How can I get a copy of the Glucose Index?

It is a list of foods, ranging from the highest to the lowest, depending on their glucose content. It is very helpful to diabetics.

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  • 1 decade ago
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    REVISED INTERNATIONAL TABLE OF GLYCEMIC INDEX (GI) AND GLYCEMIC LOAD (GL)—2002 1

    Food Number and Item GI 2 Serve GL 3

    glucose size per

    =100 grams serve

    BAKERY PRODUCTS

    Cakes

    1 Angel food cake (Loblaw's, Toronto, Canada) 67 50 19

    2 Banana cake, made with sugar 47±8 80 18

    3 Banana cake, made without sugar 55±10 80 16

    4 Chocolate cake made from packet mix with chocolate frosting (Betty Crocker, General Mills 38±3 111 20

    Inc., Minneapolis, MN, USA)

    5 Cupcake, strawberry-iced (Squiggles, Farmland, Grocery Holdings, Tooronga, Vic, Australia) 73±12 38 19

    6 Lamingtons (sponge dipped in chocolate and coconut) (Farmland, Grocery Holdings, Australia) 87±17 50 25

    7 Pound cake (Sara Lee Canada, Bramalea, Canada) 54 53 15

    8 Sponge cake, plain 46±6 63 17

    9 Vanilla cake made from packet mix with vanilla frosting (Betty Crocker, USA) 42±4 111 24

    10 Croissant (Food City, Toronto, Canada) 67 57 17

    11 Crumpet (Dempster's Corporate Foods Ltd., Etobicoke, Canada) 69 50 13

    12 Doughnut, cake type (Loblaw's, Canada) 76 47 17

    13 Flan cake (Weston's Bakery, Toronto, Canada) 65 70 31

    14 Muffins

    Apple, made with sugar 4 44±6 60 13

    Apple, made without sugar 4 48±10 60 9

    Apple, oat, sultana, made from packet mix (Defiance Milling Co., Acacia Ridge, Qld, Australia) 54±4 50 14

    Apricot, coconut and honey, made from packet mix (Defiance Milling Co., Australia) 60±4 50 16

    Banana, oat and honey, made from packet mix (Defiance Milling Co., Australia) 65±11 50 17

    Bran (Culinar Inc., Grandma Martin's Muffins, Aurora, Canada) 60 57 15

    Blueberry (Culinar Inc., Canada) 59 57 17

    Carrot (Culinar Inc., Canada) 62 57 20

    Chocolate butterscotch, made from packet mix (Defiance Milling Co., Australia) 53±5 50 15

    Corn muffin, low-amylose 5 102 57 30

    Corn muffin, high-amylose 5 49

    Oatmeal, muffin, made from mix (Quaker Oats Co. of Canada, Peterborough, Canada) 69 50 24

    15 Pancakes, prepared from shake mix (Green's General Foods, Glendenning, NSW, Australia) 67±5 80 39

    16 Pancakes, buckwheat, gluten-free, made from packet mix (Orgran Natural Foods, 102±11 77 22

    Carrum Downs, Vic, Australia)

    17 Pastry 59±6 57 15

    18 Pikelets, Golden brand (Tip Top Bakeries, Chatswood, NSW, Australia) 85±14 40 18

    19 Scones, plain, made from packet mix (Defiance Milling Co., Australia) 92±8 25 8

    20 Waffles, Aunt Jemima (Quaker Oats Co. of Canada) 76 35 10

    BEVERAGES

    21 Coca Cola ®

    Coca Cola ® , soft drink (Coca Cola Amatil, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 53±7 250 14

    Coca Cola ® , soft drink/soda (Coca Cola Bottling Company, Atlanta, GA, USA) 63 250 16

    mean of two types 58±5

    22 Cordial, orange, reconstituted (Berri Ltd., Berri, SA, Australia) 66±8 250 13

    23 Fanta ® , orange soft drink (Coca Cola Amatil, Australia) 68±6 250 23

    24 Lucozade ® , original (sparkling glucose drink) (Glaxo Wellcome Ltd., Uxbridge, Middlesex, UK) 95±10 250 40

    25 Smoothie, raspberry (Con Agra Inc., Omaha, NE, USA) 33±9 250 14

    26 Smoothie drink, soy, banana (So Natural Foods, Tarren Point, NSW, Australia) 6 30±3 250 7

    27 Smoothie drink, soy, chocolate hazelnut (So Natural Foods, Australia) 6 34±3 250 8

    28 Solo TM, lemon squash, soft drink (Cadbury Schweppes, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 6 58±5 250 17

    29 Up & Go, cocoa malt flavor (soy milk, rice cereal liquid breakfast) 6 43±5 250 11

    (Sanitarium Health Foods, Berkeley Vale, NSW, Australia)

    30 Up & Go, original malt flavor (soy milk, rice cereal liquid breakfast) 6 46±5 250 11

    (Sanitarium Health Foods, Australia)

    31 Xpress, chocolate (soy bean, cereal and legume extract drink with fructose) 6 39±2 250 13

    (So Natural Foods, Australia)

    Juices

    32 Apple juice

    Apple juice, pure, unsweetened, reconstituted (Berri Ltd., Berri, SA, Australia) 39±5

    Apple juice, unsweetened 40

    Apple juice, unsweetened (Allens, Toronto, Canada) 41

    mean of three studies 40±1 250 12

    33 Apple juice, pure, clear, unsweetened (Wild About Fruit, Wandin, Vic, Australia) 44±2 250 13

    34 Apple juice, pure, cloudy, unsweetened (Wild About Fruit, Australia) 37±3 250 10

    35 Apple and cherry juice, pure, unsweetened (Wild About Fruit, Australia) 43±3 250 14

    36 Carrot juice, freshly made (Sydney, Australia) 6 43±3 250 10

    37 Cranberry juice cocktail (Ocean Spray ® , Melbourne, Vic, Australia) 52±3 250 16

    38 Cranberry juice cocktail (Ocean Spray ® Inc., Lakeville-Middleboro, MA, USA) 68±3 250 24

    39 Cranberry juice drink, Ocean Spray ® (Gerber Ltd., Bridgewater, Somerset, UK) 56±4 250 16

    40 Grapefruit juice, unsweetened (Sunpac, Toronto, Canada) 48 250 11

    41 Orange juice

    Orange Juice (Canada) 46±6

    Orange juice, unsweetened, reconstituted (Quelch ® , Berri Ltd., Carlton, Vic, Australia) 53±6

    mean of two studies 50±4 250 13

    42 Pineapple juice, unsweetened (Dole Packaged Foods, Toronto, Canada) 46 250 16

    43 Tomato juice, canned, no added sugar (Berri Ltd., Berri, SA, Australia) 6 38±4 250 4

    44 Yakult ® , fermented milk drink with Lactobacilus casei (Yakult, Dandenong, Vic, Australia) 46±6 65 6

    Sports drinks

    45 Gatorade ® (Spring Valley Beverages Pty Ltd., Cheltenham, Vic, Australia) 78±13 250 12

    46 Isostar ® (Novartis Consumer Health, Nyon, Switzerland) 70±15 250 13

    47 Sports Plus ® (Berri Ltd., Berri, SA, Australia) 74±6 250 13

    48 Sustagen Sport ® (Mead Johnson, Rydalmere, NSW, Australia) 43±9 250 21

    Drinks made from drinking mix powders

    49 Build-Up TM nutrient-fortified drink, vanilla with fiber, (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 41±4 250 14

    50 Complete Hot Chocolate mix made with hot water (Nestlé, Australia) 51±3 250 11

    51 Hi-Pro energy drink mix, vanilla, containing soy protein and whey powder 36±3 250 7

    (Harrod foods, Sefton, NSW, Australia) mixed in reduced-fat (1.5%) cow's milk

    52 Malted milk powder in full-fat cow's milk (Nestlé, Australia) 45±3 250 12

    53 Milo TM (chocolate nutrient-fortified drink powder)

    Milo TM (Nestlé, Australia) dissolved in water 55±3 250 9

    Milo TM (Nestlé, Auckland, New Zealand) dissolved in water 52±5 250 9

    mean of two studies 54±2

    Milo TM (Nestlé, Australia) dissolved in full-fat cow's milk 35±2 250 9

    Milo TM (Nestlé, New Zealand) dissolved in full-fat cow's milk 36±3 250 9

    mean of two studies 36±1

    54 Nutrimeal TM, meal replacement drink, Dutch Chocolate (Usana, Salt Lake City, UT, USA) 26±3 250 4

    55 Quik TM (sweet drink powder)

    Quik TM, chocolate (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia), dissolved in water 53±5 250 4

    Quik TM, chocolate (Nestlé, Australia), dissolved in 1.5% fat milk 41±4 250 5

    Quik TM, strawberry (Nestlé, Australia), dissolved in water 64±8 250 5

    Quik TM, strawberry (Nestlé, Australia), dissolved in 1.5% fat milk 35±3 250 4

    BREADS

    56 Bagel, white, frozen (Lender's Bakery, Montreal, Canada) 72 70 25

    57 Baguette, white, plain (France) 95±15 30 15

    58 French baguette with chocolate spread (France) 72±8 70 27

    59 French baguette with butter and strawberry jam (France) 62±7 70 26

    60 Pain au lait (Pasquier, France) 63±10 60 20

    61 Bread stuffing, Paxo (Campbell Soup Co Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 74 30 16

    Barley Breads

    62 Coarse barley kernel bread, 75-80% kernels

    75% kernels 27 30 5

    80% scalded intact kernels (20% white wheat flour) 34 30 7

    80% intact kernels (20% white wheat flour) 40 30 8

    mean of three studies 34±4

    63 Barley kernel bread, 50% kernels

    50% kernels (Canada) 43 30 9

    50% kibbled barley (Australia) 48 30 10

    mean of two studies 46±2 30 9

    64 Sunflower and barley bread (Riga bakeries, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 57±6 30 6

    65 Barley flour breads

    100% barley flour (Canada); (rye bread composition) 67 30 9

    Wholemeal barley flour (80%) bread (20% white wheat flour) (Sweden) 67 30 13

    Wholemeal barley bread, flat, thin, soft 50 30 7

    (50% regular barley flour, 50% high-fibre barley flour) (Sweden)

    Wholemeal barley bread, flat, thin, soft 43 30 5

    (20% regular barley flour, 80% high-fibre barley flour) (Sweden)

    66 Wholemeal barley flour (80%) and white wheat flour (20%) breads -

    fermented or with added organic acids or salts (Sweden)

    Wholemeal barley flour bread (used as reference for the 5 breads below) 5 70 30 14

    Wholemeal barley flour bread with sourdough (lactic acid) 5 53 30 10

    Wholemeal barley flour bread with lactic acid 5 66 30 12

    Wholemeal barley flour bread with calcium lactate 5 59 30 12

    Wholemeal barley flour bread with sodium propionate 5 65 30 13

    Wholemeal barley flour bread with higher dose sodium propionate 5 57 30 11

    Buckwheat bread

    67 Buckwheat bread, 50% dehusked buckwheat groats and 50% white wheat flour (Sweden) 47 30 10

    Fruit Breads

    68 Bürgen TM Fruit loaf (Tip Top Bakeries, Chatswood, NSW, Australia) 44±5 30 6

    69 Fruit and Spice Loaf, thick sliced (Buttercup bakeries, Moorebank, NSW, Australia) 54±6 30 8

    70 Continental fruit loaf, wheat bread with dried fruit (Australia) 47±6 30 7

    71 Happiness TM (cinnamon, raisin, pecan bread) (Natural Ovens, Manitowoc, WI, USA) 63±5 30 9

    72 Muesli bread, made from packet mix in bread making machine (Con Agra Inc., USA) 54±6 30 7

    73 Hamburger bun (Loblaw's, Toronto, Canada) 61 30 9

    74 Kaiser rolls (Loblaw's, Canada) 73 30 12

    75 Melba toast, Old London (Best Foods Canada Inc., Etobicoke, Canada) 70 30 16

    Gluten-free bread

    76 Gluten-free multigrain bread (Country Life Bakeries, Dandenong, Vic, Australia) 79±13 30 10

    77 Gluten-free white bread, unsliced (gluten-free wheat starch) (UK) 71 30 11

    Gluten-free white bread, sliced (gluten-free wheat starch) (UK) 80 30 12

    mean of two studies 76±5 30 11

    78 Gluten-free fiber-enriched, unsliced (gluten-free wheat starch, soya bran) (UK) 69 30 9

    Gluten-free fiber-enriched, sliced (gluten-free wheat starch, soya bran) (UK) 76 30 10

    mean of two studies 73±4 30 9

    Oat Bread

    79 Coarse oat kernel bread, 80% intact oat kernels and 20% white wheat flour (Sweden) 65 30 12

    Oat bran bread

    80 50% oat bran (Australia) 44 30 8

    81 45% oat bran and 50% wheat flour (Sweden) 50 30 9

    mean of two studies 47±3 30 9

    Rice bread

    82 Rice bread, low-amylose Calrose rice (Pav's Allergy Bakery, Ingleburn, NSW, Australia) 72±9 30 8

    83 Rice bread, high-amylose Doongara rice (Pav's Allergy Bakery, Australia) 61±9 30 7

    Rye Bread

    84 Rye kernel (pumpernickel) bread

    Coarse rye kernel bread, 80% intact kernels and 20% white wheat flour (Sweden) 41 30 5

    Rye kernel bread (Pumpernickel) (Canada) 41 30 5

    Wholegrain pumpernickel (Holtzheuser Brothers Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 46 30 5

    Rye kernel bread, Pumpernickel (80% kernels) (Canada) 55 30 7

    Cocktail, sliced (Kasselar Food Products, Toronto, Canada) 55 30 7

    Cocktail, sliced (Kasselar Food Products, Canada) 62 30 8

    mean of six studies 50±4 30 6

    85 Wholemeal rye bread

    Wholemeal rye bread (Canada) 41

    Wholemeal rye bread (Canada) 62

    Wholemeal rye bread (Canada) 63

    Wholemeal rye bread (Canada) 66

    mean of four studies 58±6 30 8

    Specialty rye breads

    86 Blackbread, Riga (Berzin's Specialty Bakery, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 76±14 30 10

    87 Bürgen TM Dark/Swiss rye (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia) 55±12

    Bürgen TM Dark/Swiss rye (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia) 74±6

    mean of two studies 65±10 30 7

    88 Klosterbrot wholemeal rye bread (Dimpflmeier Bakery Ltd., Canada) 67 30 9

    89 Light rye (Silverstein's Bakery, Toronto, Canada) 68 30 10

    90 Linseed rye (Rudolph's Specialty Bakery Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 55 30 7

    91 Roggenbrot, Vogel's (Stevns & Co, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 59±5 30 8

    92 Schinkenbrot, Riga (Berzin's Specialty Bakery, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 86±15 30 12

    93 Sourdough rye (Canada) 57

    Sourdough rye (Australia) 48

    mean of two studies 53±5 30 6

    94 Volkornbrot, wholemeal rye bread (Dimpflmeier Bakery Ltd., Canada) 56 30 7

    Wheat Breads

    95 Coarse wheat kernel bread, 80% intact kernels and 20% white wheat flour (Sweden) 52 30 10

    96 Cracked wheat kernel (bulgur) bread

    50% cracked wheat kernel (Canada) 58 30 12

    75% cracked wheat kernels (Canada) 48 30 10

    mean of two studies 53±3 30 11

    Spelt wheat breads

    97 White spelt wheat bread 9 (Slovenia) 74 30 17

    98 Wholemeal spelt wheat bread 9 (Slovenia) 63 30 12

    99 Scalded spelt wheat kernel bread 9 (Slovenia) 67 30 15

    100 Spelt multigrain bread ® (Pav's bakery, Australia) 54±10 30 7

    101 White wheat flour bread

    White flour (Canada) 69±5 30 10

    White flour (USA) 70 30 10

    White flour, Sunblest TM (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia) 70 30 10

    White flour (Dempster's Corporate Foods Ltd., Canada) 71 30 10

    White flour (South Africa) 71±7 30 9

    White flour (Canada) 71 30 10

    mean of six studies 70±0 30 10

    102 White wheat flour bread, hard, toasted (Italian) 73 30 11

    103 Wonder TM, enriched white bread (Interstate Brands Companies, Kansas City, MO, USA) 71±9

    Wonder TM, enriched white bread (Interstate Brands Companies, USA) 72±4

    Wonder TM, enriched white bread (Interstate Brands Companies, USA) 77±3

    mean of three studies 73±2 30 10

    104 White Turkish bread (Turkey) 87 30 15

    White bread with enzyme inhibitors

    105 White bread + acarbose (200mg) (Mexico) 18 30 3

    White bread + acarbose (200mg) (Mexico) 50 30 8

    mean in two groups of subjects 34±16 30 6

    106 White bread roll + 3 mg trestatin (pancreatic alpha-amylase inhibitor) (Switzerland) 5 48 30 6

    107 White bread roll + 6 mg trestatin (Switzerland) 5 29 30 4

    White bread with soluble fiber

    108 White bread + 15 g psyllium fiber (Plantago psyllium) (Mexico) 41 30 7

    White bread + 15 g psyllium fiber (Plantago psyllium) (Mexico) 65 30 11

    mean in two groups of subjects 53±12 30 9

    109 White bread eaten with vinegar as vinaigrette (Sweden) 45 30 7

    110 White bread eaten with powdered dried seaweed (Nori alga) (Spain) 48 30 7

    111 White bread containing Eurylon ® high-amylose maize starch (France) 12 42 30 8

    White fiber-enriched bread

    112 White, high-fiber (Dempster's Corporate Foods Ltd., Canada) 67

    113 White, high-fiber (Weston's Bakery, Toronto, Canada) 69

    mean of two studies 68±1 30 9

    White resistant starch-enriched bread

    114 Fibre White TM (Nature's Fresh, Auckland, New Zealand) 77±10 30 11

    115 Wonderwhite TM (Buttercup Bakeries, Australia) 80±8 30 11

    116 Wholemeal (whole wheat) wheat flour bread

    Wholemeal flour (Canada) 52 30 6

    Wholemeal flour (Canada) 64 30 8

    Wholemeal flour (Canada) 65 30 8

    Wholemeal flour (Canada) 67 30 8

    Wholemeal flour (Canada) 67 30 8

    Wholemeal flour (Canada) 69 30 8

    Wholemeal flour (Canada) 71 30 8

    Wholemeal flour (Canada) 72±6 30 8

    Wholemeal flour (USA) 5 73 30 10

    Wholemeal flour (South Africa) 75±9 30 9

    Wholemeal flour (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia) 77±9 30 9

    Wholemeal flour (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia) 78±16 30 9

    Wholemeal flour (Kenya) 87 30 11

    mean of thirteen studies 71± 2 30 9

    117 Wholemeal Turkish bread 49 30 8

    Specialty wheat breads

    118 Bürgen ® Mixed Grain bread (Australia)

    Bürgen ® Mixed Grain (Tip Top Bakeries, Chatswood, NSW, Australia) 34±4

    Bürgen ® Mixed Grain 45±12

    Bürgen ® Mixed Grain 69±6

    mean of three studies 49±10 30 6

    119 Bürgen ® Oat Bran & Honey Loaf with Barley (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia) 31±3 30 3

    120 Bürgen ® Soy-Lin, kibbled soy (8%) and linseed (8%) loaf (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia) 36±4 30 3

    121 English Muffin TM bread (Natural Ovens, USA) 77±7 30 11

    122 Healthy Choice TM Hearty 7 Grain (Con Agra Inc., USA) 55±6 30 8

    123 Healthy Choice TM Hearty 100% Whole Grain (Con Agra Inc., USA) 62±6 30 9

    124 Helga's TM Classic Seed Loaf (Quality Bakers, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 68±9 30 9

    125 Helga's TM traditional wholemeal bread (Quality Bakers, Australia) 70±14 30 9

    126 Hunger Filler TM, whole grain bread (Natural Ovens, USA) 59±8 30 7

    127 Molenberg TM (Goodman Fielder, Auckland, New Zealand) 75±10

    Molenberg TM (Goodman Fielder, New Zealand) 84±8

    mean of two studies 80±5 30 11

    128 9-Grain Multi-Grain (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia) 43±5 30 6

    129 Multigrain Loaf, spelt wheat flour (Australia) 54±10 30 8

    130 Multigrain (50% kibbled wheat grain) (Australia) 43 30 6

    131 Nutty Natural TM, whole grain bread (Natural Ovens, USA) 59±7 30 7

    132 Performax TM (Country Life Bakeries, Dandenong, Vic, Australia) 38±3 30 5

    133 Ploughman's TM Wholegrain, original recipe (Quality Bakers, Australia) 47 30 7

    134 Ploughman's TM Wholemeal, smooth milled (Quality Bakers, Australia) 64±10 30 9

    135 Semolina Bread (Kenya) 64

    136 Sourdough wheat (Australia) 54 30 8

    137 Soy & Linseed bread (made from packet mix in bread maker) (Con Agra Inc., USA) 50±6 30 5

    138 Stay Trim TM, whole grain bread (Natural Ovens, USA) 70±10 30 10

    139 Sunflower & Barley bread, Riga brand (Berzin's Specialty Bakery, Australia) 57±6 30 7

    140 Vogel's Honey & Oats (Stevns & Co., Sydney, NSW, Australia) 55±5 30 7

    141 Vogel's Roggenbrot (Stevns & Co., Australia) 59±5 30 8

    142 Whole-wheat snack bread (Ryvita Co Ltd., Poole, Dorset, UK) 74 30 16

    143 100% Whole Grain TM bread (Natural Ovens, USA) 51±11 30 7

    144 White wheat flour flatbread (Sweden) 79 30 13

    Unleavened Breads

    145 Lebanese bread, white (Seda Bakery, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 75±9 30 12

    146 Middle Eastern flatbread 97±29 30 15

    147 Pita bread, white (Canada) 57 30 10

    148 Wheat flour flatbread (India) 66±9 30 10

    149 Amaranth : wheat (25:75) composite flour flatbread (India) 66±10 30 10

    150 Amaranth : wheat (50:50) composite flour flatbread (India) 76±20 30 11

    BREAKFAST CEREALS AND RELATED PRODUCTS

    151 All-Bran TM (high-fiber, extruded wheat bran cereal)

    All-Bran TM (Kellogg's, Pagewood, NSW, Australia) 13 30 30 4

    All-Bran TM (Kellogg's, Battle Creek, MI, USA) 38 30 9

    All-Bran TM (Kellogg's Inc., Etobicoke, Canada) 50 30 9

    All-Bran TM (Kellogg's Inc., Canada) 51±5 30 9

    mean of four studies 42±5

    152 All-Bran Fruit 'n Oats TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 39 30 7

    153 All-Bran Soy 'n Fibre TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 33±3 30 4

    154 Amaranth (Amaranthus esculentum) popped, 97±19 30 18

    eaten with milk and non-nutritive sweetener (India)

    Barley porridge

    155 Wholemeal barley flour porridge (100% regular barley) 68 50 (dry) 23

    (flour:water = 1:3), boiled 2.5 min (Sweden)

    156 Wholemeal high-fibre barley flour porridge 55 50 (dry) 8

    (50% regular barley flour: 50% high-fibre barley flour) (Sweden)

    157 Barley porridge made from steamed thin (0.5 mm) dehulled barley flakes (Sweden) 62 50 (dry) 17

    158 Barley porridge made from steamed thick (1.0 mm) dehulled barley flakes (Sweden) 65 50 (dry) 18

    159 Bran Buds TM (Kellogg's Inc., Canada) 15 58 30 7

    160 Bran Buds with psyllium (Kellogg's Inc., Canada) 15 47 30 6

    161 Bran Chex TM (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 15 58 30 11

    162 Bran Flakes TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 74 30 13

    163 Cheerios TM (General Mills Inc., Etobicoke, Canada) 15 74 30 15

    164 Chocapic TM (Nestlé, France) 84±9 30 21

    165 Coco Pops TM (cocoa flavoured puffed rice)

    Coco Pops TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 77±8

    Coco Pops TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 77±3

    mean of two studies 77 30 20

    166 Corn Bran TM (Quaker Oats Co. of Canada, Peterborough, Canada) 15 75 30 15

    167 Corn Chex TM (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Canada) 15 83 30 21

    168 Cornflakes TM

    Cornflakes TM (Kellogg's, Auckland, New Zealand) 72±16 30 18

    Cornflakes TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 77 30 20

    Cornflakes TM (Kellogg's Inc., Canada) 80±6 30 21

    Cornflakes TM (Kellogg's Inc., Canada) 86 30 22

    Cornflakes TM (Kellogg's, USA) 5 92 30 24

    mean of five studies 81±3 30 21

    169 Cornflakes, high-fiber (Presidents Choice, Sunfresh Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 15 74 30 17

    170 Cornflakes, Crunchy Nut TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 72±4 30 17

    171 Corn Pops TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 80±4 30 21

    172 Cream of Wheat TM (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Canada) 15 66 250 17

    173 Cream of Wheat TM, Instant (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Canada) 15 74 250 22

    174 Crispix TM (Kellogg's Inc., Canada) 15 87 30 22

    175 Energy Mix TM (Quaker, France) 80±7 30 19

    176 Froot Loops TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 69±9 30 18

    177 Frosties TM, sugar-coated cornflakes (Kellogg's, Australia) 55 30 15

    178 Fruitful Lite TM (Hubbards, Auckland, New Zealand) 61±20 30 12

    179 Fruity-Bix TM, berry (Sanitarium, Auckland, New Zealand) 113±10 30 25

    180 Golden Grahams TM (General Mills Inc., Canada) 15 71 30 18

    181 Golden Wheats TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 71±8 30 16

    182 Grapenuts TM

    Grapenuts TM (Post, Kraft General Foods Inc., Toronto, Canada) 15 67 30 13

    Grapenuts TM (Kraft Foods Inc., Port Chester, NY, USA) 75±6 30 16

    mean of two studies 71±4 30 15

    183 Grapenuts TM Flakes (Post, Kraft General Foods Inc., Canada) 15 80 30 17

    184 Guardian TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 37±9 30 5

    185 Healthwise TM for bowel health (Uncle Toby's, Wahgunyah, Vic, Australia) 66±9 30 12

    186 Healthwise TM for heart health (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 48±5 30 9

    187 Honey Rice Bubbles TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 77±4 30 20

    188 Honey Smacks TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 71±10 30 16

    189 Hot cereal, apple & cinnamon (Con Agra Inc., USA) 37±6 30 8

    190 Hot cereal, unflavoured (Con Agra Inc., USA) 25±5 30 5

    191 Just Right TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 60±15 30 13

    192 Just Right Just Grains TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 62±11 30 14

    193 Komplete TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 48±5 30 10

    194 Life TM (Quaker Oats Co., Canada) 15 66 30 16

    195 Mini Wheats TM, whole wheat (Kellogg's, Australia) 58±8 30 12

    196 Mini Wheats TM, blackcurrant (Kellogg's, Australia) 72±10 30 15

    Muesli

    197 Muesli, NS (Canada) 66±9 30 16

    198 Alpen Muesli (Wheetabix, France) 55±10 30 10

    199 Muesli, gluten-free (Freedom Foods, Cheltenham, Vic, Australia) with 1.5% fat milk 39±6 30 7

    200 Muesli, Lite (Sanitarium, New Zealand) 54±12 30 10

    201 Muesli, Natural (Sanitarium, New Zealand) 57±9 30 11

    202 Muesli, Natural (Sanitarium, Australia) 40±6 30 8

    mean of two studies 49±9 30 10

    203 Muesli, No Name (Sunfresh Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 15 60 30 11

    204 Muesli, Swiss Formula (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 56±8 30 9

    205 Muesli, toasted (Purina, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 43+4 30 7

    206 Nutrigrain TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 66±12 30 10

    207 Oat 'n Honey Bake TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 77±11 30 13

    208 Oat bran

    Oat bran, raw (Quaker Oats Co., Canada) 15 50 10 2

    Oat bran, raw 59 10 3

    mean of two studies 55±5 10 3

    209 Porridge made from rolled oats

    Porridge (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 13 42 250 9

    Porridge (Canada) 16 49±8 250 11

    Traditional porridge oats (Lowan Whole Foods, Box Hill, Vic, Australia) 51±8 250 11

    Porridge (Hubbards, New Zealand) 58±9 250 12

    Porridge (Australia) 58±4 250 12

    Porridge (Canada) 62 250 14

    Porridge (Canada) 69 250 16

    Porridge (USA) 6 75 250 17

    mean of eight studies 58±4 250 13

    210 Wholemeal oat flour porridge (flour:water = 1:3), boiled 2.5 min (Sweden) 74 50 (dry) 24

    211 Oat porridge made from thick (1.0 mm) dehulled oat flakes (Sweden) 55 250 15

    212 Oat porridge made from roasted thin (0.5 mm) dehulled oat flakes (Sweden) 69 250 19

    213 Oat porridge made from roasted thick (1.0 mm) dehulled oat flakes (Sweden) 50 250 14

    214 Oat porridge made from roasted and steamed thin (0.5 mm) dehulled oat flakes (Sweden) 80 250 22

    215 Oat porridge made from steamed thick (1.0 mm) dehulled oat flakes (Sweden) 53 250 14

    216 Instant Porridge

    Quick Oats (Quaker Oats Co., Canada) 65

    One Minute Oats (Quaker Oats Co., Canada) 15 66

    mean of two studies 66±1 250 17

    217 Pop Tarts TM, Double Chocolate (Kellogg's, Australia) 70±2 50 25

    218 Pro Stars TM (General Mills Inc., Canada) 15 71 30 17

    219 Puffed Wheat

    Puffed Wheat (Quaker Oats Co., Canada) 15 67 30 13

    Puffed Wheat (Sanitarium, Australia) 80±11 30 17

    mean of two studies 74±7 30 16

    220 Raisin Bran TM (Kellogg's, USA) 61±5 30 12

    221 Red River Cereal (Maple Leaf Mills, Toronto, Canada) 49 30 11

    222 Rice Bran, extruded (Rice Growers Co-Operative Ltd., Leeton, NSW, Australia) 19±3 30 2

    223 Rice Bubbles TM (puffed rice)

    Rice Bubbles TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 13 81

    Rice Bubbles TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 85±3

    Rice Bubbles TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 95

    mean of three studies 87±4 30 22

    224 Rice Chex TM (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Canada) 15 89 30 23

    225 Rice Krispies TM (Kellogg's Inc., Canada) 15 82 30 21

    226 Shredded Wheat 30 22

    Shredded Wheat (Canada) 67±10 30 13

    Shredded Wheat TM (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Canada) 15 83 30 17

    mean of two studies 75±8 30 15

    Special K TM - formulation of this cereal varies in different countries

    227 Special K TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 54±4 30 11

    228 Special K TM (Kellogg's, USA) 69±5 30 14

    229 Special K TM (Kellogg's, France) 84±12 30 20

    230 Soy Tasty TM (flaked grains, soy nuts, dried fruit) (Sanitarium, Australia) 60±5 30 12

    231 Soytana TM, Vogel's, soy and linseed bran crunch with sultanas (20.1 g fiber per 100 g), 49±3 45 12

    (Specialty Cereals, Mt Kuring-gai, NSW, Australia)

    232 Sultana Bran TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 73±13 30 14

    233 Sustain TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 13 68 30 15

    234 Team TM (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Canada) 15 82 30 17

    235 Thank Goodness TM (Hubbards, New Zealand) 65±18 30 15

    236 Total TM (General Mills Inc., Canada) 15 76 30 17

    237 Ultra-bran TM, Vogel's, soy and linseed extruded wheat bran cereal (30.2 g fiber per 100 g) 41±4 30 5

    (Specialty Cereals, Australia)

    238 Wheat-bites TM (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 72±11 30 18

    239 Wheat biscuits (plain flaked wheat)

    Vita-Brits TM (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 13 61 30 12

    Vita-Brits TM (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 68±6 30 13

    Weet-Bix TM (Sanitarium, Australia) 69 30 12

    Weet-Bix TM (Sanitarium, Australia) 69±4 30 12

    Weetabix TM (Weetabix of Canada Ltd., Thornhill, Canada) 15 74 30 16

    Weetabix TM (Weetabix of Canada Ltd.) 75±10 30 16

    Whole wheat Goldies TM (Kellogg's, Australia) 70±4 30 14

    mean of seven studies 70±2 30 13

    Wheat biscuits (flaked wheat) with additional ingredients

    240 Good Start TM, muesli wheat biscuits (Sanitarium, Australia) 68±4 30 14

    241 Hi-Bran Weet-Bix TM, wheat biscuits with extra wheat bran (Sanitarium, Australia) 61±4 30 10

    242 Hi-Bran Weet-Bix TM with soy and linseed (Sanitarium, Australia) 57±3 30 9

    243 Honey Goldies TM (Kellogg's Australia) 72±3 30 15

    244 Lite-Bix TM, plain, no added sugar (Sanitarium, Australia) 70±3 30 14

    245 Oat bran Weet-Bix TM (Sanitarium, Australia) 57±4 30 11

    246 Sultana Goldies TM (Kellogg's Australia) 65±6 30 13

    BREAKFAST CEREAL BARS

    247 Crunchy Nut Cornflakes TM bar (Kellogg's, Australia) 72±6 30 19

    248 Fibre Plus TM bar (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 78±9 30 18

    249 Fruity-Bix TM bar, fruit and nut, wheat biscuit cereal with dried fruit and nuts 56±4 30 10

    with yoghurt coating (Sanitarium, Australia)

    250 Fruity-Bix TM bar, wild berry, wheat biscuit cereal with fruit and covered with 51±4 30 9

    yoghurt coating (Sanitarium, Australia)

    251 K-Time Just Right TM bar (Kellogg's, Australia) 72±4 30 17

    252 K-Time Strawberry Crunch TM bar (Kellogg's, Australia) 77±5 30 19

    253 Rice Bubble Treat TM bar (Kellogg's, Australia) 63±11 30 15

    254 Sustain TM bar (Kellogg's, Australia) 57±10 30 14

    CEREAL GRAINS

    Amaranth

    255 Amaranth (Amaranthus esculentum) popped, 97±19 30 21

    eaten with milk and non-nutritive sweetener (India)

    Barley

    256 Pearl Barley

    Barley, pearled (Canada) 22

    Barley (Canada) 22

    Barley, pot, boiled in salted water 20 min (Gouda's foods, Concord, Canada) 25±2

    Barley (Canada) 27

    Barley, pearled (Canada) 29

    mean of five studies 25±1 150 11

    257 Barley (Hordeum vulgare) (India) 37

    Barley (Hordeum vulgare) (India) 48

    mean of two groups of subjects 43±6 150 26

    258 Barley, cracked (Malthouth, Tunisia) 50 150 21

    259 Barley, rolled (Australia) 66±5 50 (dry) 25

    260 Buckwheat

    Buckwheat (Canada) 49

    Buckwheat (Canada) 51±10

    Buckwheat (Canada) 63

    mean of three studies 54±4 150 16

    261 Buckwheat groats, hydrothermally treated, dehusked, boiled 12 min (Sweden) 45 150 13

    Corn/Maize

    262 Maize (Zea Mays), flour made into chapatti (India) 59

    263 Maize meal porridge/gruel (Kenya) 109

    264 Cornmeal

    Cornmeal, boiled in salted water 2 min (McNair Products Co. Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 68 150 9

    Cornmeal + margarine (McNair Products Co. Ltd., Canada) 69 150 9

    mean of two studies 69±1 150 9

    265 Sweet corn

    Sweet corn, 'Honey & Pearl' variety (New Zealand) 37±12 150 11

    Sweet corn, on the cob, boiled 20 min (Australia) 48 150 14

    Sweet corn (Canada) 59±11 150 20

    Sweet corn (USA) 60 150 20

    Sweet corn (USA) 60 150 20

    Sweet corn (South Africa) 62±5 150 20

    mean of six studies 53±4 150 17

    266 Sweet corn, whole kernel, canned, diet-pack, drained (Featherweight, USA) 46 150 13

    267 Sweet corn, frozen, reheated in microwave 47 150 16

    (Green Giant Pillsbury Ltd., Toronto, Canada)

    268 Taco shells, cornmeal-based, baked (Old El Paso Foods Co., Toronto, Canada) 68 20 8

    Couscous

    269 Couscous, boiled 5 min (Near East Food Products Co., Leominster, MA, USA) 61

    Couscous, boiled 5 min (Tunisia) 69

    mean of two studies 65±4 150 23

    Millet

    270 Millet, boiled (Canada) 71±10 150 25

    271 Millet flour porridge (Kenya) 107

    Rice, white

    272 Arborio, risotto rice, boiled (Sun Rice brand, Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia) 69±7 150 36

    273 White (Oryza sativa), boiled (India) 69±15 150 30

    274 Rice, boiled white, type NS

    Type NS, eaten alone (France) 45 150 14

    Type NS (India) 48 150 18

    Type NS (Canada) 51 150 21

    Type NS (France) 52 150 19

    Type NS (Canada) 56 150 23

    Type NS (Pakistan) 69 150 26

    Type NS (Canada) 72±9 150 30

    Type NS, boiled in salted water (India) 72 150 27

    Type NS, boiled 13 min (Italy) 102 150 31

    Type NS (Kenya) 112 150 47

    Type NS, boiled (France) 43 150 13

    Type NS, boiled (France) 47 150 14

    mean of 12 studies 64±7 150 23

    275 Type NS, boiled in salted water, refrigerated 16-20h, reheated (India) 53 150 20

    276 Type NS, boiled 13 min, then baked 10 min (Italy) 104 150 31

    277 Long grain, boiled

    Long grain, boiled 5 min (Canada) 41 150 16

    Long grain, white, unconverted, boiled 15 min (Mahatma brand, Riviana Foods, 50 150 21

    Wetherill Park, NSW, Australia )

    Gem long grain (Dainty Food Inc., Toronto, Canada) 55 150 22

    Long grain, white (Uncle Bens, Auckland, New Zealand) 56±7 150 24

    Long grain, boiled 25 min (Surinam) 56±2 150 24

    Gem long grain (Dainty Food Inc., Canada) 57 150 23

    Long grain, boiled 15 min 58 150 23

    Gem long grain (Dainty Food Inc., Canada) 60 150 24

    Gem long grain (Dainty Food Inc., Canada) 60 150 24

    Long grain, white, boiled 7 min (Star brand, Gouda foods, Concord, Canada) 64±3 150 26

    mean of 10 studies 56±2 150 23

    Rice, long grain, quick-cooking varieties

    278 Long grain, parboiled 10 min cooking time (Uncle Ben's, Masterfoods, Belgium) 68±6 150 25

    279 Long grain, parboiled, 20 min cooking time (Uncle Ben's, Masterfoods, Belgium) 75±7 150 28

    280 Long grain, white, pre-cooked, microwaved 2 min (Express Rice, plain, Uncle Ben's, Masterfoods 52±5 150 19

    King's Lynn, Norfolk, UK)

    Rice, specialty rices

    281 Cajun Style, Uncle Ben's ® (Effem Foods Ltd., Bolton, Canada) 51 150 19

    282 Garden Style, Uncle Ben's ® (Effem Foods Ltd., Canada) 55 150 21

    283 Long Grain and Wild, Uncle Ben's ® (Effem Foods Ltd., Canada) 54 150 20

    284 Mexican Fast and Fancy, Uncle Ben's ® (Effem Foods Ltd., Canada) 58 150 22

    285 Saskatchewan wild rice (Canada) 57 150 18

    286 Broken rice, white, cooked in rice cooker (Lion Foods, Bangkok, Thailand) 86±10 150 37

    287 Glutinous rice, white, cooked in rice cooker (Bangsue Chia Meng Rice Mill, Bangkok, Thailand) 98±7 150 31

    288 Jasmine rice, white long grain, cooked in rice cooker (Golden World Foods, Bangkok, Thailand) 109±10 150 46

    Rice, white low-amylose

    289 Calrose, white, medium grain, boiled (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 83±13 150 36

    290 Sungold, Pelde, parboiled (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 87±7 150 37

    291 Waxy (0-2% amylose) (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 88±11 150 38

    292 Pelde, white (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 93±11 150 40

    293 White, low-amylose, boiled (Turkey) 139 150 60

    Rice, white high-amylose

    294 Bangladeshi rice variety BR16 (28% amylose) 37 150 14

    Bangladeshi rice variety BR16, white, long-grain (27% amylose), boiled 17.5 min 39 150 15

    mean of two studies 38 150 15

    295 Doongara, white (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 50±6

    Doongara, white (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 64±9

    Doongara, white (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 54±7

    mean of three studies 56±4 150 22

    296 Koshikari (Japonica), white, short-grain, boiled 15 min then steamed 10 min (Japan) 48±8 150 18

    297 Basmati

    Basmati, white, boiled (Mahatma brand, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 58±8 150 22

    Precooked basmati rice in pouch, white, reheated in microwave, Uncle Ben's Express ® 57±4 150 24

    (Masterfoods. Kings Lynn, Norfolk, UK)

    Quick cooking white basmati, cooked 10 min, Uncle Ben's Superior (Masterfoods Olen, Belgium) 60±5 150 23

    298 Rice, brown

    Brown (Canada) 66±5 150 21

    Brown, steamed (USA) 5 50 150 16

    Brown (Oriza Sativa), boiled (South India) 5 50±19 150 16

    mean of three studies 55±5 150 18

    Calrose brown (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 87±8 150 33

    Doongara brown, high amylose (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 66±7 150 24

    Pelde brown (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 76±6 150 29

    Parboiled, cooked 20 min, Uncle Ben's Natur-reis ® (Masterfoods Olen, Belgium) 64±7 150 23

    Sunbrown Quick TM (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 80±7 150 31

    299 Instant/puffed rice

    Instant rice, white, boiled 1 min (Canada) 46 150 19

    Instant rice, white, cooked 6 min (Trice brand, Australia) 87 150 36

    Puffed, white, cooked 5 min, Uncle Ben's Snabbris ® (Masterfoods Olen, Belgium) 74±5 150 31

    mean of three studies 69±12 150 29

    Instant doongara, white, cooked 5 min (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 94±7 150 35

    300 Parboiled rice

    Parboiled rice (Canada) 48 150 18

    Parboiled rice (USA) 72 150 26

    Converted, white, Uncle Ben's ® (Effem Foods Ltd., Canada) 45 150 16

    Converted, white, boiled 20-30 min, Uncle Ben's ® (Masterfoods USA, Vernon, CA) 38 150 14

    Converted, white, long grain, boiled 20-30 min, Uncle Ben's ® (Masterfoods USA) 50 150 18

    Boiled, 12 min (Denmark) 6 39 150 14

    Boiled, 12 min (Denmark) 42 150 15

    Boiled, 12 min (Denmark) 43 150 16

    Boiled, 12 min (Denmark) 46 150 17

    Long grain, boiled 5 min (Canada) 38 150 14

    Long grain, boiled, 10 min (USA) 5 61 150 22

    Long grain, boiled 15 min (Canada) 47 150 17

    Long grain, boiled 25 min (Canada) 46 150 17

    mean of thirteen studies 47±3 150 17

    301 Parboiled rice, eaten as part of a traditional Indian meal (India) 5 99

    302 Parboiled, low-amylose

    Bangladeshi rice variety BR2, parboiled (12% amylose) 51 150 19

    Parboiled, low-amylose, Pelde, Sungold (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 87±7 150 34

    303 Parboiled, high-amylose

    Parboiled, high-amylose (28%), Doongara (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 50±6 150 19

    Bangladeshi rice variety BR16, parboiled (28% amylose) 35 150 13

    Bangladeshi rice variety BR16, traditionally parboiled (27% amylose) 32 150 12

    Bangladeshi rice variety BR16, pressure parboiled (27% amylose) 27 150 11

    Bangladeshi rice variety BR4, parboiled (27% amylose) 33 150 13

    Mean of 5 studies 35±4 150 14

    304 Rye, whole kernels

    Rye, whole kernels (Canada) 29 50 (dry) 11

    Rye, whole kernels, pressure cooked (15 psi) 30 min in 2 L water (Canada) 34 50 (dry) 13

    Rye, whole kernels (Canada) 39 50 (dry) 15

    mean of three studies 34±3 50 (dry) 13

    Wheat

    305 Wheat, whole kernels

    Wheat, whole kernels (Triticum aestivum) (India) 11 30±9 50 (dry) 11

    Wheat, whole kernels (Canada) 42 50 (dry) 14

    Wheat, whole kernels, pressure cooked (15 psi) 30 min in 2 L water (Canada) 44 50 (dry) 14

    Wheat, whole kernels (Canada) 48 50 (dry) 16

    mean of four studies 41±3 50 (dry) 14

    306 Wheat, type NS(India) 90 50 (dry) 34

    307 Wheat, precooked kernels

    Durum wheat, precooked, cooked 20 min (Ebly, Chateaudun, France) 52±4 50 (dry) 19

    Durum wheat, precooked, cooked 10 min (Ebly, France) 50±5 50 (dry) 17

    Durum wheat, precooked in pouch, reheated in microwave, Ebly Express (Ebly, France) 40±5 125 16

    Quick cooking (White Wings, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 54±11 150 25

    308 Semolina

    Semolina, roasted at 105 °C then gelatinised with water (India) 55±9

    Semolina, steamed and gelatinised (India) 54±13

    mean of two studies 55±1 150 6

    309 Cracked wheat (bulgur/bourghul)

    Bulgur, boiled (Canada) 46

    Bulgur, boiled in 800 mL water 20 min (Canada) 46

    Bulgur, boiled 20 min (Canada) 46

    Bulgur, boiled 20 min (Canada) 53

    mean of four studies 48±2 150 12

    COOKIES

    Arrowroot

    310 Arrowroot (McCormicks's, Interbare Foods, Toronto, Canada) 63 25 13

    311 Arrowroot plus (McCormicks's, Canada) 62 25 11

    312 Milk Arrowroot TM (Arnotts, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 69±7 25 12

    mean of three studies 65±2 25 12

    313 Barquette Abricot (LU, Ris, Orangis, France) 71±6 40 23

    314 Bebe Dobre Rano Chocolate (Opavia/LU, Czech Republic) 57±9 50 19

    315 Bebe Dobre Rano Honey and Hazelnuts (Opavia/LU, Czech Republic) 51±9 50 17

    316 Bebe Jemne Susenky (Opavia/LU, Czech Republic) 67±11 25 14

    317 Digestives

    Digestives (Canada) 55

    Digestives (Canada) 59±7

    Digestives, Peak Freans (Nabisco Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 62

    mean of three studies 59±2 25 10

    318 Digestives, gluten-free (maize starch) (Nutricia Dietary Care Ltd., Redish, Stockport, UK) 58 25 10

    319 Evergreen met Krenten (LU, Netherlands) 66±12 38 14

    320 Golden Fruit (Griffin's Foods Ltd., Auckland, New Zealand) 77±25 25 13

    321 Graham Wafers (Christie Brown & Co., Toronto, Canada) 74 25 14

    322 Gran'Dia Banana, Oats and Honey (LU, Brazil) 28±5 30 6

    323 Grany en-cas Abricot (LU, France) 55±6 30 9

    324 Grany en-cas Fruits des bois (LU, France) 50±5 30 7

    325 Grany Rush Apricot (LU, Netherlands) 62±3 30 12

    326 Highland Oatmeal TM (Westons biscuits, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 55±8 25 10

    327 Highland Oatcakes (Walker's Shortbread Ltd., Aberlour-on-Spey, Scotland) 57 25 8

    328 LU P'tit Déjeuner Chocolat (LU, France) 42±5 50 14

    329 LU P'tit Déjeuner Miel et Pépites Chocolat (LU, France) 45±5 50 16

    LU P'tit Déjeuner Miel et Pépites Chocolat (LU, France) 52±3 50 18

    LU P'tit Déjeuner Miel et Pépites Chocolat (LU, France) 49±8 50 18

    mean of three studies 49±2 50 17

    330 Maltmeal wafer (Griffin's Foods Ltd., New Zealand) 50±10 25 9

    331 Morning Coffee TM (Arnotts, Australia) 79±6 25 15

    332 Nutrigrain Fruits des bois (Kellogg's, France) 57±4 35 13

    333 Oatmeal (Canada) 54±4 25 9

    334 Oro (Saiwa, Italy) 61±9 40 20

    Oro (Saiwa, Italy) 67±17 40 21

    mean of two studies 64±3 40 20

    335 Petit LU Normand (LU, France) 51±3 25 10

    336 Petit LU Roussillon (LU, France) 48±4 25 9

    337 Prince Energie+ (LU, France) 73±5 25 13

    338 Prince fourré chocolat (LU, France) 53±5

    Prince fourré chocolat (LU, France) 50±5

    mean of two studies 52±2 45 16

    339 Prince Meganana Chocolate (LU, Spain) 49±12 50 18

    340 Prince Petit Déjeuner Vanille (LU, France and Spain) 45±6 50 16

    341 Rich Tea (Canada) 55±4 25 10

    342 Sablé des Flandres (LU, France) 57±10 20 8

    343 Shortbread (Arnotts, Australia) 64±8 25 10

    344 Shredded Wheatmeal TM (Arnotts, Australia) 62±4 25 11

    345 Snack Right Fruit Slice (97% fat-free) (Arnott's, Australia) 45±3 25 9

    346 Thé (LU, France) 41±7 20 6

    347 Vanilla Wafers (Christie Brown & Co., Canada) 77 25 14

    348 Véritable Petit Beurre (LU, France) 51±8 25 9

    CRACKERS

    349 Breton wheat crackers (Dare Foods Ltd., Kitchener, Canada) 67 25 10

    350 Corn Thins, puffed corn cakes, gluten-free (Real Foods, St Peters, NSW, Australia) 87±10 25 18

    351 Cream Cracker (LU Triumfo, Brazil) 65±11 25 11

    352 High-calcium cracker (Danone, Malaysia) 52±8 25 9

    353 Jatz TM, plain salted craker biscuits (Arnotts, Australia) 55±5 25 10

    354 Puffed Crispbread (Westons, Australia) 81±9 25 15

    355 Puffed rice cakes

    Puffed rice cakes, white (Rice Growers Co-op., Leeton, NSW, Australia) 82±11 25 17

    Rice cakes, Calrose rice (low-amylose) (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 91±7 25 19

    Rice cakes, Doongara rice (high-amylose) (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia) 61±5 25 13

    mean of three studies 78±9 25 17

    356 Rye crispbread

    Rye crispbread (Canada) 63 25 10

    Ryvita TM (Canada) 69±10 25 11

    High-fiber rye crispbread (Ryvita Company Ltd., Poole, Dorset, UK) 59 25 9

    Rye crispbread (Ryvita Company Ltd., UK) 63 25 11

    mean of four studies 64±2 25 11

    357 Kavli TM Norwegian Crispbread (Players Biscuits, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 71±7 25 12

    358 Sao TM, plain square crackers (Arnotts, Australia) 70±9 25 12

    359 Stoned Wheat Thins (Christie Brown & Co., Canada) 67 25 12

    360 Water cracker

    Water cracker (Canada) 63±9 25 11

    Water cracker (Arnotts, Australia) 78±11 25 14

    mean of two studies 71±8 25 13

    361 Premium Soda Crackers (Christie Brown & Co., Canada) 74 25 12

    362 Vita-wheat TM, original, crispbread (Arnott's, Australia) 55±4 25 10

    DAIRY PRODUCTS AND ALTERNATIVES

    Custard

    363 No Bake Egg Custard, prepared from powder with whole milk (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 35±2 100 6

    364 Custard, home made from milk, wheat starch, and sugar (Australia) 43±10 100 7

    365 TRIM TM, reduced-fat custard (Pauls Ltd., South Brisbane, Qld, Australia) 37±4 100 6

    mean of three studies 38±2 100 6

    366 Ice cream, Regular/NS

    Ice cream, NS (Canada) 36±8

    Ice cream (half vanilla, half chocolate) (Italy) 57

    Ice cream, NS(USA) 62

    Ice cream, chocolate flavored (USA) 68±15

    Ice cream (half vanilla, half chocolate) (Italy) 80

    mean of five studies 61±7 50 8

    367 Ice cream, Reduced- or Low-fat

    Ice cream, low-fat, vanilla, 'Light' (Peter's, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 50±8 50 3

    Ice-cream, low-fat (1.2 % fat), Prestige Light rich vanilla (Norco, Lismore, NSW, Australia) 6 47±5 50 5

    Ice-cream, low-fat (1.4% fat), Prestige Light traditional toffee (Norco, Australia) 6 37±4 50 5

    Ice-cream, reduced-fat (7.1 % fat), Prestige golden macadamia (Norco, Australia) 6 39±3 50 5

    368 Ice cream, Premium (high-fat)

    Ice cream, premium, Ultra chocolate, 15% fat (Sara Lee, Gosford, NSW, Australia) 37±3 50 4

    Ice cream, premium, French vanilla, 16% fat (Sara Lee, Australia) 38±3 50 3

    369 Milk, full-fat

    Full-fat (Italy) 11

    Full-fat (3% fat, Skånemejerier, Malmö, Sweden) 6 21

    Full-fat (Italy) 24

    Full-fat cow's milk, fresh (Dairy Farmers, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 31±2

    Full-fat (Canada) 34±6

    Full-fat (USA) 40

    mean of five studies 27±4 250 3

    370 Fermented cow's milk (ropy milk, långfil, 3% fat) (Arla, Gävle, Sweden) 6 11

    371 Fermented cow's milk (filmjölk, 3% fat) (Skånemejerier, Malmö, Sweden) 6 11

    mean of two foods 11

    372 Milk, full-fat, plus bran

    Full-fat + 20g wheat bran (Italy) 25

    Full-fat + 20g wheat bran (Italy) 28

    mean of two studies 27±2 250 3

    373 Milk, skim (Canada) 32±5 250 4

    374 Milk, condensed, sweetened (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 61±6 50 17

    375 Milk, low-fat, chocolate, with aspartame, Lite White TM (Dairy Farmers, Australia) 24±6 250 3

    376 Milk, low-fat, chocolate, with sugar, Lite White TM (Dairy Farmers, Australia) 34±4 250 9

    377 Mousse, reduced-fat, prepared from commerical mousse mix with water

    Butterscotch, 1.9% fat (Nestlé, Australia) 36±4 50 4

    Chocolate, 2% fat (Nestlé, Australia) 31±4 50 3

    Hazelnut, 2.4% fat (Nestlé, Australia) 36±4 50 4

    Mango, 1.8% fat (Nestlé, Australia) 33±5 50 4

    Mixed berry, 2.2% fat (Nestlé, Australia) 36±5 50 4

    Strawberry, 2.3% fat (Nestlé, Australia) 32±3 50 3

    mean of six foods 34±1 50 4

    378 Pudding

    instant, chocolate, made from powder and whole milk (White Wings, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 47±4 100 7

    instant, vanilla, made from powder and whole milk (White Wings, Australia) 40±4 100 6

    mean of two foods 44±4 100 7

    379 Yoghurt

    Yoghurt, type NS (Canada) 36±4 200 3

    380 Low-fat yoghurt

    Low-fat, fruit, aspartame, Ski TM (Dairy Farmers, Australia) 14±4 200 2

    Low-fat, fruit, sugar, Ski TM (Dairy Farmers, Australia) 33±7 200 10

    Low-fat (0.9%), fruit, wild strawberry (Ski d'lite TM, Dairy Farmers, Australia) 31±14 200 9

    381 Non-fat yoghurt, sweetened with acesulfame K and Splenda

    Diet Vaalia TM, exotic fruits (Pauls Ltd., Australia) 6 23±2 200 4

    Diet Vaalia TM, mango (Pauls Ltd., Australia) 6 23±2 200 3

    Diet Vaalia TM, mixed berry (Pauls Ltd., Australia) 6 25±3 200 3

    Diet Vaalia TM, strawberry (Pauls Ltd., Australia) 6 23±2 200 3

    Diet Vaalia TM, vanilla (Pauls Ltd, Australia) 6 23±2 200 3

    mean of five foods 24±1 200 3

    382 Reduced-fat yoghurt

    Reduced-fat, Vaalia TM, apricot & mango (Pauls Ltd., Australia) 6 26±4 200 8

    Reduced-fat, Vaalia TM, french vanilla (Pauls Ltd., Australia) 6 26±4 200 3

    Reduced-fat, Extra-Lite TM, strawberry (Pauls Ltd., Australia) 6 28±4 200 9

    mean of three foods 27±1 200 7

    383 Yoghurt drink, reduced-fat, Vaalia TM, tropical passionfruit (Pauls Ltd., Australia) 6 38±4 200 11

    Soy-based dairy product alternatives

    384 Soy milks (containing maltodextrin)

    Soy milk, full-fat (3%), 0 mg calcium, Original (So Natural Foods, Taren Point, NSW, Australia) 6 44±5 250 8

    Soy milk, full-fat (3%), 120 mg calcium, Calciforte (So Natural Foods, Australia) 6 36±4 250 6

    Soy milk, reduced-fat (1.5%), 120 mg calcium, Light (So Natural Foods, Australia) 6 44±3 250 8

    385 Soy milk drinks

    Soy smoothie drink, banana, 1% fat (So Natural Foods, Australia) 6 30±3 250 7

    Soy smoothie drink, chocolate hazelnut, 1% fat (So Natural Foods, Australia) 6 34±3 250 8

    mean of two drinks 32±2 250 7

    Up & Go TM, cocoa malt flavor (soy milk, rice cereal liquid breakfast) 6 43±5 250 11

    (Sanitarium, Berkeley Vale, NSW, Australia)

    Up & Go TM, original malt flavor (soy milk, rice cereal liquid breakfast) 6 46±5 250 11

    (Sanitarium, Australia)

    mean of two drinks 45±2 250 11

    Xpress TM, chocolate (soy bean, cereal and legume extract drink with fructose) 6 39±2 250 13

    (So Natural Foods, Australia)

    386 Soy yoghurt

    Soy yoghurt, peach and mango, 2% fat, sugar (So Natural Foods, Australia) 6 50±3 200 13

    387 Tofu-based frozen dessert, chocolate with high-fructose (24%) corn syrup (USA) 115±14 50 10

    FRUIT AND FRUIT PRODUCTS

    388 Apples, raw

    Apple, NS (Denmark) 28 120 4

    Apple, Braeburn (New Zealand) 6 32±4 120 4

    Apple, NS (Canada) 34 120 5

    Apple, Golden Delicious (Canada) 39±3 120 6

    Apple, NS(USA) 40 120 6

    Apple, NS (Italy) 44 120 6

    mean of six studies 38±2 120 6

    389 Apple juice

    Apple juice, unsweetened, reconstituted (Berrivale Orchards Ltd, Berri, SA, Australia) 39±5 250 10

    Apple juice, unsweetened (USA) 40 250 12

    Apple juice, unsweetened (Allens, Toronto, Canada) 41 250 12

    mean of three studies 40±1 250 11

    390 Apple, dried (Australia) 29±5 60 10

    Apricots

    391 Apricots, raw, NS (Italy) 57 120 5

    392 Apricots, canned in light syrup (Riviera, Aliments Caneast Foods, Montreal, Canada ) 64 120 12

    393 Apricots, dried (Australia) 30±7 60 8

    Apricots, dried (Wasco foods, Montreal, Canada) 32 60 10

    mean of two studies 31±1 60 9

    394 Apricot fruit bar, pureed dried apricot filling in wholemeal pastry 50±8 50 17

    (Mother Earth, Auckland, New Zealand)

    395 Apricot fruit spread, reduced sugar (Glen Ewin Jams, Para Hills, SA, Australia) 55±7 30 7

    396 Apricot Fruity Bitz TM, vitamin and mineral enriched dried fruit snack 42±3 15 5

    (Blackmores Ltd., Balgowlah, NSW, Australia)

    397 Banana, raw

    Banana (Canada) 46 120 12

    Banana (Italy) 58 120 13

    Banana (Canada) 58 120 15

    Banana (Canada) 62±9 120 16

    Banana (South Africa) 70±5 120 16

    Banana, ripe (all yellow) (USA) 51 120 13

    Banana, under-ripe (Denmark) 30 120 6

    Banana, slightly under-ripe (yellow with green sections) (USA) 42 120 11

    Banana, over-ripe (yellow flecked with brown) (USA) 48 120 12

    Banana, over-ripe (Denmark) 52 120 11

    mean of 10 studies 52±4 120 12

    398 Banana, processed fruit fingers, Heinz Kidz TM (H J Heinz, Malvern, Vic, Australia) 61±11 30 12

    399 Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis), raw (Australia) 6 68 120 18

    400 Cherries, raw, NS(Canada) 22 120 3

    401 Chico (Zapota zapotilla coville), raw (Philippines) 6 40 120 12

    402 Cranberry juice

    Cranberry juice cocktail (Ocean Spray, Melbourne, Vic, Australia) 52±3 250 16

    Cranberry juice cocktail (Ocean Spray Inc., Lakeville-Middleboro, MA, USA) 68±3 250 24

    Cranberry juice drink, Ocean Spray ® (Gerber Ltd., Bridgewater, Somerset, UK) 56±4 250 16

    403 Custard apple, raw, flesh only (Australia) 54±2 120 10

    404 Dates, dried (Australia) 103±21 60 42

    405 Figs, dried, tenderised, Dessert Maid brand (Ernest Hall & Sons, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 61±6 60 16

    406 Fruit Cocktail, canned (Delmonte Canadian Canners Ltd., Hamilton, Canada) 55 120 9

    407 Grapefruit, raw (Canada) 25 120 3

    408 Grapefruit juice, unsweetened (Sunpac, Toronto, Canada) 48 250 9

    409 Grapes, raw

    Grapes, NS(Canada) 43 120 7

    Grapes, NS (Italy) 49 120 9

    mean of two studies 46±3 120 8

    Grapes, black, Waltham Cross (Australia) 59 120 11

    410 Kiwi fruit, raw

    Kiwi fruit, Hayward (New Zealand) 6 47±4 120 5

    Kiwi fruit (Australia) 6 58±7 120 7

    mean of two studies 53±6 120 6

    411 Lychee, canned in syrup and drained, Narcissus brand (China) 79±8 120 16

    412 Mango, raw

    Mango (Mangifera indica) (Philippines) 6 41 120 8

    Mango (Mangifera indica) (Australia) 6 51±3 120 8

    Mango, ripe (Mangifera indica) (India) 11 60±16 120 9

    mean of three studies 51±5 120 8

    413 Mango, low-fat frozen fruit dessert, Frutia TM (Weis Frozen Foods, Toowong, Qld, Australia) 42±3 100 10

    414 Marmalade, orange (Australia) 48±9 30 9

    415 Oranges, raw

    Oranges, NS (Denmark) 31 120 3

    Oranges, NS (South Africa) 33±6 120 3

    Oranges, NS (Canada) 40±3 120 4

    Oranges, NS (Italy) 48 120 5

    Oranges (Sunkist, Van Nuys, CA, USA) 48 120 5

    Oranges NS(Canada) 51 120 6

    mean of six studies 42±3 120 5

    416 Orange juice

    Orange Juice (Canada) 46±6 250 12

    Orange juice, unsweetened, reconstituted concentrate, Quelch brand (Berri Ltd., Australia) 53±6 250 9

    Orange juice, reconstituted from frozen concentrate (USA) 57±6 250 15

    mean of three studies 52±3 250 12

    417 Paw paw/papaya, raw

    Paw paw (Carica papaya) (Australia) 6 56±6 120 5

    Paw paw (papaya), ripe (India) 11 60±16 120 17

    Papaya (Carica papaya) (Philippines) 6 60 120 9

    mean of three studies 59±1 120 10

    Peaches

    418 Peach, raw (Canada) 28 120 4

    Peach, raw (Italy) 56 120 5

    mean of two studies 42±14 120 5

    419 Peach, canned in natural juice (Goulburn Valley, Ardmona Foods, Mooroopna, Vic, Australia) 30±4 120 3

    Peach, canned in natural juice (SPC Ltd., Shepparton, Vic, Australia) 45±6 120 5

    mean of two studies 38±8 120 4

    420 Peach, canned in heavy syrup (Letona Foods, Hawthorn East, Vic, Australia) 58±11 120 9

    421 Peach, canned in light syrup (Delmonte, Canadian Canners Ltd.) 52 120 9

    422 Peach, canned in reduced-sugar syrup, SPC Lite (SPC Ltd., Australia) 62±9 120 11

    Pears

    423 Pear, raw, NS(Canada) 33 120 4

    424 Pear, Winter Nellis, raw (New Zealand) 6 34±4 120 4

    425 Pear, Bartlett, raw (Canada) 41 120 3

    426 Pear, raw, NS (Italy) 42 120 4

    mean of four studies 38±2 120 4

    427 Pear halves, canned in reduced-sugar syrup, SPC Lite (SPC Ltd., Australia) 25±6 120 4

    428 Pear halves, canned in natural juice (SPC Ltd., Australia) 43±15 120 5

    429 Pear, canned in pear juice, Bartlett (Delmonte, Canadian Canners Ltd.) 44 120 5

    Pineapple

    430 Pineapple, raw (Australia) 6 66±7 120 6

    Pineapple (Ananas comosus), raw (Philippines) 6 51 120 8

    mean of two studies 59±8 120 7

    431 Pineapple juice, unsweetened (Dole Packaged Foods, Toronto, Canada) 46 250 15

    Plums

    432 Plum, raw, NS (Canada) 24 120 3

    Plum, raw, NS (Italy) 53 120 6

    mean of two studies 39±15 120 5

    433 Prunes, pitted (Sunsweet Growers Inc., Yuba City, CA, USA) 29±4 60 10

    434 Raisins (Canada) 64±11 60 28

    435 Rockmelon/Cantaloupe, raw (Australia) 6 65±9 120 4

    436 Strawberries, fresh, raw (Sydney, NSW, Australia) 6 40±7 120 1

    437 Strawberry jam 51±10 30 10

    438 Strawberry processed fruit bars, Real Fruit Bars (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 90±12 30 23

    439 Sultanas 56±11 60 25

    440 Tomato juice, no added sugar (Berri Ltd., Berri, SA, Australia) 6 38±4 250 4

    441 Tropical Fruity Bitz TM, vitamin and mineral enriched dried fruit snack 41±3 15 5

    (Blackmores Ltd., Australia)

    442 Vitari, wild berry, non-dairy, frozen fruit dessert (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 59±8 100 12

    443 Watermelon, raw (Australia) 6 72±13 120 4

    444 Wild Berry Fruity Bitz TM, vitamin and mineral enriched dried fruit snack 35±4 15 4

    (Blackmores Ltd., Australia)

    INFANT FORMULA AND WEANING FOODS

    445 Formula

    Infasoy TM, soy-based, milk-free (Wyeth Nutritionals, Baulkham Hills, NSW, Australia) 6 55±6 100 mL 4

    Karicare TM gold starter formula with omega plus LCP oils (Nutricia, Auckland, New Zealand) 6 35±5 100 mL 2

    Nan-1 TM infant formula with iron (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 6 30±6 100 mL 2

    S-26 TM infant formula (Wyeth Nutritionals, Australia) 6 36±6 100 mL 3

    Weaning Foods

    446 Farex TM baby rice (Heinz Wattie's Ltd., Malvern, Vic, Australia) 6 95±13 87 6

    447 Robinsons First Tastes from 4 months (Nutricia, Wells, UK)

    Apple, apricot and banana cereal 6 56±8 75 7

    Creamed porridge 6 59±8 75 5

    Rice pudding 6 59±6 75 6

    448 Heinz for Baby from 4 months (Heinz Wattie's Ltd., Australia)

    Chicken and noodles with vegetables, strained 6 67±11 120 5

    Sweetcorn and rice 6 65±13 120 10

    LEGUMES AND NUTS

    449 Baked Beans

    Baked Beans, canned (Canada) 40±3

    Baked Beans, canned haricot/navy beans in tomato sauce 56

    (Libby, McNeill & Libby, Chatham, Canada)

    mean of two studies 48±8 150 7

    450 Beans, dried, boiled

    Beans, dried, type NS(Italy) 36 150 11

    Beans, dried, type NS(Italy) 20 150 6

    mean of two studies 29±9 150 9

    451 Blackeyed beans/peas (Cowpeas), boiled

    Blackeyed beans (Canada) 50 150 15

    Blackeyed beans (Canada) 33±4 150 10

    mean of two studies 42±9 150 13

    452 Butter Beans

    Butter beans (South Africa) 28±7 150 5

    Butter beans, dried, cooked 1.25 h (South Africa) 29±8 150 6

    Butter beans (Canada) 36±4 150 7

    mean of three studies 31±3 150 6

    Butter beans, dried, boiled + 5g sucrose (South Africa) 30±2 150 6

    Butter beans, dried, boiled + 10g sucrose (South Africa) 31±2 150 6

    Butter beans, dried, boiled + 15g sucrose (South Africa) 54±4 150 11

    453 Chickpeas (Garbanzo beans, Bengal gram), boiled

    Chickpeas (Cicer arietinum Linn), dried, soaked, boiled 35 min (Philippines) 10 150 3

    Chickpeas, dried, boiled (Canada) 31 150 9

    Chickpeas (Canada) 33 150 10

    Chickpeas (Canada) 36±5 150 11

    mean of four studies 28±6 150 8

    454 Chickpeas, canned in brine (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 42 150 9

    455 Chickpeas, curry, canned (Canasia Foods Ltd., Scarborough, Canada) 41 150 7

    456 Haricot/Navy beans

    Haricot/Navy beans, pressure cooked at 15 psi for 25 min (King Grains, Toronto, Canada) 29 150 9

    Haricot/Navy beans, dried, boiled (Canada) 30 150 9

    Haricot/Navy beans, boiled (Canada) 31±6 150 9

    Haricot/Navy beans (King Grains, Canada) 39 150 12

    Haricot/Navy beans, pressure cooked at15 psi for 25 min (King Grains, Canada) 59 150 19

    mean of five studies 38±6 150 12

    457 Kidney Beans

    Kidney/white bean (Phaseolus vulgaris Linn), soaked, boiled 17 min (Philippines) 13 150 3

    Kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) (India) 19 150 5

    Kidney beans (USA) 5 23 150 6

    Kidney beans, dried, boiled (France) 23±1 150 6

    Kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), red, soaked 20 min, boiled 70 min (Sweden) 25 150 6

    Kidney beans (Canada) 29±8 150 7

    Kidney beans, dried, boiled (Canada) 42 150 10

    Kidney beans (Canada) 46 150 11

    mean of eight studies 28±4 150 7

    458 Kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) - autoclaved 34 150 8

    459 Kidney beans, canned (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 52 150 9

    460 Kidney beans, dried, soaked 12 h, stored moist 24 h, steamed 1 h (India) 11 70±11 150 17

    461 Black bean (Phaseolus vulgaris Linn), soaked overnight, cooked 45 min (Philippines) 20 150 5

    462 Lentils, type NS

    Lentils, type NS (USA) 28

    Lentils, type NS (Canada) 29±3

    mean of two studies 29±1 150 5

    463 Lentils, green

    Lentils, green, dried, boiled (Canada) 22 150 4

    Lentils, green, dried, boiled (France) 30±15 150 6

    Lentils, green, dried, boiled (Australia) 37±3 150 5

    mean of three studies 30±4 150 5

    464 Lentils, green, canned in brine (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 52 150 9

    465 Lentils, red

    Lentils, red, dried, boiled (Canada) 18 150 3

    Lentils, red, dried, boiled (Canada) 21 150 4

    Lentils, red, dried, boiled (Canada) 31 150 6

    Lentils, red, dried, boiled (Canada) 32 150 6

    mean of four studies 26±4 150 5

    466 Lima beans, baby, frozen, reheated in microwave oven (York, Canada Packers, Toronto, Canada) 32 150 10

    467 Marrowfat peas

    Marrowfat peas, dried, boiled (USA) 31

    Marrowfat peas, dried, boiled (Canada) 47±3

    mean of two studies 39±8 150 7

    468 Mung beans

    Mung bean (Phaseolus areus Roxb), soaked, boiled 20 min (Philippines) 31 150 5

    Mung bean, fried (Australia) 53±8

    Mung bean, germinated (Australia) 25±4 150 4

    Mung bean, pressure cooked (Australia) 42±5 150 7

    469 Peas, dried, boiled (Australia) 22 150 2

    470 Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan Linn. Huth.), soaked, boiled 45 min (Philippines) 22 150 4

    471 Pinto beans

    Pinto beans, dried, boiled (Canada) 39 150 10

    Pinto beans, canned in brine (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 45 150 10

    472 Romano beans (Canada) 46 150 8

    473 Soya beans

    Soya beans, dried, boiled (Canada) 15±5 150 1

    Soya beans, dried, boiled (Australia) 20±3 150 1

    mean of two studies 18±3 150 1

    Soya beans, canned (Canada) 14±2 150 1

    474 Split peas, yellow, boiled 20 min (Nupack, Mississauga, Canada) 32 150 6

    MEAL REPLACEMENT PRODUCTS

    475 Hazelnut & Apricot bar (Dietworks, South Yarra, Vic, Australia) 42±7 50 9

    476 L.E.A.N TM products (Usana Inc., Salt Lake City, UT, US)

    L.E.A.N Fibergy TM bar, Harvest Oat 45±4 50 13

    Nutrimeal TM, drink powder, Dutch Chocolate 26±3 250 3

    L.E.A.N (Life long) Nutribar TM, Peanut Crunch 30±4 40 6

    L.E.A.N (Life long) Nutribar TM, Chocolate Crunch 32±4 40 6

    mean of two Nutri bars 31±1 40 6

    Worldwide Sport Nutrition reduced-carbohydrate products (2000 formulations)

    (Worldwide Sport Nutritional Supplements Inc., Largo, FL, US)

    477 Designer chocolate, sugar-free 6 14±3 35 3

    478 Burn-it TM bars

    Chocolate deluxe 6 29±3 50 2

    Peanut butter 6 23±3 50 1

    479 Pure-protein TM bars

    Chewy choc-chip 6 30±4 80 4

    Chocolate deluxe 6 38±4 80 5

    Peanut butter 6 22±4 80 2

    Strawberry shortcake 6 43±4 80 6

    White chocolate mousse 6 40±4 80 6

    480 Pure-protein TM cookies

    Choc-chip cookie dough 6 25±3 55 3

    Coconut 6 42±5 55 4

    Peanut butter 6 37±7 55 3

    481 Ultra pure-protein TM shakes

    Cappuccino 47±6 250 1

    Frosty chocolate 37±6 250 1

    Strawberry shortcake 42±4 250 1

    Vanilla ice cream 32±5 250 1

    MIXED MEALS AND CONVENIENCE FOODS

    482 Chicken nuggets, frozen, reheated in microwave oven 5 min (Savings, Grocery Holdings, 46±4 100 7

    Tooronga, Vic, Australia)

    483 Fish Fingers (Canada) 38±6 100 7

    484 Greek lentil stew with a bread roll, home made (Australia) 40±5 360 15

    485 Kugel (Polish dish containing egg noodles, sugar, cheese and raisins) (Israel) 65±6 150 31

    486 Lean Cuisine TM, French style chicken with rice, reheated (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 6 36±6 400 24

    487 Pies, beef, party size (Farmland, Grocery Holdings, Australia) 45±6 100 12

    488 Pizza

    Pizza, cheese (Pillsbury Canada Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 60 100 16

    Pizza, plain baked dough, served with parmesan cheese and tomato sauce (Italy) 80 100 22

    Pizza, Super Supreme, pan (11.4% fat) (Pizza Hut, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 36±6 100 9

    Pizza, Super Supreme, thin and crispy (13.2 % fat) (Pizza Hut, Australia) 30±4 100 7

    Pizza, Vegetarian Supreme, thin and crispy (7.8 % fat) (Pizza Hut, Australia) 6 49±6 100 12

    489 Sausages, NS(Canada) 28±6 100 1

    490 Sirloin chop with mixed vegetables and mashed potato, home made (Australia) 66±12 360 35

    491 Spaghetti bolognaise, home made (Australia) 52±9 360 25

    492 Stirfried vegetables with chicken and boiled white rice, home made (Australia) 73±17 360 55

    493 Sushi

    Sushi, salmon (from 'I Love Sushi' chain store, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 6 48±8 100 17

    Sushi, roasted sea algae, vinegar and rice (Japan) 55 100 20

    Mean of two studies 52±4 100 19

    494 White boiled rice, grilled beefburger, cheese, and butter (France) 27 440 14

    White boiled rice, grilled beefburger, cheese and butter (France) 22 440 11

    Mean in two groups of subjects 25±2 440 13

    White bread with toppings

    495 White wheat flour bread, butter, cheese, regular cow's milk and fresh cucumber (Sweden) 6 55 200 38

    496 White wheat flour bread, butter, yoghurt and pickled cucumber (Sweden) 6 39 200 11

    497 White bread with butter (Canada) 59 100 29

    498 White bread with skim milk cheese (Canada) 55 100 26

    499 White bread with butter and skim milk cheese (Canada) 62 100 23

    500 White/wholemeal wheat bread with peanut butter (Canada) 51 100 23

    White/wholemeal wheat bread with peanut butter (Canada) 67 100 30

    mean of two studies 59±8 100 26

    NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT PRODUCTS

    501 Choicedm TM, vanilla (Mead Johnson Nutritionals, Evansville, IN, US) 23±4 237mL 6

    502 Enercal Plus TM, made from powder (Wyeth-Ayerst International Inc., Madison, NJ, US) 61±13 237mL 24

    503 Ensure TM (Abbott Australasia, Kurnell, NSW, Australia) 50±8 237mL 19

    504 Ensure TM, vanilla (Abbott Australasia) 48±3 250mL 16

    505 Ensure TM bar, chocolate fudge brownie (Abbott Australasia) 43±3 38 8

    506 Ensure Plus TM, vanilla (Abbott Australasia) 40±4 237mL 19

    507 Ensure Pudding TM, old fashioned vanilla (Abbott Laboratories Inc., Ashland, OH, USA) 36±4 113 9

    508 Glucerna TM, vanilla (Abbott Laboratories Inc., USA) 6 31±2 237mL 7

    509 Jevity TM (Abbott Australasia) 48±3 237mL 17

    510 Resource Diabetic TM, French vanilla (Novartis Nutrition Corp., Young America, MN, USA) 6 34±3 237mL 8

    511 Resource Diabetic TM, Swiss chocolate (Novartis, Auckland, New Zealand) 16±4 237mL 7

    512 Resource TM thickened orange juice, honey consistency (Novartis, New Zealand) 47±9 237mL 18

    513 Resource TM thickened orange juice, nectar consistency (Novartis, New Zealand) 54±7 237mL 19

    514 Resource TM fruit beverage, peach flavour (Novartis, New Zealand) 40±8 237mL 16

    515 Sustagen TM, Dutch Chocolate (Mead Johnson, Bristol Myers Squibb, Rydalmere, NSW, Australia) 31±4 250mL 13

    516 Sustagen TM Hospital with extra fiber, drink made from powdered mix (Mead Johnson, Australia) 33±4 250mL 15

    517 Sustagen TM Instant Pudding, vanilla, made from powdered mix (Mead Johnson, Australia) 27±3 250 13

    518 Ultracal TM with fiber (Mead Johnson, Evansville, IN, USA) 40 237 mL 12

    PASTA and NOODLES

    519 Capellini (Primo Foods Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 45 180 20

    520 Corn pasta, gluten-free (Orgran Natural Foods, Carrum Downs, Vic, Australia) 78±10 180 32

    521 Fettucine, egg

    Fettucine, egg 32±4 180 15

    Fettucine, egg (Mother Earth Fine Foods, Rowville, Vic, Australia) 47±6 180 22

    mean of two studies 40±8 180 18

    522 Gluten-free pasta, maize starch, boiled 8 min (UK) 54 180 22

    523 Gnocchi, NS (Latina, Pillsbury Australia Ltd., Mt. Waverley, Vic, Australia) 68±9 180 33

    524 Instant noodles

    Instant 'two-minute' noodles, Maggi ® (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 46±5

    Instant 'two-minute' noodles, Maggi ® (Nestlé, Auckland, New Zealand) 48±8

    Instant noodles (Mr Noodle, Vancouver, Canada) 47

    mean of three studies 47±1 180 19

    525 Linguine

    Thick, durum wheat, white, fresh (Sweden) 43 180 21

    Thick, fresh, durum wheat flour, 0.6% w/w monoglycerides, boiled 8 min (Sweden) 48 180 23

    mean of two studies 46±3 180 22

    Thin, durum wheat (Sweden) 49 180 23

    Thin, fresh, durum wheat flour, 0.6% w/w monoglycerides, boiled 3 min (Sweden) 61 180 29

    Thin, fresh, durum wheat with 39% w/w egg, (Sweden) 45 180 18

    Thin, fresh, with 0.6% w/w monoglycerides and 30% w/w egg, boiled 3 min (Sweden) 53 180 22

    mean of four studies 52±3 180 23

    526 Mung bean noodles

    Lungkow beanthread noodles (National Cereals, Oils & Foodstuffs, Qingdao & Guangdong, China) 26 180 12

    Mung bean noodles (Longkou beanthread), dried, boiled (Yantai cereals, China) 39±9 180 18

    mean of two studies 33±7

    527 Macaroni

    Macaroni, plain, boiled 5 min (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 45 180 22

    Macaroni, plain, boiled (Turkey) 48 180 23

    mean of two studies 47±2 180 23

    Macaroni and Cheese, boxed (Kraft General Foods Canada Inc., Don Mills, Ontario) 64 180 32

    528 Ravioli, durum wheat flour, meat filled, boiled (Australia) 39±1 180 15

    529 Rice noodles/pasta

    Rice noodles, dried, boiled (Thai World, Bangkok, Thailand) 61±6 180 23

    Rice noodles, freshly made, boiled (Sydney, NSW, Australia) 40±4 180 15

    Rice pasta, brown, boiled 16 min (Rice Grower's Co-op., Leeton, NSW, Australia) 92±8 180 35

    Rice and maize pasta, gluten-free, Ris'O'Mais (Orgran Foods, Carrum Downs, Vic, Australia) 76±6 180 37

    Rice vermicelli, Kongmoon (National Cereals, Oils & Foodstuffs, China) 58 180 22

    Spaghetti

    530 Spaghetti, gluten-free, rice and split pea, canned in tomato sauce (Orgran Foods, Australia) 68±9 220 19

    531 Spaghetti, protein enriched, boiled 7 min (Catelli Plus, Catelli Ltd., Montreal, Canada) 27 180 14

    532 Spaghetti, white, boiled 5 min

    Boiled 5 min (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 32 180 15

    Boiled 5 min (Canada) 34 180 16

    Boiled 5 min (Canada) 40 180 19

    Boiled 5 min (Middle East) 44 180 21

    mean of four studies 38±3 180 18

    533 Spaghetti, white or type NS, boiled 10-15 min

    White, durum wheat, boiled 10 min in salty water (Barilla, Parma, Italy) 12 58 180 28

    White, durum wheat flour, boiled 12 min (Starhushålls, Kungsörnen AB, Järna, Sweden) 47 180 23

    White, durum wheat flour, 0.6% w/w monoglycerides, boiled 12 min (Sweden) 53 180 25

    Boiled 15 min (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 32 180 15

    Boiled 15 min (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 36 180 17

    Boiled 15 min (Canada) 41 180 20

    White, boiled 15 min in salted water (Unico, Concord, Canada) 44±3 180 21

    mean of seven studies 44±3 180 21

    534 Spaghetti, white or type NS, boiled 20 min

    White, durum wheat, boiled 20 min (Australia) 58±7 180 26

    Durum wheat, boiled 20 min (USA) 64±15 180 27

    mean of two studies 61±3 180 27

    535 Spaghetti, white, boiled

    White (Denmark) 33 180 16

    White, durum wheat (Catelli Ltd, Montreal, Canada) 34 180 16

    White (Australia) 38 180 17

    White (Canada) 42 180 20

    White (Canada) 48 180 23

    White (Vetta, Greens Foods, Glendenning, NSW, Australia) 49±7 180 22

    White (Canada) 50±8 180 24

    mean of seven studies 42±3 180 20

    536 Spaghetti, white, durum wheat semolina (Panzani, Marseilles, France)

    Boiled in 0.7% salted water for 11 min 59±15 180 28

    Boiled in 0.7% salted water for 16.5 min 65±15 180 31

    Boiled in 0.7% salted water for 22 min 46±10 180 22

    mean of three cooking times 57±6 180 27

    537 Spaghetti, wholemeal, boiled

    Wholemeal (USA) 32 180 14

    Wholemeal (Canada) 42±4 180 17

    mean of two studies 37±5 180 16

    538 Spirali, durum wheat, white, boiled to al denté texture (Vetta, Australia) 43±10 180 19

    539 Split pea and soya pasta shells, gluten-free (Orgran Foods, Australia) 29±6 180 9

    540 Star Pastina, white, boiled 5 minutes (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada) 38 180 18

    541 Tortellini, cheese (Stouffer, Nestlé, Don Mills, Canada) 50 180 10

    542 Udon noodles, plain, reheated 5 min (Fantastic, Windsor Gardens, SA, Australia) 6 62±8 180 30

    543 Vermicelli, white, boiled (Australia) 35±7 180 16

    SNACK FOODS AND CONFECTIONERY

    544 Burger Rings TM, barbeque-flavored (Smith's Snack Food Co., Chatswood, NSW, Australia) 90±16 50 28

    545 Chocolate, milk, plain

    Chocolate, milk, plain with sucrose (Belgium) 6 34±5 50 7

    Chocolate, milk (Cadbury's Confectionery, Ringwood, Vic, Australia) 49±6 50 14

    Chocolate, milk, Dove ® (Mars Confectionery, Ballarat, Vic, Australia) 45±8 50 13

    Chocolate, milk (Nestlé, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 42±8 50 13

    mean of four studies 43±3 50 12

    Chocolate, milk, plain, low-sugar with maltitol (Belgium) 6 35±16 50 8

    546 Chocolate, white, Milky Bar ® (Nestlé, Australia) 44±6 50 13

    547 Corn chips

    Corn chips, plain, salted (Doritos TM original, Smith's Snack Food Co., Australia, 1998) 42±4 50 11

    Corn chips, plain, salted (Doritos TM original, Smith's Snack Food Co., Australia, 1985) 72 50 18

    Nachips TM (Old El Paso Foods Co., Canada) 74 50 21

    mean of three studies 63±10 50 17

    548 Fruit Bars

    Apricot filled fruit bar (pureed dried apricot filling in wholemeal pastry) 50±8 50 17

    (Mother Earth, Auckland, New Zealand)

    Heinz Kidz TM Fruit Fingers, banana (HJ Heinz, Malvern, Vic, Australia) 61±11 30 12

    Real Fruit Bars, strawberry (Uncle Toby's, Wahgunyah, Vic, Australia) 90±12 30 23

    Roll-Ups ® , processed fruit snack (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 99±12 30 24

    549 Fruity Bitz TM , vitamin and mineral enriched dried fruit snacks

    Fruity Bitz TM, apricot (Blackmores Ltd., Balgowlah, NSW, Australia) 42±3 15 5

    Fruity Bitz TM, berry (Blackmores Ltd., Australia) 35±4 15 4

    Fruity Bitz TM, tropical (Blackmores Ltd., Australia) 41±3 15 5

    mean of three flavours 39±2 15 4

    550 Jelly beans

    Jelly beans, assorted colors (Allen's, Nestle, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 80±8

    Jelly beans, assorted colors (Savings, Grocery Holdings, Tooronga, Vic, Australia) 76±6

    mean of two studies 78±2 30 22

    551 Kudos Whole Grain Bars, chocolate chip (M & M/Mars, Hackettstown, NJ, USA) 62±8 50 20

    552 Life Savers ® , peppermint candy (Nestlé, Australia) 70±6 30 21

    553 M & M's ® , peanut (Mars Confectionery, Australia) 33±3 30 6

    554 Mars Bar ®

    Mars Bar ® (Mars Confectionery, Australia) 62±8 60 25

    Mars Bar ® (M&M/Mars, USA) 68±12 60 27

    mean of two studies 65±3 60 26

    555 Muesli bar containing dried fruit (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 61±7 30 13

    556 Nougat, Jijona (La Fama, Spain) 32 30 4

    557 Nutella ® , chocolate hazelnut spread (Ferrero Australia, Milson's Point, NSW, Australia) 33±4 20 4

    Nuts

    558 Cashew nuts, salted (Coles Supermarkets, Australia) 6 22±5 50 3

    559 Peanuts

    Peanuts, crushed (South Africa) 6 7±4 50 0

    Peanuts (Canada) 6 13±6 50 1

    Peanuts (Mexico) 6 23 50 2

    mean of three studies 14±8 50 1

    560 Popcorn

    Popcorn, plain, cooked in microwave oven (Green's Foods, Glendenning, NSW, Australia) 55±7 20 6

    Popcorn, plain, cooked in microwave oven (Uncle Toby's, Australia) 89 20 10

    mean of two studies 72±17 20 8

    561 Pop Tarts TM, double choc (Kellogg's, Pagewood, NSW, Australia) 70±2 50 24

    562 Potato crisps

    Potato crisps, plain, salted (Arnott's, Homebush, NSW, Australia) 57 50 10

    Potato crisps, plain, salted (Canada) 51±7 50 12

    mean of two studies 54±3 50 11

    563 Pretzels, oven-baked, traditional wheat flavour (Parker's, Smith's Snack Food Co., Australia) 83±9 30 16

    564 Skittles ® (Mars Confectionery, Australia) 70±5 50 32

    565 Snack bars

    Snack bar, Apple Cinnamon (Con Agra Inc., Omaha, NE, USA) 40±8 50 12

    Snack bar, Peanut Butter & Choc-Chip (Con Agra Inc., USA) 37±6 50 10

    566 Snickers Bar ®

    Snickers Bar ® (Mars Confectionery, Australia) 41±5 60 15

    Snickers Bar ® (M&M/Mars, USA) 68 60 23

    mean of two studies 55±14 60 19

    567 Twisties TM, cheese-flavoured, extruded snack, rice and corn (Smith's Snackfood Co., Australia) 74±5 50 22

    568 Twix ® Cookie Bar, caramel (M&M/Mars, USA) 44±6 60 17

    SPORTS BARS

    569 Power Bar ®

    Power Bar ® , chocolate (Powerfood Inc., Berkeley, CA, USA) 58±5

    Power Bar ® , chocolate (Powerfood Inc., Berkeley, CA, USA) 53

    mean of two studies 56±3 65 24

    570 Ironman PR bar ® , chocolate (PR Nutrition, San Diego, CA, USA) 39 65 10

    SOUPS

    571 Black Bean (Wil-Pack Foods, San Pedro, CA, USA) 64 250 17

    572 Green Pea, canned (Campbell Soup Co Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 66 250 27

    573 Lentil, canned (Unico, Concord, Canada) 44 250 9

    574 Minestrone, Traditional, Country Ladle TM (Campbell's Soups, Homebush, NSW, Australia) 6 39±3 250 7

    575 Noodle soup (traditional Turkish soup with stock and noodles) 1 250 0

    576 Split Pea (Wil-Pak Foods, USA) 60 250 16

    577 Tarhana soup (traditional Turkish soup with wheat flour, yoghurt, tomato, peppers) 20

    578 Tomato soup (Canada) 38±9 250 6

    SUGARS AND SUGAR ALCOHOLS

    579 Blue Agave cactus nectar, high-fructose

    Organic Agave Cactus Nectar, light, 90% fructose (Western Commerce Corp., City of Industry, 11±1 10 1

    CA, USA) 6

    Organic Agave Cactus Nectar, light, 97% fructose (Western Commerce Corp., USA) 6 10±1 10 1

    580 Fructose

    25g portion (Sweeten Less, Maximum Nutrition Inc., Toronto, Canada) 6 11

    50g portion (Sweeten Less, Maximum Nutrition Inc., Toronto, Canada) 12

    50g portion 20±5

    50g portion 21

    50g portion (Sigma Chemical Company, St. Louis, MO, USA) 24

    25g portion, fed with oats 28 25

    mean of six studies 19±2 10 2

    581 Glucose

    50 g portion (dextrose) 85

    25g portion, fed with oats 28 92

    50 g portion 93

    50 g portion (dextrose) 96

    50 g portion 96

    50 g portion (Bio-Health, Dawson Traders Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 96

    50 g portion 100

    50 g portion (Glucodin TM glucose tablets, Boots, North Ryde, NSW, Australia) 102±9

    25 g portion (Bio-Health, Canada) 6 103

    50 g portion (dextrose) 111

    100 g portion (Bio-Health, Canada) 12 114

    mean of 11 studies 99±3 10 10

    Glucose consumed with American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.)

    582 25 g glucose (Glucodex solution, Rougier Inc., Chambly, Quebec) with 3 g dried ginseng 5 78 10 8

    583 25 g glucose (Glucodex) 40 min after 3 g dried ginseng 5 80

    25 g glucose (Glucodex) 40 min before 3 g dried ginseng 5 76

    mean in two groups of subjects 78±2 10 8

    584 Glucose consumed with gum/fiber

    46 g Glucose + 15 g apple and orange fiber extract (FITA, Chatswood, NSW, Australia) 79±3 10 6

    (total carbohydrate content of drink = 50 g)

    50 g Glucose + 14.5 g guar gum 62 10 6

    50 g Glucose + 14.5 g oat gum (78% oat ß-glucan) 57 10 6

    100 g Glucose + 20 g acacia gum 5 85 10 9

    585 Glucose consumed with a mixed meal

    30 g glucose with 150 g grilled beefburger, 30 g cheese, 10 g butter 55

    (total meal contained 50 g carbohydrate) (France)

    30 g glucose with 150 g grilled beefburger, 30 g cheese, 10 g butter 57

    (total meal contained 50 g carbohydrate) (France)

    mean in two groups of subjects 56±1 250 20

    586 Honey

    Locust honey (Romania) 6 32 25 7

    Yellow box (46% fructose) (Australia) 6 35±4 25 6

    Stringy Bark (52% fructose) (Australia) 6 44±4 25 9

    Red Gum (35% fructose) (Australia) 6 46±3 25 8

    Iron Bark (34% fructose) (Australia) 6 48±3 25 7

    Yapunya (42 % fructose) (Australia) 6 52±5 25 9

    Pure (Capilano Honey Ltd., Richlands, Qld, Australia) 58±6 25 12

    Commercial Blend (38% fructose) (WA blend, Capilano Honey Ltd., Australia) 6 62±3 25 11

    Salvation Jane (32% fructose) (Australia) 6 64±5 25 10

    Commercial Blend (28% fructose) (NSW blend, Capilano Honey Ltd., Australia) 6 72±6 25 9

    Honey, NS(Canada) 6 87±8 25 18

    mean of 11 types of honey 55±5 25 10

    587 Lactose

    50 g lactose (Sigma Chemical Company, USA) 43

    25 g lactose (BDH, Poole, UK) 6 48

    25 g lactose 28 48

    mean of three studies 46±2 10 5

    588 50 g maltose 105±12 10 11

    589 Sucrose

    50 g sucrose (Sigma Chemical Company, USA) 58

    50 g sucrose (Redpath Sugars, Toronto, Canada) 58

    50 g sucrose 59±10

    50 g sucrose 60

    25 g sucrose (Redpath Sugars, Canada) 6 60

    25 g sucrose 28 64

    50 g sucrose 65±9

    100 g sucrose (Redpath Sugars, Canada) 12 65

    30 g sucrose 29 82

    25 g sucrose 6 110±21

    mean of 10 studies 68±5 10 7

    Sugar alcohols and sugar-replacement compounds

    590 Lactitol

    25 g lactitol 30 -1±7

    25 g lactitol MC (Danisco sweeteners, Redhill, Surrey, UK) 30 3±1

    mean of two studies 2±3 10 0

    591 Litesse

    25 g Litesse II, bulking agent with polydextrose and sorbitol (Danisco Sweeteners, UK) 30 7±2 10 1

    25 g Litesse III ultra, bulking agent with polydextrose and sorbitol (Danisco Sweeteners, UK) 30 4±2 10 0

    592 Maltitol-based sweeteners or bulking agents

    25 g Malbit CR (87% maltitol) (Cerestar, Vilvoorde, Belgium) 30 30±12 10 3

    25 g Maltidex 100 (> 72% maltitol) (Cerestar, Vilvoorde, Belgium) 30 44±11 10 4

    25 g Malbit CH (99% maltitol) (Cerestar, Vilvoorde, Belgium) 30 73±29 10 7

    25 g Maltidex 200 (50% maltitol) (Cerestar, Vilvoorde, Belgium) 30 89±28 10 9

    593 Xylitol

    25 g xylitol 30 7±7

    25 g Xylitol C (Danisco Sweeteners, UK) 30 8±2

    mean of two studies 8±1 10 1

    VEGETABLES

    594 Broad beans (Canada) 6 79±16 80 9

    595 Green peas

    Pea, frozen, boiled (Canada) 6 39 80 3

    Pea, frozen, boiled (Canada) 6 51±6 80 4

    Pea, green (Pisum Sativum) (India) 11 54±14 80 4

    mean of three studies 48±5 80 3

    596 Pumpkin (South Africa) 75±9 80 3

    597 Sweet corn

    Sweet corn, 'Honey & Pearl' variety (New Zealand) 37±12 80 6

    Sweet corn on the cob, boiled 20 min (Sydney, Australia) 48 80 8

    Sweet corn (Canada) 59±11 80 11

    Sweet corn, boiled (USA) 60 80 11

    Sweet corn, boiled (USA) 60 80 11

    Sweet corn (South Africa) 62±5 80 11

    mean of six studies 54±4 80 9

    Sweet corn, whole kernel, diet-pack, Featherweight, canned, drained, heated (USA) 46 80 7

    Sweet corn, frozen, heated in microwave (Green Giant, Pillsbury Canada Ltd., Toronto, Canada) 47 80 7

    Root vegetables

    598 Beetroot (Canada) 6 64±16 80 5

    599 Carrots

    Carrots, raw (Romania) 5,6 16 80 1

    Carrots, peeled, boiled (Sydney, NSW, Australia) 6 32±5 80 1

    Carrots, peeled, boiled (Sydney, NSW, Australia) 6 49±2 80 2

    Carrots, NS (Canada) 6 92±20 80 5

    mean of four studies 47±16 80 3

    600 Cassava, boiled, with salt (Kenya, Africa) 46 100 12

    601 Parsnips (Canada) 6 97±19 80 12

    Potato

    602 Baked potato

    Ontario, white, baked in skin (Canada) 60 150 18

    603 Baked, Russet Burbank potatoes

    Russet, baked without fat (Canada) 56

    Russet, baked without fat, 45-60 min (USA) 78

    Russet, baked without fat (USA) 94

    Russet, baked without fat (USA) 111

    mean of four studies 85±12 150 26

    604 Boiled potato

    Desiree, peeled, boiled 35 min (Australia) 101±15 150 17

    Nardine (New Zealand) 70±17 150 18

    Ontario, white, peeled, cut into cubes, boiled in salted water 15 min (Canada) 58 150 16

    Pontiac, peeled, boiled whole for 30 min (Australia) 56 150 14

    Pontiac, peeled, boiled 35 min (Australia) 88±9 150 16

    Prince Edward Island, peeled, cubed, boiled in salted water 15 min (Canada) 63 150 11

    Sebago, peeled, boiled 35 min (Australia) 87±7 150 14

    605 Boiled/cooked, white/Type NS

    Type NS (Kenya, Africa) 24 150 7

    White, cooked (Romania) 5 41 150 12

    White, boiled (Canada) 54 150 15

    Type NS, boiled (Australia) 56 150 11

    Type NS, boiled in salted water (India) 76 150 26

    mean of five studies 50±9 150 14

    Type NS, boiled in salted water, refrigerated, reheated (India) 23 150 8

    606 Canned potatoes

    Prince Edward Island, canned, microwave heated (Avon, Cobi Foods Inc., Port Williams, Canada) 61 150 11

    New, canned, heated in microwave 3 min (Mint Tiny Taters, Edgell's, Cheltenham, Vic, Australia) B23 65±9 150 12

    mean of two studies 63±2 150 11

    607 French Fries

    French fries, frozen, reheated in microwave (Cavendish Farms, New Annan, Canada) 75 150 22

    608 Instant Mashed potato

    Instant (France) 74±12

    Instant (Canada) 80±13

    Instant (Edgell's Potato Whip, Edgell's, Australia) 86

    Instant (Carnation Foods Co. Ltd., Manitoba, Canada) 86

    Instant (Canada) 88

    Instant mashed potato (Idahoan Foods, Lewisville, ID, USA) 97±6

    mean of six studies 85±3 150 17

    609 Mashed potato

    Type NS (Canada) 67

    Type NS (South Africa) 71±10

    Type NS (France) 83

    mean of three studies 74±5 150 15

    Prince Edward Island, peeled, cubed, boiled 15 min, mashed (Canada) 73 150 13

    Pontiac, peeled, cubed, boiled 15 min, mashed (Australia) 91±9 150 18

    610 Microwaved potato 150 12

    Pontiac, peeled and microwave on high for 6-7.5 min (Australia) 79±9 150 14

    Type NS, microwaved (USA) 82 150 27

    611 New Potato

    New (Canada) 47

    New (Canada) 54

    New (Canada) 70±8

    mean of three studies 57±7 150 12

    New, unpeeled and boiled 20 min (Australia) 78±12 150 16

    612 Steamed potato

    Potato, peeled, steamed 1 h (Solanum Tuberosum) (India) 11 65±11 150 18

    Potato dumplings (white wheat flour, white potatoes, boiled in salted water (Italy)) 52 150 24

    613 Sweet potato

    Sweet potato, Ipomoea batatas (Australia) 44 150 11

    Sweet potato, NS (Canada) 48±6 150 16

    Sweet potato, peeled, cubed, boiled in salted water 15 min (Canada) 59 150 18

    Sweet potato, kumara (New Zealand) 77±12 150 19

    Sweet potato, kumara (New Zealand) 78±6 150 20

    mean of five studies 61±7 150 17

    614 Swede

    Swede (rutabaga) (Canada) 6 72±8 150 7

    615 Tapioca

    Tapioca boiled with milk (General Mills Canada Inc., Etobicoke, Canada) 81 250 14

    Tapioca (Manihot Utilissima), steamed 1 h (India) 11 70±10 250 12

    616 Taro

    Taro (Colocasia esculenta) peeled, boiled (Australia) 54

    Taro, peeled, boiled (New Zealand) 56±12

    mean of two studies 55±1 150 4

    617 Yam

    Yam, peeled, boiled (New Zealand) 25±4

    Yam, peeled, boiled (New Zealand) 35±5

    Yam (Canada) 51±12

    mean of three studies 37±8 150 13

    INDIGENOUS OR TRADITIONAL FOODS OF DIFFERENT ETHNIC GROUPS

    AFRICAN

    618 Brown beans (South Africa) 24±8 50 (dry) 6

    622 Cassava, boiled, with salt (Kenya) 46 100 12

    624 Ga kenkey, prepared from fermented cornmeal (Zea mays) (Ghana) 31 12±1 150 7

    625 Gari, roasted cassava dough (Manihot utilissima) (Ghana) 31 56±3 100 15

    619 Gram dhal (chana dal; South Africa) 5±3 50 (dry) 1

    620 Maize meal porridge, unrefined, maize-meal:water = 1:3 (South Africa) 71±6 50 (dry) 25

    Maize meal porridge, refined, maize-meal:water = 1:3 (South Africa) 74±7 50 (dry) 30

    Maize meal porridge/gruel (Kenya) 109 50 (dry) 41

    621 M'fino/Morogo, wild greens (South Africa) 68±8 120 34

    623 Millet flour porridge/gruel (Kenya) 107

    626 Unripe plantain (Musa paradisiaca) (Ghana) 31 40±4 120 (raw) 13

    627 Yam (Dyscoria species) (Ghana) 31 66 150 23

    ARABIC AND TURKISH

    628 Hoummous (chickpea salad dip) 6±4 30 0

    629 Kibbeh saynieh (made with lamb and burghul) 61±16 120 9

    630 Lebanese bread (white, unleaved), hoummous, falafel and tabbouleh 86±12 120 39

    631 Majadra (Syrian, lentils and rice) 24±5 250 10

    632 Moroccan Couscous (stew of semolina, chickpeas, vegetables) 58±9 250 17

    633 Stuffed Grapevine Leaves (rice and lamb stuffing with tomato sauce) 30±11 100 5

    634 Tarhana soup (wheat flour, yoghurt, tomato, green pepper) 20

    635 Turkish bread, white wheat flour 87 30 15

    636 Turkish bread, whole wheat 49 30 8

    637 Turkish noodle soup 1 250 0

    ASIAN

    638 Broken rice, white, cooked in rice cooker (Lion foods, Bangkok, Thailand) 86±10 150 37

    639 Butter rice, warm white rice and butter (Japan) 79 150 40

    640 Curry rice (Japan) 67 150 41

    641 Curry rice with cheese (Japan) 55 150 27

    642 Glutinous rice, white, cooked in rice cooker (Bangsue Chia Meng Rice Co., Bangkok, Thailand) 98±7 150 31

    Glutinous rice NS (Esubi Shokuhin, Japan) 86 150 55

    Mean of two studies 92±6 150 44

    643 Glutinous rice ball with cut glutinous cake (mochi) (Japan) 48 75 14

    644 Glutinous rice cake with dried sea algae (Japan) 83 75 32

    645 Glutaminous rice flour, instant, served warm with roasted ground soybean (Japan) 65 100 27

    646 Jasmine rice, white, cooked in rice cooker (Golden World Foods, Bangkok, Thailand) 109±10 150 46

    647 Low-protein white rice with dried sea algae (Japan) 70 150 42

    648 Lungkow beanthread (National Cereals, Oils & Foodstuffs, Qingdao & Guangdong, China) 26 180 12

    649 Lychee, canned in syrup, drained (Narcissus brand, China) 79±8 120 16

    650 Mung bean noodles, dried, boiled (China) 39±9 180 18

    651 Non-glutaminous rice flour, served warm with drink (Yamato Nousan, Japan) 68 100 34

    652 Rice cracker, plain (Sakada, Japan) 91 30 23

    653 Rice gruel with dried algae (Satou Co Ltd., Japan) 81 250 15

    654 Rice noodles, dried, boiled (Thai World, Bangkok, Thailand) 61±6 180 23

    655 Rice noodles, fresh, boiled (Sydney, NSW, Australia) 40±4 180 15

    656 Rice vermicelli, Kongmoon (National Cereals, China) 58 180 22

    657 Roasted rice ball (Satou Co Ltd., Japan) 77 75 21

    658 Salted rice ball (Satou Co Ltd., Japan) 80 75 20

    659 Soba noodles, instant, reheated in hot water, served with soup (Japan) 46 180 22

    660 Stirfried vegetables, chicken and rice, home made (Australia) 73±17 360 55

    661 Sushi, salmon ('I Love Sushi' chain store, Sydney, NSW, Australia) 6 48±8 100 17

    Sushi, roasted sea algae, vinegar and rice (Japan) 55 100 20

    Mean of two studies 52±4 100 19

    662 Udon noodles, fresh, reheated (Fantastic, Windsor Gardens, SA, Australia) 6 62±8 180 30

    Udon noodles, instant, with sauce and fried bean curd (Nishin Shokuhin, Japan) 48 180 23

    Mean of two studies 55±7 180 26

    663 White rice, dried sea algae and milk, eaten together (Japan) 57

    White rice, dried sea algae and milk (milk eaten before rice) (Japan) 56

    White rice, dried sea algae and milk (milk eaten after rice) (Japan) 55

    Mean of three types 56±1 300 26

    664 White rice with dried fish strip (okaka) (Japan) 79 150 40

    665 White rice with fermented soybean (natto) (Japan) 56 150 24

    666 White rice with instant miso soup (soybean paste soup) (Japan) 61 150 29

    667 White rice with low-fat milk (Japan) 69 300 32

    668 White rice and non-sugar yoghurt (yoghurt eaten before rice) (Japan) 59

    White rice and non-sugar yoghurt eaten together (Japan) 58

    Mean of two types 59±1 150 19

    669 White rice with pickled vinegar and cucumber (pickled food eaten before rice) (Japan) 63

    White rice with pickled vinegar and cucumber (pickled food eaten with rice) (Japan) 61

    Mean of two types 62±1 150 27

    670 White rice topped with raw egg and soy sauce (Japan) 72 150 26

    671 White rice with roasted ground soybean (Japan) 56 150 29

    672 White rice with salted dried plum (umeboshi) (Japan) 80 150 39

    673 White rice with sea algae rolled in sheet of toasted sea algae (Japan) 77 150 39

    ASIAN INDIAN

    674 Amaranth, Amaranthus esculentum, popped, eaten with milk and 97±19 30 18

    non-nutritive sweetener

    675 Bajra (Penniseteum typhoideum),eaten as roasted bread made from bajra flour 55±13

    Bajra (Penniseteum typhoideum) 49

    Bajra (Penniseteum typhoideum) 67

    Mean of three studies 57±5 75 (dry) 29

    676 Banana, (Musa sapientum), Nendra variety, unripe, steamed 1 h 11 70±11 120 31

    677 Barley (Hordeum vulgare) 48

    Barley (Hordeum vulgare) 37

    Mean in two groups of subjects 43±6 150 16

    678 Bengal gram dhal, chickpea (chana dal) 11 150 4

    679 Black gram, (Phaseolus mungo), soaked 12 h, stored moist 24 h, steamed 1 h 11 43±10 150 8

    Chapatti

    680 Chapatti, amaranth-wheat (25:75) composite flour, served with bottle gourd and tomato curry 66±10 60 20

    681 Chapatti, amaranth-wheat (50:50) composite flour, served with bottle gourd and tomato curry 76±20 60 23

    682 Chapatti, baisen 27

    683 Chapatti, bajra 67

    Chapatti, bajra 49

    Mean in two groups of subjects 58±9

    684 Chapatti, barley 37

    Chapatti, barley 48

    Mean in two groups of subjects 42±5

    685 Chapatti, maize, (Zea mays) 64

    Chapatti, maize, (Zea mays) 59

    Mean in two groups of subjects 62±3

    686 Chapatti, wheat, served with bottle gourd and tomato curry 66±9 60 21

    687 Chapatti, flour from malted wheat, moth bean (Phaseolus aconitifolius) and 66±9 60 25

    bengal gram (Cicer arietinum)

    688 Chapatti, flour made from popped wheat, moth bean and bengal gram 40±8 60 14

    689 Chapatti, flour from roller dried wheat, moth bean and bengal gram 60±9 60 23

    690 Chapatti, wheat flour, thin, with green gram (Phaseolus aureus) dhal 81±4 200 41

    Chapatti, wheat flour, thin, with green gram (Phaseolus aureus) dhal 44±3 200 22

    Mean in two groups of subjects 63±19 200 32

    Cheela (thin savoury pancake made from legume flour batter)

    691 Cheela, bengal gram (Cicer arietinum) 42±1 150 12

    Cheela, bengal gram (Cicer arietinum), fermented batter 36±1 150 10

    692 Cheela, green gram (Phaseolus aureus) 45±1 150 12

    Cheela, green gram (Phaseolus aureus), fermented batter 38±1 150 10

    693 Dhokla, leavened, fermented, steamed cake; dehusked chickpea and wheat semolina 35±4

    Dhokla, leavened, fermented, steamed cake; dehusked chickpea and wheat semolina 31±6

    Mean in two groups of subjects 33±2 100 6

    694 Dosai (parboiled and raw rice, soaked, ground, fermented and fried) with chutney 77±3 150 30

    Dosai (parboiled and raw rice, soaked, ground, fermented and fried) with chutney 55±2 150 22

    Mean in two groups of subjects 66±11 150 26

    695 Green gram, (Phaseolus aureus), soaked 12 h, stored moist 24 h, steamed 1 h 11 38±14 150 6

    696 Green gram, whole with varagu (Paspalum scorbiculatum), pressure cooked 57±6 80 (dry) 29

    697 Green gram dhal with varagu (Paspalum scorbiculatum), pressure cooked 78±12 78 (dry) 39

    698 Horse gram, (Dolichos biflorus) soaked 12 h, stored moist 24 h, steamed 1 h 11 51±11 150 15

    699 Idli (parboiled and raw rice + black dhal, soaked, ground, fermented, steamed) with chutney 77±2 250 40

    Idli (parboiled and raw rice + black dhal, soaked, ground, fermented, steamed) with chutney 60±2 250 31

    Mean in two groups of subjects 69±9 250 36

    700 Jowar, roasted bread made from Jowar flour (Sorghum vulgare) 77±8 70 (dry) 39

    701 Laddu (popped amaranth, foxtail millet, roasted legume powder, fenugreek seeds) 24±4

    in hot sweet syrup

    Laddu (popped amaranth, foxtail millet, roasted legume powder, fenugreek seeds) 29±4

    in hot sweet syrup

    Mean in two groups of subjects 27±3 50 8

    702 Lentil and cauliflower curry with rice (Australia) 60±10 360 31

    703 Millet/Ragi, (Eleucine coracana), dehusked, soaked 12 h, stored moist 24 h, steamed 1 h 11 68±10 150 23

    704 Millet/Ragi (Eleucine coracana) 11 84 70 (dry) 42

    Millet/Ragi (Eleucine coracana) flour eaten as roasted bread 104±13 70 (dry) 52

    mean of two studies 94±10

    705 Pongal (rice and roasted green gram dhal, pressure cooked) 90±3

    Pongal (rice and roasted green gram dhal, pressure cooked) 45±2

    Mean in two groups of subjects 68±23 250 35

    706 Poori (deep-fried wheat flour dough) with potato palya (mashed potato) 82±2

    Poori (deep-fried wheat flour dough) with potato palya (mashed potato) 57±1

    Mean in two groups of subjects 70±13 150 28

    707 Rajmah, Phaseolus vulgaris 19 150 6

    708 Rice, (Oryza Sativa) boiled served with bottle gourd and tomato curry 69±15 150 26

    709 Semolina

    Semolina (Triticum aestivum), steamed 55±9 67 (dry) 28

    Semolina (Triticum aestivum), pre-roasted 76±6 67 (dry) 38

    Semolina (Triticum aestivum) with fermented black gram dhal (Phaseolus mungo) 46±12 71 (dry) 23

    Semolina (Triticum aestivum) with fermented green gram dhal (Phaseolus aureus) 62±20 71 (dry) 31

    Semolina (Triticum aestivum) with fermented bengal gram dhal (Cicer arietum) 54±7 71 (dry) 27

    710 Tapioca (Manihot utilissima), steamed 1h 11 70±10 250 12

    711 Varagu (Paspalum scorbiculatum), pressure cooked 15lb 12-15 min 68±8 76 (dry) 34

    712 Upittu (roasted semolina and onions, cooked in water) 67±3

    Upittu (roasted semolina and onions, cooked in water) 69±4

    Mean in two groups of subjects 68±1 150 28

    713 Uppuma kedgeree (millet, legumes, fenugreek seeds; roasted and cooked in water) 18±3

    Uppuma kedgeree (millet, legumes, fenugreek seeds; roasted and cooked in water) 19±3

    Mean in two groups of subjects 18±1 150 6

    AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL

    714 Acacia aneura, mulga seed, roasted, wet ground to paste 6 8 50 1

    715 Acacia coriacea, desert oak,seed bread 6 46 75 11

    716 Araucaria bidwillii, bunya tree nut, baked 10 min 6 47 50 7

    717 Bush honey, sugar bag 6 43 30 11

    718 Castanospermum australe, blackbean seed, sliced, soaked 1 wk, pounded and baked 6 8 50 1

    719 Dioscorea bulbifera, cheeky yam, peeled, sliced, soaked 2 d, baked 15 min 6 34 150 12

    720 Macrozamia communis, cycad palm seed, sliced, soaked 1 wk, pounded, baked 6 40±2 50 10

    PACIFIC ISLANDERS

    721 Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) (Australia) 6 68 120 18

    722 Banana/plantain, green

    Green banana, boiled (New Zealand) 38±10 120 8

    723 Sweet Potato

    Sweet potato, Ipomoea batatas (Australia) 44 150 11

    Sweet potato, kumara (New Zealand) 77±12 150 19

    Sweet potato, kumara (New Zealand) 78±6 150 20

    mean of three studies 66±11 150 17

    724 Taro

    Taro (Colocasia esculenta) peeled, boiled (Australia) 54

    Taro, peeled, boiled (New Zealand) 56±12

    mean of two studies 55±1 150 4

    725 Yam

    Yam, peeled, boiled (New Zealand) 25±4

    Yam, peeled, boiled (New Zealand) 35±5

    mean of two groups of subjects 30±5 150 13

    ISRAELI

    726 Melawach (dough made from white wheat flour and butter, fried) 61±10

    Melawach 71±7

    mean of two studies 66±5 115 35

    727 Melawach + 15 g locust bean (Ceratonia siliqua) fiber (soluble) 31±6 130 16

    728 Melawach + 15 g maize cob fiber (insoluble) 59±10 130 31

    729 Melawach + 15 g lupin (Lupinus albus) fiber 72±10 130 38

    PIMA INDIAN

    730 Acorns, stewed with venison (Quercus emoryi) 6 16±1 100 1

    731 Cactus jam (Stenocereus thurberi) 91 30 18

    732 Corn hominy (Zea mays) 6 40±5 150 12

    733 Fruit Leather (Stenocereus thurberi) 70 30 17

    734 Lima beans broth (Phaseolus lunatus) 6 36±3 250 12

    735 Mesquite cakes (Prosopis velutina) 6 25±3 60 1

    736 Tortilla (Zea mays and Olneya tesota) 38 60 9

    737 White teparies broth (Phaseolus acutifolius) 6 31±3 250 10

    738 Yellow teparies broth (Phaseolus acutifolius) 6 29±3 250 8

    LATIN AMERICAN

    739 Arepa, corn bread cake, made with corn flour (Mexico) 72 100 31

    740 Arepa, made from ordinary dehulled dent corn flour (25% amylose) 9, 34 81 100 35

    741 Arepa, made from dehulled high-amylose (70%) corn flour 9, 34 44 100 11

    742 Black Beans 30 150 7

    743 Brown Beans 38 150 9

    744 Corn tortilla (Mexican) 52 50 12

    745 Corn tortilla, served with refried mashed pinto beans and tomato sauce (Mexican) 39 100 9

    746 Corn tortilla, fried, with mashed potato, fresh tomato and lettuce (Mexican) 78 100 11

    747 Nopal (prickly pear cactus) 7 100 0

    748 Pinto beans, boiled in salted water 14 150 4

    749 Wheat tortilla (Mexican) 30 50 8

    750 Wheat tortilla served with refried pinto beans and tomato sauce (Mexican) 28 100 5

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Footnotes:

    1NS, not specified; type 1 and type 2, subjects with type 1 and type 2 diabetes; AUC, area under the curve. Serving sizes in grams unless specified otherwise.

    2The published tables show GI values based on glucose=100 or on white bread=100.

    3Estimated by multiplying the food's listed GI value with glucose as the reference food by the g carbohydrate per serving and dividing by 100.

    4Human Nutrition Unit (Sydney University, Australia), unpublished observations, 1995-2002.

    5The low GI may be explained by the inclusion of rolled oats in the recipe.

    6Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 25 g carbohydrate.

    5V Lang (Danone Vitapole Company, Le Plessis-Robinson, France), unpublished observations, 1996-2000.

    8GI calculated from the AUC for glucose.

    9GI calculated by using a mathematical formula based on results from an in vitro starch hydrolysis assay.

    10Impaired glucose tolerance.

    11Both the test food and the reference food contained 75 g carbohydrate.

    12Both the test food and the reference food contained 100 g carbohydrate.

    13Values based on 0.5 g carbohydrate/kg body wt.

    14AUC measured over 3 h for only 5 time points (0, 30, 60, 120, and 180 min).

    15GI corrected for added milk and adjusted to represent a 50-g carbohydrate portion size.

    16Made from raw oats that were cooked for 20 min.

    17Used as reference food and given a GI of 100. The GI of the test food was measured by expressing the glucose AUC value for the test food as a percentage of the AUC value for wheat chapatti.

    18GI calculated from AUC food/AUC glucose formula. The AUC value was calculated over 3 h for 5 time points only.

    19J Dzieniszewski, J Ciok (National Food and Nutrition Institute, Poland), unpublished observations, 1996-2001.

    20J Brand-Miller, S Holt (Sydney University, Australia), and V Lang (Danone Vitapole Company, Le Plessis-Robinson, France), unpublished observations, 2000 and 2001.

    21M Champ (INRA, France) and V Lang (Danone Vitapole Company, France), unpublished observations, 1998.

    22AUC measured over 3 h for only 4 time points (0, 1, 2, and 3 h).

    23AUC calculated as the area above fasting to 3 h only.

    24AUC measured over 5 h, but blood samples taken at hourly intervals only.

    25Potato used as reference food with a GI fixed at 80. The GI of the test food was calculated by expressing the test food's glucose AUC value as a percentage of the potato's AUC value.

    26White rice was used as the reference food, but glucose was also tested and had a GI of 122. The observed GI was multiplied by 100 and then divided by 122 to convert it to a GI on the glucose scale (ie, glucose = reference food with a GI of 100).

    27Blood glucose measured at 30-min intervals.

    28GI for sugars calculated from the glycemic response for a meal of sugar and rolled oats minus the glycemic response for the oats alone.

    29Both the test food and the reference food contained 30 g carbohydrate.

    30Total weight of the test food was 25 g, whereas reference food contained 25 g available carbohydrate. The carbohydrate content of the test food was assumed to be 100% available, which may be an overestimate.

    31Eaten as part of a mixed meal with fish, tomato, and onion sauce.

    32AUC measured over 2 h for 4 time points (0, 30, 60, and 120 min).

    33AUC measured over 4 h for only 6 time points (0, 30, 60, 120, 180, and 240 min).

    34Both the test food and the reference food contained 45 g carbohydrate.

    35Reference food was an ordinary corn flour arepa.

    Additional Foods:

    Sports drinks and energy foods:

    GatorLode (Orange) 100

    Gatorade (Orange) 89

    XLR8 (Orange) 68

    Poweraid (Orange) 65

    Cytomax (Orange) 62

    Allsport (Orange) 53

    Clif bar (Cookies & Cream) 101

    Power bar (Chocolate) 83

    PR-bar (Cookies 'N Cream) 81

    MET-Rx bar (Vanilla) 74

    GatorPro (Chocolate) meal 89

    Optifuel meal 78

    Ensure (Vanilla) meal 75

    Boost High Protein (Vanilla) meal 59

    MET-Rx (Vanilla) meal 58

    Boost (Vanilla) meal 53

    Source: Randall J. Gretebeck et al., "Glycemic index of popular sports drinks and energy foods," Journal of the American Dietetic Association, March 2002, pp. 415-417.

    Dates:

    bahri dates 50

    khalas dates 36

    bo ma'an dates 31

    Source: Campbell J. Miller et al., "Glycemic index of 3 varieties of dates," Saudi Medical Journal, May 2002, pp. 536-538.

    Source: Sydney University's Glycemic Index Research Service

    Fruit Juices:

    Pomegranate juice 67 240ml 23

    Blueberry juice 58 240ml 14

    Grape juice 58 240ml 24

    Source: email from POM Wonderful reporting tests from a leading GI testing laboratory.

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Last modified: January 3, 2006

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    David Mendosa

    4455 Chippewa Dr

    Boulder, CO 80303

    E-mail: mendosa@mendosa.com

    Does this help?

  • 4 years ago

    1

    Source(s): Destroy Diabetes Starting Today : http://DiabetesCure.raiwi.com/?ZrHG
  • 3 years ago

    2

    Source(s): Two Weeks Diabetes Cure - http://DiabetesGoFar.com/?xpnG
  • 1 decade ago

    Do you mean the Glycemic Index - GI? Here -- http://www.glycemicindex.com/

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