History of the death penalty in south africa.?
I am doing a report for school on the history and development pf the judicial system in south africa...and I really can't find what I am looking for on the internet.
- PorgieLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
The Judiciary of South Africa is an independent branch of government, subject only to the South African Constitution and the laws of the country. The Judiciary interprets the laws of South Africa, using as the basis of its interpretation the laws enacted by the South African Parliament as well as explanatory statements made in the legislature during the enactment.
Chapter 8 of the Constitution of South Africa defines the structure of the South African judicial system. This chapter also guarantees the independence of the courts and requires other organs of the state to assist and protect the courts in order to ensure their "independence, impartiality, dignity, accessibility and effectiveness". In addition, Chapter 2 of the Constitution guarantees every person the right to have a dispute or trial heard by a fair, impartial and independent court.
The South African court structure consists of:
The Constitutional Court
The Supreme Court of Appeal
Other courts established by or recognised in terms of an Act of Parliament (such as the Land Claims Court).
Permanent judges in the higher courts are appointed by the President of South Africa, in consultation with the Judicial Service Commission as well as the leaders of the political parties represented in South African National Assembly. The appointment of magistrates fall under their own commission.
There is also a single national prosecuting authority that is responsible for the institution of criminal proceedings on behalf of the state.
The South African Judicial Service Commission plays an important role in the appointment of judges and also advises the country's national government on any matters relating to the judiciary and the administration of justice. It is a body established in the Constitution of South Africa "to advise the national government on any matter relating to the judiciary or the administration of justice" and for which separate legislation has been enacted.
The Judicial Service Commission's membership include:
The South African Minister of Justice
The Chief Justice of South Africa
Two practising advocates
Two practising attorneys
Six members from the South African National Assembly (including three from opposition parties)
Four members from the National Council of Provinces
The National Prosecuting Authority (NPA) is responsible for the institution of criminal proceedings on behalf of the state. The NPA is headed by the Director of Public Prosecutions, who is appointed by the President. The Constitution of South Africa states that legislation enacted by the South African Parliament must ensure that the NPA performs its functions without fear, favour or prejudice.
I found the following article on the death penalty in South Africa...Source(s): wikipedia Graeme Simpson and Lloyd Vogelman
- confusedLv 41 decade ago
Porgie's answer is thorough. Just want to make it clear though that since 1994 there is no death penalty in South Africa anymore. The document in the link that Porgie posted must be from 1989 or 1990.
Good luck with your report.
- vrabelLv 43 years ago
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