? asked in 科學及數學生物學 · 1 decade ago

Science

The importance of the development of the microscope on the development of Science 係乜呢 ?

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  • ?
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    1 decade ago
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    The development of the conventional microscope at the end of the 16th century would lead to a great step forward for science, particularly in biology and medicine. In the beginning though, the microscope was mainly a toy in rich homes. But many important discoveries followed. The first scientific results based on microscopy dealt with the circulating blood system and changed our view of the human body. Scientists have also discovered and explored lifes own building block – the cell. Different types of bacteria and the following struggle against diseases, as well as studies of different materials and their qualities are other valuable results.

    Through ingenious inventions, the limit of what scientists could reveal from the hidden expanded continuously during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Finally, at the end of the nineteenth century physical limits in the form of the wavelength of light stopped the quest to see further into the microcosmos. With the theories of quantum physics, new possibilities appeared – the electron with its extremely short wavelength could be used as - light-source in microscopes with unprecedented resolution. The first prototype of the electron microscope was constructed around 1930. In the following decades, smaller and smaller things could be studied. Viruses were identified and with magnifications up to one million, even atoms finally became visible.

    Since photography has developed hand in hand with different techniques of microscopy, the public has been able to follow close in the footsteps of scientists. Pictures of cell division, nerves that make up the brain and single atoms have changed our view of the human body and nature itself. Even today our ability to lurk into nature increases further, owing to new techniques of microscopy for studying delicate processes within the cell or the building of materials atom by atom with nanotechnology.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    常規顯微鏡的發展在第16 世紀末將特別是在生物學和醫學導致一向前的巨大台階適合科學。 可是在開始過程中,顯微鏡主要是在富有的家裡的一個玩具。但是很多重要的發現跟隨。基於顯微術的第一個科學結果涉及循環的血體制並且改變我們的人體的意見。科學家也已經發現並且探索生活給組成部分小屋。 以及不同的材料和他們的品性的研究是其他有價值的結果,細菌的不同的類型和下列反對疾病的鬥爭。

    透過機敏的發明,科學家能從在第17 和第18 世紀期間連續擴大的隱藏顯示的限制。 最後,在第19 個世紀物理限制末以光的波長的形式停下來尋求更遠看見進microcosmos。因為量物理學,新可能性的理論出現與它的強烈短的波長一起的電子能被用作 - 在用空前的決定的顯微鏡裡的光源。電子顯微鏡的第一個原型在1930年左右被建造。 在下列幾十年,越來越小的事情可能被研究。病毒被鑑定,用放大多達100萬,即使原子最後變得可見。

    攝影與顯微術的不同技術一起發展手拉手,公眾能遵循逼近科學家的腳步。 頭和單個的原子已經換我們的人體和本性本身的圖的補足的細胞分裂,神經的照片。即使今天我們的才能進自然潛伏增加更進一步,, 對顯微術的新技術為用納米技術一個原子接一個原子研究在小屋或者材料的建造內的精美的過程。

    2006-10-30 17:35:49 補充:

    希望你會睇得明

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