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Anonymous asked in Science & MathematicsGeography · 1 decade ago

What do you know about Kazakhstan?

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  • 1 decade ago
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    Kazakhstan or Kazakstan (kä'zäkstän') , officially Republic of Kazakhstan, republic (2005 est. pop. 15,186,000), c.1,050,000 sq mi (2,719,500 sq km), central Asia. It borders on Siberian Russia in the north, China in the east, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan in the south, and the Caspian Sea and European Russia in the west. Astana is the capital and Almaty (Alma-Ata) is the largest city. Other major cities include Shymkent, Semey, Aqtöbe, and Öskemen.

    Land and People

    Kazakhstan consists of a vast flatland, bordered by a high mountain belt in the southeast. It extends nearly 2,000 mi (3,200 km) from the lower Volga and the Caspian Sea in the west to the Altai Mts. in the east. It is largely lowland in the north and west (W Siberian, Caspian, and Turan lowlands), hilly in the center (Kazakh Hills), and mountainous in the south and east (Tian Shan and Altai ranges). Kazakhstan is a region of inland drainage; the Syr Darya, the Ili, the Chu, and other rivers drain into the Aral Sea and Lake Balkash. Most of the region is desert or has limited and irregular rainfall.

    The population of Kazakhstan consists mainly of Muslim Kazakhs (more than 45% of the population) and Russians (some 35%, many of whom belong to the Russian Orthodox Church); there are smaller minorities of Ukrainians, Germans, Uzbeks, and Tatars. Kazakh, a Turkic language, is the official tongue, but Russian is still widely used. There is considerable friction between the now dominant Kazakhs and the formerly favored ethnic Russians, who continue to emigrate in large numbers. Almaty is the site of Kazakhstan Univ. (founded 1934) and the Kazakh Academy of Sciences (founded 1946).

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Humans have inhabited what is now known as Kazakhstan since the Stone Age, generally pursuing the nomadic movement pastoralism for which the region's climate and terrain are best suited. In fact, historians believe the vast steppes of modern day Kazakhstan were where humans first domesticated the horse. From the 4th century through the beginning of the 7th century, southern parts of the territory of what is now Kazakhstan were a part of and ruled by the Persian Empire, and after the invasion of Persia by Arabs, ruled by a few nomadic kingdoms [2]. Following the Mongolian invasion in the early 13th century, administrative districts were established under the Mongol Empire, which eventually became the territories of the Kazakh Khanate (Ak Horde). The major medieval cities of Aulie-Ata and Turkestan were founded along the northern route of the Great Silk Road during this period.

    Traditional nomadic life on the vast steppe and semi-desert lands was characterized by a constant search for new pasture to support the livestock-based economy. The Kazakhs emerged from a mixture of tribes living in the region in about the 15th century and by the middle of the 16th century had developed a common language, culture, and economy. In the early 1600s, the Kazakh Khanate separated into the Great, Middle and Little (or Small) Hordes (jüz)—confederations based on extended family networks. Political disunion, competition among the hordes, and a lack of an internal market weakened the Kazakh Khanate. The beginning of the 18th century marked the zenith of the Kazakh Khanate. The area was a bone of contention between the Kazak emirs and the Persian Kings for many centuries.

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  • 1 decade ago

    Well, I've been to Almaty twice. I was pretty amazed to see mountains which are about 20,000 feet tall next to this city. There are earthquakes in Kazakhstan, which destroyed Almaty about 80-100 years ago. There was a large lake in the mountains above the city, and when the earthqake came, it reverberated like a drum and all that water came down and destroyed the city.

    I also stayed for a few days at a former Communist resort in Medeo, which is up in the hills above Almaty, and figure skaters train there.

    The Kazakh people are Turkic people, and the Kazakh language is similar to Tatar, Uzbek and other Turkic languages. Some of the women are very beautiful and look Japanese, and many people there look extremely similar to our Native Americans.

    Good places to go in Almaty include the public bath and the bazaar. People eat horsemeat there and something called "koumis", which is fermented mare's milk.

    There are a lot or Russians in Kazakhstan and generally they think they are superior to Kazakhs and "civilized them", but Kazakhs and other Turkic people had a lot of culture, language, medicine, literature and art more than a thousand years ago, while Russians at that time had no idea what was a toilet. So, as you might guess, Kazakhs are often laughing behind the Russian's backs.

    I think Kazakhstan was the last place inside the Soviet Union to be colonized and conquored. They did not yield easily, but the Soviets enslaved them, took away their culture, their history, their alphabet and their religion (Islam). They destroyed the peoples' identity and sustainability and enforced the development of a mono-culture - cotton agriculture in this case, as they did in other Soviet provinces and autonomous regions. They also set up a nuclear test site there called Semipalatinsk. People who lived in neighboring villages were given a bottle of vodka and told to go into their houses when the above-ground tests were held. The damage to people and their genes was horrendous, and I doubt very many people got any treatment or compensation.

    Kazakhstan is a very beautiful country, but poor and the people are friendly. Marijuana grows wild in the streets of Almaty and on the steppe. I would recommend going there if you are a flexible and curious person who is not arrogant. Be careful when travelling out of the city of Almaty, and make sure you have a proper guide and obey the local laws and customs.

    Ooops Cotton is the major mono-culture of neighboring Uzbekistan.

    One more historical note, in case anyone forgot to mention it> The Soviet government rounded up huge numbers of minorities and deported them to Kazakhstan (not just Siberia). For that reason, Kazakhstan had large German, Jewish and other minority populations. Practically the entire population of Kaliningrad Oblast was runded up and moved.

    I plan to go see Borat's movie, but I can tell you now that Kazakh women never have hair on their backs. They are often VERY Asian looking, and have little hair on their arms.

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  • 1 decade ago

    Kazakhstan, also spelled Kazakstan, (Kazakh: Қазақстан, Qazaqstan, IPA [qɑzɑqˈstɑn]; Russian: Казахстан, Kazakhstán, IPA [kəzʌxˈstan]), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a country that stretches over a vast expanse of northern and central Eurasia. A small portion of its territory west of the Ural River is located in eastern-most Europe. It has borders with Russia, the People's Republic of China, and the Central Asian countries Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, and has a coastline on the Caspian Sea. Kazakhstan was a republic of the former Soviet Union and is now a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

    It is the ninth-largest country in the world by area, but it is only 62nd country in population, with approximately 6 persons per km² (15 per sq. mi.). Population in 2006 is estimated at 15,300,000, down from 16,464,464 in 1989. [1] Much of the country's land consists of semi-desert (steppe) terrain.

    You could get more information from the link below...

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  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    9th Biggest country in the world

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    Lv 4
    1 decade ago

    there's this comedian from kazakhstan (i'm not sure but i think his name is borat) who seems to create attention because of the negative portrayals he has been showing about kazakhstan, or something like that, i am just not sure. i just find him quite odd as he french kissed his sister, who according to him, is the 4th best prostitute in kazakhstan. anyways, the reporter says that people are now anti-borat.

    apart from that, and the fact that it is near russia, i don't know anything about it.

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  • 1 decade ago

    This is all I know about Kazakhstan..hope I've helped you through this...

    Kazakhstan lies in the north of the central Asian republics and is bounded by Russia in the north, China in the east, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan in the south, and the Caspian Sea and part of Turkmenistan in the west. It has almost 1,177 mi (1,894 km) of coastline on the Caspian Sea. Kazakhstan is slightly more than twice the size of Texas. The territory is mostly steppe land with hilly plains and plateaus.

    The indigenous Kazakhs were a nomadic Turkic people who belonged to several divisions of Kazakh hordes. They grouped together in settlements and lived in dome-shaped tents made of felt called yurts. Their tribes migrated seasonally to find pastures for their herds of sheep, horses, and goats. Although they had chiefs, the Kazakhs were rarely united as a single nation under one great leader. Their tribes fell under Mongol rule in the 13th century and they were dominated by Tartar khanates until the area was conquered by Russia in the 18th century.

    The area became part of the Kirgiz Autonomous Republic formed by the Soviet authorities in 1920, and in 1925 this entity's name was changed to the Kazakh Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Kazakh ASSR). After 1927, the Soviet government began forcing the nomadic Kazakhs to settle on collective and state farms, and the Soviets continued the czarist policy of encouraging large numbers of Russians and other Slavs to settle in the region.

    Owing to the region's intensive agricultural development and its use as a testing ground for nuclear weapons by the Soviet government, serious environmental problems developed by the late 20th century. Along with the other central Asian republics, Kazakhstan obtained its independence from the collapsing Soviet Union in 1991. Kazakhstan proclaimed its membership in the Commonwealth of Independent States on Dec. 21, 1991, along with ten other former Soviet republics. In 1993, the country overwhelmingly approved the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. President Nursultan Nazarbayev restructured and consolidated many operations of the government in 1997, eliminating a third of the government ministries and agencies. In 1997, the national capital was changed from Almaty, the largest city, to Astana (formerly Aqmola).

    In Jan. 1999, Nazarbayev was sworn into office for another seven years, although the election was widely criticized when an opposition leader was disqualified on a technicality. Despite his authoritarianism, Nazarbayev, who has ruled Kazakhstan since 1989 (when it was still part of the Soviet Union), is a widely popular leader. Kazakhstan has the potential for becoming one of central Asia's richest countries because of its huge mineral and oil resources and its liberalized economy, which encourages Western investment. In 2000, oil was discovered in Kazakhstan's portion of the Caspian Sea. It is believed to be the largest oil find in 30 years. In March 2001, a pipeline opened to transport oil from the Tengiz fields to the Russian Black Sea port of Novorossiysk. In 2004, Kazakhstan signed a deal allowing China to build an oil pipeline to the Chinese border.

    But as its economic outlook blossoms, Kazakhstan's scarce democratic principles continue to wither. In the past several years, the president has harassed the independent media, arrested opposition leaders, and passed a law making it virtually impossible for new political parties to form. In Dec. 2005, President Nazarbayev was reelected with 91% of the vote.

    If you want to know more,just follow the hyperlink below...

    Source(s): www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107674.html
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  • 6 years ago

    Its one of the worst places for tourism or living. Getting cheated is part of life there :(

    Source(s): Been there for 3 years
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  • 1 decade ago

    It's where the star in the film "The terminal"[ think it was called],

    Tom Hanks was supposed to be from.Somewhere in the Ukraine.

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  • 1 decade ago

    not much. though I think its part of the puzzle in the war on terror. these former soviet republics are dysfunctional and are ripe for terrorist to take a foothold in.

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