. Depressed, he decides to go the Dismal Swamp on the Virginia-North Carolina border. Leaves Lawrence on November 6 and travels by train and boat to Norfolk, Virginia, then follows wagon road and walks for miles into the swamp at night. Meets a pat of boatmen at canal lock who agree to take him though swamp to Elizabeth City, North Carolina. Stays with boat as it crosses Albemarle Sound to Mags Head on the Atlantic coast. Begins return journey by hopping freight cars from Elizabeth City to Baltimore. Exhausted and frightened, writes mother for return fare and arrives in Lawrence on November 30.

    1895 - Works as reporter in Lawrence for Daily American and Sentinel. Frost teaches at Salem district school Marries Elinor White in Lawrence on December 19 in ceremony conducted by Swedenborgian pastor.

    1896 - Son Elliott is born on September 25.

    1897 - Passes Harvard College entrance examinations, borrows money from grandfather and enters Harvard as a freshman.

    1899 - Withdraws from Harvard on march 31. Daughter Lesley born on April 28. Insists his mother see a doctor, and learns that she has advanced cancer.

    1900 - Son Elliott dies of cholera on July 8 and is buried in Lawrence. Elinor suffers sever depression. Frost's heath declines. Mother enters sanatorium in Penacook, NH. Mother dies of cancer on November 2 and is buried in Lawrence.

    1901 - Reads Thoreau's Walden for the first time. Grandfather William Prescott Frost dies on July 10; his will gives Frost a $500 annuity and use of the Derry farm for ten years, after which the annuity is to be increased to $800 and Frost is to be given ownership of the farm.

    1902 - Son Carol is born May 27.

    1903 - Publishes short story "Trap nests" in The Eastern Poultryman in February (will be published 11 times in the Poultryman and in Farm-Poultry between 1903 and 1905). Daughter Irma is born on June 27.

    1905 - Daughter Marjorie is born on March 28. 1906 - Starts part-time position teaching English literature at Pinkerton Academy in Derry. Publishes poem "The Tuft of Flowers" in the Derry Enterprise. Eventually assumes full-time teaching post at Pinkerton Academy.

    1907 - Daughter Elinor Bettina is born on June 18, and dies on June 21.

    1909 - Frost impresses the New Hampshire superintendent of public instruction, and lectures about his teaching methods before several conventions of New Hampshire teachers. Poem "Into Mine Own" appears in New England Magazine in May. Sells all of the poultry and moves family to apartment in nearby Derry village.

    1910 - Revises English curriculum for the Pinkerton Academy and develops program emphasizing an informal, conversational teaching style. He writes in the school catalog: "The general aim of the course in English is twofold: to bring our students under the influence of the great books, and to teach them the satisfactions of superior speech." Father-in-law dies May 26.

    1911 - Accepts offer to teach at State Normal School and moves family to Plymouth. Teaches courses in education and psychology. Sells the Derry farm.

    1912 - Decides to live in England for a few years and devote himself to writing full time. Sails with family on August 23. Stays in London briefly before renting a cottage in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, 20 miles north of London. Submits A Boy's Will in October to London firm of David Nutt and Company, which accepts it for publication.

    1913 - A Boy's Will is published April 1. Meets numerous literary figures, including Ezra Pound, Hilda Doolittle, Form Hermann Hueffer (Ford Madox Ford), Ernest Rhys, and William Butler Yeats (who tells Pound that A Boy's Will is "the best poetry written in America for a long time"). Friendship with Pound becomes strained ("He says I must write something much more like vers libre or he will let me perish by neglect. He really threatens"). Forms close friendship with Edward Thomas.

    1914 - Moves near Dymock, Gloucestershire. North of Boston is published on May 15 and is favorably reviewed in The Nation, The Outlook, The Times Literary Supplement, Pall Mall Gazette, The English Review, The Bookman, and The Daily News. Encourages Thomas to write poetry. Amused by local concern that he may be a spy when war breaks out in August. Learns that Henry Holt and Company will publish his books in the US. Decides to return to America. Concerned that review by Pound may cause Americans to consider him to be one of Pound's "party of American literary refugees."

    1915 - Arrives in New York February 23. North of Boston was published in America on February 20. Meets with a number of editors in New York. A Boy's Will is published in April. Buys farm in Franconia, New Hampshire. Meets Edwin Arlington Robinson and Louis Untermeyer. Wife Elinor suffers miscarriage.

    1916 - Gives talks and readings in throughout New England. Elected to the National Institute of Arts and Letters. Mountain Interval published November 27. Accepts offer from Alexander Meiklejohn, president of Amherst College, to teach for one semester at a salary of $2,000.

    1917 - Moves to Amherst in January. A Way Out, a one act play, is published. Deeply grieved by the death of Edward Thomas (E.T.), killed during the battle of Arras. Teaching position at Amherst is extended. Lesley enters Wellesley College.

    1918 - Meets Vachel Lindsay, Sara Teasdale, and James Oppenheim. Pleased when Lesley leaves college after her freshman year to do war work in an aircraft factory. During national epidemic, Frost suffers severe case of influenza that lasts for months.

    1920 - Resigns position at Amherst in February over disagreements with Meiklejohn, whom Frost considers too morally permissive, and to devote more time to writing. Sister Jeanie was arrested in Portland, Maine, or March 25 for disturbing the peace, and was pronounced instance by an attending physician. Frost commits Jeanie to the state mental hospital at Augusta, Maine. Begins serving as consulting editor for Henry Holt and company at a salary of $100 per month.

    1921 - gives talks and readings, receiving at least 4100 plus expenses for each. Spends one week in march as "poet in residence" at Queens University in Kingston, Ontario. Begins long association with Bread Loaf School of English in Ripton, Vermont. Move to Ann Arbor, Michigan after accepting a $5,000 fellowship at University of Michigan. Does not teach, but advises students and gives talks.

    1922 - Helps arrange poets' lecture series which includes Carl Sandburg, Louis Untermeyer, and Amy Lowell. Fellowship at Michigan is renewed for another year.

    1923 - Select Poems is published by Henry Holt in March. Awarded LHD by the University of Vermont. Accepts appointment as professor of English at Amherst College after Mieklejohn is dismissed. Discusses quantum theory with physicist Neils Bohr during a visit to Amherst in October. New Hampshire published by Henry Holt November 15.

    1924 - Awarded Pulitzer Prize for New Hampshire in May. Receives Honorary Litt.D. degrees from Middlebury College and Yale University. Grandson William Prescott Frost, son of Carol, is born on October 15. Gives notice to Amherst of his acceptance of lifetime appointment at University of Michigan as Fellow in Letters, with no teaching obligations to begin next autumn.

    1925 - Friends throw Frost a "Fiftieth Birthday Dinner" because Frost believes he was born in 1875, not 1874. Writes obituary tribute to Amy Lowell for The Christian Science Monitor in May. Works in Ann Arbor, while Elinor and family stay home. Daughter Marjorie is hospitalized in December suffering from pneumonia, a peri-cardiac infection, chronic appendicitis and nervous exhaustion.

    1926 - Family joins him in Ann Arbor in Spring. After visit from Amherst president Daniel Olds, Frost accepts offer to rejoin college as a part-time professor of English for $5,000 a year and no obligation to teach formal classes. Participates in inaugural session of the Bread Loaf Writers' Conference.

    1927 - Moves to Amherst in January where he teaches for ten weeks. Marjorie enters Johns Hopkins Hospital for ten weeks of treatment.

    1928 - Signs new contract with Holt providing for royalty increase from 15 to 20 percent at 5,000 copies of a book are sold, as well as a $2,000 advance and monthly payments of $250 for the next five years. Sails for France with Elinor and Marjorie in August. Travels through England and Scotland with Elinor, who is suffering from depression. Meets T.S. Eliot for the first time. Returns to America in November. Learns that daughter Lesley, who married in September, is unhappy and contemplating divorce. West-running Brook is published by Holt, which also publishes and expanded edition of Selected Poems.

    1929 - Permits Marjorie to begin nursing school. Sister Jeanie dies in state mental hospital in August, Maine in early September. Frost and Elinor move into farm they purchased in South Shaftsbury.

    1930 - Collected Poem published in November. Elected in the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Visits Marjorie who has been hospitalized in Baltimore with tuberculosis.

    1931 - Decides with doctors that Marjorie should enter sanatorium in boulder, Colorado. Awarded Pulitzer Prize for Collected Poems in June. Lesley's second daughter is born, and her divorce becomes final soon after. Receives Russell Loines Poetry Prize from the National Institute of Arts and Letters.

    1932 - Moves into new house in Amherst. Meets Marjorie's fianc‰ in Boulder. Attends Olympic Games in Los Angeles. Is displeased with T.S. Eliot's slighting remarks concerning Robert Burns and other Scottish poets.

    1933 - Continues heavy lecture schedule to earn extra money for his children's expenses. Due to exhaustion, unable to attend Marjorie's wedding in Billings, Montana.

    1934 - Marjorie develops puerperal fever after daughter is born in March, dies May 2 and is buried in Billings.Daughter is taken care of by Carol and his wife Lillian. Elinor suffers severe attach of angina pectoris in November. Under doctor orders, Frost and Elinor go to Key West in December.

    1935 - Meets Wallace Stevens in Key West. Gives lecture at University of Miami. Returns north with Elinor in March. Writes preface to Edwin Arlington Robinson's last book, King Jasper. With Elinor, rents house in Coconut Grove, Florida.

    1936 - Privately publishes a small volume of Marjorie's poems, Franconia. Begins appointment as Charles Eliot Norton Professor of Poetry at Harvard University. A Further Range, published by Holt in May, is made a selection of the Book-of-the-Month Club.

    1937 - Wins Pulitzer Prize for A Further Range. elected to membership in the American Philosophical Society. Elinor undergoes surgery for breast cancer in early October.

    1938 - Elinor dies of heart failure in Gainesville, Florida March 20. Frost collapses and is unable to attend cremation. Resigns position at Amherst College and returns to South Shaftsbury. Asks Kathleen Morrison to marry him; she refuses. His continuing emotional instability draws attention. Morrison agrees to work for him as a paid secretary and take care of arranging lecture appearances (and will do so for the rest of Frost's life). After threatening to leave Henry Holt, the firm offers him a contract which guarantees a 20 percent royalty on all books sold and raises his monthly payment to $300.

    1939 - Awarded the Gold Medal by the national Institute of Arts and Letters in New York. Frost takes first plane trip, flying to Cuba with Paul and May Engle for short stay. Enlarged edition of Collected Poems is published by Holt in February. Accepts two-year appointment as Ralph Waldo Emerson Fellow in Poetry at Harvard in May. Designates Lawrence Thompson as his "official" biographer on condition that the biography only appear after his death. Suffers painful attack of acidosis in December.

    1940 - Undergoes surgery for hemorrhoids. Health improves and purchases five acres of land in South Miami. Tries to talk his son, whose long-standing depression and suspiciousness have become more acute since Elinor's death, out of his suicidal thoughts. Returns to Boston thinking crisis is over and is horrified when Carol commits suicide with a deer-hunting rifle on October 9. Returns to South Shaftsbury immediately to make funeral arrangements and to be with Carol's son Prescott, who had discovered the body. Frost writes to Untermeyer: "I took the wrong way with him. I tried many ways and every single on of them was wrong."

    1941 - Moves in March to Cambridge (will continue to live there for the remainder of his life, spending summers at Noble Farm, and winters in South Miami).

    1942 - A Winter Tree, dedicated to Kathleen Morrison is published by Holt in April; sales reach 10,000 copies within two months.

    1943 - Awarded Pulitzer Prize for A Witness Tree, becoming the first person to receive the Prize four times. Accepts appointment at Dartmouth College as George Ticknor Fellow in Humanities, with $2,500 stipend and $500 for expenses. Hospitalized in December with serious case of pneumonia.

    1945 - A Masque of Reason is published by Holt in March.

    1946 - Daughter Irma's mental condition deteriorates.

    1947 - Receives his 17th honorary degree in March, from Berkeley. Steeple Bush published by Holt in May. Suffers pains in his and arms after reading critical review in Time. Frost has Irma, whose condition has deteriorated, to the state mental hospital in Concord, New Hampshire. A Masque of Mercy is published by Holt in September.

    1948 - Despite enjoying work at Dartmouth, feels close to Amherst and accepts offer to return there as Simpson Lecturer in Literature with a salary of $3,500, a position he will hold until his death).

    1949 - Angered by award of Bollingen Prize to Ezra Pound, now confined to a mental hospital and under indictment for treason for his radio broadcasts from Italy during WW II. Complete Poems of Robert Frost 1949 is published in May.

    1950 - US Senate adopts resolution honoring Frost on his 75th birthday (actually his 76th). Begins friendship with Connery Lathem, who will become a posthumous editor of Frost's work.

    1951 - Due to worsening eyesight, now often recites poems from memory. Has cancerous lesion removed from upper right side of his face.

    1953 - Awarded the Fellowship of the Academy of American Poets, with a stipend of $5,000 in march. Undergoes surgery in late December for a recurrence of facial skin cancer.

    1954 - Invited to the White House by his friend Sherman Adams, who is now serving as chief of staff to President Eisenhower. Having learned he was born in 1874, celebrates his 80th birthday. Holt publishes Aforesaid, a new selection of his poems, in a limited edition of 650 copies. Serves as a delegate to the World Congress of Writers held in Sao, Paulo, August 4-19.

    1955-66 - Vermont state legislature names mountain in Ripton after Frost. Has patchwork quilts made from 26 academic hoods he has received along with honorary degrees.

    1957 - Frost, T.S. Eliot and Ernest Hemingway sign letter, drafted by Archibald MacLeish, asking Attorney General Herbert Brownell to drop the treason indictment against Ezra Pound. Becomes on the third American to receive honorary Litt.D. Degrees by Oxford and Cambridge. While touring England, meets W.H. Auden, E.M. Forster, and Graham Greene. Becomes actively involved in effort to free Ezra Pound.

    1958 - Invited by President Eisenhower to the White House in February. Drafts statement in support of Pound's release for use at court hearing in April that ends with the dismissal of the indictment (Pound is discharged from federal mental hospital in May). Frost is appointed that same month to be Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress. Receives Emerson-Thoreau Medal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; delivers address "On Emerson."

    1959 - Predicts in March that John F. Kennedy will win the 1960 presidential election. Appointed to three-year term as Honorary Consultant in the Humanities at the Library of Congress.

    1960 - Testifies before Senate subcommittee in favor of a bill to establish a National Academy of Culture. Congress passes bill awarding Frost a gold medal in recognition of his poetry. Pleased when Kennedy invites him to take part in inaugural ceremonies.

    1961 - Writes new poem for inauguration, but is unable to read it in glare of bright sunlight and recites only "The Gift Outright." Travels to Israel and Greece to lecture. Vermont state legislature names Frost "Poet Laureate of Vermont."

    1962 - Fall seriously ill with pneumonia and is hospitalized in South Miami in February. In the Clearing published by Holt in March. In late August, travels to the Soviet Union as a part of a cultural exchange program at the invitation of President Kennedy. exhausted and ill, Frost is too weak to leave his guest house and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev comes to visit him; they talk for 90 minutes. Returns to America, still suffering from exhaustion and tells press on arrival that Khrushchev "said we were too liberal to fight," causing a controversy that strains friendship with Kennedy. Learns that an anonymous donor has given $3.5 million for construction of The Robert Frost Library at Amherst. Admits in October, during Cuban Missile crisis that Khrushchev had not said the words he had attributed to him. Undergoes prostrate operation in December. Doctors find cancer in his prostate and bladder. Suffers pulmonary embolism on December 23.

    1963 - Awarded the Bollingen Prize for Poetry. Suffers another embolism on January 7. Dies shortly after midnight on January 29. Private memorial service for friends and family is held in Appleton Chapel in Harvard yard, and public service is held at Johnson Chapel, Amherst College. Ashes are interred in the Frost family plot in Old Bennington, Vermont.

    Robert Frost was a great poet. Here is a brief summary of his life. Robert Frost was born on March 26, 1874 in San Francisco, California. When Frost was two years old, his mother fled to Lawrence, Massachusetts, to get away from her husband, who was a drunkard. She stayed there until her second baby was born, Jeannie, Robert's sister. Then they went back to San Francisco on a train. A few years later, Robert's father died, so they took the body to Lawrence to be buried in the family cemetery. By the time he was 11, Robert Frost had crossed the U.S. three times.

    After this rough beginning, Robert went on to become a great poet. He married Elinor White and had 2 kids. Robert never in truth had any jobs, except being a poet, but he published many poems in his lifetime. Some of them are: The Road not Taken, The Raft of Flowers, The Pasture, and others. Robert also won four Pultizer awards and read The Gift Outright at the inauguration of John. F. Kennedy. He died on January 29, 1963 of a heart attack. He was 88 years old.

    Stopping By Woods On A Snowy Evening

    Whose woods these are I think I know.

    His house is in the village though;

    He will not see me stopping here

    To watch his woods fill up with snow.

    My little horse must think it queer

    To stop without a farmhouse near

    Between the woods and frozen lake

    The darkest evening of the year.

    He gives his harness bells a shake

    To ask if there is some mistake.

    The only other sound's the sweep

    Of easy wind and downy flake.

    The woods are lovely, dark and deep.

    But I have promises to keep,

    And miles to go before I sleep,

    And miles to go before I sleep.

    The poem of Frost's that I like best is Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening because it is a peaceful poem. It makes me feel relaxed when I read the lines: "The only other sounds the sweep of easy wind and downy flake." Frost also uses alliteration and repetition in his poems. The rhyme scheme he uses is a-a-b-a

    HOPE I HELPED

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