小芝
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小芝 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文問題....告訴我答案為什麼會這樣選

Whenever I ____, the boss always waves ____ me.

(a)passed / on (b) passed by/to (c) pass by (d) past by/at.........C

Isaac Newton wanted to figure out ____.

(A)why those things happened (B)why did those things happen

(C)why did those things happen (D)why those things happening........A

He was very ____;he ____ the world around him as carefully as possiable.

(A)observed/observant (B)observant/observes

(C)observant/observation (D)observant/observed......D

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  • 1 decade ago
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    1.

    Whenever I ____, the boss always waves ____ me.

    (a)passed / on (b) passed by/to (c) pass by (d) past by/at.........C

    翻譯:每次我從老闆面前經過,他總是會和我招手。

    Whenever 每當……,用於現在式

    因此(A)(B)都是不對的

    另外一個訣竅是,後面那句the boss always "waves" at me是一個現在式句子

    兩句時態要一致

    (D)past 形容詞,表"過去的"

    故選(c)pass by

    請問(c)的答案是不是忘了打/at?

    2.

    Isaac Newton wanted to figure out ____.

    (A)why those things happened (B)why did those things happen

    (C)why did those things happen (D)why those things happening........A

    翻譯:伊薩.紐頓想要搞清楚為什麼會發生那些事。

    這是一個「間接問句」的用法。

    首先要先確定時態,前面是"wanted to" figure out,

    故可知後面也要配合過去式時態

    所謂間接問句,

    助動詞不變(will, should, would, may, can),但是do, does, did則要去掉

    後面的動詞根據do, does, did的時態改為適當的形式。

    因此,(B)(C)就不能選了

    因為兩者皆為直接問句

    (就是一個問句,要加問號那種,但是間接問句是不加問號的)

    剩下的選項,配合時態,只能選(A)

    間接問句,就是疑問詞+主詞+動詞的形式,沒有問號。

    不像疑問句(就是一般的直接問句),是疑問詞+助動詞+主詞+動詞,要加問號

    He was very ____;he ____ the world around him as carefully as possiable.

    (A)observed/observant (B)observant/observes

    (C)observant/observation (D)observant/observed......D

    翻譯:他是一個非常觀察力敏銳的人;他盡可能地去仔細地觀察他週遭的世界。

    Observant 形容詞,意為「觀察力敏銳地,謹慎地」

    故第一格應是(B)(C)(D)其中之一(BE動詞後面接形容詞)

    至於第二格明顯是要填一個動詞

    看前面那句:he "was" very,是個過去式動詞

    因此可知第二格要填過去式動詞observed了

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