Anonymous
Anonymous asked in HealthMental Health · 1 decade ago

what is stress and what causes it?

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Stress is a condition of confused restless mind and could turn to mental health problem like anxiety, severe depression if you let it control you. It could also a case of pushing yourself to achieve something, or misinterpret exhaustion from activities. Try to relax to ease tension, or you just need a good night sleep (don’t use sleeping pills, it is not the same as the natural sleeping hormones we have and it has side effects to some.)

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  • Anonymous
    5 years ago

    Well, I don't exactly have U'r problem but about the skin yes I do. Stress cause pimple not acne but pimple can cause acne. Anyway pimple or acne still make you stress. So i think you should is get some stress therapy to get rid of the stress (i recommended Paul Mckenna Cd's, it's up to you.) Then you can used some soap free face cleaning like Avène products. That's what i did and it help. Good Luck!

  • 1 decade ago

    Stress is a state when a person feels strained, worried and tensed.

    Possible causes:-

    1. Negative imagination of future outcomes.

    2. Pressures.

    3. Pessimistic thought patterns

    4. Physical and psychological exhaustion.

    5. Inability to handle and adapt to problems and situations.

    For tips for stress management, check out the link below.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    That's an excellent question. Stress can be thought of as a response of your mind and body that is designed to cope with challenges of many different sorts that threaten your health and happiness.

    While we all dream of a paradise, we live in an imperfect world, and are faced with potentially fierce competition for resources: food, water, warmth, space, etc. Even plants have to respond to threats, and there are costs associated with responding to virtually any (some plants have to grow fierce thorns to deter predators). As a mobile unit, your stress responses often involve activating the heart and lungs, the muscles that move your limbs, and mobilizing stored energy to fuel running or fighting. Stress hormones that circulate in the blood, like adrenaline and cortisol, make sure your whole body gets involved. Even thinking extra hard about how to cope (like studying for tests) takes extra energy. Staying alert to possible threats before they occur already costs a lot. (We conserve by hiding and sleeping at night.)

    What would happen if you didn't have stress? Let's put it this way: If your ancestors had not been alert and ready to respond, you wouldn't be here today. All of us alive today had savvy ancestors!

    Among the costs of using your stress responses too much are increased risk of heart attack, stroke, and many other forms of disease, including the flu and Alzheimer's disease. Why? Because it costs a lot of energy and resources to maintain good health; constant repairs are in progress. Your body can't do everything. If the choices you make in life increase your exposure to stress, your body (and mind) can suffer from disrepair. Pain, fatigue, anxiety, and even severe depression are ways your body has of telling you you're doing something you shouldn't, or are trying to do too much. Pay attention.

    Because human survival has always depended on each of us being part of "the tribe," even today one of the most potent fears that humans live with, but often don't consciously acknowledge, is the fear of being rejected or cast-out by the group. On an average day, fear of failure and humiliation are really much bigger stressors for most of us than fear of hunger or snakes.

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  • 5 years ago

    This Site Might Help You.

    RE:

    what is stress and what causes it?

    Source(s): stress it: https://tinyurl.im/uR8PT
  • 1 decade ago

    stress could be defined as alot of things and alot of different things can cause it but in my case it is a 13 year old that wants to argue about everything . and who thinks she knows it all

  • 1 decade ago

    Generally, environmental events of a challenging sort as well as the body's response to such events. Of particular interest has been the relationship between stress and the body's adaptation to it on the one hand and the body's susceptibility to disease on the other. Both outcomes involve behavioral and brain changes as well as psychosomatic events, that is, changes in body function arising from the ability of the brain to control such function through neural output as well as hormones. One problem is that both environmental events and bodily responses have been referred to interchangeably as stress. It is preferable to refer to the former as the stressor and the latter as the stress response. The stress response consists of a cascade of neural and hormonal events that have short- and long-lasting consequences for brain and body alike. A more serious issue is how an event is determined to be a stressor. One view is to define a stressor as an environmental event causing a negative outcome, such as a disease. Another approach is to view stressors as virtually any challenge to homeostasis and to regard disease processes as a failure of the normal operation of adapative mechanisms, which are part of the stress response. With either view, it is necessary to include psychological stressors, such as fear, that contain implied threats to homeostasis and that evoke psychosomatic reactions. These are reactions that involve changes in neural and hormonal output caused by psychological stress. Psychosomatic reactions may lead to adaptive responses, or they may exacerbate disease processes. Whether the emphasis is on adaptation or disease, it is essential to understand the processes in the brain that are activated by stressors and that influence functions in the body. See also Homeostasis; Psychosomatic disorders.

    Among the many neurotransmitter systems activated by stress is noradrenaline, produced by neurons with cell bodies in the brainstem that have vast projections up to the forebrain and down the spinal cord. Stressful experiences activate the noradrenergic system and promote release of noradrenaline; severe stress leads to depletion of noradrenaline in brain areas such as the hypothalamus. This release and depletion of noradrenaline stores results in changes at two levels of neuronal function: phosphorylation is triggered by the second-messenger cyclic AMP and occurs in the presynaptic and postsynaptic sites where noradrenaline is released and where it also acts; synthesis of new protein is induced via actions on the genome. Both processes enhance the ability of the brain to form noradrenaline when the organism is once again confronted with a stressful situation. Other neurotransmitter systems may also show similar adaptive changes in response to stressors. See also Noradrenergic system.

    Stress also activates the neurally mediated discharge of adrenaline from the adrenal medulla and of hypothalamic hormones that initiate the neuroendocrine cascade, culminating in glucocorticoid release from the adrenal cortex. Thus, the activity of neurons triggered by stressful experiences, physical trauma, fear, or anger leads to hormone secretion that has effects throughout the body. Virtually every organ of the body is affected by stress hormones. The hypothalamic hormone (corticotrophin-releasing hormone) that triggers the neuroendocrine cascade directly stimulates the pituitary to secrete ACTH. In response to certain stressors, the hypothalamus also secretes vasopressin and oxytocin, which act synergistically with corticotrophin-releasing hormone on the pituitary to potentiate the secretion of ACTH. Various stressors differ in their ability to promote output of vasopressin and oxytocin, but all stressors stimulate release of corticotrophin-releasing hormone. Other hormones involved in the stress response include prolactin and thyroid hormone; the metabolic hormones insulin, epinephrine, and glucagon; and the endogenous opiates endorphin and enkephalin. See also Endorphins.

    Of all the hormones in the endocrine cascade initiated by stress, the glucocorticoids are the most important because of their widespread effects throughout the body and in the brain. The brain contains target cells for adrenal glucocorticoids secreted in stress, and receptors in these cells are proteins that interact with the genome to affect expression of genetic information. Thus, the impact of stress-induced activation of the endocrine cascade that culminates in glucocorticoid release is the feedback of glucocorticoids on target brain cells. The effect is to alter the structure and function of the brain cells over a period of time ranging from hours to days.

    In the case of noradrenaline, glucocorticoids have several types of feedback effects that modify how the noradrenergic system responds to stress. Glucocorticoids inhibit noradrenaline release, and they reduce the second-messenger response of brain structures such as the cerebral cortex to noradrenaline. Glucocorticoid feedback also affects the serotonin system, facilitating serotonin formation during stress but at the same time altering the levels of several types of serotonin receptors in different brain regions, which has the net effect of shifting the balance within the serotonergic system. Taken together, evidence points to a role of glucocorticoid secretion in leading to restoration of homeostatic balance by counteracting the acute neural events such as increased activity of noradrenaline and serotonin, which are turned on by stressful experiences. Other neurotransmitter systems may also respond to glucocorticoid action. Moreover, the other hormones activated by stress have effects on the brain and body that must be considered. See also Serotonin.

    In general, stress hormones are protective and adaptive in the immediate aftermath of stress, and the organism is more vulnerable to many conditions without them. However, the same hormones can promote damage and accelerate pathophysiological changes, such as bone mineral loss, obesity, and cognitive impairment, when they are overproduced or not turned off. This wear-and-tear on the body has been called allostatic load. It is based upon the notion that allostasis is the active process of maintaining stability, or homeostasis, through change, and allostatic load is the almost inevitable cost to the body of doing so.

    Stress hormone actions have important effects outside the brain on such systems as the immune response. Glucocorticoids and catecholamines from sympathetic nerves and the adrenal medulla participate in the mobilization and enhancement of immune function in the aftermath of acute stress. These effects improve the body's defense against pathogens but can exacerbate autoimmune reactions. When they are secreted chronically, the stress-related hormones are generally immunosuppressive; such effects can be beneficial in the case of an autoimmune disease but may compromise defense against a virus or bacterial infections. At the same time, glucocorticoids are important agents for containing the acute-phase response to an infection or autoimmune disturbance. In the absence of such containment, the organism may die because of the excessive inflammatory response. See also Immunology.

    Besides affecting the immune response, stressors are believed to exacerbate endogenous depressive illness in susceptible individuals. Major depressive illness frequently results in elevated levels of cortisol in the blood. It is not clear whether the elevated cortisol is a cause or strictly a result of the brain changes involved in depressive illness. See also Affective disorders.

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