Yahoo Answers is shutting down on May 4th, 2021 (Eastern Time) and beginning April 20th, 2021 (Eastern Time) the Yahoo Answers website will be in read-only mode. There will be no changes to other Yahoo properties or services, or your Yahoo account. You can find more information about the Yahoo Answers shutdown and how to download your data on this help page.

請高手幫幫忙,翻成英文

一、傳說故事  

有關元宵節的起源,認為是漢代宮廷的一種祭典演變而來;另一種是源自民間的「三元節」,舊俗以農曆正月十五日為「上元」即天官大帝的生日,而農曆七月十五日為「中元」即地官大帝的生日,而農曆十月十五日為「下元」即水官大帝的生日,而這三元中又以「上元」最熱鬧也最受重視。 

  正月十五是元宵節,又稱上元,元夕或燈節,是民間多彩多姿的節日,也是春節最後的一天,自此以後一切恢復常態,所以民間熱烈慶祝,故有小過年之稱。

二、相關習俗

元宵節是個熱鬧的節慶,活動很多舉其重要者如下:

(一)上元祈福

民間將自然界分成三界,即天界、地界和水界,並予人格化。因此稱為天官、地官和水官合稱三官大帝。正月十五上元為天官大帝生日。天官的主責是賜福,所以,民間在清晨備牲醴祭拜天官大帝,祈求賜福,信徒中以漳籍移民最為虔誠。

(二)元宵祭祖

上元節吃元宵可能始自宋代,不過當時稱做「浮圓子」,到明朝才改稱「元宵」每家做元宵、煮元宵。古時為年頭佳兆,吃湯圓以象徵家福。元宵煮好後先敬祖先,然後闔家團聚,吃元宵,已是團圓幸福。

(三)迎花燈

  元宵節又稱燈節,所以花燈是元宵節的中心活動。民間稱花燈為「鼓子燈」,因為過去小朋友所提的燈型似鼓鑼。元宵花燈種類很多,如寺廟的綵燈、店舖的走馬燈及兒童的鼓仔燈等。式樣種類很多,基本上可分為兩類:一是形象燈如關刀燈、兔燈、水果燈、半燈等;另一是活動燈,是根據民間故事編製,現在多為電動花燈,如狀元遊街、八仙賀壽、桃園結義等表現忠孝節義的民族道統。臺北市每年元宵節在各寺廟都舉辦花燈競賽,如龍山寺、祖師廟、青山宮、保安宮、關渡宮和松山慈佑宮,展出各式各樣、多彩多姿的花燈。

(四)猜燈謎

以往燈謎都在寺廟裡舉行,因為寺廟乃民眾閒暇時聚集的場所,而且有花燈競賽與展示,所以從前都在花燈下榜上一個謎面,到元宵夜由廟裡相關人員主持猜燈謎,場面熱鬧而溫馨,因為可以得個獎品回家,算是小過年的吉祥兆頭。現代猜燈謎的型態有揭諸在報章、雜誌上的,有電視轉播某個寺廟的燈謎大會,也有在某些節目中穿插的燈謎,型態多樣化,可滿足民眾不同的需要。這也反應現代社會中過傳統節慶的多元型態。

(五)舞龍舞獅

全國各地在元宵節都有龍燈,龍是一種吉祥的神話動物,也是民族的圖騰。臺灣早期的龍燈,長約七、八丈,在竹鼓上貼紗,作為龍形的燈龍,在龍頭和龍身裡,點上十幾枝蠟燭,然後綁在木棒上,由十幾個人抬著走,由龍頭追逐龍珠而起舞,姿態優美,稱為「弄龍」。十五夜各地的獅陣也一起出動,稱為「弄獅」,並表現功夫,其目的在驅邪祈安,並有賀年賀節的喜慶意義。

舞龍舞獅時鑼鼓喧天,鞭炮聲不絕,更為元宵節帶來熱鬧的氣氛。

做元宵:

1.材料:糯米粉、花生醬、芝麻醬、紅豆泥、糖

2.做法:

(1)將餡加糖做成凍好,截成大骰子塊。

(2)將餡用大瓜籬盛著往水裡一沾。

(3)倒入盛有糯米粉的大篩子裡搖。

(4)待餡沾滿糯米粉後再倒回大瓜籬沾水。

(5)反覆三、四次,元宵由方而圓即可

(6)在不同餡的元宵上記號。

註:另一種做元宵的方法是將餡包在壓乾的糯米漿裡,其實這種方法和搓湯圓一樣,是中國南方的做法。

做燈籠:

燈籠的材料、做法、型式有許多種

※彩繪燈籠

1.材料:棉紙做好的燈籠

2.做法:用各種顏色(水彩、彩色筆、蠟筆)

※火把燈籠

1.材料:竹筒、棉線、煤油

2.做法:用沾好煤油的棉線纏繞在竹筒上,點火即可。

※紙燈籠

1.材料:色紙、美工刀

2.做法:用色紙摺好,切割好,奇數的向外,偶數的向內,即可完成。

※創意燈籠

1.材料:材料不拘

2.做法:只要能把握燈籠製作的原則的都可以。

(三)參觀花燈展:

可以到學校附近寺廟或台北燈會參觀

猜燈謎進行方式有:

(1)一人出題全班猜(寫)

(2)全班分組出燈謎搶答,哪一組答對最多。

(3)將燈謎貼在教室,看哪一個人答對最多。

8 Answers

Rating
  • 小劉
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    一、 The fable story

    Related festival of lanterns origin, thought is the Han Dynasty palace one kind of 祭典 evolution; Another kind is the source from the folk "three Yuan festivals", the old custom take the lunar calendar on first lunar month 15 as "上元" is the day official big emperor's birthday, but the lunar calendar on July 15 is "center the Yuan" namely the official big emperor's birthday, but the lunar calendar on October 15 is "the 15th of 10th lunar month" is Shui Kuanda emperor's birthday, but in these three Yuan also by "上元" is liveliest also most receives takes. In first lunar month 15 is the festival of lanterns, also calls 上元, 元夕 or lantern festival, is the folk 多彩多姿holiday, also is the Spring Festival final one day, from now on later all will restore the habit, therefore folk warm celebration, therefore will have 小過年 the name.

    2006-10-21 22:58:30 補充:

    二、 Related custom (1) 上元 praysThe folk divides into the nature three, namely the day, the boundary and the hydrosphere, and give the personification. Therefore is called the day official, the official and Shui Kuanho calls 三官 the big emperor. In first lunar month 15 上

    2006-10-21 22:59:37 補充:

    元 is the day official big emperor birthday. The day official's main responsibility bestows the luck, therefore, the folk prepares the domestic animal sweet wine in the early morning to offer a sacrifice to does obeisance the day official big

    2006-10-21 23:00:07 補充:

    emperor, the hope bestows the luck, in the follower is most reverent by the Zhang nationality immigration. (2) lantern festival day offers a sacrifice to the ancestor上元節 eats the lantern festival day possible beginning from Song Dynasty, at that time but the name did "浮圓子", only

    2006-10-21 23:02:47 補充:

    festival day boils first respects the ancestor, then the whole family reunites, eats the lantern festival day, already reunites happiness.

    2006-10-21 23:03:11 補充:

    (3) welcomes the decorative lantern

    Festival of lanterns calls lantern festival, therefore the decorative lantern is the festival of lanterns central activity. The folk

    2006-10-21 23:03:26 補充:

    called the decorative lantern is "the drum sub- lamp", because the past child raised the lamp resembled the drum gong. Lantern festival day the decorative lantern type very

    2006-10-21 23:03:43 補充:

    are many, like temple colored lantern, shop 舖 galloping-horse lantern and child's drum young lamp and so on. Model type very many, basically may divide into two kinds: One is the vivid lamp like Guan's broadsword lamp, the rabbit lamp, the fruit lamp, half lamp and so on; Another one is the

    2006-10-21 23:04:00 補充:

    extension light, is according to the folk tale establishment, now are many is the electrically operated decorative lantern, like the foremost person in the field parades, the Eight Immortals

    2006-10-21 23:04:16 補充:

    賀壽, takes the pledge of brotherhood and so on the performance 忠孝 festival righteousness national Confucian orthodoxy. Taibei festival of lanterns all conducts the decorative lantern competition every year in various temples, like the Mt. Longshan temple, the founder temple,

    2006-10-21 23:04:35 補充:

    the green hill palace, the security palace, the Kuantu palace and Sungshan kindly bless the palace, displays, 多彩多姿the decorative lantern all kinds of.

    2006-10-21 23:05:17 補充:

    (4) plays lantern-riddles

    The former lantern riddle all holds in the temple, because the temple is time the populace leisure gathers place, moreover has the decorative lantern competition and the demonstration, therefore the

    2006-10-21 23:05:33 補充:

    past all under the decorative lantern in the announcement a riddle, night

    was connected to the Yuan by the temple in the personnel to manage plays lantern-riddles, the scene lively and was warm, because was allowed to result in a

    2006-10-21 23:05:47 補充:

    prize to go home, was 小過年 propitious sign. The modern age plays lantern-riddles condition has uncovers various in the newspapers, the magazine, has television relay some temple the lantern riddle congress, also has the lantern riddle

    2006-10-21 23:08:04 補充:

    以下的意見也是

    2006-10-22 13:37:19 補充:

    (5) dragon dance dance lion

    Each place all has the dragon lantern in the festival of lanterns, the dragon is one kind of propitious myth animal, also is nationality's totem.

    2006-10-22 13:37:34 補充:

    Taiwan early time dragon lantern, long approximately seven, eight ten feet, pastes the gauze on the bamboo drum, took dragon shape the lamp dragon, in the main item and Long Shenli, on the spot several

    2006-10-22 13:37:46 補充:

    candles, then ties up on the wooden stick, by several personally lifts is walking, pursues the Capsicum anomalum by the main item but the dance, the posture is exquisite, is called "makes the dragon".

    2006-10-22 13:37:59 補充:

    15 nights of each place lion also together sends out, to be called "makes the lion", and the performance time, its goal is exorcising prays peacefully, and has extends

    2006-10-22 13:38:25 補充:

    new year's greetings He Chieh jubilation significance.

    When dragon dance dance lion the din of gongs and drums, the firecrackers sound 絕, more festival of lanterns does not bring the lively atmosphere.

    2006-10-22 13:38:40 補充:

    Makes the lantern festival day:

    1. Material: 糯米粉, peanut butter, sesame jam, red bean putty, sugar

    2. Procedure:

    (1) sweetens the stuffing

    2006-10-22 13:38:52 補充:

    makes frozen is good, the truncation becomes the big dice block.

    (2) the water as soon as moistens the stuffing with big melon fence Sheng Chowang in.

    (3) pours into abundantly

    2006-10-22 13:39:06 補充:

    has 糯米粉 in big screen to swing. After

    (4) waits the stuffing to moisten full 糯米粉 but actually to return to the big melon fence to get wet again.

    (5) repeatedly three, four,

    2006-10-22 14:56:59 補充:

    還有一些用不出來我明天再貼

    2006-10-23 17:46:46 補充:

    pressing in the glutinous rice thick liquid, actually this method and rubs the hands the sweet dumplings served in soup to be same, is south China's procedure.

    Makes the lantern:

    The lantern material, the

    2006-10-23 17:46:59 補充:

    procedure, the pattern have many kinds

    * Colored drawing on pottery lantern

    1. Material: The cotton paper completes lantern

    2. Procedure: With each kind of color (water color, colored pen, wax pencil)

    2006-10-23 17:47:29 補充:

    * Flare lantern

    1. Material: Bamboo tube, cotton thread, petroleum

    2. Procedure: With moistens the petroleum the cotton thread to twine in the bamboo tube, ignition then.

    * Paper lantern

    2006-10-23 17:47:44 補充:

    1. Material: Chromo paper, art designing knife

    2. Procedure: Breaks with the chromo paper, cuts, the odd number to outside, the even number to in, then completes.

    * Creativity lantern

    1. Material: The material does not arrest

    2006-10-23 17:47:57 補充:

    2. Procedure: So long as can grasp the principle which the lantern manufactures all to be allowed.

    三、Visits the decorative lantern to unfold:

    May arrive nearby the school the temple or the Taibei lantern festival visits

    2006-10-23 17:48:10 補充:

    Plays lantern-riddles carries on the way to include:

    (1) a person sets the topic of a composition the entire class to guess (writes)

    (2) the entire class groups

    the lantern riddle to snatch

    2006-10-23 17:48:18 補充:

    answers, which group responds most much.

    (3) pastes the lantern riddle in the classroom, looked which person responds many.

    2006-10-23 17:48:45 補充:

    沒了 謝謝

    Source(s): 自己
  • 6 years ago

    ●九州 娛樂 網站 http://ts777.cc/

    ●●●運彩遊戲、真人遊戲、電子遊戲、對戰遊戲、對戰遊戲●●●

    ●新舊會員儲值就送500點

    ● 真人百家樂彩金等你拿

    ●線上影片直播、正妹圖、討論區免費註冊

    歡迎免費體驗交流試玩!

    ●九州 娛樂 網站 http://ts777.cc/

  • 6 years ago

    ●九州 娛樂 網站 http://ts777.cc/

    ●●●運彩遊戲、真人遊戲、電子遊戲、對戰遊戲、對戰遊戲●●●

    ●新舊會員儲值就送500點

    ● 真人百家樂彩金等你拿

    ●線上影片直播、正妹圖、討論區免費註冊

    歡迎免費體驗交流試玩!

    ●九州 娛樂 網站 http://ts777.cc/

  • 6 years ago

    ●九州 娛樂 網站 http://ts777.cc/

    ●●●運彩遊戲、真人遊戲、電子遊戲、對戰遊戲、對戰遊戲●●●

    ●新舊會員儲值就送500點

    ● 真人百家樂彩金等你拿

    ●線上影片直播、正妹圖、討論區免費註冊

    歡迎免費體驗交流試玩!

    ●九州 娛樂 網站 http://ts777.cc/

  • How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer.
  • 6 years ago

    ●九州 娛樂 網站 http://ts777.cc/

    ●●●運彩遊戲、真人遊戲、電子遊戲、對戰遊戲、對戰遊戲●●●

    ●新舊會員儲值就送500點

    ● 真人百家樂彩金等你拿

    ●線上影片直播、正妹圖、討論區免費註冊

    歡迎免費體驗交流試玩!

    ●九州 娛樂 網站 http://ts777.cc/

  • Anonymous
    7 years ago

    嘿! 我剛發現了一個最方便也最公正的1比1娛樂城

    遊戲畫面就像在美國拉斯維加斯

    賭桌上與各國好手競爭,更有送不完的活動大獎

    天下戰區娛樂城: go.tsa99.net

    內有六種遊戲官網 100多種不同遊戲任你挑選喜愛的遊戲

    電子機台.真人遊戲和你一同玩樂

    麻將 百家樂 5PK 德州撲克 水果盤 賓果 ..

    等等各種遊戲

    等等!!還有![天下戰區娛樂城]擁有全世界知名球賽競猜

    【馬勝運動競猜網】,不論是一般投注競猜或是滾球投注競猜,樣樣齊全

    只要儲值加碼多送10%唷 ! 還有最新手機版視訊百家樂

    快到網址:go.tsa99.net 下載

  • Anonymous
    8 years ago

    全台唯一合法博弈網站隆重登場

    中獎彩金領取僅需5分鐘立刻到手

    快來免費試試手氣吧!

    官方網站 aa777.net

  • 1 decade ago

    網路翻譯有很多

    像譯言堂...有再免費翻譯

    你ㄑ一段一段複製貼上

    就可知ㄌ...

    只是番ㄉ沒那ㄇ好...

    畢竟他不是專人翻譯(要錢)

    但也不錯ㄌ

    你這篇番完....早超過2000千ㄍ字

    知識無法回答(知識有限定)

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.