sncc356 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

有人可以幫忙我這篇原文嗎?求助~”~

請大家幫忙,剩下我沒交了 >"<

to support costly command and control environmental regulations that

have little to do with

improving air quality but much to do with protecting employment of coal

miners and preserving

rents for particular firms, the political agent must speak as an

environmentalist. with success

, the politician serves competing special interest groups-those that

presume to speak for consumers

and others who quietly but effectively obtain restrictions on

competitors' and others who quietly

but effectively obtain restrictions on competitors' output. we are

reminded of Adam Smith's advice

about the dealers: 'the proposal of a new law (from the dealers) ought

never to be adopted till

after having been carefully considered.' the new theories argue that

producer interests will be

served, but not totally at the expense of comsumer interests. the

theories also suggest that

ploitical services in ways that cause the quantity demanded always to

exceed the quantity supplied.

excess demand for political favors became part and parcel to the

increased rate of production of

special interest legislation and regulation in the 1970s. the resulting

increase in contracts between

politicians and economic agents generated more data for analysis by

those who created the new political

economy. how excess demand was managed was important to the emerging

body of research findings.

today's extensive literature on rent-seeking or the special interest

theory of government includes

substantial empirical support for the revived theories of political

behavior. when coupled with

historical data that reaches across centuries the combined evidence

tells us that market forces

recognize no social boundaries. just as Say told us, the arena for

votes and political favors

are traded in a market that facilitates political entry and exit.

1 Answer

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    Lv 5
    1 decade ago
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    對支持昂貴命令並且控制環境規章那

    與有關

    改進空氣質量,但是非常處理保護煤的雇用

    礦工和保護

    特別的公司的租金,政治代理人必須作為A講話

    環境學家。 由於成功

    ,政治家提供競爭專業組那些那

    推測為消費者講話

    並且其它人誰安靜但是有效獲得對的限制

    競爭者和其它人誰安靜

    但是有效地獲得對競爭者的生產的限制。 我們是

    提醒亞當‧史密斯的建議

    關於那些經銷商︰ '一條新法律的提議(從那些經銷商那裡)應該

    決不被採用直到

    在已經被仔細考慮之后。 '新理論辯論那

    生產者興趣將是

    服務于,但不是全部以comsumer作為代價使感興趣。

    理論也建議那

    用引起數量的模式的ploitical 服務總是要求

    超過提供的數量。

    超額需求適合政治支持變得重要部分對

    增加產量的比率

    在20世紀70年代的特別的興趣法律和規章。 導致

    在合約裡增加在之間

    政治家和經濟代理人產生分析的更多的數據透過

    建立新政治的那些人

    經濟。 超額需求怎樣被管理,這對出現重要

    研究成果的主體部份。

    關於尋找租金或者特別的利息的今天的廣泛的文學

    政府的理論包括

    實際的經驗的對政治的被復活的理論的支持

    行為。 什麼時候加上

    穿過世紀達到被結合的證據的歷史數據

    告訴我們那市場力

    沒有認出社會邊界。 正象說告訴的我們,領域一樣

    投票和政治支持

    被在使政治進入和退場門變得容易的一個市場買賣。

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