konhei asked in 社會科學心理學 · 1 decade ago

clinical psychologist and psychiatrist

what is the difference between those two?

1 Answer

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  • cyril
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Clinical Psychologists

    Clinical psychology is the application of psychology to troublesome mental distress in a health and social care context. Clinical Psychologists assess mental health problems; conduct and use scientific research to understand mental health problems; develop, provide and evaluate psychological care and interventions (psychotherapy). In America, they normally hold a Ph.D. or a Psy.D. graduate degree, and often have postgraduate work experience. The term was introduced in a 1907 paper by the American psychologist Lightner Witmer (1867-1956), who specifically defined it as the study of individuals, by observation or experimentation, with the intention of promoting change. The American Psychological Association offers a more modern definition of Clinical Psychology

    Psychiatrist

    Psychiatry is a medical specialty dealing with the prevention, assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of mental illness – both in itself and in bodily illness ('psychiatry in medicine') – such as clinical depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and anxiety disorders. Its primary goal is the relief of mental suffering and improvement of mental well-being. This is sometimes done by first doing a thorough diagnostic assessment of the person from a biological, psychological, and social/cultural perspective. An illness or problem can then be managed by medication or various forms of psychotherapy. The word 'psychiatry' derives from the Greek for "healer of the spirit".

    Source(s): Wikipedia
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