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The Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania defines the legal foundation for all laws passed in the Republic of Lithuania. It was approved in a referendum on October 25, 1992.
Lithuania's first constitution was adopted on May 3, 1791 in an effort to reform the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, consisting of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Kingdom of Poland. It is claimed to be the second oldest constitution in the world. However, it was short-lived and never really went into power. The Third Partitions of Poland took place in 1795 and the commonwealth ceased to exist when Lithuania became part of the Russian Empire.
After World War I, Lithuania declared independence on February 16, 1918. Three separate draft constitutions were presented on November 2, 1918, March 4, 1919 and June 10, 1920. The Constituent Assembly (Steigiamasis Seimas) did not adopt a constitution until August 1, 1922. It resembled modern Western European constitutions. In 1928 and 1938 new constitutions were adopted to reflect the authoritarian leadership of Antanas Smetona.