畹琪 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文文章英翻中,救急,.........20點

The most important rule is that all literature cited in the text must be identified easily by the reader from the bibliography in a from that makes its acquisition possible.

There are several conventions covering the layout of the bibliography which have generally been simplified over the last few years. It used to be common to have separate sections for books, periodicals and papers but now one alphabetical list is preferred based on the author’s surnames. If a work has joint authors, the first named one is used. If more than one work by the same author is cited they appear in date order and if they were published in the same year suffixes a, b….are used. If the literature has an `originator’ rather than an author, for example, Department for Education, use that on the left-hand side.

The recommended method is a slight variant of the Harvard system. The author’s surname and date of publication, in brackets, are placed offset to the of the page. If the book has editors rather than authors add (ed) or (eds) after the final name. In the case of multiple authors the abbreviation ed al, meaning `and others’, is acceptable after the first name. Nothing else goes on the left.

On the right hand side, in order, place:

3 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
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    英文:

    The most important rule is that all literature cited in the text must be identified easily by the reader from the bibliography in a from that makes its acquisition possible.

    There are several conventions covering the layout of the bibliography which have generally been simplified over the last few years. It used to be common to have separate sections for books, periodicals and papers but now one alphabetical list is preferred based on the author’s surnames. If a work has joint authors, the first named one is used. If more than one work by the same author is cited they appear in date order and if they were published in the same year suffixes a, b….are used. If the literature has an `originator’ rather than an author, for example, Department for Education, use that on the left-hand side.

    The recommended method is a slight variant of the Harvard system. The author’s surname and date of publication, in brackets, are placed offset to the of the page. If the book has editors rather than authors add (ed) or (eds) after the final name. In the case of multiple authors the abbreviation ed al, meaning `and others’, is acceptable after the first name. Nothing else goes on the left.

    On the right hand side, in order, place:

    中文:

    最重要的規章是在正文裡引用的全部文學必須從書目被讀者容易鑑定, 在來自那的A裡使它的獲得可能。

    有幾次大會包括一般前幾年被簡化的書目的佈局。 有常常普通分開給書,期刊和文件的部分現下,一字母表更喜歡基于author s姓。 如果一件工作有共同作者,第1 命名的一被使用。 一工作以相同作者不止引用他們在日期出現如果預訂和他們發表同年后綴A如果, 使用的b K.are。 那些文學有一' originator 而不是作者,例如,給教育部門,在那些左邊上使用那。

    被向推薦的方法是哈佛系統的輕微的變型。 姓那些author s和日期的出版的,在方括號內,被安置補償對那些頁的。 書有編輯如果而不是作者增加(ed)或者(eds)在最後名字之后。 就多名作者而論縮寫ed al,意思'以及others ,在名字之后可接受。 不是別的在左邊去。

    在右邊上,妥善,訂購︰

  • 1 decade ago

    目錄學上最重要的規則是所有的正文文獻引用一定要讓讀者易於辨識如此一來才可使這些東西比較有可能被取得運用.

    在很多會議中已說明目錄學的編排方式在這幾年已經被簡化了.一本書被分成很多章節已經愈來愈普遍了,如今期刊和報告的目錄已按作者的姓氏字母做為編列順序.如果一個作品被另一個作家所引用,通常都習慣第一個列名的會被使用,如果同一個作家引述超過一個人的著作則會依日期(出版)的先後來排定又如果這些著作都在同一年出版則習慣在後面加上a,b...如果一部作品有"創作者"而非作家,如教育部,則會被被編排至左手邊.

    一般推薦的方法是用改編過一點點的哈佛系統.將作者的姓氏和出版日期括號,然後印在書的內頁.若這本書有編者而非作者則在最後一個名字後再加上(ed)或(eds).如果有很多作者的縮寫,則表示"還有其他人",這些被排在姓氏後面是可被接受的.左邊就不會再編排些什麼了.

    在右邊的部份,照順序,位置:

    - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

    翻的不好請大家指點,謝謝 !!

    Source(s): 字典和阿曼曼的頭腦打架的結果 >< ..
  • 1 decade ago

    只要比較一下發問的時間和回答的時間,就知道是100%「翻譯軟體」的傑作了。

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