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what does "chan", "sama", "sam" and "kun" means japanese?

I was watching some stuff in japanese but i don't speak it, i was reading the subtitles and for a name or figure they say like "ni-sama, ni-chan . . . for ohter thing they use like Orihue-kun or Orihue-sam , , , can someone explain it to me please?

23 Answers

  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    too long to explain. And since i'm not japanese either i might get it wrong. go to wikipedia -- it has a VERY detailed explanation of all of those suffixes. here're my explanations in a nutshell:

    basically sama is for people ranked above you (like your master or something), or more modernly it could be used for your crush.

    chan is for girls and women, and it indicates familiarity.

    kun is for boys to indicate familiarity.

    san could be used with anyone you're not familiar with, like strangers or people you're meeting for the first time. it can even be used to address enemies.

    some other ones ~


    sensei -- teacher

    ...etc. etc. there're tons more. i really suggest you go visit the wikipedia link below. you'll know all you ever wanted to know :) it's quite interesting.

    • Raven6 years agoReport

      Wekweti's is so much better

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Those go after a characters name. they show the relation one person has with another. Chan is a female that you now as a friend. You could say Kiri (first name that popped into my head ^-^)was your friend. You could say "Hi Kiri Chan!" Or " whats up Kiri Chan!".Kun is used to show the same relation as Chan except it is for a boy.Sama is a more formal or respectful way to greet someone. It's like saying "good morning master Foo" (sorry Foo is a bad name isn't it >.<)Try looking it up in a foreign dictionary.

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  • 1 decade ago

    They're all honorifics added to people's names: Chan is used for friend , Kun is used to express love, sama means master, and so on.

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  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    San = It's another way of saying "Miss" or "Mister"

    Sama= A more respected way of San

    Kun= Usually used for boys, but it means both ways senior status or junior status. It should probably be used toward a man or boy by a girl who has known him for a while.

    Chan= Used for young

    Bo= Just another way of Chan. But its used for boys instead of girls

    Senpai or Kohai: Senpai is for seniors, Kohai is for the reverse, meaning juniors

    Sensei or Hakase: Sensei is for like teachers, polices etc. Hakase is basically between high rank and low rank. Like a.. Instead of professor it's doctor

    Source(s): Shi= used in formal writing, and sometimes in very formal speech, for referring to a person who is unfamiliar to the speaker, typically a person known through publications whom the speaker has never actually met. Dono= I REPEAT, Dono should be used with the utmost respect. Although it is lower than Kyou, it is one of the highest honorifics. Kyou= Like saying Lord or Lady. Onii-Sama- Older Brother. Like Onii-chan Nee-san, you get it right? :3
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  • Anonymous
    4 years ago

    I study japanese


    Sensei - teacher/doctor/professor

    Chan - used for girls names

    Kun - used for boys names

    San - Mr, Mrs, etc...

    Sama is a more polite way for the above.

    Kohai - young student

    Senpai - older student

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  • 1 decade ago

    Normally it's:

    Sama-higher status

    Chan-mostly used for girls

    Kun-mostly used for guys

    I think.

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  • 7 years ago

    Sama-Kun-chan used for guys&girls

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  • 1 decade ago

    They are all honorifics that are added to a name.

    -San is translated as "Mr." or "Mrs.". It can also be used to refer to a company or organization. Just add -san to the organization's name.

    -Kun is an intimate honorific usually used between two people among males. It is used when a person of senior status addresses a person of junior status, when two people of the same age or status talk to each other, or when teachers address older males of senior status. In the classroom, boys are addressed with -kun because it is akin to addressing them as adults. Therefore, not using -kun is considered an insult in the classroom.

    -Chan is used to refer to children, animals, or people whom one has not known since childhood. The use of -chan by one adult to anothr adult takes a lot of intimacy. -Chan can also be used by those who want to express affection to other people.

    -Sama is a term of respect. It is used by people to refer to others that are higher than oneself in rank or to refer to customers (to show them respect) The term can also be used with God (Kami-sama).

    There's also -hime, which means princess, and -dono, which refers to a samurai or a king.

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  • 6 years ago

    I'm not sure entirely, but in the anime Bludgeoning Angel Dokuro-chan, the males have the suffix kun (ex. Sakura-kun) and the females chan (ex. Dokuro-chan) so I would assume it has to do with genders. The other ones, not so sure of. Except Sensei is teacher.

    Source(s): My own personal experience, I did watch the anime mentioned above
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  • 1 decade ago

    a phew that were missed are

    Bozu-an informal way to refer to a boy smilar to the english term kid or squirt

    Sempai-normally addressee to a senior in the school.

    Kohai-basically the opposite of -sempai used to addressee and underclassmate

    sensei- literally means "one who comes before" normally used for teachers doctors or mastered of any profession or art

    [blank] often forgotten in these lists but perhaps the most significant diff between japanese and english. the lack of honorific means the speaker has promession to addressee the person in a very intimate way. usally only family spouse or close friends have this permission. its known as "yobisute". it can also be insulting if one starts calling one without an honorific when the permission hasn't been earrned.

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    They're all endings that you can add to a name.

    -chan is for friends, especially younger ones, both boys and girls, but moreoften girls. Adults also use this for kids.

    -sama is very polite. Almost too polite. It's a little beyond Mr./Ms./Mrs. Sometimes it's used for fun, or in quite formal contexts.

    -san is your standard ending to a name, like Mr./Mrs./Ms.

    -kun is similar to -chan, but mainly used for boys, although not exculsively.

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