Lighthope asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

when後面接S+Ving文法問題

\'\'Heartbreaking\'\' is an adjective which can be use to describe a person\'s mood when

he/she finding his/her lover doesn\'t love him/her anymore.

我有疑問的是\"when...anymore\"的部分,這句是我在某論壇英文板網友幫我修改文句後的句子。

請問他句子中的when he/she finding合文法嗎?他說是要強調find這個字眼所以才進行式的,但是我就是覺得不太合文法。

假設有這樣文法,可以幫我舉個例子嗎?

4 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    這句話是錯的,我有空再跟你說

    2006-07-24 00:37:18 補充:

    所有格+Ving的用法也不是那樣用

    2006-07-24 18:39:08 補充:

    ''Heartbreaking'' is an adjective which can be use to describe a person's mood when

    he/she finding his/her lover doesn't love him/her anymore.

    --->錯誤的語法

    1. find 的用法如下

    find (that) S + V OR find + N (跟本題句型無關)

    e.g. I found that Jack loved cats. OR Susan found the key last night.(跟本題句型無關)

    2. 副詞連接詞(when, while,because, if...)的用法

    副詞連接詞(when, while,because, if...) + S + V, S + V

    e.g. If it is fine tomorrow, I will go picnicking.

    接著看他的變化型,也就是改成分詞構句(詳細規則要靠你去讀,我只講與本題有關的)

    ** 副詞連接詞(when, while,because, if...) 連接前後共2個子句,一個叫附屬子句(也就是 When, while, because, if...後面的句子),一個叫主要子句

    改成分詞構句原則是前後子句的主詞如果相同的話,附屬子句(也就是 When, while, because, if...後面的句子)的主詞要省略,主動變Ving,被動變Vpp (連接詞要省略,但也可以保留)

    e.g. While I left the library, I met Mary. ---> Lefting the library, I met Mary.

    ---> While lefting the library, I met Mary.

    主詞不同時:

    If it is fine tomorrow, I will go picnicking. ---> It being fine, I will go picnicking.

    (主詞不同時,前後子句的主詞皆要保留,如此句的 it和 I)

    接著說Ving的觀念,Ving叫動名詞,動名詞之意有"名詞具有動作的概念",或較現在分詞 ( I am reading an English newspaper.這裡reading是現在分詞)

    Reading makes you smart. 這裡reading是動名詞

    所以說Ving當動名詞時,基本上是名詞 ( I like reading.這裡reading是動名詞)

    接著,所有格+ Ving的用法如下

    Do you mind my opening the door? = Do you mind if I open the door?

    以上是國中的內容,mind是及物動詞,my opening the door是mind的受詞

    I don't like her shouting at me all the time.

    結論,你給的句子前後主詞不一樣,所以在造分詞構句時,2個主詞都要保留 (一個是heartbreak, 一個是he/she

    2006-07-24 18:45:24 補充:

    When+所有格+Ving,S+V"嗎? ---->沒有這種用法,只有 When S + V, S + VWhen I eat breakfast, I usually watch TV at the same time.***回頭看我說的副詞連接詞的用法,妳就會了解了

    Source(s): Me
  • 1 decade ago

    所有格+Ving的用法不是只有

    "When+所有格+Ving,S+V"嗎?

    所有格的人稱視後面的S而定

    2006-07-24 10:34:57 補充:

    他還說有一個文法,就是when後面如果接S+be動詞+Ving的話,那可以把S跟be動詞省略掉,這樣合文法嗎?

  • 1 decade ago

    我也覺得怪怪的

    應該沒有這樣的文法吧

    除非是用 when he/she finds out....

    或改成

    ''Heartbreaking'' is an adjective which can be "used" to describe a person's mood while

    finding out his/her lover doesn't love him/her anymore.

    Source(s): myself
  • Julie
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    如果真的要用分詞構句,那 finding 前面會用his/her,而when也會被改成while,而因為s/he和a person是同一人,所以可以省略。用分詞構句的話會變成

    while (his/her) finding his/her lover not loving him/her anymore 或

    while (his/her) finding that his/her lover doesn't love him/her anymore

    用when的話,應該會是

    when s/he finds (that) his/her lover doesn't love him/her anymore.

    若真有他所講的強調的用法,那只怪我學識淺薄了,sorry 先囉 ><

    Source(s): 寄居蟹想的ˇ_ˇ
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