? asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

一些時態,分詞構句小問題

我做了參考書上的一些題目 像這一題:

It is necessary to put a return address that __ your name , street number , city , state , and zip code on all cossespondence

A)includes

B)included

C)which include

D)that include

答案是寫A.但我不知道為什麼其他不行? 尤其是B 被動式表達也很順暢呀

還有這一題考分詞構句

__ to a temperature of 32 degrees at sea level , water freezes

A)it is cooled

B)when cooled

C)cooling

D)when cooling it

答案是給B 但我覺得應該C也行..因為分詞構句不是要把連接詞省略嗎?

不好意思..問題有點多..有勞大家了@@

3 Answers

Rating
  • 王大
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    我做了參考書上的一些題目 像這一題:It is necessary to put a return address that __ your name , street number , city , state , and zip code on all cossespondenceA)includesB)includedC)which includeD)that include答案是寫A.但我不知道為什麼其他不行? 尤其是B 被動式表達也很順暢呀這一題不要把它看得太複雜, 它是在陳述一件事實:  在與他人通信時, 我們有必要附上回信地址, 包括名字、 街路號碼、 城市、 州、 郵遞區號等 (國外的地址是由小到大, 所以它的次序是倒過來寫的), 既是事實或真理, 必須用簡單現在式來表達, 那答案只有 A 最合適囉, 因為回信地址是單數, 動詞須 + s 而如果是用被動 included, 它通常放在名詞後面, 如: postage included 是表示"包含郵資" 還有這一題考分詞構句__ to a temperature of 32 degrees at sea level , water freezesA)it is cooledB)when cooledC)coolingD)when cooling it答案是給B 但我覺得應該C也行..因為分詞構句不是要把連接詞省略嗎?這題的分詞構句, 因主詞是 water, 所以, 它只能用被動, 它的原句為:When water is cooled to a temperature of 32 degrees at sea level , water freezes.通常在分詞構句中, 連接詞都可以省略, 但, 下列幾個連接詞則不可省:  when, while, if, 所以這題的連接詞 when 不能省, 而這二句的主詞都是 water, 所以, when 所引導的副詞子句中的主詞把它省略掉, be V :is 改為 being, 而 being 可以省略, 所以就成為:When cooled to a temperature of 32 degrees at sea level, water freezes.水是 "被冷卻", 所以用被動, 所以 cooling 這個現在分詞是絕對不行的!

  • 1 decade ago

    It is necessary to put a return address that __ your name , street number , city , state , and zip code on all cossespondence

    A)includes

    B)included

    C)which include

    D)that include

    答案CD一定是不行的,因為在句子中,已經有that了這個that是代替前面address的關係代名詞,而CD中的答案有which,that這兩個也都是關係代名詞,所以這兩個答案不行

    而答案B,是過去式,可是題目的動詞是is所以與句意不符,

    所以答案A是正確答案,因為be動詞是is,動詞要加s,固答案為A

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    我做了參考書上的一些題目 像這一題:

    It is necessary to put a return address that __ your name , street number , city , state , and zip code on all cossespondence

    A)includes/right...since from that includes your name is a 子句...

    B)included/這看起來像對...但因有that引導的子句,所以不對..除非沒有that..則可用 included

    C)which include/已有that作為引導子句...所以不能再有which出現

    D)that include//已有that作為引導子句...所以不能再有that出現

    答案是寫A.但我不知道為什麼其他不行? 尤其是B 被動式表達也很順暢呀

    還有這一題考分詞構句

    __ to a temperature of 32 degrees at sea level , water freezes

    A)it is cooled/記住國外天氣冷卻而涼爽要用被動...所以應是it(The weather) is cooled it to a ~~

    B)when cooled/此對...用被動

    C)cooling/不對...要用被動cooled

    D)when cooling it/要用when cooled it to a ~~

    Source(s): just for a reference
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