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Can you show me how to do a Synopsis
using the words
do, dare, dedi, datus &
terreo, terrere, terrui, territus.
I only need the synopsis for present, imperfect, future,and perfect.
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
This is a very important part of your beginning Latin classes. It sucks really bad, but when you get to the fun stuff like reading descriptions of epic battles, you don't want to get hung up on the tense of a verb.
Verbs have 6 essential parts
Conjugation: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 3rd(i), 4th
Person: 1st person, 2nd person, 3rd person
Number: Singular or Plural
Tense: Past Perfect (pluperfect), imperfect, perfect, present, future perfect, future
Voice: Active or Passive
Mood: Indicative, Subjunctive, Imperative, Gerundive, Gerund, Participle, Infinitive, Supine etc.
The two verbs that you have been given are a 1st conjugation verb and a 2nd conjugation verb. You have been asked to write a synopsis for 4 of the 6 tenses using all 3 Persons and both Numbers (6 total). You haven't specified whether you have learned Active and Passive yet. I assume you are only doing the Indicative.
You have been given the 4 principle parts of two verbs. These parts help show you what the verb will look like in a synopsis.
Of the 4 principle parts the first is the
1st person singular present active indicative form of the verb
no person no number present active infinitive form of the verb
1st person singular perfect active indicative form of the verb
no person singular perfect passive participle form of the verb
For the present active tense:
look at the first and second principle parts of the verb. These tell you that it is a 1st conjugation and will follow that pattern:
For the perfect active indicative form look at the 3rd principle part
dare is an irregular verb:
dederunt (and possibly dedere, but ask your teacher about the alternative version of the perfect 3rd person plural)
imperfect comes from the 2nd principle part, just chop off the -re and add:
Future you do the same thing except it's:
That's 24 forms for 1 verb
It's similar for 2nd 3rd, 3rd(i) and 4th, but refer to the grammar for changes. It has to do with the vowel used.
As I said before, you must memorize these table and be able to spit them out very quickly
There are 6 tenses, 2 numbers, 3 persons, 5 conjugations, 2 voices, and 2 main moods (indicative and subjunctive)
In your 3rd college semester, you would be expect to spit out the 144 main forms of the verb portare for example. Once you can identify the grammar of each individual word that could possibly be thrown at you, you only have to worry about vocabulary and syntax. Keep it up; it's worth it.Source(s): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latin_conjugation http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latin_irregular_verbs down load a pdf version of a Latin grammar plus text books here: http://www.textkit.com/ you can also get some help short of doing your homework I noticed that wikipedia lacks the irregular verb pattern for dare, and so I will spend the next half hour writing in this part of the article.
- Anonymous5 years ago
Latin Verb SynopsisSource(s): https://shrink.im/baSIA
- zlevad29Lv 41 decade ago
Perhaps by stating the initial form of the verb, then the stem plus the remaining endings like this.
do, [da-], -s, -t, -mus, -tis, -nt
dabam, [da-], -bas, -bat, -bamus, -batis, -bant
dabo, [da-], -bis, -bit, -bimus, -bitis, -bunt
dedi, [ded-], -isti, -it, -imus, -istis, -erunt
terreo, [terre-], endings as for do
terrebam, [terre-], endings as for dabam
terrebo, [terre-], endings as for dabo
terrui, [terru-], endings as for dedi
terreo, terre-, endings as aboveSource(s): Latin Grammar for Schools & Colleges - Gillies & Shepherd