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how many orangutans in the world?

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    Orangutan

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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    This article is about the primate. For the chess opening, see Sokolsky Opening.

    ?Orangutans[1]

    Conservation status: Endangered

    圖片參考:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thum...

    Scientific classification

    Kingdom:

    Animalia

    Phylum:

    Chordata

    Class:

    Mammalia

    Order:

    Primates

    Family:

    Hominidae

    Subfamily:

    Ponginae

    Elliot, 1912

    Genus:

    Pongo

    Lacépède, 1799

    Type Species

    Simia pygmaeus

    Linnaeus, 1760

    圖片參考:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thum...

    Orangutan distribution

    Species

    Pongo pygmaeus

    Pongo abelii

    The orangutans are two species of great apes with long arms and reddish, sometimes brown, hair native to Indonesia and Malaysia . They are the only extant species in the genus Pongo and the subfamily Ponginae, although that subfamily also includes the extinct Gigantopithecus and Sivapithecus genera. The orangutan is an official state animal of Sabah in Malaysia. Their name derives from the Malay and Indonesian phrase orang hutan meaning "person of the forest".[2][3]

    Orangutans are the most arboreal of the great apes, spending nearly all of their time in the trees, making a new nest in the trees every night. They are only found in rainforests on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra, even though fossils have been found in Java, Vietnam and China. Adult males are about 4.5 ft (1.4 m) tall and up to 180 lb (82 kg) in weight.

    Contents[hide]

    1 Conservation status

    2 Behaviour

    3 Terminology

    4 Species

    5 In popular culture

    6 See also

    7 References

    8 External links

    8.1 General Information

    8.2 Orangutan protection

    8.2.1 In Borneo

    8.2.2 In Sumatra

    8.3 Photos and video

    [edit] Conservation status

    The Borneo species of orangutans are highly endangered and the Sumatran species is critically endangered according to the IUCN Red List of Mammals and both are listed on Appendix I of CITES. The Borneo population is about 50,000 in the wild, while the Sumatran species is 7,000 to 7500 individuals. Orangutan habitat destruction due to logging, mining and forest fires has been increasing rapidly in the last decade. Much of this activity is illegal, occurring in national parks that are officially off limits to loggers, miners and plantation development. There is also a major problem with the illegal trapping of baby orangutans for sale into the pet trade; the trappers usually kill the mother to steal the baby. Major conservation centres in Indonesia include those at Tanjung Puting in Central Kalimantan, Kutai in East Kalimantan, Gunung Palung in West Kalimantan, and Gunung Leuser in Aceh and North Sumatera. In Malaysia, conservation areas include Semenggok in Sarawak, and Sepilok near Sandakan in Sabah.

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