were does the word heaven come from..?

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
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    heaven (Etymology Dictionary)

    O.E. heofon "home of God," earlier "sky," possibly from P.Gmc. *khemina- (cf. Low Ger. heben, O.N. himinn, Goth. himins, O.Fris. himul, Du. hemel, Ger. Himmel "heaven, sky"), from PIE base *kem-/*kam- "to cover" (cf. chemise). Plural use in sense of "sky" is probably from Ptolemaic theory of space composed of many spheres, but it was also formerly used in the same sense as the singular in Biblical language, as a translation of Heb. pl. shamayim. Heavenly "beautiful, divine" is from 1460, often (though not originally) with reference to the celestial "music of the spheres;" weakened sense of "excellent, enjoyable" is first recorded 1874.

  • 1 decade ago

    Meaning of word in the original,

    ( a) The usual Hebrew word for "heavens" is _shamayim_, a plural form meaning "heights," "elevations" ( Gen 1:1; 2:1).

    ( b) The Hebrew word _marom_ is also used ( Psa 68:18; 93:4; 102:19, etc.) as equivalent to _shamayim_, "high places," "heights."

    ( c) Heb. galgal, literally a "wheel," is rendered "heaven" in Psa 77:18 ( R.V., "whirlwind").

    ( d) Heb. shahak, rendered "sky" ( Deu 33:26; Job 37:18; Psa 18:11), plural "clouds" ( Job 35:5; 36:28; Psa 68:34, marg. "heavens"), means probably the firmament.

    ( e) Heb. rakia is closely connected with ( d), and is rendered "firmamentum" in the Vulgate, whence our "firmament" ( Gen 1:6; Deu 33:26, etc.), regarded as a solid expanse.

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