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What solutions did Robert Owen propose to solve the negative effects of the Industrial Revolution?
If you could compare him to the solutions proposed by Friedrich Engels, I would appreciate it even more.
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
Robert Owen objected to the way machines were replacing human labor in the Industrial Revolution, among other things. He proposed a broadly aimed set of solutions for what he percieved to be a growing problem. They included such idealistic propositions as "get rid of religious intolerance and war," but also included more focused points such as limiting the hours of work per day, disallowing children from the workforce, requiring more structure in the educational system and more training for teachers, and revising the Poor Laws. He was unsuccessful in bringing about social change in England, despite a campaign of leaflets.
- Mr. KnowitallLv 41 decade ago
Robert Owen was an early social theorist. His proposals to address the various problems of the early Industrial Revolution were in his book, "The New View of Society." He saw the problem of exploited workers as being tied up with an efficient workforce (what is called in today's business language as human capital.) He felt (and here he is in agreement with Engels,) that human nature is formed by its environment, so it was a companies duty (and in its own best interest) to treat workers fairly, oversee their education and development, control their home-life (Engles would disagree with this and see it as society's duty through the state to care for the workers.) He did not base these ideas on economic theory, but on the idea that factory owners should be like landlords and "take care' of "their" workers. His ideas were dismissed a sentimental (compared to the prevailing view of say Malthus,) however, he formed a factory where the investors would be content with 5% dividend, and the rest of the profits would be applied to "improving" the workers lives. At his New Larnark factory (now a World Heritage site : http://www.newlanark.org/robertowen.shtml ) he established co-op stores, model worker homes, early experiment in employee education. For more on Owen's concepts try this site: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Owen
- Anonymous5 years ago