幫我翻譯~有關航空的一小段文章

In some countries, the shortage of trained pilots or engineers has forced the home airlines to employ expatriate cockpit crews, engineers or even in some cases cabin staff. Where this is the case, labour costs are pushed up significantly, not only because of the need to pay higher wages to attract foreign staff, but also because of the need to cover additional costs such as housing, schooling and so on. This explains in part why labour costs as a proportion of total costs at Cathay Pacific are so high when compared with other East Asian carriers.

In addition to basic salaries and overtime payment, airlines in most countries may also be required to contribute to their employees’ pension schemes, and/or to the state’s social security funds. They may also have to pay other employee related charges such as payroll taxes. All these charges raise the cost of labour to levels that are well above the cost of salaries and wages alone. Moreover, such social charges may very significantly between neighbouring countries. This is nowhere more evident than in European where airlines not only pay, as we have seen, different wages but must also meet widely varying social charges. In 2002 social charge among European airlines tended to be lowest in absolute terms among airlines of Central Europe, such as LOT and Czech Airlines, where the annual charges totalled less than $4100 per employee.

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  • T40
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    在某些國家,由於飛行機師,維修飛機的工程人員,都很缺乏,使得本國的航空公司不得不雇用外籍的機員以及維修工程師,甚至還有些雇用外籍空服人員的。在這樣的情況下,人事的成本大為提高。因為得支付較高的薪資以吸引外籍工作人員,同時也得支付因之而來有關宿舍及教育的成本等。這是為什麼國泰航空的人事成本佔全部營運成本較其他東亞的航空公司要高的部分原因。除了基本薪資,加班費之外,大部分國家的航空公司還得支付雇員的部分退休金,或是各該國內的社福基金。他們可能也得負擔其他有關雇員的費用,諸如向公司徵收的薪資所得稅等。所有這些費用計入,人事費用其實遠高於單單計算薪資成本而已。更有甚者,這些社福有關的支出差距甚大,就算緊鄰的兩國,社福有關費用可能天差地遠。在歐洲,這個現象最為明顯。我們都已知道,歐洲各國航空公司所支付的員工薪資已大不相同。他們所支付的社福有關費用差距更大。在2002年,以絕對幣值而言,中歐的航空公司,像是LOT和Czech Airlines,所支付的社福有關費用,是歐洲的航空公司裡最低的。每人每年的社福有關成本總和,也接近美金4,100元。。

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  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    >這家不錯 lv333。cC買幾次啦真的一樣

    呗亐

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  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    >這家不錯*****買幾次啦真的一樣

    功减

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  • 6 years ago

    >這家不錯*****買幾次啦真的一樣

    唢卝

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  • 1 decade ago

    不好意思~你是直接用翻的吧!?

    這個無法採用><

    2006-10-28 15:03:30 補充:

    我太慢來用了><

    T40~謝謝你

    對不起喔

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  • 1 decade ago

    在一些國家, 短缺訓練的飛行員或工程師迫使家庭航空公司雇用移居國外的駕駛艙內的人員、工程師甚至在某些情況下客艙服務員。那裡這是實際情形, 人工成本顯著被推擠, 不僅由於需要支付更高的薪水吸引外國職員, 而且由於需要報道另外的費用譬如住房, 教育等等。這解釋一部分為什麼人工成本作為總成本的比例在法國黃太平洋是很高的與其它東亞載體比較。除基本的薪金和超時付款之外, 航空公司在多數國家也許並且必需對狀態的社會保險資金貢獻對他們的雇員的養老金計劃,

    並且/或者。他們也許並且必須支付其它雇員相關的充電譬如工資稅。所有這些充電提高勞動成本對是很好在薪金和薪水之上的費用單獨的水平。而且, 這樣社會負擔費用非常極大可以在鄰國之間。這無處顯然的比用航空公司支付的歐洲人, 如同我們看見了, 不同的薪水但不僅必須並且遇見廣泛變化的社會負擔費用。在2002 社會負擔費用在歐洲航空公司之中傾向於是最降低用常數項在中歐之中航空公司, 譬如全部和捷克航空公司, 年鑒充電共計少於$4100 每雇員。

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