關於Aeneid和Iliad.Odyssey有何異同

關於Aeneid和Iliad.Odyssey有何異同

2 Answers

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  • Allen
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    The Aeneid is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BC (between 29 and 19 BC) that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy where he became the ancestor of the Romans. It is written in dactylic hexameter. It is split into 12 books, books 1-6 roughly imitating the wandering theme of Homer's Odyssey, and 7-12 following the war and conflict theme of the Iliad.

    The hero Aeneas was already known to Greco-Roman legend and myth, having been a character in the Iliad; Virgil took the disconnected tales of Aeneas' wanderings, his vague association with the foundation of Rome and a personage of no fixed characteristics other than a scrupulous piety, and fashioned this into a compelling founding myth or nationalist epic that at once tied Rome to the legends of Troy, glorified traditional Roman virtues and legitimated the Julio-Claudian dynasty as descendants of the founders, heroes and gods of Rome and Troy.

    2006-09-22 22:07:36 補充:

    Modern critics, on the other hand, have been less kind. Virgil's poetry is often judged in relation to that of his Greek predecessors, especially the Iliad and the Odyssey, epics attributed to Homer that also portray the Trojan War and its aftermath.

    2006-09-22 22:08:18 補充:

    Most contemporary scholars hold that Virgil's poetry pales in comparison to Homer's. Virgil himself often viewed his poetry in light of Homer's; he invoked such comparisons within the Aeneid and wished to surpass the Greek poet, while still borrowing from him heavily.

    2006-09-22 22:08:33 補充:

    Virgil's poetry does not possess the same originality of expression as Homeric epic poetry. The Aeneid shares with the Iliad and the Odyssey a tone of ironic tragedy, as characters act against their own wishes, submit their lives to fate, and often meet dark ends.

    2006-09-22 22:09:27 補充:

    Scholars agree that Virgil distinguished himself within the epic tradition of antiquity by representing the broad spectrum of human emotion in his characters.

    Source(s): wikipedia, sparknotes
  • 勝勝
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago

    St. John's College believes that the way to a liberal education lies through a direct and sustained confrontation with the books in which the greatest minds of our civilization have expressed themselves and through rigorous exercise in translation, mathematical demonstration, music analysis and laboratory science.

    セント・ジョンズ・カレッジの信ずるところは、リベラル教育へ至る道は名著との直接かつ継続的な接触にある。その名著とは、我々の文明が生んだ偉大なる知性が表現したところのものである。また、翻訳、数学的論証、音楽的分析、実証科学における厳格な訓練を通じて、リベラル教育は実現されるものでもある。

    ここで述べられている教育理念の後半部分、すなわち「翻訳、数学的論証、音楽的分析、実証科学における厳格な訓練」は、セント・ジョンズ・カレッジのカリキュラムの中でのプリセプトリアル、チュートリアル、実験実習の課題であった。もちろん、これらのカリキュラムもリベラル・アーツ教育具現のための必要不可欠な要素ではある。しかし、リベラル教育に至る第一の道、すなわち「名著との直接かつ継続的な接触」こそが、セント・ジョンズ・カレッジ教育の中核であり、その実践の場がセミナーであった。そのセミナーにおける思索と討論の材料となるのがグレート・ブックスである。では、この「グレート・ブックス・プロジェクト」の概要がつかめる形で報告を進めよう。

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