宏仁 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

高手請進,英文問題!

The ladies went to a special room set aside for their goosip and talk.

set 在這裡是什麼意思,整句又是什麼意思?

You\'ve been working hard, so I\'m sure you\'ll succeed before long.

before long 是什麼意思呢?

啥米叫做同位語,可不可以幫我解釋一下,最好還能夠有例句,愈仔細愈好!

1 Answer

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  • Andrew
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. set aside--- 撥出, 宣告無效, 駁回, 不理會

    在這一句裡的意思是指 "留出一個空間"的意思...... 為了 "their goodsip and talk"

    2. before long--- 不久以後

    同位語(appositive)是指兩個同樣指稱的名詞片語,也就是您所謂的「NP, NP」。同位語出現的位置就如同一般名詞一樣,可以出現在主詞或受詞的位置:

    (1) Mr. Johnson, our English teacher, is very kind to students.

    (2) He told me something about David Glat, our former boss.

    在第一句中,主詞Mr. Johnson和其後的our English teacher指稱同樣一個人,形成了同位語。在第二句中,受詞David Glat則和其後的our former boss指稱同樣一個人,形成了同位語。

    至於「NP, AP」(adjectival phrase)則並非同位語,此位置的形容詞片語只是充當修飾的作用而已,並非和名詞片語為同指稱。例如:

    (3) His speech, so encouraging to those students, was given last year.

    此時,句中的so encouraging to those students是AP,修飾前面的his speech,但兩者只有his speech這個NP可以指稱事物,而so encouraging to those students只是修飾語,並非任何事物,所以不能看成和his speech形成同位語。

    作者:落日騎士引用前請先知會本人,並請加註此段訊息

    Source(s): 落日騎士 and Me
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