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Josephine asked in 藝術與人文歷史 · 1 decade ago

幾個term的定義及關係...

"Sacred Band" of Thebes

Aristogeiton and Harmodius

Aspasia and Pericles

Demotic

courtesan

想要知道以上幾個term較完整的故事..英文或中文都可以..

例如..他們是誰 ? 他們之間的關係是什麼? 有什麼特別的地方?

上面的每個term都是獨立的..

煩請大大們解惑..感激不盡..

1 Answer

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Sacred Band of ThebesAccording to Greek legend, the Sacred Band of Thebes was an army of 150 pairs of homosexual lovers, or a total of 300 men, which was organized in 378 BC by the Theban commander Gorgidas.It was believed that the strong bond between lovers would cause them to fight even more fiercely than an army of one's family or tribe. And that a warrior would rather die in battle than disgrace his lover. They fought valiantly and fiercely in battle for nearly thirty-three years. The Sacred Band of Thebes was defeated by Phillip of Macedon and his son, Alexander the Geat, at the battle of Chaeronea. http://members.aol.com/matrixwerx/glbthistory/theb... and HarmodiusThe story of the youth Harmodius and his lover, Aristogiton, is an old one, 2514 years old in the year 2000 to be exact. It is a true story, and it happened during the reign of Hippias, tyrant of Athens . When the brother and co-ruler of the tyrant Hippias, Hipparchus, tried to make friends with Aristogeiton and failed to do so, he publicly insulted Harmodius's sister.This made the two friends plot to kill the two tyrants. On the day of the Athenian festival Panathenae, they murdered Hipparchos but failed to kill Hippias. The tyrants guards immediately killed Harmodius while Aristogeiton was tortured and excecuted.They were later honoured by the Athenians as martyrs of freedom, when Hippias was expelled four years after the killings. http://www.androphile.org/preview/Library/History/...

    2006-09-11 14:50:37 補充:

    Aspasia and Pericles

    Aspasia (c.470 BC–c.400 BC) was a renowned woman in ancient Greece, with whom the Athenian statesman Pericles developed a long-term erotic attachment.

    2006-09-11 14:51:14 補充:

    Aspasia was born in Miletus of Asia Minor, but at some point she travelled to Athens, where she spent the rest of her life. After Pericles' death, she allegedly married Lysicles, another Athenian statesman and general.

    2006-09-11 14:51:28 補充:

    She had a son with Pericles, Pericles the younger, who was elected general and was executed after the Battle of Arginusae.

    2006-09-11 14:51:51 補充:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aspasia

    http://www.jazzbabies.com/home/aspasia.html

    2006-09-11 14:52:09 補充:

    Demotic

    Demotic Greek is now the official language of the Hellenic Republic (Greece), and is therefore also referred as the "Koine Modern Greek" (common modern Greek) or less strictly as "Modern Greek".

    2006-09-11 14:52:48 補充:

    Demotic Greek has various regional varieties, which are moderately different from each other and have a high degree of mutual intelligibility. They are divided into two main categories, Northern and Southern dialects.

    2006-09-11 14:53:18 補充:

    Demotic Greek has officially been written in monotonic Greek script since 1982.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dodecanese

    2006-09-11 14:53:41 補充:

    Courtesan

    Courtesans were at the top of the prostitutional hierarchy. They were above streetwalkers, prostitutes, madams and lorettes. They were the upper tier and they had very elegant lifestyles.

    2006-09-11 14:54:10 補充:

    Courtesans were basically mistresses. They were supported by wealthy men who provided them with anything they could ever want. Many such women lived in a more comfortable way then some of the bourgoisie.

    2006-09-11 14:54:22 補充:

    http://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/hist255-...

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